Application of [email protected] Nanozyme as Enhancing Label for the Sensitive Lateral Flow Immunoassay of Okadaic Acid
Abstract: In this study, a lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) was developed to detect okadaic acid (OA) belonging to the diarrheic shellfish poisoning group of aquatic toxins. Newly obtained anti-OA monoclonal antibodies and bimetallic [email protected] [email protected] nanoparticles were used in the indirect format of the LFIA. Peroxidase-mimicking nanozyme properties of [email protected] enabled using them to enhance band coloration on the test strips and, consequently, for increasing the LFIA sensitivity. The instrumental limit of detection (LOD), the working range of detectable concentrations, and the visual cutoff of the assay were 0.5, 0.8–6.8, and 10 ng/mL, respectively. The assay duration was 20 min. The rapid and simple sample preparation procedure was applied for seawater, river water, and fish samples. The total duration of the sample pretreatment and LFIA was 25/40 min for water/fish samples, ensuring testing rapidity. The developed test system provides sensitive control of raw materials and food products and can be used to detect OA at all stages of the food industry «from sea to fork» chains.
Keywords: aquatic toxins / okadaic acid / immunochromatography / nanozyme / food safety
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