Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

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ISSN / EISSN: 18197671 / 25421948
Total articles ≅ 1,094

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, Stolypin Volga Region Institute of Administration of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-40-44

Introduction. In the presented article the analysis of the phenomenon of platformization with the use of the dialectical method was carried out. Theoretical analysis. The premise of platformization is the identity of the idea and the business model, as well as value and cost. The starting point for the movement of the idea of platformization is the request (of the subject to the platform and back), inseparably connected with its opposite – the access. The synthesis of request and access is seduction as an appeal to make requests to gain access to benefits which in fact turn out to be imaginary. The revealed reality of seduction, which seeks guaranteed and predictable results, is grasped by the notion of surveillance. Surveillance is implemented in the quantitative analysis of the subject’s behavior to calculate the probability of his behavior and to increase it through immersiveness, which allows to collect as much data as possible, and learning. For a subject, learning is a requirement for the constant acquisition of new behavior patterns and is a value without cost, i.e., a form of alienation of the subject from public good. For platforms, learning refers to the acquisition of data-in-themselves-and-for-themselves-being in machine intelligence. Conclusion. Machine intelligence today is an incomplete stage of platformization without pronounced internal moments, so the dialectical analysis should stop at this stage.
, Ugra State University, Alexander V. Zaikin
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-50-55

Introduction. Parental attitude is a condition for the child’s development, including his temporal characteristics - features of the attitude to time. Theoretical analysis. The attitude to time as a manifestation of adult temporality is due to the reflective idea of parental attitude towards him. There are differences in perceptions of parental relationships in subjects with temporal dependence, indifference, and plasticity as manifestations of adult temporality. Empirical analysis. The respondents were 209 people aged 25 to 31 years. The method “Ratio to Time Scale” as well as “Parental Attitude Test Questionnaire” were used. It was found that adults with time dependence at a high level have such parameters of reflexive representation of parental attitude as symbiosis, authoritarian hypersocialization and attitude to failures. Whereas respondents with temporary indifference have these indicators at a low level. For subjects with temporal plasticity, the expression of acceptance and cooperation as indicators of a reflective view of parental attitudes is of leading importance. Conclusion. The obtained data can be used to transform the temporality of the personality by correcting the parental attitude or an adult's reflexive representation of it.
Sergey A. Mikheev, Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-104-110

Introduction. In the course of the study we have identified a contradiction consisting, on the one hand, in the increased requirements to the level of communicative training of technical specialists in post-industrial society. On the other hand, there is an almost complete lack of research on the problem of forming a discussion competence of future engineers. Based on the abovementioned, the author has formulated the goal of this paper. It consists in defining the place of the discussion competence in the structure of modern engineer training, caused by the networking and socio-technical transformation of technical activity. Theoretical analysis. The generalization of philosophical and pedagogical approaches to the study of engineering activity (EA) allowed us to classify the functions of a modern engineer according to the nature of the tasks to be solved. The classification revealed that under the influence of networking and socio-technical transformation of engineering activity there is a growing demand for engineers who are ready to implement professional tasks based on socio-technical functions. The correlation between the engineers’ mastery of the discussion competence and the effectiveness of their implementation of sociotechnical functions: design, research, organizational and managerial, was revealed. Conclusion. The study made it possible to draw a general conclusion about the need to distinguish the discussion competence as an independent element in the structure of universal competences and to include discussion training in the curriculum of technical universities in two directions: traditional (offline discussions) and network (online discussions).
, Saratov State Law Academy, Sergey I. Mozzhilin, Saratov State University
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-45-49

Introduction. The purpose of the article is to consider the specifics of the approach to religious and mystical experience in the psychoanalytic tradition from the point of view of revealing the degree of its interdisciplinarity. Theoretical analysis. Using the methods of critical philosophical reflection and dialectical logic, as well as relying on the principle of development, the authors analyze the emergence of the figure of a “psychoanalytic mystic”, going in the direction of overcoming the antithesis of the scientific nature of psychoanalytic theory and the non-scientific nature of religious and mystical phenomena. At the same time, special attention is focused on the factors of interdisciplinary interaction that contributed to the meaningful renewal of psychoanalysis. Conclusion. The logic of the study led to the conclusion that interdisciplinarity manifested itself not simply in borrowing, but in the germination of religious and mystical, and along with them, esoteric elements of spiritual practice within the framework of theory and practice of psychoanalysis.
Evgenia N. Ryadinskaya, Donbass Agrarian Academy, Vakhtang V. Volobuev
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-67-73

Introduction. The most important sphere of a modern person’s life, which takes up a large amount of time, is work activity, which can lead to an inability to fully devote time to communicating with loved ones and avoiding one’s own unresolved life and psychological problems. Theoretical analysis. An analysis of works in the field of workaholism studies shows that more attention is paid to this problem abroad than in Russia. However, the available studies in the domestic scientific space indicate the tendency of the Russian-speaking population to the risk of developing workaholism. Еmpirical analysis. The study of socio-psychological and personal factors of workaholism revealed that a significant part of the subjects can be attributed to «forced» workaholics who do not seek to «go to work» for various reasons, but they have to work hard. On the basis of a hierarchical set of studied socio-psychological and personal factors of workaholism, a portrait of a «true» workaholic was modeled, where such radicals as: «the desire for public approval», «anxiety», and «the need for a sense of self-worth» are the most pronounced. Conclusion. Analysis and generalization of the results made it possible to identify true and forced workaholics and, on the basis of correlation analysis, to build an “ideal” psychological profile of a workaholic, including a set of socio-psychological and personal characteristics of the manifestation of workaholism in the hierarchical sequence of its radicals. A promising direction for further research is the construction of multifactorial models of the relationship between the value of the indicator of labor dependence, socio-psychological factors and personal characteristics, on the basis of which it is supposed to develop a formula for calculating predisposition to workaholism.
Olga A. Ozerova, Omsk State Pedagogical University
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-111-115

Introduction. The relevance of the problem of humanizing the continuity of the social reorganization of modern society on the basis of the idea of recreating the USSR in students' mind is due to rapid changes in the political climate and many challenges of our time that require prompt and immediate solutions. Theoretical analysis. The purpose of the article is to reveal the process of updating the worldview of students on the basis of humanistic identification in the process of interaction of the social progress and regression. Destructive factors of development and radical and palliative mechanisms of successive identification are highlighted. The lines of social progress are analyzed on the basis of the identification methodology. Empirical analysis made it possible to confirm the theoretical provisions obtained during the survey. Conclusion. Multicultural orientation of vocational education requires humanization of the principles of social reorganization of modern Russia. This process can be used most effectively through the reconstruction of the USSR image in the views of students in modern forms and establishment of a successive connection with the past. At the same time, the development of social progress is carried out in the space of a new freedom, the restriction of which is a mechanism for the revival of accountability in the course of a return to genuine historical memory and modernization of society.
, Saratov State University
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-74-78

Introduction. One of the main motivations of the human community is the desire for well-being, and its subjective feeling is the basis of a full-fledged life of the individual, which is why the study of subjective economic well-being (SWB) is an urgent task of modern psychology. The term “SWB” first appeared thanks to the works of B. Strumpel and A. Campbell. The concept was defined as the result of a social comparison of the actual status of a person with his needs and perception of his own position. The purpose of this work is to analyze the influence of certain factors on the personal subjective economic well-being: income, education, health. The article provides an analytical review of the works of foreign and domestic authors devoted to the discussion of three significant factors of subjective economic well-being: income, education, health. Theoretical analysis. Comparative analysis allows us to determine the impact of income, education and health on SWB. Empirical analysis. The analysis helps to identify the positive and significant impact of the three selected factors on the SWB. Conclusion. The research results have shown that the selected three factors of SWB in developed countries are the foundation of people’s well-being. But the influence of these same factors in developing countries may be significantly lower and further research is required to confirm this fact.
, Vladimir Yuridical Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-116-120

Introduction. The dispersion of didactic systems, the abundance of which is present in the modern world, prompts us to make some demarcation of these phenomena by analyzing a separate theory – natural education, using the example of the school (de)-Roche [fr. L’Ecole des Roches] of Edmond Demolins [fr. Edmond Demolins]. Theoretical analysis of the conducted research is based on the works of foreign and domestic scientists, mainly on the work «The Elementary School Teacher» by Edmond Demolins. Based on the analysis, a competence matrix of a «new education» teacher was developed, which meets the requirements of competitiveness and validity in the profession. In addition, based on the study of original and translated texts, the author outlined the position of contemporaries of the «school reform» in relation to the traditional teacher and the system of knowledge transfer to students in general. Conclusion. The assessment of the best practices of the «new education» represented by the Roche School of Edmond Demolins, allowed us to draw a number of conclusions that have theoretical and applied significance within the framework of the current direction of reforming national education. Firstly, the importance of the inner core of the student and the expediency of his free are stated. Secondly, it emphasizes the need for educational organizations to meet the needs of the student.
Aleksey A. Tselykovsky, Saratov State University
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-35-39

Introduction. The relevance of the topic of research is due to the increased role of the Soviet historical legacy in modern socio-political practice. The images associated with the Soviet period of national history are quite actively exploited by modern political and media discourse. Theoretical analysis. The research is based on the hypothesis that the mechanism of influence of the Soviet past on political and media practice is revealed through the social phenomenon of nostalgia. At the same time, the phenomenon of nostalgia is considered in its two types: reflexive and restorative. The subject of the study is the images of the Soviet era, produced by the myth-making practice, as well as the role and meaning of these nostalgic mythological images. Conclusion. The carried out theoretical analysis leads to the conclusion that the reflexive type of nostalgia is characteristic for media practice, the restorative type – for political practice. Reflexive nostalgia manifests itself not so much in the reinterpretation of the past as in the construction of certain mythological images that contribute to a safer perception of the past. Restorative nostalgia attempts to return the most significant symbols to political discourse, adapting them to suit opportunistic political goals. Since these mythological images occupy a central place, they can become an effective way to overcome various crisis phenomena.
Vitaly V. Tolstikov, Voronezh State University
Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2023-23-1-79-84

Introduction. The article analyzes the phenomenon of psychological readiness of operational shifts of the nuclear power plant (NPP) to work in emergency situations. The study of operational shifts of nuclear power plants in this direction was conducted for the first time. Theoretical analysis. Psychological readiness is a condition for the formation of such a characteristic of an operational shift as group reliability, which, in turn, is the most important prerequisite for a safe and reliable work shift. Theoretical analysis indicates that group reliability of an operational shift is a characteristic that is actualized precisely in the conditions of the development of an emergency situation. Willingness to work effectively in emergency situations is a factor that significantly increases the chances of adequate actions in real conditions. Еmpirical analysis. The empirical study found that the overwhelming majority of the investigated operational shifts characterized by an average and above average level of psychological readiness for action in an emergency situation, while no shifts with a low or high level were revealed. Conclusion. Such results may indicate that this psychological condition of group reliability in operational shifts of the NPP is sufficiently well-formed. Nevertheless, the psychological service should work to strengthen the psychological readiness of units for action in emergency situations.
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