World Wide Web

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 1386145X / 15731413
Total articles ≅ 1,280

Latest articles in this journal

Published: 11 February 2023
Journal: World Wide Web
Entity alignment is an essential process in knowledge graph (KG) fusion, which aims to link entities representing the same real-world object in different KGs, to achieve entity expansion and graph fusion. Recently, embedding-based entity pair similarity evaluation has become mainstream in entity alignment research. However, these methods heavily rely on labelled entity pairs, which are often unavailable. Some self-supervised methods exploit features of KGs regardless of noise when generating aligned entity pairs. To resolve this issue, we propose a generative adversarial entity alignment method, which is more robust to noise data. The proposed method then exploits both attribute and structure information in the KGs and applies a BERT-based contrastive loss function to embed entities in KGs. Experimental results on several benchmark datasets demonstrate the superiority of our framework compared with most existing state-of-the-art entity alignment methods.
Wenlong Liu, Jiahua Pan, Xingyu Zhang, Xinxin Gong, Yang Ye, Xujin Zhao, Xin Wang, Kent Wu, Hua Xiang, Houmin Yan, et al.
Published: 2 February 2023
Journal: World Wide Web
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Published: 16 January 2023
Journal: World Wide Web
The proliferation of high-performance personal devices and the widespread deployment of machine learning (ML) applications have led to two consequences: the volume of private data from individuals or groups has exploded over the past few years; and the traditional central servers for training ML models have experienced communication and performance bottlenecks in the face of massive amounts of data. However, this reality also provides the possibility of keeping data local for ML training and fusing models on a broader scale. As a new branch of ML application, Federated Learning (FL) aims to solve the problem of multi-party joint learning on the premise of protecting personal data privacy. However, due to the heterogeneity of devices, including network connection, network bandwidth, computing resources, etc., it is unrealistic to train, update and aggregate models in all devices in parallel, while personal data is often not independent and identically distributed (Non-IID) due to multiple reasons. This reality poses a challenge to the speed and convergence of FL. In this paper, we propose the pFedCAM algorithm, which aims to improve the robustness of the FL system to device heterogeneity and Non-IID data, while achieving some degree of federation model personalization. pFedCAM is based on the idea of clustering and model interpolation by classifying heterogeneous clients and performing FedAvg algorithm in parallel, and then combining them into personalized federated global models by inter-cluster model interpolation. Experiments show that the accuracy of pFedCAM improves 10.3% on Fashion-MNIST and 11.3% on CIFAR-10 compared to the benchmark in the case of Non-IID data. In the end, we applied pFedCAM in HomeProtect, a smart home privacy protection framework we designed, and achieved good practical results in the case of flame recognition.
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