International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology

Journal Information
EISSN: 2455815X
Total articles ≅ 179

Latest articles in this journal

, E Kajihausa Olatundun, P Sobukola Olajide, S Ololade Zacchaeus
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 265-272; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000176

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate gluten free fried products from defatted peanut flour and starches of common tropical roots. The result of the analysis showed that moisture content ranged from 3.52% to 5.89%; fat content ranged from 11.22% to 13.84%; crude fibre content ranged from 5.54% to 7.50%; colour (lightness) ranged from 22.21% to 69.88%; colour (redness) ranged from 9.95% to 26.54%;colour (yellowness) ranged from 10.15% to 43.17% and shrinkage ranged from 1.32% to 8.75%. The sample which was a composite of 90% sweet potato starch and 10% defatted peanut fried at 170 °C for 1 min had the lowest fat content. This study is very significant in meeting the demand in the management of celiac disease and gluten-related disorders, since gluten free diet is the only medically accepted treatment in resolving the challenge attributed to the consumption of foods containing gluten.
Ignacio de la Cruz Juan Luis, Share Padmavati, Sanchez-Yañez Juan Manuel
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 260-264; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000175

Abstract:
Nitrogenous fertilizer (NF) such as NH4NO3 is required to maintain the healthy growth of Phaseolus vulgaris, but when NF is applied indiscriminately, it causes hyperfertilization of the soil. One option is to reduce NH4NO3 and then optimize in P. vulgaris seed with s Bacillus thuringiensis and Micromonospora echinospora genus and species of endophytic bacteria plus a crude carbon nanoparticle extract (CENC). Under greenhouse conditions, P. vulgaris seeds were inoculated with B. thuringiensis and M. echinospora, then applied a CENC and fed at 50% NH4NO3, the response variables were germination and seedling phenology/biomass. All numerical data of the experimental were validated by ANOVA/Tukey (p < 0.05). The results showed a healthy growth of P. vulgaris with B. thuringiensis and M. echinospora at 50% NH4NO3 plus 20 ppm of CENC according to the percentage of germination, phenology and seedling biomass, including all numerical values have a statistical difference compared to those registered in P. vulgaris without B. thuringiensis and M. echinospora, at 100% NH4NO3, neither CENC nor relative control (CR). The positive effect of B. thuringiensis and M. echinospora on P. vulgaris at 50% NH4NO3 was enhanced by CENC to maximize the optimization of NF without loss of soil fertility or risk of environmental contamination.
Yang Min, Cheng Qian, Xin Chaozhong, Han Lijuan, Niu Linhao
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 253-259; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000174

Abstract:
According to the survey data on seawater quality in the Bohai Sea from 2020 to 2021, a single-factor data analysis was carried out on the seawater environmental quality of Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Shandong and the offshore waters. The results show that the seawater quality of the Bohai Sea in 2021 Compared with the more serious pollution in 2020, the main pollutants are active phosphate and inorganic nitrogen. The spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of the eutrophication state index are high at the top of Bohai Bay and low on the outside, high in the southeast and low in the northwest. And through the comparison of water quality data for two years, the organic pollution and eutrophication near Panjin, Dalian, Yingkou and Weifang are getting worse day by day and the content of inorganic nitrogen and active phosphate in some waters in the Bohai Bay has increased. The total amount of materials discharged into the sea is controlled.
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 248-252; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000173

Abstract:
Phosphorous fixation in soils is a serious concern worldwide, and biochar is gaining attention daily due to its potential benefits for improving the agronomic benefits of applied phosphorus. The present study aims to enhance understanding of the phosphorus transformation process in a deprived sandy soil following biochar amendments (no-acidified wheat straw biochar and chemically modified (acidification with 0.01 M C6H8O7) along with or without phosphorus at 250 mg kg−1. A 54-day pot experiment was conducted with two biochar levels of 4%, 8% (w/w), and control, and two phosphorus levels (without or with phosphorus). The results indicate that the integration of acidified wheat straw biochar with phosphorus resulted in increased available phosphorus in the soil. We conclude that incorporating acidified wheat straw biochar is a promising practice to potentially improve phosphorus availability in deprived soils. Further research is needed to explore site-specific phosphorus management for sustainable crop production.
Mina Hansel A, Deering Amanda J
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 244-247; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000172

Abstract:
Historically, the United States has positioned itself as one of the leading producers and consumers of melons in the world with a 2020 production value of over $295 million (excluding watermelons). It has been estimated that on average the per capita consumption of melons in the U.S. is about 24 pounds each year [1]. Increased consumer awareness of healthy diets, sensory attributes of melons, enhanced year-round availability, marketing techniques and improved cultivars contribute to explaining the higher demand for melon consumption [2].
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 236-237; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000170

Abstract:
Milk is a healthy natural beverage and the main raw material of dairy products. It is well known that raw milk is the first link to guarantee and control the quality and safety of milk and dairy products. Only high-quality raw milk can produce high-quality dairy products.
Asfaw Anteneh
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 225-231; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000168

Abstract:
Soil erosion is one of several major deterioration processes which result in soil degradation and declining agricultural productivity in Ethiopia due to the dense population, high livestock density, and intensive crop production in the area. Soil and water conservation practices are one of the mechanisms used to reduce erosion and associated nutrient loss, reducing the risk of production. Therefore, the review focuses on the importance of soil and water conservation practices on soil properties in Ethiopia. Several studies conducted in various parts of the country showed that the implemented soil bund reduced annual runoff and soil loss at different rates. Soil and water conservation have improved the soil Physico-chemical properties on conserved cropland (BD, SMC, pH, CEC, av. K, av. P, SOC, and TN) compared to the adjacent cropland without soil and water conservation measures. Soil and water conservation, reduce the removal of fertile topsoil and improves soil moisture, which favors crop growth as a result grain yield of the crops was increased. In general, the use of soil and water conservation strategies had clearly shown a positive impact on soil physico-chemical properties and crop yields. Therefore, to reduce soil erosion sustainably, different soil and water conservation options should be introduced and used considering agroecology, socio-economic profile, and climatic condition of the intervention area.
Flocea Elena-Iuliana, Ghelbere Cosmin
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 232-235; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000169

Abstract:
A problem we are facing more and more often has caught our attention. Neurotoxicity is caused by lead contamination of the environment and food chain. The purpose of this review is to present the harmful effects of lead on human health. In the long term, lead accumulated in the body can cause cognitive, motor, and behavioral changes. According to recent studies, lead is a real danger for children because it affects the development of the nervous system even in small amounts. This review also focused on suggesting a powerful antioxidant, vitamin C in the diet. Studies have shown that it has a possible neuroprotective role, being kept in high concentrations in the brain.
Olana Gemechisa, Kitila Chala
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 214-217; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000166

Abstract:
Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the greatest significant grain crops in Ethiopia which ranked second only next tef in local production. However, its production is limited due to incorrect line spaces between crops. Therefore, field research was conducted at Dambi Dollo University during the 2020/2021 growing season under irrigated conditions for the production and yield of hybrid maize (BH546) with the help of optimizing spaces between rows. The test is performed using a three-dimensional Random Block Design with three replication in a single-factor test having three different line spaces (20 cm, 30 cm and 40 cm). The highest values ​​of total ears in each crop, length of the ears, total seed rows in each cob, seed in each cob, the weight of a thousand grains, seed yield, and the harvest index are recorded in wide spaces (40 cm). The performance of hybrid maize (BH546) and part of the crop, a wide range of 40 cm rows between crops can be recommended in the study area.
Asrat Zewdu, Gojjam Mastewal
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology, Volume 8, pp 218-224; https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-815x.000167

Abstract:
Comparative genomics is the study of the similarities and differences in the structure and function of hereditary information across taxa. The objective of this study was to highlight the role of comparative mapping in crop improvement. Hence, the study encompasses comparative genomics over the past two decades, multiple investigations of many additional taxa have delivered two broad messages: multiple investigations of many additional taxa have delivered two broad messages: In most plants, the evolution of the small but essential portion of the genome that actually encodes the organism’s genes has proceeded relatively slowly; as a result, taxa that have been reproductively isolated for millions of years have retained recognizable intragenic DNA sequences as well as similar arrangements of genes along the chromosomes. A wide range of factors, such as ancient chromosomal or segmental duplications, mobility of DNA sequences, gene deletion, and localized rearrangements, has been superimposed on the relatively slow tempo of chromosomal evolution. Comparative genomics is the study of the similarities and differences in the structure and function of hereditary information across taxa. The objective of this study was to highlight the role of comparative mapping in crop improvement. Hence, the study encompasses comparative genomics over the past two decades, multiple investigations of many additional taxa have delivered two broad messages: multiple investigations of many additional taxa have delivered two broad messages: In most plants, the evolution of the small but essential portion of the genome that actually encodes the organism’s genes has proceeded relatively slowly; as a result, taxa that have been reproductively isolated for millions of years have retained recognizable intragenic DNA sequences as well as similar arrangements of genes along the chromosomes. A wide range of factors, such as ancient chromosomal or segmental duplications, mobility of DNA sequences, gene deletion, and localized rearrangements, has been superimposed on the relatively slow tempo of chromosomal evolution.
Back to Top Top