Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering

Journal Information
EISSN: 26413027
Total articles ≅ 31

Latest articles in this journal

Shirzadfar Hamidreza
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Volume 8, pp 005-011;

Today, jaundice is one of the most common problems in newborns. Loss of Red Blood Cells (RBC) is the cause of jaundice. RBC rupture is known as hemolysis, and if hemolysis occurs faster than the liver excretes, bilirubin levels in the body rise and leading to jaundice. Bilirubin is directly soluble in water and is transported to the liver and excreted in stages, most of which is excreted in the feces and a small amount is excreted in the urine. Measuring bilirubin levels in infants is one of the essential tests after birth. In measuring the amount of jaundice in infants, complex components such as the formation of body organs, compounds on the skin of the infant, and other parameters are involved. Making a device to measure the amount of jaundice. The difference in the methods of measuring and treating jaundice in infants depends on the condition of the infant with jaundice. Non-invasive methods are used in infants with low bilirubin levels, but in acute and critical cases, invasive and direct methods are used. Jaundice tests are performed on both infected and healthy infants and are not limited to sick infants.
Seno Suzan, Almarrawi Adnan, Nasani Mohannad, Alhalabi Safa
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Volume 8, pp 001-004;

The study aims to assess the role of imprint cytology in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules and compare it with paraffin Section in the diagnosis of thyroid lesions. It included 40 patients who visited Private Hospitals in Aleppo during the period from April to December 2021. The results indicated that there were 19 patients with thyroid cancer, representing 47.5%, of whom 14 were diagnosed with Papillary Carcinoma, with a percentage of 35%, and 5 cases with Follicular Carcinoma, with a percentage of 12.5%, while the remaining cases included 21 patients with Benign Adenomas at a rate of 52.5%, including 11 cases of Hashimoto’s disease at a rate of 27.5% and 10 cases of Benign Follicular Tumors at a rate of 25%. These results were compared with Paraffin Sections and reached sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in diagnosis for this technology, 94.73%, 95.23% and 95%, respectively, and the positive predictive value was 94.73%, while the negative predictive value was 95.23%. The results also indicated that this technology is fast in determining the Histologic Grading of Tumor Differentiation, but it does not determine the Histological Type. It also indicated that there was a significant association between gender and the incidence of thyroid tumors, while no significant statistical evidence was observed between age and the possibility of thyroid cancers.
Mbacham Fanny, Bilong Yannick, Chedjou Jean Paul, Nomo Arlette, Ngoune Chantal Nanfack, Dongmo Hermann, CalvinoTAH C, Katte Jean-Claude, Mbacham Wilfred, Sobngwi Eugene, et al.
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Volume 6, pp 043-047;

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