The Modern Higher Education Review

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 25187635 / 26175266
Total articles ≅ 84

Latest articles in this journal

Liliia Hrynevych, Kostiantyn Lynov, Ivan Shemelynets, Gryhoriy Riy
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 129-146; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.610

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the problem of the functional effectiveness of the system of educational governance in Kyiv, detection of the problems related to the establishing of the schools’ autonomy, and developing the ways of the system’s transformation. The authors have analyzed international experience in constructing an effective system of educational governance on the territorial level. In the vast majority of countries, schools are granted partial autonomy, the granting of which is accompanied by the establishment of bodies, such as, councils with supervisory and control functions consisting of representatives of the school administration, local management bodies and parents. The article demonstrated that such experience can be partly implemented in Kyiv. Several models of creating service centers for secondary schools are considered. For instance, a rational model with full financial autonomy, a balanced model with partial autonomy and outsourcing and a transitional model with the preservation of district education departments with a small staff and the establishment of separate service centers within the district or district of Kyiv. Kyiv has a two-level education governance system, in which the district educational administrations are an intermediary link between the Kyiv Educational & Research Department and the schools. In this respect, the article also analyzes legislation that grants the district education departments their mandate, regulates their functional tasks and relationships with the schools. The authors of the article propose several models of transforming the educational governance system in which the district educational administrations will take on the role of service centers.
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 56-65; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.64

Abstract:
The level of education is an increasingly important factor that determines both social-economic changes and the systems of norms and values. On the one hand, globalization processes offer the richness and variety of the goods of culture, and the access to “broad” knowledge. On the other hand, they reinforce the tendency for unification and standardization of many areas in an individual’s life. In order to properly refer to modern changes a university is subject to, we should trace historical changes that affected this institution and analyse modern expectations that are shaped by the global market of services. This article focuses on the analysis of the process of science globalization. Such approach to science is characterized by the analysis of features that define science as a social institution. In this context, the most important challenges and difficulties related to the specific features of the global exchange market have been presented
Ewa Kaniewska-Mackiewicz
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 147-162; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.611

Abstract:
Over recent years, the number of people in late adulthood in Polish society has significantly increased, thereby there has appeared a strong need to focus on the quality of life of these people, on the offer of personal development, self-fulfilment in late adulthood, finding new horizons of interests, interesting forms of spending free time, but also the formation of places and services that provide support, care, assistance in daily activities, places of rehabilitation in the bio-psycho-social sphere. This paper describes the need of expanding services for the elderly based on occupational therapy. It also indicates what this type of activity consists of, what methods and techniques the therapist uses, and what benefits come from occupational therapy for the entire family of an elderly person.
Mirosława Żmudzka
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 114-128; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.69

Abstract:
The aim of the presented article is to draw attention to the considerations related to self-formation, which are more and more vivid in the pedeutological discourse. Constant professional development in the teaching professions determines the effectiveness of teaching as students’ achievements depend mainly on teacher’s skills. Contemporary expectations towards teachers are definitely different than years ago. It results from changing reality, which imposes the necessity to constantly increase one's own competencies, not only the professional ones, but mainly those related to personal development. Personal growth is a significant aspect of professional development. Managing one's own development (self-creation) assumes that a man is a self-creator and the space of self-creation is a new method of experiencing the world and one's place in it. The article analyses the determinants of the self-creation process and its structure as well as the transgressive behaviours involved in the process. The analysis of the teacher's functioning as a co-creator of himself is embedded in the trend of the concept of humanistic, emancipatory and cognitive psychology
Alicja Kozubska
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 163-182; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.612

Abstract:
Authentic dialogue is one of the most mature forms of interpersonal contacts, and at the same time it grows only on the ground of proper interpersonal relations. The role of dialogue in the field of education is more and more frequently recognized as a way of regulating contradictions and limiting aggressive behaviour directed against others or oneself. Dialogue, as a consequence of the meeting of entities (including educational ones), is a form of contact that brings certain values connecting these entities. We can learn the dialogical form of contact mainly by experiencing it. In the case of educational dialogue, it requires defined competencies on the part of teachers who are to educate to dialogue, respecting the rules of social relations. Therefore, conducting an educational dialogue may be treated as a specific prophylactic action preventing pathological phenomena, including aggression among children and adolescents. The notion of aggression, its typologies and reasons, as well as the relation to the lack of dialogue at school have been described in the article below.
Olha Shved
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 196-216; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.614

Abstract:
Social services in Ukraine are still in the process of formation and development. It is necessary to significantly improve the quality of social services, modernize the funding mechanisms, and expand the range of possible providers of these services. Families raising children with disabilities need special services and attention not only from government agencies, but also from non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which are increasingly supporting them. The study was conducted in Ukraine and had several objectives: 1. To find out whether NGOs work with families with children with disabilities; 2. If so, do they assess the needs of families and children with disabilities; 3. What methods are best to use when assessing needs?
Ryszard Maciołek
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 26-45; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.62

Abstract:
This article is devoted to the person and his views on the role of scientific activity in the life of the university and its significance for the social life. Kazimierz Marciniak represented geography and he specialized in climatology and bioclimatology. His extensive academic experience, gained through studies and scientific work at several Polish universities and in the Institute of Balneology in Poznań, made him not only an excellent researcher, but also a scholar whose views on the role of science in the life of the university and in social life were influencing the generation of representatives of many sciences who worked at the WSG University in Bydgoszcz. The convictions of the scholar in question, his broad vision of science not only as an enterprise calculated on commercial values, place him among the outstanding Polish scientists and philosophers. He shared with them not only the conviction about the cognitive function of science, which was engaged in economic activity, but also noticed its highly humanistic and ennobling role in relation to the researcher, in which the creative aspects of his work are present. Scientific work also contributes to the improvement of the educational process. Participation of a student, in any form of scientific activity, shapes his intellectual and even moral skills, educates in the spirit of the culture of the word, especially the written one. In the opinion of the discussed author, the main function of science for the entire social life is to forecast phenomena. Exploratory and exploratory functions are important, however, they are subordinated to the former. His methodological and philosophical views on the structure and dynamics of scientific theories were characterised by inductivism and probabilism. Some of his views on the questions of the nature of phenomena, the structure of reality and the relation between scientific theory and reality, were not presented in an unambiguous way; it also seems that they evolved towards anti-phenomenalism, anti-foundationalism and essentialism, which distanced him from scientism, as a worldview quite characteristic of representatives of the natural sciences of the 20th century.
Marzena Sobczak-Michałowska
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 66-75; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.65

Abstract:
Reflections about strategic development of vocational education require not only a reliable diagnosis of selected socioeconomic conditions, but all the above forecasts based on this diagnosis. Modern education is a symbiosis of relations with its socioeconomic environment. In recent years these relations have been generally one-sided, the so called environment has tried to influence the directions and programs of vocational education. As a result, educational institutions have been under pressure from the labor market. Nowadays, there is the two-side connection in which institutions of vocational education begin to affect - through their graduates – the labor market.
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 46-55; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.63

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the problem of professional training of future specialists in a multicultural society. The author analyzes researches and publications on this topic. The author notes that in the era of globalization, when the separate existence of different people and cultures becomes impossible, when there is a question of combining national values, there is a rethinking of goals and objectives of education and it becomes clear that the current content of education does not sufficiently fulfill the needs of society. New paradigms of education are discussed, and such concepts as multicultural education, culturological approach and intercultural competence are used. According to the National Doctrine of Education Development of Ukraine, the main goal of education is to form a high culture of interethnic relations of future specialist who is ready to intercultural interaction. The multinational society is an integral feature of the modern developing world. The growing awareness of the increasing social confrontation in the world between the growing level of the multinational society where people live and work, and their unpreparedness for these changes have led to the need for proper training. Today, it is important to establish positive relations between people in a multinational society. Professional training is defined as a system of organizational and pedagogical activities. It ensures the formation of a person's professional orientation, knowledge, skills, abilities and readiness for professional activity. Intercultural competence is the ability to recognize, respect and effectively use differences in the perception, thinking and behavior both in your own culture and foreign culture. The formation of intercultural competence in the process of training for professional activity in a multinational society presupposes readiness to interact with other systems of cultural orientation and is based on respect other cultural values.
Michał Cichoracki
The Modern Higher Education Review pp 10-25; https://doi.org/10.28925/2518-7635.2021.61

Abstract:
The quality of education and training is considered in the European Union (EU) as a subject of the highest political priority. In all member states high levels of professional skills, social competencies and knowledge are considered to be the very basic conditions for active citizenship, social cohesion and employment. High quality of education and lifelong learning are the most important means of shaping one’s future on a professional and personal level – they are essential in the light of labour market strategies, and the free movement of workers within the European Union. The EU has already achieved one of its six 2019/2020 benchmarks for education and training and is close to meeting three others. The target of raising the share of the population aged 30 to 34 that has completed tertiary or equivalent education to at least 40 % was met in 2019. In addition, the EU is well on track to meeting its 2019/2020 benchmarks for early leavers from education and training and for early childhood education and care. The share of employed recent graduates has also increased over the past five years. However, the situation is less favourable as regards the remaining two others benchmarks: education outcomes – as measured by pupil’s performance in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) study for reading, maths and science – are moving away from the respective EU target. Moreover, due to the stagnation in the proportion of adults participating in the learning process, the benchmark of raising this share to 15 % in the years to come will likely be missed.
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