The Effectiveness of Curcumin on Dysmenorrhea

Menstruation is a cycle of oocyte release and preparing uterus for possible pregnancy if fertilization occurs. It begins at puberty and ends at menopause with an average duration of 28 days. Primary menstrual pain is a problem for women throughout the world that can affect daily life. Painful menstruation, also known as dysmenorrhea, is one of the most common women’s problems. Most women begin having dysmenorrhea during adolescence, usually within four to five years of the first menstrual period. Painful periods become less common as women age. For the treatment of dysmenorrheal much herbal medicine are use. Curcumin is one of the best phytochemical which is isolated from Curcuma longa L., is a fat-soluble natural compound which accumulative evidences have demonstrated that it can use to treat dymenorrhea. The objective of this paper is to analyze through literature regarding primary dysmenorrhea and natural herbal used to relieve the pain. Data from previous research show that curcumin and is the best candidates for relieving primary menstrual pain. Keywords: Menstrual cycle, Dysmenorrhea, Curcumin, Curcuma longa