Journal Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning

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53 articles
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Mehmet Lutfi Hidayetoğlu, Kubra Mensure Müezzinoğlu
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 41-62; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.48

Abstract:Designs aimed at the involvement of disabled people in social life are thought to bring the disabled users into a situation isolating them from the society. This study aims to emphasize that with the use of universal design principles, rather than making different designs for each user group, the space, products and services available to everyone can be revealed. This study was carried out with the view that space, products and services designed by universal design principles can be used by the disabled and that the disabled are an integral part of the society. The study was conducted with three study groups, which were formed by the active involvement of disabled individuals. Working groups focused on designs that can serve all users with reference to the experiences, expectations and needs of individuals with disabilities. At the end of the study, groups designed spaces, products and services that meet the needs of disabled people with universal design principles and provide routine participation in social life.
Meltem Yılmaz
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 01-14; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.46

Abstract:Virtually everyone experiences a physical disability at some time in their lives; that is to say that their mobility has been restricted. An infant, en adult with an injury, a parent with a pushchair, an elderly person are all disabled in one way or another. Those who remain healthy and able-bodied throughout their lives are few. The physical environment and public services and public spaces in general should be as barrier-free as possible to fulfil the needs of all people equally. People with a disability have the same rights as other people. People with a disability are not a homogeneous group. They may include the mentally retarded. The most important item for the disabled people is the possibility of circulation; namely accessibility. Inclusive and universal design approaches have to be considered especially for the public spaces and public buildings. In this paper, some main items of circulation in relation with accessibility have been detailed as well as a workshop study outputs which has been hold in Selçuk University, Department of Architecture.
H. Filiz Alkan Meşhur, Bilgehan Yılmaz Çakmak
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 15-40; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.47

Abstract:Individuals in society who have different requirements and needs (disabled people, elders, children, prengnant women, parents with strollers etc.) go through many difficulties while accessing urban indoor and outdoor services due to the constraints originating from built environment. Universal design is the design of the environment and the product that can be used by all the people. With it's inclusive and unifying characteristics, universal design has become a design approach that have been adopted by the academia during the recent years. Planning and organizing the urban spaces with regard to the universal design principles will contribute to an increase in the life quality of all the people who use the city. This article aims to evaluate the usage of urban spaces in Zafer Pedestrian Zone, located in Konya city centre, within the scope of universal design principles. The concept of universal design in the historical process, universal design's emergence process and it's principles and significances has been discussed in the theoretical infrastructure section of the article.In the fieldwork section of the article, the suitability analysis of a chosen sample place's space usage have been carried out scrutinisingly under four chosen headlines, with regards to the universal design principles and standards.
Kıvanç Ertugay
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 81-104; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.50

Abstract:The concept of physical accessibility refers to the availability, capability, comfort, convenience of transportation processes considering different urban obstacles / barriers and costs. In this context, there are many approaches for the measurement and evaluation of physical accessibility in the literature which are used extensively as a decision support especially in transportation, geography and city and regional planning related disciplines.Although there are large number of modeling approaches on physical accessibility modeling in macro scales (such as national, regional, city and town scales), the research on physical accessibility modeling, in micro scales (such as street, human, neighborhood scales), which could consider all the details of the perceived space seem to be extremely limited.This study, which emerged from this lack of accessibility modeling literature, proposes a GIS-supported methodology to demonstrate how physical obstacles / barriers such as “buildings, landscape areas, walls, steps, stairs, pits, unfitted street furniture, other (garbage, rubbles, trees etc. that prevent access) etc.” and transitions such as “ramps with appropriate slope, elevators and/or “removing walls / steps” could be defined in GIS environment and how access and circulation in (outdoor) urban space could be modeled considering these physical obstacles / barriers and transitions especially taking physically disabled users (users using wheelchair, bicycle, baby's car, market car etc.) into consideration in the micro scale.The proposed accessibility modeling methodology is conducted at Selçuk University, Faculty of Architecture, Mimar Muzaffer Campus Area. A polyline-based spatial GIS database has been developed to demonstrate how physical barriers and transitions could be modeled in micro scale in GIS environment in order to evaluate physical accessibility. The results of the study could provide an accessibility based decision support environment by visualizing and presenting how physical obstacles in urban space prevent physically disabled users from access and circulation and how the elimination or removal of these physical obstacles and creation of transitions will create a difference in access and circulation for the users in a comparable manner especially in micro scale.This study is thought to make a significant contribution to increase accessibility levels of physically disabled users (users using wheelchair, bicycle, baby's car, market car etc.) in the outdoor urban areas in terms of demonstrating their accessibility and circulation capabilities.The first primitive experimental model related with this research was carried out with the participants of the accessibility measurement and modeling session at the 3rd National Disability Workshop which is held in Selcuk University, Mimar Muzaffer Campus dated 2-3 May 2018.
Havva Alkan Bala, İlkay Dinç Uyaroğlu
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 105-129; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.51

Abstract:Cinema and architecture are universal with their inclusiveness in the mental process. The mental process is often generated by the sense of sight in modern times. In this sense, cinema, as a visual art, has started to take an active role in the intellectual, conceptual and creative actions of modern man. With the cinema, the realities of the virtual world have become more convincing than the dreams of the real world. It involves person-environment relationships which might not be ours but “look like ours”. Universal Design (UD) also puts forward a proactive interaction in-between man and environment. UD is based on equitable, flexible, intuitive, perceptible, tolerant-to-error access with appropriate size and space. While its conceptual basis with its guidelines are commonly constructed on the spatial needs of people with disabilities, it highlights disability does not focus on only permanent, visible, bodily or intellectual (dis)abilities. Every kind of "otherization" creates disability in society. This study aims to investigate how the relationship between architecture and disability in cinema is portrayed by reading through films that are masterpieces covering experiences of different disability groups. Using Visual Analysis method in the study, the codes and categories generated based on the UD Principles are associated with selected visual images and dialogues according to the frames of meaning of the scenes in the films. In this way, this study aims to question the location of UD parameters in physical and social environment through cinema.
Osman Tutal, Mehmet Topcu
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 63-80; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.49

Abstract:All sorts of values which are regarded as world heritage such as natural fields, monuments and sites under protection on a local scale are pieces of cultural identity and they are irreplaceable. The environment especially consists of historical structures have significant place in protection policies since they generally host daily life activities. Infact, meeting of social and cultural structures which societies have been figuring from the past with daily life turns into a resource for a sustainable future. However, it is generally impossible that those structures which have been constructed in their own terms can satisfy the needs of today. In our country where the balance of protecting-using is on behalf of the first one, the protection policies and protection regulations exceedingly limit the intervention to the natural environments. Wishing that historical structures are actualized into daily life on one hand and clamping down on accessing, visiting and utilizing those structures on the other hand leads to a serious discrepancy. However, the prominent examples which oversee the balance of protecting-using show that historical environments can be intervened through designing which will create or add values without compromising on protection. All sorts of interventions to be conducted consider the potential needs of the users withiout giving any harms to the originality of the structure. Thus, it is expected that every one can access the builtup area including the historical structures, products and services and information equally and under equitable conditions. For that reason, making the built-up environment accessible, visitable and utilizable through universal designing is one of the fundamental rights for the people who expand their daily living environment through accessibility and universal designing. In this study, accessibility, visitability and utilizability of Bedesten (Covered Bazaar) Historical Site in the city of Konya are discussed through the theme of “Thinking through Universal Designing” and suggestions of designing are given in various scales (urban scale, street scale and structure scale).
Özlem Belir
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 130-141; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.52

Abstract:According to Lynch (Lynch, 1960, 1997), who uses legibility as a reference to easily recognize and remember a space, the more the environment supports envisioning, the more legible it is.It can be seen that the students who are studying design, have developed imagination with the sense of seeing. This illusion leads students to be concerned only with the effects of visual sense in the design process.Selçuk University faculty of Architecture organized panel and workshops “Thinking with the Universal design" which included “direction finding” group study with students using smell, hearing and other senses except sight. At the “Architect Muzaffer” campus and its immediate surroundings, three different routes were set in the workshop and six students were asked to experience these routes using a blindfold. This study shows that when somebody looses their senses, they can use other senses more effectively. Students become aware of using other senses instead of using only sense of seeing. The secondary target of this workshop is to attract the attention of educators involved in design education.
Nil Orbeyi
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 59-76; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.38

Abstract:Mimar Sinan served as the chief architect from 1538-1588 in the Golden Age of the Ottoman Empire. He was responsible for the design and construction of over 470 buildings of different sizes and functions. Unfortunately, Sinan’s methods of shaping, sizing, and construction are unknown since no records of his design principles have been found; however, the simultaneous construction of many buildings throughout the empire suggests that he used a common method, especially in the design of simple buildings of similar size and shape. In this study, Sinan's design principles were investigated in one of his small mosques, the Ferhat Pasha Complex in Çatalca, Istanbul. In the first phase of the study, the compatibility of the examined building’s plan with the methods known to be used in different civilizations, like quadratur, golden ratio, grid system, etc., were investigated, revealing that the sizes, forms, and locations of buildings are in accordance with a modular grid system. In the study’s second phase, the stages in the emergence of building design were shown by the inductive method. This system also played an important role in estimating the cost of the buildings and tracing the outlines of the plans to the ground.
Seda Kundak, Vedia Dökmeci
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 77-98; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.39

Abstract:The present study investigates the rank-size distribution of cities above 10,000 in Turkey for the years 2000 and 2012, and the results are compared with the findings related to 1945 and 1975. The results show that despite the political and economic transformations of the last decade, there is a perfect adjustment of the city size distribution to the rank-size rule at the country level due to existence of a well-established urban system. A regression analysis is employed to reveal the relationships between the slopes of city size distribution and the characteristics of provinces.
Osman Tutal
Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, Volume 6, pp 126-141; doi:10.15320/iconarp.2018.41

Abstract:Urban heritage is one of the primary sign and symbols of human evolution through history. It means inherited civilization of predecessors and it is a unique and irreplaceable resource which reflects a rich and diverse expression of past societies and forms an integral part of cultural identity. It is not limited to the language or literature alone, but in the same time it reflects the capacity of man to overcome surrounding environment. It also includes the physical and sentimental elements of the community together with philosophy, religion, science, art and architecture in a society. In this context urban heritage, especially historic buildings and places, are significant because of their uses as places where people’s daily life activities. However, many heritage buildings also offer specific challenges that need to be overcome when providing access for all. Therefore especially for people with disabilities, elderly people or other types of temporary impairments, barriers exist which make visiting and using historic buildings and places difficult or sometimes impossible. For a society based on freedom and equal rights, making the built heritage more accessible is a key to providing its citizens with autonomy, freedom of choice and the means to pursue an active social and economic life. Accessibility is therefore fundamental right to access to the other rights and to fully participate in to the daily life. This study, which focuses on the accessibility of historic environment, is to discuss what actions are essential to ensure access and equal mobility conditions within mosque architecture to all people, regardless the diversity of their (dis)abilities.
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