Assay and Drug Development Technologies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 1540658X / 15578127
Total articles ≅ 1,295

Latest articles in this journal

Ravindra K. Rawal, , Bhupinder Kumar,
Published: 1 January 2023
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 21, pp 17-28; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.085

Abstract:
The severity and prevalence of cancer in modern time are a huge global health burden. Continuous efforts are being made toward the development of newer therapeutic candidates to treat and manage this ailment. The dihydropyrimidinone scaffold is one of the key nuclei that have been highly explored and investigated against cancer. It has the potential to combat the consequences of cancer by interacting with several biological targets. Tubulin polymerization inhibition is one such strategy to prevent the progression of cancer. In the presented work, we have synthesized a series of sixteen dihydropyrimidinone derivatives by following a rational drug design. The synthesized compounds have been characterized by 1H NMR and 13C NMR and were further evaluated for cytotoxic activity against breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231), lung cancer cell lines (A549), and colon cancer cell lines (HCT-116). Compounds 5D and 5P were found most potent and revealed a better cytotoxic activity compared with the standard drug colchicine. Furthermore, the tubulin polymerization inhibition assay revealed that compound 5D showed better inhibition than colchicines, whereas compound 5P revealed an almost equal inhibition to that of colchicine. Furthermore, to investigate the possible mode of action and binding patterns, compounds 5P and 5D were subjected to molecular docking against tubulin (Protein Data Bank ID: ISA0). The results showed that compounds revealed significant interactions and were well occupied inside the cavity of tubulin. The compounds 5D and 5P may serve as new leads in drug development against cancer.
, Ashish Dilip Sutar, Hemantkumar Ranpise, Atmaram Pawar,
Published: 1 January 2023
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 21, pp 3-16; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.088

Abstract:
Drug absorption is improved by the intranasal route's wide surface area and avoidance of first-pass metabolism. For the treatment of central nervous system diseases such as migraine, intranasal administration delivers the medication to the brain. The study's purpose was to develop an in situ nasal hydrogel that contained liposomes that were loaded with sumatriptan succinate (SS). A thin-film hydration approach was used to create liposomes, and a 32 factorial design was used to optimize them. The optimized liposomes had a spherical shape, a 171.31 nm particle size, a high drug encapsulation efficiency of 83.54%, and an 8-h drug release of 86.11%. To achieve in situ gel formation, SS-loaded liposomes were added to the liquid gelling system of poloxamer-407, poloxamer-188, and sodium alginate. The final product was tested for mucoadhesive strength, viscosity, drug content, gelation temperature, and gelation time. Following intranasal delivery, in vivo pharmacokinetic investigations showed a significant therapeutic concentration of the medication in the brain with a Cmax value of 167 ± 78 ng/mL and an area under the curve value of 502 ± 63 ng/min·mL. For SS-loaded liposomal thermosensitive nasal hydrogel, significantly higher values of the nose-to-brain targeting parameters, that is, drug targeting index (2.61) and nose-to-brain drug direct transport (57.01%), confirmed drug targeting to the brain through the nasal route. Liposomes containing thermosensitive in situ hydrogel demonstrated potential for intranasal administration of SS.
Published: 22 December 2022
Assay and Drug Development Technologies; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.29102.ack

Abstract:
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
Snigdha Bhardwaj, Anshul, , Sonam Bhatia
Published: 1 December 2022
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 20, pp 367-376; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.063

Abstract:
Muscle strain is one of the most common injuries with high intermittence rate. Due to diverseness of strain injuries, different experimental animal models are employed to investigate such injuries with reproducible results. Cubosomes, an emerging nano drug delivery tool, are considered ideal carriers for the topical delivery of lipophilic drugs to treat local inflammations with reduced frequency of application for prolonged periods. This work describes the development of Felbinac-loaded cubosomal gel and investigated the treatment of inflammation and tissue injury in vivo. Sciatic Function Index (SFI) is a simple clinical method to observe hind limb recovery in rats after induced injuries. First, cubosomes were fabricated by high-pressure homogenization process and evaluated for in vitro parameters. The optimized cubosome formulation was chosen to develop cubosomal gel and evaluated for in vitro parameters and also investigated time to recovery of SFI after strain induction in tibialis anterior muscles in rats. The cubosome formulation (F4) exhibited low droplet size (51.04 ± 1.37 nm)and polydispersity index (0.085 ± 1.13), and negative zeta potential (−32.8 ± 0.67 mV). In rats, topical application of cubosomal gel formulation (CGF) exhibited significant improvement in skin permeation (402 ± 6.08 μg) and drug flux (15.71 ± 0.82 μg/cm2 h) compared to plain gel. Also, CGF demonstrated significant difference in SFI from first to seventh day. The histology of rat skin showed significant effect for groups treated with Felbinac-loaded CGF compared to a negative control group.
Hardeep, , , Bimlesh Kumar, Leander Corrie, Umesh Goutam, Dileep Singh Baghel
Published: 1 December 2022
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 20, pp 349-358; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.080

Abstract:
Simvastatin (SIM) is known to lower cholesterol levels and is speculated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. In this study, the bioanalytical method of SIM SNEDDS was developed and validated for the estimation of SIM in the rat's plasma using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. C-18 reverse-phase octadecylsilyl column was used to validate the method. Atorvastatin (ATV) was used as an internal standard. Gradient elution was performed using acetonitrile and water in a ratio of 90:10 with a flow rate of 1 mL/min. The chromatogram of these both compounds SIM and ATV was detected at a wavelength of 238 and 244 nm. The drugs were extracted from the plasma samples using the protein precipitation method. The retention time of SIM and ATV was found to be 3.720 and 8.331 min, respectively. The developed method was found to be linear in the range between 50 and 250 ng/mL, with a regression coefficient (r2) of 0.9994. According to ICH M10 guidelines, the method was validated. The percent of drug recovery was more than 95% and the % relative standard deviation was <2% in the replicate studies, which showed that the method was accurate and precise. The limit of detection and limit of quantification were found in rat plasma to be 0.12 and 0.38 ng/mL, respectively. The obtained result indicated that the developed method was successful in estimating SIM in rat plasma and passed all validation test parameters.
Published: 1 December 2022
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 20, pp 359-366; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.097

Abstract:
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
Sevda Jafari, Atabak Bakhshaei, ,
Published: 1 December 2022
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 20, pp 339-348; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.060

Abstract:
Cisplatin is the most often used chemotherapy in the treatment of ovarian cancer (OC), however long-term usage leads to drug resistance and treatment failure. Silibinin is a sparingly water-soluble natural compound with well-known anticancer effects. The use of lipid-based delivery systems is a potential approach for enhancing silibinin's water solubility. In this study, nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) containing silibinin were prepared and their inhibitory effects were tested in combination with cisplatin against sensitive/resistant A2780 OC cells. Silibinin-loaded NLCs (silibinin-NLCs) were prepared by the hot homogenization method, and their size, shape, zeta potential (ZP), and encapsulation efficiency (EE), as well as their inhibitory effects, were examined in combination with cisplatin against sensitive/resistant A2780 OC cells. Formulation of silibinin-NLCs using cocoa butter led to spherical-shaped NLCs with a size of 95 nm and EE of 98%. The ZP and the dispersion index of the silibinin-NLCs were −27.12 ± 0.13 mv and 0.12 ± 0.04, respectively. The release kinetics of silibinin-NLCs was best fitted with the zero-order model. The combination of cisplatin and silibinin-NLCs sensitized the cisplatin-resistant A2780 OC cells and exhibited a more synergistic inhibitory effect on A2780 cells as compared with the combination of cisplatin and plain silibinin. The optimized silibinin-NLCs can be considered a suitable drug delivery system for the inhibition of cisplatin-resistant OC cells.
Sarmili Sahoo,
Published: 1 October 2022
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 20, pp 295-297; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.078

Abstract:
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
, Anju Goyal, M. Sharma
Published: 1 October 2022
Assay and Drug Development Technologies, Volume 20, pp 317-337; https://doi.org/10.1089/adt.2022.057

Abstract:
One of the most sought-after therapeutic targets for treating human cancers is the phosphoinositide 3-kinase; PI3k is an integral part of the PI3K/protein kinase B signaling arcade. This pathway is frequently activated in malignancies. Drug resistance and dose-limiting adverse effects are currently associated challenges with the existing anticancer chemotherapy. Therefore, in this research, a series of pyrimidine derivatives were designed and evaluated against human PI3K by using molecular docking analysis. The docking results were further verified by molecular dynamic simulation, which analyzed the strength of the macromolecular complex with respect to time. Compounds IV and XIV were found to be the most potent inhibitors of the human PI3K receptor with a high degree of stability within the active site of the target receptor for a timeframe of 50 ns. Thus, both of these compounds could be important drug candidates for the development of PI3K inhibitors as a prospective anticancer agent.
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