Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 1935973X / 19359748
Total articles ≅ 822

Latest articles in this journal

Anna L. Park, Kira Furie,
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine pp 1-9;

Purpose of Review: Treatment for musculoskeletal sports injuries often neglects the psychological components of health and recovery. Pediatric patients require particular consideration of their psychosocial and cognitive development. This systematic review investigates the effects of musculoskeletal injury on mental health in pediatric athletes. Recent Findings: Athlete identity may increase in adolescence and is associated with worse mental health post-injury. Psychological models suggest loss of identity, uncertainty, and fear mediate the association between injury and symptoms of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive–compulsive disorder. Fear, identity, and uncertainty also influence return to sport. Summary: In the reviewed literature, there were 19 psychological screening tools and 8 different physical health measures with various adaptations to athlete developmental level. In pediatric patients, no interventions were studied to reduce the psychosocial impacts of injury. Musculoskeletal injury is associated with worse mental health in pediatric athletes, and stronger athlete identity is a risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms. Psychological interventions that reduce uncertainty and address fear may help mitigate these risks. More research is needed on screening and interventions to improve mental health post-injury.
, J. Lee Pace, Bert R. Mandelbaum
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, Volume 16, pp 154-161;

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, Volume 16, pp 95-102;

Purpose of Review: As reverse total shoulder arthroplasty indications have expanded and the incidence of its use has increased, developments in implant design have been a critical component of its success. The purpose of this review is to highlight the recent literature regarding the effect of implant design on reverse total shoulder arthroplasty biomechanics. Recent Findings: Implant design for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty has evolved considerably from the modern design developed by Paul Grammont. The Grammont design had a medialized center of rotation and distalized humerus resulting from a 155° humeral neck shaft angle. These changes intended to decrease the forces on the glenoid component, thereby decreasing the risk for implant loosening and improving the deltoid moment arm. However, these features also led to scapular notching. The Grammont design has been modified over the last 20 years to increase the lateral offset of the glenosphere and decrease the prosthetic humeral neck shaft angle to 135°. These changes were made to optimize functional range of motion while minimizing scapular notching and improving active external rotation strength. Lastly, the introduction of preoperative planning and patient-specific instrumentation has improved surgeon ability to accurately place implants and optimize impingement-free range of motion. Summary: Success and durability of the reverse total shoulder arthroplasty has been contingent upon changes in implant design, starting with the Grammont-style prosthesis. Current humeral and glenoid implant designs vary in parameters such as humeral and glenoid offset, humeral tray design, liner thickness, and neck-shaft angle. A better understanding of the biomechanical implications of these design parameters will allow us to optimize shoulder function and minimize implant-related complications after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, Volume 16, pp 55-59;

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