New Search

Export article

Pediatric Osteosarcoma: Correlation of Imaging Findings with Histopathologic Features, Treatment, and Outcome

, , Jennifer Pogoriler, Andressa Guariento, Chamith S. Rajapakse, Alexandre Arkader

Abstract: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone sarcoma in children. Imaging plays a pivotal role in diagnostic workup, surgical planning, and follow-up monitoring for possible disease relapse. Survival depends on multiple factors, including presence or absence of metastatic disease, chemotherapy response, and surgical margins. At diagnosis, radiography and anatomic MRI are used to characterize the primary site of disease, whereas chest CT and whole-body bone scintigraphy and/or PET are used to identify additional sites of disease. Treatment starts with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, followed by en bloc tumor resection and limb reconstruction, and finally, adjuvant chemotherapy. Preoperative planning requires precise tumor delineation, which traditionally has been based on high–spatial-resolution anatomic MRI to identify tumor margins (medullary and extraosseous), skip lesions, neurovascular involvement, and joint invasion. These findings direct the surgical approach and affect the options for reconstruction. For skeletally immature children, the risk of cumulative limb-length discrepancy and need for superior longevity of the reconstruction have led to the advent and preferential use of several pediatric-specific surgical techniques, including rotationplasty, joint preservation surgery, autograft or allograft reconstruction, and extendible endoprostheses. A better understanding of the clinically impactful imaging features can directly and positively influence patient care. Online supplemental material is available for this article.©RSNA, 2022 Download as PowerPoint
Keywords: children / Pediatric / surgical / Survival / Treatment / chemotherapy / reconstruction / features / Imaging / bone scintigraphy

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

Share this article

Click here to see the statistics on "RadioGraphics" .
References (73)
    Back to Top Top