Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra

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ISSN / EISSN: 24068268 / 25802984
Total articles ≅ 69

Latest articles in this journal

Ni Nyoman Sariyanti, Ni Wayan Meidariani, I Wayan Nurita
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 10, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v10i1.4992

This articel aims to find out the meaning of the colors of kabuki performance art makeup on the antagonist, protagonist and Princess characters in the Shibaraku video. Analysis of meaning using Peirce's semiotic theory through the classification of the types of signs seen from the object, namely icons in the form of pictures of kabuki figures, indexes in the form of colors and types of makeup used by kabuki characters and symbols in the form of color relations with the characters of kabuki characters. This classification of marks has been used to define color in kabuki makeup. The data source used in this paper is the primary data source in the form of a kabuki performance video entitled Shibaraku downloaded from YouTube. The method used in this paper is a qualitative method. Based on the results of data analysis, it is known that the meaning and name of the character's makeup, the makeup of the protagonist's character, namely the kumadori sujiguma makeup with red color which has the meaning of goodness and justice. Meanwhile, the makeup for the antagonist character is the kumadori kugeare makeup in blue which means cold or cruel. Also, Princess character makeup is a standard makeup with a white base color which means purity of character, and light red on the eyes which means femininity and cheerfulness.Keywords: color; kabuki; makeup; meaning.
Azis Wahyu Laksono, Dinonisius Krisna Saputra, M. Irvan Mulyo Aji, Rayhan Mujahid Amrullah, Yuli Sulistiani
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 138-153; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4572

Idioms are phrases that cannot be interpreted lexically. This is one of the factors causing difficulties for many Japanese learners in interpreting it.Understanding the meaning of the idiom can be done through an analysis. This research is an idiom analysis that uses the lexicon hand or te () in the Japanese and Indonesian. The purpose of this study is to comprehend and understand idioms with hand or te lexicon, which are synonymous between Japanese and Indonesian. The benefit of this research is to provide an overview of the reader about the application of contrastive analysis of an idiom with a hand or te in Japanese and Indonesian. The method used was descriptive qualitative. Researchers used literature studies, and data were taken from the Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (2014) and also the online dictionary of Goo Jiten in the collection of data. The results of this study indicate that of 114 hand or te idioms in the Goo Jiten dictionary, there are 14 hand or te idioms that have the same connotation meaning as Indonesian idioms.Furthermore, of the 14 idioms whose connotative meanings are the same, idioms that also have the same lexical meaning are only found in 3 idioms namely, te ga nagai (手が長い) ‘long hand’, te wo ageru (手を上げる) ‘raise hand’, dan te ni wataru (手に渡る) ‘change hand’. Keywords: connotative; denotative; hand; idiom; meaning.
Devi Haryanti Oktavia, Mangatur Sinaga, Intan Suri
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 86-100; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4398

In Japanese society, one of the communication cultures that becomes an important concern is the aimai or ambiguity. The use aimai in community communication aims to maintain harmony. Aimai as a communication culture is not only used in real situations in society, but is also expressed in works such as anime, films, and manga. One of which is an anime entitled Flying Witch. The purpose of this research is to find out how the form and use of aimai in the anime Flying Witch. The findings of this study are useful as a theory development about culture that influences Japanese communication. With knowledge of culture in a language community, communication will work well. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. The theory used in this study is the theory of Davies and Ikeno (2002) and the theory of Tsuji Daisuke (1999). The results of the study stated that aimai in Japanese can be in the form of words, sentences, and interrogative sentences. Aimai in the Flying Witch anime is used to express opinions indirectly, disguise disapproval, and express doubt or uncertainty.Keywords: aimai; communication; culture.
Tia Ristiawati, Viana Meilani Prasetio, Aldy Rizaldi Sumargono
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 120-137; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4811

Characters in literary works have an important role, because they become the main focus in the storyline. Characters can be observed about their personalities, one of which is about personality dynamics; which includes the processes that occur and result in changes in the character’s personality. The purpose of this study is to determine the personality dynamics from the character Sasaki Miyo in the anime Nakitai Watashi wa Neko wo Kaburu. The benefit of this research is to add references to the dynamics of Miyo’s personality in this anime. The research method used is qualitative with a literary psychology approach. Data collection was carried out by using the note-taking technique. The data found were analyzed using Sigmund Freud’s theory of personality dynamic. Three important elements that influence the dynamics of a person’s personality are instinct, anxiety, and defense mechanisms. After being analyzed, the character Sasaki Miyo is known to experience personality dynamics by experiencing these three elements. At the beginning of the story, Miyo is told to have a closed nature with those closest to her. After being trapped in the form of a cat and successfully carrying out a compensation-type defense mechanism, Miyo’s desire to survive is getting stronger, so she tries to snatch her human form from the figure of the mask seller. After successfully seizing her human form, Miyo experiences moral anxiety that makes her realize what she has done so far that she doesn’t want to open up with her family. Miyo also tries to fix this and wants to be more open with her family and closest people. Miyo realized that turning into a cat and running away from her problems would not solve the problem.Keywords: anxiety; defense mechanism; instinct; literary psychology; personality dynamic.
Dini Lutfiana Ambarwati, Hendri Zuliastutik
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 101-119; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4863

This study discusses changes in affective behavior that occur in the main character in Miya Kazuki's Honzuki no Gekokujou Season 1 anime. Affective behavior is behavior related to attitudes and feelings. This study aims to describe the factors that cause behavioral changes in the monozukuri concept on behavior, and the impact of behavioral changes on the main character in Miya Kazuki's Honzuki no Gekokujou Season 1 anime. The theory used in this study is Skinner's behaviorism which states that human behavior can change due to several factors. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method with data in the form of descriptions and analytical techniques with descriptive analysis. The results of this study found internal and external factors. Internal factors found 4 data and external factors found 3 data. The concept of monozukuri found 2 data. The impact of behavior change is found in 2 data, namely the impact on one self and the impact on others. Changes in behavior in the main character make him more independent, more compassionate, independent, innovative, and creativeKeywords: anime; behavior change; Honzuki no GekokujouSeason 1.   
Desy Irmayanti, Isnin Ainie
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 154-172; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.5159

This study discusses the form of directive utterence in Japanese declarative sentences of Japanese drama series entitled Sapuri and Osen. Directive utterence has a purpose to produce an effect in the form of actions taken by the speech partner. The form of directive utterence in declarative sentences has been analyzed using Yasushi’s Theory. This research uses qualitative method and directive utterances in declarative sentence as the data. The result of the research is that the form of directive utterence in declarative sentences in Japanese drama series (in order of the most) is dantei, suiryou, utagai, and ketsui. Keywords: declarative sentences; directive utterence;pragmatic.
Gresia Eliona, Titien Wahyu Andarwati
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 65-85; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i1.4333

Kanjani Eight is a Japanese idol group which all members are from the Kansai area. The songs of Kanjani Eight have a unique characteristic, namely the existence of code mixing and also imply the stereotypes of Kansai society in the song lyrics. The purpose of this study is to describe the kind of code-mixing and stereotypes of the Kansai society that implied in the lyrics of the Kanjani Eight song. The theories used in this study are sociolinguistic theory, code-mixing, and stereotypes of Kansai society. This study used qualitative research methods. The data sources of this research are the lyrics of the songs Takoyaki in My Heart and Osaka Obachan Rock which were popularized by Kanjani Eight. The data collection procedure in this study used the listening method and the advanced technique used was the note-taking technique. Then to analyze the data, the researcher used content analysis techniques. After conducting an analysis, it was known that the most dominant code mixing in the 2 lyrics of the song was internal code mixing. Inner code mixing found as many as 27 data while outer code mixing as many as 12 data. The stereotypes found in the 2 lyrics of the song are 12 out of 15 stereotypes, namely: likes joke, stingy, knowledgeable about food, gaudy, vulgar, never give up, folksy, traditional, friendly, shameless, proud of their dialect and love their home town. The domination of inner code mixing from 2 songs confirm stereotypes that Kansai society proud of their dialect.Keywords: code mixing; Kansai dialect; sociolinguistic; song; stereotype.
Melinda Dirgandini
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 34-47; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i1.4332

The language reflects the society and culture of the language user, so that in the translation process it is inevitable that there will be shifts from the source language (S.L.) to the target language (T.L.). This study aims to describe the types of shifts in the thesis data of students of the Maranatha Christian University Japanese Literature Study Program and describe the effect of these changes on the meaning of the translation of thesis data for Japanese Literature Study Program students. The object of this research is the students' linguistic thesis data. The data on the student thesis is written in Japanese using Japanese letters, then Japanese using Latin letters, and then translated into Indonesian. This research is a qualitative descriptive study that aims to complete the translation shift in form and meaning. In the analysis process, the method used is the translational equivalent method. The theories used include Nida and Taber and J.C. Catford (1965). The translation shift is divided into two types, namely level shift and category shift, to achieve a good level of equivalence for the quality of the resulting translation. Category shift is divided into four subsections: structure shift, class shift, unit shift, and intrasystem shift. The conclusion obtained from this research is the shift translation that occurs in the form of class shift, structure shift, and intrasystem shift. Shifts are unavoidable to get easy-to-understand translation results in the target language (T.L.).Keywords: Catford; translation shift; equivalence. 
Nani Sunarni
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 18-33; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i1.4331

This research is within the scope of syntactic studies, focused on the study of comparative sentences marked with -you which express similarities by showing examples or reiji (例示) and which express similarities through comparisons or parables with something or hikyou (比況). The data used are comparative sentences sourced from Manabou Nihongo Shochuukyuu's book (Igari Miho et al., 2006) and self-made sentences (sakurei). The method of this study is a qualitative descriptive method. The sentence pattern mentioned first consists of has five patterns, namely V youni V,N no youni V, N no youni A,V/N no youna N, N no you (da). And the second mentioned sentence pattern has two patterns, namely N no youna Nand N no youni V (A). The V youni V pattern expresses the similarity meaning of the activity. The pattern N no youni Vexpresses the meaning of similarity related to the activity of a person or object that is a concrete example. The pattern N no youni Aexpresses the meaning of the similarity of a condition or nature contained in a person or an object. The pattern V/N no youna N expresses the meaning of stating the similarity related to the activity or resemblance to an object being exemplified. The pattern N no you (da) means to express the similarity between an object and the object being exemplified. Then, the pattern N no youna Nstates the meaning of resemblance to the comparison between objects and objects. Meanwhile, the pattern N no youni V(A)expresses the meaning of similarity through comparisons expressed by verbs or adjectives with nouns. This study can be used as teaching material for understanding comparative sentences in Japanese.Keywords: comparison sentences; hikyou; reiji; -you
Aditya Permana, Ethel Deborah Lewerissa
Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, Volume 9, pp 48-64; https://doi.org/10.25139/ayumi.v9i1.4334

This study aims to prove the effectiveness of the interaction process in groups on goals achievement and character development in Anime Steins;Gate 0. This study used a descriptive qualitative method regarding the theory of interaction process analysis by Robert F. Bales. This study uses data on interpersonal communication between group members dialogues categorized according to interaction process analysis theory (positive socio-emotional area, neutral task, and negative socio-emotional area). The writer found that interaction and communication between group members in the story were carried out during problem-solving through discussion and exchanging ideas, opinions, assessments, suggestions, and input. Both aspects are shown through delivery and interpretation to become the fruit of thought that unites their perception of purpose. Interaction and communication affect character development and their success in solving problems they face.Keywords: interaction; character development; communication; Okabe Rintarou.
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