Journal of Medicinal Food

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 1096620X / 15577600
Total articles ≅ 3,135

Latest articles in this journal

Hee Young Kim, Jeong Yong Moon, Somi Kim Cho
Published: 30 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2022.k.0061

Abstract:
Odd-chain saturated fatty acids generally serve as specific biomarkers of dietary components and dairy intake, some of which have anticancer properties. This study was performed to assess the anticancer effects of heptadecanoic acid (HDNA) in human pancreatic carcinoma cells. MTT (thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide) assay showed that HDNA exerted stronger cytotoxic effects than pentadecanoic acid, palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0), oleic acid (18:1), and linoleic acid (18:2) on both Panc-1 and MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic cancer cells. In addition, HDNA reduced colony formation and induced apoptosis in these pancreatic cancer cells as indicated by Hoechst 33342 staining, Annexin V/propidium iodide staining, cell cycle analysis, and Western blotting analysis in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, HDNA synergistically reduced cell viability and promoted apoptosis when combined with gemcitabine (GEM), a chemotherapeutic agent commonly used in the treatment of pancreatic cancer. GEM-resistant MIA PaCa-2 (GR-MIA PaCa-2) cells with a resistance indices (RI) value of 215.09 [RI = half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of GR-MIA PaCa-2 cells/IC50 of MIA PaCa-2 cells] were established, and the efficacy of HDNA on GEM chemosensitivity was confirmed. Surprisingly, HDNA exhibited even higher antiproliferative efficacy against GR-MIA PaCa-2 cells (IC50 = 71.45 ± 6.37 μM) than parental MIA PaCa-2 cells (IC50 = 77.47 ± 2.10 μM). Finally, HDNA treatment inhibited the Hippo pathway and induced apoptosis of GR-MIA PaCa-2 cells. These findings suggest the beneficial effects of a HDNA-rich diet during pancreatic cancer treatments.
Yifan Zhang, Jinhuang Shen, Xinhua Ma, Yubin He, Yonghong Zhang,
Published: 13 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2022.k.0081

Abstract:
Acanthus ilicifolius var. xiamenensis is a traditional herbal medicine in China. In this study, the anti-inflammatory activities of active ingredients of A. ilicifolius var. xiamenensis were investigated in RAW 264.7 cells and Freund's complete adjuvant-induced arthritic rats. Results showed that n-butanol extract exerted antiarthritic potential by reducing paw edema, arthritis score, and altered hematological and biochemical parameters in experimental rats. Phytochemical studies on n-butanol extract resulted in the isolation of five alkaloids (1–5) and five phenylethanoids (6–10). The anti-inflammatory assay of compounds 1–10 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 cells indicated that phenylethanoids 9 and 10 exhibited notable inhibitory activities. The result indicated that compounds 9 and 10 attenuated inflammation by decreasing the production of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) p65, inhibitory subunit of NF kappa B alpha, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and inducible nitric oxide synthase in LPS-mediated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Phenylethanoids 9 and 10 increased the expression of interleukin-10 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Therefore, compounds 9 and 10 showed anti-inflammatory activity by regulation of NF-κB and JAK/STAT signaling pathways.
Yang Yang, Jing Yu, Jiayao Huo, Yaping Yan
Published: 13 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2022.k.0091

Abstract:
This study explored the effects of sesamin on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). High-fat and high-fructose diet-fed mice supplemented with or without sesamin. The results suggested that sesamin-treated mice lost body weight and fat tissue weight, had lower levels of serum metabolic parameters, and insulin resistance was mitigated. Histological examinations showed that sesamin treatment mitigated the progression of hepatic steatosis, and inflammation. In addition, sesamin enhanced hepatic antioxidant capacity, and decreased the activations of hepatic c-jun N-terminal kinase, inhibitor of kappa B kinase α, and insulin receptor substrate 1 as well as hepatic interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels. Further experiments indicated that sesamin treatment downregulated GRP78 and phospho-inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) expression, and upregulated x-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) expression in hepatic tissue. The aforementioned results suggest that sesamin alleviates obesity-associated NASH, which might be linked to the effect of sesamin on the regulation of the hepatic endoplasmic reticulum stress-IRE1/XBP1 pathway. Thus, sesamin may be a good food functional ingredient in the treatment of obesity-associated NASH.
Kristina J. Cook, Ann Coulter, , ,
Published: 1 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food, Volume 26, pp 74-79; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2021.0120

Abstract:
The beneficial effects of sodium butyrate (NaB) and sodium propionate (NaP) on fatty acid oxidation (FAO) genes and production of proinflammatory cytokines related to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were evaluated using HepG2 human liver hepatocellular carcinoma cells exposed to palmitate/oleate or lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) as a model. The results showed that NaP or NaB was able to promote FAO, regulate lipolysis, and reduce reactive oxygen species production by significantly increasing the mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 alpha (CPT1α), fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), and uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) in HepG2 cells. Together, NaP and NaB may produce greater effects by increasing CPT1α, PPARα, and UCP2 mRNA expression in LPS-treated HepG2 cells and by increasing CPT1α and ATGL mRNA expression in palmitate-/oleate-treated HepG2 cells. Only NaP treatment significantly increased FGF21 mRNA expression in palmitate-/oleate-treated HepG2 cells. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results revealed that only pretreatment with LPSs and not palmitate/oleate significantly increased tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) expression in HepG2 cells. NaP alone or in combination with NaB significantly decreased TNF-α expression in LPS-induced HepG2 cells. The expression of interleukin-8 in both models showed no significant differences in all treatments. NaP and NaB show potential for in vivo studies on NAFLD.
Karyne Garcia Tafarelo Moreno, Thiago Lima de Almeida, Aline Aparecida Macedo Marques, Guilherme Donadel, Emerson Luiz Botelho Lourenço, Danielle Ayr Tavares de Almeida,
Published: 1 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food, Volume 26, pp 36-39; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2022.0027

Abstract:
Aloysia polystachya is a plant species that is widely used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of different disorders that affect the cardiovascular system. The aim of the study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of an ethanol-soluble fraction of A. polystachya (ESAP) on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats. Different groups of rats (n = 8) were orally treated with ESAP (30, 100, and 300 mg/kg), carvedilol (10 mg/kg), or vehicle (filtered water; 1 mL/100 g) for 7 days. Naive rats received no treatment. On the morning of day 6, acute myocardial infarction was induced by the acute oral administration of isoproterenol (100 mg/kg). On the morning of day 8, all rats underwent electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography. Blood samples were then collected, and serum levels of creatine kinase-MB fraction (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin T (cTNT) were quantified. ESAP significantly reduced electrocardiographic changes, improved the ventricular ejection fraction, and reduced serum levels of CK-MB and cTNT in infarcted rats. The cardioprotective effects of ESAP could be exploited as an effective tool against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats.
Yejin Sim, Hyun-Ju Seo, Dong-Ha Kim, Sang-Hoon Lee, Jaehee Kwon, In-Sook Kwun, Chuleui Jung, Jee-In Kim, Jae-Hwan Lim, Do-Kyun Kim, et al.
Published: 1 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food, Volume 26, pp 49-58; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2022.k.0094

Abstract:
Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and elevated structural deterioration of the bone tissue, resulting in bone weakness with an increased risk of fracture. Considering biological activities of various phytochemicals extracted from apples, we herein demonstrated the potential antiosteoporotic effects of apple-derived nanovesicles (apple NVs) using osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Apple NVs significantly stimulated the growth of MC3T3-E1 cells. The cellular alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was significantly upregulated in the 5 μg/mL apple NVs-treated group. In addition, the concentrarion of mineralized nodules was significantly increased in the apple NVs-treated groups. Furthermore, apple NVs increased the expression of the genes and proteins associated with osteoblast growth and differentiation, such as Runx2, ALP, OPN, and BMP2/4, which further activated ERK- and JNK-related mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. These results demonstrate that apple NVs have a potential to prevent osteoporosis by promoting osteoblastogenesis in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells through regulating the BMP2/Smad1 pathways.
Shuzhen Liu, Chuxiang Xiao, Fengwu Wang
Published: 1 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food, Volume 26, pp 14-26; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2021.k.0190

Abstract:
Previous reports revealed that peel extracts of Ficus carica (fig) have a wide range of pharmacological and biological activities. The current study aimed to determine the phytochemical components of the ethanol extracts of Peggy Red fig (PRF) and Green fig (GF) peels by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) analysis, along with its antioxidant properties and neuroprotective effect in Caenorhabditis elegans. LC–MS/MS analysis confirmed 50 compounds in the extract, which revealed the presence of phenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, and exhibited in vitro antioxidant activity. PRF and GF peel had 163.25 (mg gallic acid equivalent [mg GAE]) g−1, 125.32 (mg GAE) g−1 of total phenolic content, 62.52 (mg rutin equivalent [mg RE]) g−1, and 43.36 (mg RE) g−1 flavonoids content, respectively. In all antioxidant assays, the extract of PRF peel showed higher antioxidant activity than the GF peel, and the extract of PRF peel could effectively reduce the aggregation of amyloid-beta (Aβ), decrease the paralysis of the body, and increase the antioxidant enzyme activities to reduce the toxicity of Aβ1–42 in Alzheimer's disease (AD) transgenic C. elegans CL4176. Therefore, PRF peel extract may have potential applications as a new source for drug development against AD.
Mengxia Sun, Hua Ye
Published: 1 January 2023
Journal of Medicinal Food, Volume 26, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2022.k.0052

Abstract:
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide. The etiology of NAFLD is highly heterogeneous, which occurs and develops under the joint action of metabolism, inflammation, genetics, environment, and gut microbiota. At present, the principal therapeutic modalities targeting NAFLD are lifestyle interventions such as weight loss through diet and exercise. At present, there is no established therapy for the treatment of NAFLD, and many therapies are associated with a variety of side effects. A great number of in vitro and in vivo experiments have indicated that there are many natural foods that have therapeutic potential for NAFLD. This review summarizes the natural foods and their mechanisms that were found in recent years, furthermore, provides further information relevant to the treatment of NAFLD.
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