ANALITIKA, Volume 10, pp 1-6; doi:10.31289/analitika.v10i1.1584
Abstract:Every child has a unique way of acquiring a language on his way to communicate with people around them. Some children find his way easily to ‘a good and appropriate pronunciation’ while other children ‘create’ his own and unique way. Understanding the pattern of unique or ‘false’ pronunciation can help parents understand their children’s language and be able to respond them appropriately. The study is aimed at describing the pattern of a baby boy’s pronunciation named Ghazi. Ghazi is 2.7 years old. He is mostly taken care by his mom who is a housewife and Dad who likes to spend his time feeding him. Ghazi is a healthy and energetic kid, surrounded by books for children to read and cartoons from youtube to watch. His favorite toy is hot wheels and show a big interest in animals. He has travelled across half of the country, visited many different places, and met different people and relatives to whom he communicates and makes friend easily. Based on his age, Ghazi are in the stage of telegraphic in which children have achieved the competence of SVO structure although still in imperfect grammar which Ghazi has proven to be true for himself. However, Ghazi has his unique ways of pronouncing words which shows particular pattern which is interesting to describe. The study focuses on the pattern of Ghazi’s pronounciation of consonants in the initial and final position and vowels. The results show that: a) Ghazi finds difficulties in pronouncing some consonants in the initial position. The [p] and [b] phonemes become [ʨ] and [d] as in the example [pɔli] becomes [ʨɔyi], [bɔla] becomes [dɔya]; Some phonemes are not spoken at all such as ‘m’ in [mɔbil] which becomes [ɔbin]; b) Ghazi also finds it difficult to pronounce some consonants in the final position. For example, [ɑpel] becomes [ɑpɑn], [panjaŋ] becomes [dɑdɑn], and [mundur] becomes [undun]; c) Ghazi finds some difficulties in pronouncing certain consonants in the initial position but not in the final position. For example, ‘t’ in the initial position is changed such as [təman] becomes [ʨɔman] but ‘t’ in the final position such as [pəsɑwɑt]’ becomes [ʨuʨɑwɑt] which shows no error; d) Ghazi’s difficulties in pronouncing vowels are seen in the example such as [sərɑm],[gəlɑp], and [kərɑs] which become [ʨɔyɑm], [dɔyɑp], and [tɔyɑs] in which that [ə] phoneme becomes [ɔ]. Other vowels do not result in similar difficulties for him. Further researchers are encouraged to find the uniqueness of every child’s pattern of pronunciation to get insight on how children find their own way to a more accepted pronunciation.
ANALITIKA, Volume 10, pp 31-45; doi:10.31289/analitika.v10i1.1589
Abstract:Previous research has been done on mindfulness and nursing stress but no review has been done to highlight the most up-to-date findings, to justify the recommendation of mindfulness training for the nursing field. The present paper aims to review the relevant studies, derive conclusions, and discuss future direction of research in this field. A total of 19 research papers were reviewed. The majority was intervention studies on the effects of mindfulness-training programs on nursing stress. Higher mindfulness is correlated with lower nursing stress. Mindfulness-based training programs were found to have significant positive effects on nursing stress and psychological well-being. The studies were found to have non-standardized intervention methods, inadequate research designs, small sample size, and lack of systematic follow-up on the sustainability of treatment effects, limiting the generalizability of the results. There is also a lack of research investigation into the underlying mechanism of action of mindfulness on nursing stress. Future research that addresses these limitations is indicated.
ANALITIKA, Volume 10, pp 46-53; doi:10.31289/analitika.v10i1.1605
Abstract:Pengalaman mengajar Pendidikan Khas dan Pendidikan Pemulihan adalah istimewa. Dua jenis pendidikan yang berkaitan dengan murid-murid kurang upaya mempunyai banyak kesamaan dan perbezaan yang jauh beza. Dengan mengkaji secara mendalam mengenai definisi program, ciri-ciri murid khas bermasalah pembelajaran dan murid pemuliahan, matlamat, pentaksiran, kurikulum serta kaedah mengajar dua jenis pendidikan tersebut, pengetahuan dan kefahaman tentang banyak aspek dua program dapat ditingkatkan. Juga, banyak pandangan yang agak mengelirukan dapat dijelaskan dan banyak wawasan (insight) diluar jangkaan dapat diperolehi.
ANALITIKA, Volume 10, pp 21-30; doi:10.31289/analitika.v10i1.1571
Abstract:Penelitian ini bertujuan untukmengetahui pengaruh bimbingan kelompok (BKP) terhadap keterampilan sosial siswa. Mengetahui pengaruh self-efficacy terhadap keterampilan sosial siswa. Mengetahui interaksi antara BKP dan self-efficacyterhadap keterampilan sosial siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi eksperimen dengan desain factorial 2x2. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Tanjung Tiram sebanyak 43 orang yang terdiri dari dua kelompok kelas, dimana kelas pertama sebagai kelas eksperimen diterapkan BKP Modeling dan kelas kedua sebagai kelas kontrol diterapkan BKP Homeroom. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu kuesioner yang dinyatakan valid dan reliabel. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis ANAVA dua jalur. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa: Ada pengaruh bimbingan kelompok (BKP) terhadap keterampilan sosial siswa SMP Negeri 2 Tanjung Tiram. Ada perbedaan antara BKP Modeling dengan BKP Homeroom dalam mempengaruhi keterampilan sosial siswa. Tidak ada perbedaan antara self-eficacy rendah dan self-eficacy tinggi dalam mempengaruhi keterampilan sosial siswa. BKP Modeling sangat baik digunakan dalam meningkatkan keterampilan sosial siswa.
ANALITIKA, Volume 10, pp 54-59; doi:10.31289/analitika.v10i1.1608
Abstract:Organizational Commitment is important topic of organizational behavior, as it can affect job satisfaction, organizational citizenship, turn over, and job performance . The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of demographic factors (gender,years of experience ) and employee engagement to organizational commitment . This study used bank employees as many as 200 people, research instrumentuse Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-17). Analytical technique is use multiple regression and T- test. The result of analysis shows that demography factor and employee engagement simultaneously effect organizational commitment, besides it found that between male and female organizational commitment employees is not different.
ANALITIKA, Volume 10, pp 14-20; doi:10.31289/analitika.v10i1.1504
Abstract:This study aims to determine the effectiveness of effective communication training on communication skills of vocational students in hospitality accommodation. This research uses quantitative experimental method with one group pretest posttest design. The subjects consisted of 6 students of vocational schools majoring in hospitality accommodation with poor communication skills. Intervention given to the subject is in the form of effective communication training. The research instrument used is learning evaluation and rating scale observation sheet. Data analysis was done descriptively and using statistical analysis of wilcoxon test. The results showed that there was an increase in knowledge and communication skills possessed before and after students were given effective communication training. The findings of this research can be used as a reference in developing communication skills of vocational students in hospitality accommodation.
ANALITIKA, Volume 10, pp 7-13; doi:10.31289/analitika.v10i1.1492
Abstract:Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan self regulated learning dengan kematangan karirpada siswa kelas XI MAN 2 MODEL MEDAN. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XI jurusan IPA, yang mendapat ranking 1-10 yang berjumlah 100 siswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan dua skala, yaitu skala self regulated learning dan skala kematangan karir. Analisis data menggunakan teknik korelasi (rxy) sebesar 0.543 dengan p = 0,000 < 0,005, artinya terdapat hubungan positif dan signifikan antara self regulated learning dengan kematangan karirsiswa kelas XI, yang menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi self regulated learning siswa maka semakin tinggi kematangan karirnya. Sebaliknya semakin rendah self regulated learning siswa maka semakin rendah kematangan karirnya. Self regulated learning dalam penelitian ini siswa Man 2 Model Medan tergolong tinggi karena (mean empirik =106,64.> mean hipotetik = 87,5 dimana selisihnya melebihi bilangan SD = 19,59). Dan kematangan karirjuga tergolong tinggi, karena (mean empirik= 127,12.> mean hipotetik = 100 dimana selisihnya melebihi bilangan SD = 27,12). Adapun koefisien determinasi dari korelasi tersebut sebesar R2 = 0,294 artinya self regulated learning memberikan sumbangan terhadap kematangan karirsebesar 29%. Hasil penelitian ini sesuai hipotesis dengan hasil penelitian di lapangan.Kata Kunci : Self Regulated Learning; Kematangan Karir; Siswa.
ANALITIKA, Volume 9, pp 68-75; doi:10.31289/analitika.v9i2.1136
Abstract:The prevalence of mental illness was increasing every year, yet many cases were not treated by professional treatment. Mental health literacy is one of factors in which influence people’s intention to seek professional treatment. This study aimed to find out the knowledge and public’s perception about mental illness (depression & schizophrenia case). The participants of this study was 89 people (N=89; Men: 32, Women: 57), aged 15-38 years old. The method of this study was online survey that consisted of two vignettes about depression and schizophrenia case that were adapated from Angermeyer et al. (2005). Participant’s responses on vignette described public’s knowledge and perception, help-seeking references, and stigma. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used to analyze data. The result showed only 21% of participants recognized vignette as depression, eventhough 81% of them ever met family/friends with similar symptoms on vignette. On the other hand, Only 12% of participants recognized vignette as schizophrenia, eventhough 45% of them ever met family/friend with similar symptoms on vignette. Only 25% of participants referred family/friend with schizophrenia symptoms to profesional treatment, the rest was reffered to informal treatment such as local healer. The theme of perception, help-seeking reference and stigma that were analyzed by thematic analysis will be disscussed later.
ANALITIKA, Volume 9, pp 106-114; doi:10.31289/analitika.v9i2.1342
Abstract:This study aims: (1) to map the practice of skill learning management in several special schools recently; (2) to gain information of things needed in developing the skill learning model (3) to create vocational skill learning management model to prepare mild mentally retarded in entering the world of work; (4) and to find out information of the model effectiveness. The design of this research and development broadly comprises three phases: (1) the preliminary study covering the literature study, the arena study, questionnaire distribution and need analysis through the FGD with 30 headmasters, 102 teachers and 33 parents from 33 special schools in Yogyakarta as the research subject; (2) the model development including the formulation of the model, validation of the model draft by 14 practitioners (headmaster and teacher) and 10 experts, and the revision of the model; and (3) the limited testing by 6 practitioners, the small group testing by 12 practitioners, the extended testing by 33 practitioners, and final model revision. Data analysis uses descriptive statistical analysis techniques and descriptive qualitative analysis. The results show that: 1) the practice of vocational skill learning management in special schools recently outlining following evidences (a) the skill material is not appropriate to the needs of DUDI (World of Business and Industry), (b) study group classification is based on the class grade , (c) thematic learning approach is in line with the skill themes, (d) the use of drilling methods, (e) learning evaluation is oriented on the result, (f) has not organized field practice (PKL) and job training yet, (g) schools have not established cooperation with parents and DUDI yet, and (h) the headmasters have not fully implemented the management function. 2) the needs of model development are (a) vocational skill material selection based on the need of DUDI; (b) study group classification based on the types of skill; (c) thematic learning approach based on the skill themes; (d) the use of drilling methods; (e) learning evaluation on the process and result; (f) organizing field practice and job training; (g) establishing cooperation with parents and DUDI; (h) the charismatic headmasters who have a lot of ideas are able to implement the function of management in vocational skill learning. The result of model content testing reaches 4.5 (89.98%) in very good category and the result of model applicability testing reaches the score of 4.70 (94.07%) in very good category.
ANALITIKA, Volume 9, pp 115-125; doi:10.31289/analitika.v9i2.1152
Abstract:Adolescents from broken home family often have psychological problems that are internal which will affect their behavior in the environment. This condition is experienced by six teenagers (3 males and 3 females) with broken home family background which complained by teachers that they often break the rules at school. Based on the assessment results, all six teenagers are experiencing the same problems that is negative view of themselves due to the lack of need for affection and acceptance from families who no longer intact. This negative self concept causes them to behave in a less responsible. Interventions conducted in groups which is reality group counseling through seven sessions. As the result, all six clients experienced enhancement of self-concept that encourages them to do more positive behavioral changes.