Journal Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning

46 articles
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Nil Orbeyi
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 59-76; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.38

Abstract:Mimar Sinan served as the chief architect from 1538-1588 in the Golden Age of the Ottoman Empire. He was responsible for the design and construction of over 470 buildings of different sizes and functions. Unfortunately, Sinan’s methods of shaping, sizing, and construction are unknown since no records of his design principles have been found; however, the simultaneous construction of many buildings throughout the empire suggests that he used a common method, especially in the design of simple buildings of similar size and shape. In this study, Sinan's design principles were investigated in one of his small mosques, the Ferhat Pasha Complex in Çatalca, Istanbul. In the first phase of the study, the compatibility of the examined building’s plan with the methods known to be used in different civilizations, like quadratur, golden ratio, grid system, etc., were investigated, revealing that the sizes, forms, and locations of buildings are in accordance with a modular grid system. In the study’s second phase, the stages in the emergence of building design were shown by the inductive method. This system also played an important role in estimating the cost of the buildings and tracing the outlines of the plans to the ground.
Seda Kundak, Vedia Dökmeci
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 77-98; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.39

Abstract:The present study investigates the rank-size distribution of cities above 10,000 in Turkey for the years 2000 and 2012, and the results are compared with the findings related to 1945 and 1975. The results show that despite the political and economic transformations of the last decade, there is a perfect adjustment of the city size distribution to the rank-size rule at the country level due to existence of a well-established urban system. A regression analysis is employed to reveal the relationships between the slopes of city size distribution and the characteristics of provinces.
Osman Tutal
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 126-141; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.41

Abstract:Urban heritage is one of the primary sign and symbols of human evolution through history. It means inherited civilization of predecessors and it is a unique and irreplaceable resource which reflects a rich and diverse expression of past societies and forms an integral part of cultural identity. It is not limited to the language or literature alone, but in the same time it reflects the capacity of man to overcome surrounding environment. It also includes the physical and sentimental elements of the community together with philosophy, religion, science, art and architecture in a society. In this context urban heritage, especially historic buildings and places, are significant because of their uses as places where people’s daily life activities. However, many heritage buildings also offer specific challenges that need to be overcome when providing access for all. Therefore especially for people with disabilities, elderly people or other types of temporary impairments, barriers exist which make visiting and using historic buildings and places difficult or sometimes impossible. For a society based on freedom and equal rights, making the built heritage more accessible is a key to providing its citizens with autonomy, freedom of choice and the means to pursue an active social and economic life. Accessibility is therefore fundamental right to access to the other rights and to fully participate in to the daily life. This study, which focuses on the accessibility of historic environment, is to discuss what actions are essential to ensure access and equal mobility conditions within mosque architecture to all people, regardless the diversity of their (dis)abilities.
Gamze Şensoy, Berna Üstün
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 170-195; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.44

Abstract:Utopia, a phenomenon shaped in the frame of criticism, can be described as a proposal representing hope for the future. Architecture, which is a critical practice, creates new grounds for debate in the discipline with utopia designs. When utopian approaches of the past and contemporary architectural products are examined, it can be observed that utopias can be transformed into the facts of today. In this sense, this article aims to question whether contemporary approaches are inspired by the utopian propositions of the past. It was tried to be comprehended the utopian examples of parasitic architecture and the manifestations of currently produced samples. Examples were criticized with the aid of the analysis sheet prepared in the light of the specified parameters and the contributions of the utopias to the embodiment process of the design in the real world were questioned. In the context of parasitic architecture, it can be seen that approaches of both are similar. The accuracy of the thesis on that, no matter how much time passes over the utopian spatial productions, they continue to be valid and embody in the case of sufficient technology is debated. It is right to say that architecture continues to criticize, produce solutions for the current situations in every period, and doing so, it benefits from the pioneering attitude of utopias. In this sense, the article reveals that utopias are shaping both the human life and the future of architecture, and thus the traces of the past utopias can be encountered today.
Arzu Başaran Uysal, Ipek Sakarya
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 99-125; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.40

Abstract:This article examines rural gentrification as experienced on the North Aegean coasts of Turkey. The study area chosen is the closest Aegean coast to İstanbul and it attracts attention because of its archeological and mythological values, as well as its natural beauty and vernacular landscape. The most important element determining the rural landscape of the region is olive production.Depopulation in rural areas since 1950s and development of tourism in coastal areas after 1980 has brought about the investment-disinvestment cycle which is in the rural gentrification theory. The migration from urban to rural and tourism activities, which began in the rural area studied in 1980s, gained momentum in 2000s, real estate prices rose. It has been observed that in the rural area where tourism facilities have been improved, gentrification occurs in parallel. It is possible to categorize the newcomers as summer house vacationists, retired people, national elite and entrepreneurs. The study is based principally on in-depth interviews with village mukhtars, local people, newcomers, tourism entrepreneurs, and professionals. Newcomers and new economies change the rural landscape. However, the real estate market did not yet play a significant role in the rural gentrification in this area, unlike in developed Western countries. On the other hand, replacement of the agricultural sector by the service sector and change in land use creates post-productive landscape in North Aegean Countryside.
Francesca Andrulli, Alessia Silvetti, Chiara Bonaiti
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 158-169; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.43

Abstract:The paper is about conservation and new use of four ANAS Company houses (along the last 19-early 20 centuries roads) located on Lake Como. The conservation project is on the roadmen’s houses for workers of “ANAS", the Italian Company for building and maintenance of Italian roads.These houses are architectural buildings that characterize the Italian intercountry streets. They have been built along Italy every 50 km, with the same typology and dark red colour. Currently they are abandoned. In these last years, ANAS Company has fired several workers and now the houses aren’t in use.The project aims to conserve and maintain the existing materials and structures and reuse the buildings with a systemic project about accommodating functions (food and drinks).Not just to a systemic use and to conservative interventions, during planning we make particular attention to the link among the four roadmen’s houses chosen as study cases. We want to create a slow tourism path by increasing existing cycle and pedestrian mobility.
Chiara Cusolito, Laura Di Marino, Alessia Silvetti
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 196-211; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.45

Abstract:The conservation of Pertev Pasha Mosque should not be considered as a mere practice of static or architectural restoration but as an integrated project to implement all those principles adopted by the “Conservation of Historic Towns Chart” (ICOMOS, 1986-87).Promotion of the urban fabric therefore, represents the necessary correlation of conservation such as the research into appropriate functions expressing social needs and an active involvement of the factors necessary for its protection. This active involvement must be necessarily confronted with the peculiarity of the mosque, fostering its knowledge, the compatible proposal of use and a plan of intervention.On the basis of the requirements above mentioned, the study is, in principle, developed through the acquisition and re-elaboration of the data referring to a macro area, i.e. Turkey considered as a nation. Passing through the analysis of the province and the city of Izmit, a micro-area that will be the focus of the analysis, has been identified.The project provides integrations suitable to increase the background value, further emphasizing the whole Pertev Pasha complex, respecting the needs of territorial enhancement as well as those of the local community and those related to the cultural heritage and recovery.The proposed actions will be divided into the following areas:• urban• functional• punctualThe aim of the study is to suggest a model to conservative restoration that, although limited to a small part of the city, may in some way act as an incubator allowing Izmit, which today is a high-density city divided into two parts by the highway and separated from Its splendid coast, to return in the future, some of the balance and splendor that made it famous when it was called Nicomedia
Bilgehan Yilmaz Çakmak, Cihangir Yılmaz
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 142-157; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.42

Abstract:Subject of consumer behaviours has been critical importance for business platform and related disciplines from past to present. Being able to understand consumer behaviour and identify strategies in this direction have become the most important condition for survival in competitive conditions. Many researchers produce new studies in order to understand and direct consumer behaviours more accurately. In time, researchers have elaborated these studies and have begun to link various disciplines such as law, economics, geography, architecture with consumer behaviour. In this study, it is aimed to determine the relationship between consumption concept and architectural discipline. Design criteria that increase and decrease consumption preference and quantity have been investigated by determining the extent to which the interior and exterior architecture affected the consumption habits.Method: In this study, based on the literature, a conceptual survey of the daily shopping malls has been conducted from past to present. The basic literature is based on classification and description. By the determined hypotheses, observations, researches and surveys are conducted in the shopping centers located in Konya. Findings are tabulated and compared by morphological analysis technique. Survey data is analysed by SPSS program. In these analyses, differential hypothesis tests (Independent Two Sample T Test, One Way ANOVA Test) and relationship hypothesis tests (Pearson Correlation Coefficient) are used.Result: As a result, it has been found that the effect of interior and exterior architectural design of shopping centers on consumer behaviour is related to preferences, demographic data and consumer behavior. The results of the questionnaire application are influenced by the architectural design of the shopping centers, the amount of consumption and consumer behaviour. Therefore, the relationship between architectural design and consumer behaviour for shopping malls should be considered as an important factor in planning
Hanzade Kuğu Baş, Nuran Zeren Gülersoy
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 01-28; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.36

Abstract:International quick service restaurants (QSRs) have become a stand-alone sector due to their significant market share throughout the world instead of being considered under the food and beverage sector. The success of QSR site selection is directly related to land use and market potential estimation. This relationship has a significant influence on urban texture, identity and cities' development processes, given the high number of QSRs in urban spaces. Diverging from the current retail sector dynamics, the QSR sector brings to the table different needs in terms of trade area characteristics and spatial characteristics. In this respect, the aim of this research is to conduct an analysis on the site selection decisions of international QSRs and to establish a conceptual framework for an applicable model. Accordingly, first, the relationship between trade area analysis and site selection of international QSRs is examined. After that, trade area models of The Proximal Area Model, Reilly's Law of Retail Gravitation Model, Central Place Theory, Huff Model, Analog Model and Geographic Interdependence Model are discussed according to their competence of QSRs’ site selection. Then they are analytically evaluated within the framework of today's economic, social and spatial development variables. Finally, Regression Analysis Methods and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), which are encountered in literature and used in practice are examined, and a new theoretical framework for a site selection model integrating Regression Analysis Methods and GIS is proposed.
Xueni Peng
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 29-58; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.37

Abstract:Chinese migrants transfer from their rural settlements to establish city lives, but their sense of identity and family network remain grounded in a village culture. The rich communal activities can be understood as one aspect of the adherence to the village culture and lifestyle of their rural settlements. This study investigates the transitional spaces combined with functions shared among such Chinese migrants in their urban settlements are to allow communal activities to emerge. The sharing of certain functions situated in the transitional spaces, namely, in front of the rental room, in front of the rental house and between the rental houses, always provides opportunities for communal activities to take place. I defend that the role played by the transitional spaces must be joined with functions that residents can share or must share with each other. The shared functions situated in the transitional spaces actually allow communal activities to take root.
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