Journal Jurnal Gizi Indonesia-
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 8-14; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.8-14
Abstract:Background: Zinc is the main constituent element of Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) which acts to protect cells from inflammation and the toxic effects of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). High ROS production induces fat peroxidation, and forms malondialdehyde (MDA) which causes oxidative stress.Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the difference of zinc and malondialdehyde levels among Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis and sensitive Tuberculosis.Methods: Crossectional study with 55 subjects consisted of 32 MDR-TB subjects and 23 subjects TB sensitive. Selection of subjects using consecutive sampling. Zinc and MDA serum was obtained from venous blood. Zinc and MDA concentration were assessed by quantitative colometric and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) respectively. Data were analized statistic by independent t-test and Mann Whitney test.Results: Zinc level of MDR-TB and TB sensitive were 74.85 (64 - 97) μg/dl and 73.03 (63 - 97) μg/dl respectively, while MDA of MDR-TB and sensitive TB were 2.262±1.055 nmol/mL and 2.66±0.992 nmol/mL. There was no significantly different in zinc level between MDR-TB and sensitive TB (p=1.000). Furthermore, there was not significantly different of MDA level between MDR-TB and sensitive Tuberculosis (p=0,147).Conclusion: There are no differences in zinc and MDA levels in patient between MDR-TB and sensitive TB.
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 15-21; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.15-21
Abstract:Background : Previous studies has focused on intakes of individual nutrients and/or foods or food groups to specific effect on health, but there were still not clear about the effect of dieting pattern and food choice to overweight/obesity indicators like BMI-for Age, fat percentage, waist circumference and waist to height ratio and which food group has the most effect to obesity indicators.Objective: This study examined the association of meal pattern to BMI-for Age, fat percentage, waist circumference and waist to height ratio.Methods: This cross sectional study involved 738 individuals aged 15-18 years old adolescents in public school in Kota Yogyakarta. Height and waist circumference were measured by microtoise and metline. Weight and fat percentage were measured by hand-to-foot BIA. BMI-for–age were determined by WHO Antroplus. Dieting pattern was determined by self-reported questionnaire food frequency questionaire which consisted of 91-food item. Data were analyzed by t-test, and linier regression and multiple regression.Results: Overweight and obese were present in 13.41% and 5.43% subjects. In linear regression analysis, legumes, one dish meal, snacks, and sweetened beverages were negatively associated to BMI for age, waist circumference, waist to height ratio and fat pecentage (p
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 49-53; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.49-53
Abstract:Background: Biskuit are the most popular snack. Agustia et al (2016) have found biscuit made from mocaf-arrowroot substituted chicken’s liver and red spinach that has hight level of iron.Objectives: The aim of this research was to determine the bioassay value of this biscuit. Methods: The experiment was a trial of anemia recovery by providing 32 wistar rats with no iron-containing feeding for 7 days then continued for 14 days were given into 4 treatment groups, ½ serving biscuit (0.2 gram), 1 serving (0.8 gram) and 2 servings (0.4 grams) Statistical analysis was performed by using ANOVA dan LSD. Results: The result showed that there are differences between groups (p:0.00) and we found that the highest increase of Blood Fe and haemoglobin was in the group with 2 servings of biskuist (6.65 ± 0.49 µg/dl ; 3.62 ± 0.06 gr/dl).Conclusion: Biscuit made from mocaf-arrowroot substituted liver and spinach can increase Blood Fe and haemoglobin in anemia rat.
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 37-42; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.37-42
Abstract:Background: small dense Low Density Lipoprotein (sdLDL) was the most atherogenic lipoprotein. Its influenced by internal and external factors including food consumption. Indonesian people mostly take a diet of high carbohydrate (CH) and fried food that believed to correlate with higher sdLDL level and predisposed to Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). There were 2 types of CH based on the processing ways, refined and non-refined CH.Objectives: The study’s purpose was to prove the correlation between different types of CH and fat intake with the sdlDL level in CHD patients.Methods: cross sectional in CHD patients hospitalized at Dr Kariadi hospital. The sdLDL and others lipid profile examined. The type and amount of CH and fat intakes per-day were collect from an interview using semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ) and food models. Pearson and Spearman test used for bivariate analysis. Confounding factors age, gender, physical activity, diabetes mellitus and smoking were analyzed. Variables with p
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 43-48; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.43-48
Abstract:Background : The content of water in fat cells in obese people is lower than muscle cells so that obese people are more easily dehydrated.Objective : The purpose of this study is to determine the risk factors of dehydration in adolescents.Methods : This study was a cross sectional study which began with screening of 168 students at SMA N 1 and 2 Semarang and found 63 students fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Subjects were selected by consecutive sampling. The dependent variable of this study is hydration status measured by the urine spesific gravity method. The independent variables consisted of obesity status that determined by the BMI/Age Z-score value, fluid intake was assessed using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ), physical activity was assessed using physical activity questionnaire, whereas knowledge regarding fluid was assessed by questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Chi Square test.Results ; There were 52,4% (n=33) subjects who were obese and only 9,5% (n=6) subjects were well-hydrated. The incidence of dehydration in obese adolescents (63,6%) was higher than non obese adolescents (36,7%). Obese subjects was 1.73 times more dehydrated than non obese subjects. Subject with deficiency of fluid intake was 1,85 times more dehydrated than subject with adequate fluid intake. Knowledge regarding fluid and physical activity was not a risk factor for dehydration in adolescents.Conclusion :Obesity and inadequate fluid intake ia risk factor for dehydration in adolescents
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 54-62; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.54-62
Abstract:Backgrounds: Prediabetes and hypertension was being a health issue in the world. Prediabetes and hypertension that occur together will increase the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease. Risk factor of prediabetes and hypertension who can changed is phyisical activity, stress, and nutrition intake.Objectives: This study aims to determine the association between physical activity and stress with blood pressure in prediabetes woman.Methods: The study was done at Semarang in April-June 2016. The cross-sectional study design with the 28 subjects predibetes woman aged 35-50 years selected by consecutive-sampling method. The data taken were blood presure, fat, fiber, sodium, pottasium, calsium, magneisum intake, physical activity score, and stress score. Spearman test were used to determine the association between physical activity and stress with blood pressure. Linear regression were used to multivariate analysisResults: Seventy five percent of subjects was hypertensive with mean of blood pressure was 89,25 ± 14,64 mmHg. The result showed that most subject (64,3%) were minimally active with mean 2.258,4±1.228,8 MET-minutes/week. Majority, subjects were moderate stress (56,3%). There were an association between physical activity with diastolic pressure, but not in systolic pressure. There were no association between stress with blood pressure.Conclusion: Physical activity was only associated with diastolic pressure and stress was not associated with blood pressure.
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 1-8; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.1-8
Abstract:Background: Metabolic syndrome is related to glucose metabolism disturbance (hyperglycemia), lipid (dyslipidemia), high blood pressure, and central obesity. Metabolic syndrome implicates to heart attack, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and death. Aloe vera, well known rich of polyphenol and vitamin, has a pharmacological effect to improve insulin resistance, chronic inflammation, and oxidative stress.Objective: To prove the effect of Aloe vera-based drink toward total antioxidant concentration improvement and body fat percentage reduction in metabolic syndrome subjects.Methods: Thus study was pre-post randomized true experimental study with control group design. The subjects were divided by 2 groups, treatment group (n=19) and control group (n=19). Treatment group was given 165 g/d Aloe vera-based drink for 30 days. Both of groups were given nutrition education about metabolic syndrome management. Total antioxidant concentration and body fat percentage were assessed pre-post-test by ABTS and BIA respectively, while food intake and activity were assessed by 24-h recall and GPAQ respectively. Independent t-test and Mann Whitney test were used to compare before and after treatment between control and treatment group.Results: Total antioxidant concentration significantly improved (p=0.00) in treatment group from 1.2 to 2.0 mmol/L, while total antioxidant concentration decreased from 1.4 to 1.3 mmol/L (p=0.074) in this control group. Moreover, there was significant difference of total antioxidant between treatment and control groups in the end of study (p=0.00). Furthermore, body fat percentage was reduced significantly from 32.8 to 32,4 mmol/L (p=0.005) in treatment group, while the reduction of body fat percentage in control group was not significant from 33.1 to 33,4 mmol/L (p=0.100). There was no difference of body fat percentage between two groups after intervention (p=0.358).Conclusion: Aloe vera-based drink improved total antioxidant concentration in metabolic syndrome subjects.
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 22-29; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.22-29
Abstract:Background: Stunting is a chronic nutritional problem that occurs due to lack of nutrient intake over a long period of time, causing growth disturbances which are marked by an appropriate height for age. The incidence of stunting in toddlers is influenced by the low access to food both in terms of quantity and quality. In addition, it is also influenced by the feeding parenting from the mother, particularly in the feeding practice of the children.Objective: To determine the relationship between food diversity and feeding practice with the incidence of stunting in toddlers aged 24-59 months in Bayat Sub-district, Klaten Regency.Method: The study design used was a cross-sectional study. The study was conducted in Bayat Sub-district, Klaten Regency, with a total subject of 100 toddlers aged 24-59 months. The simple random sampling technique was used for sampling. Birth weight and birth length data as seen from KMS book. The food diversity was measured using IDDS (Individual Dietary Diversity Score) questionnaire and feeding practise was obtained through interviews measured using structured questionnaire. The data was then analyzed using bivariate (chi square) and multivariate (logistic regression) analysis.Results: This study showed that the 41% of toddlers aged 24-59 months are stunted. Chi square test showed that there were a relationship between birth length, feeding practice and food diversity with stunting (p ≤ 0.05). The result of multivariate analysis showed that there was a relationship between food diversity with stunting (p= 0,029, OR=3,213, 95% Cl: 1,123-9,189).Conclusion: There is a relationship between birth length, feeding practice, and food diversity with stunting. The most dominant risk factor for stunting was food diversity.
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 30-36; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.30-36
Abstract:Background: Weight (Wt) and height (Ht) can be estimated by using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and ulna length (UL). The formula for estimating Wt and Ht that has been formulated is mostly using subjects not Asian especially Indonesian.Objectives : derived linear regression equations to estimate Wt and Ht from MUAC and UL for Indonesian adultsMethods : The study design was cross sectional study. Population of this study was student of Health Science and Nursing Faculty Ngudi Waluyo University. The sample consisted of 303 students 19-29 years old. Research instruments were digital weight scale, microtoise, and metline. Correlation was tested using Pearson analysis. Linear regression equations was derived from linear regression analysis.Results: Wt estimation was significantly correlated with Wt (r=0.917, p
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 63-68; doi:10.14710/jgi.7.1.63-68
Abstract:Background : The children are a nation's investment, because they are the next generation of the nation. The quality of the nation in the future is determined by the quality of children today. Indonesia and other developing countries in general are still dominated by four major nutritional problemsObjective : This research aimed to analyze prevalence of anemia, breakfast habits, nutritional status in school children and compare two childhood education centers located in public and private school in Kupang City, East Nusa TenggaraMethods : This research used 645 were included in this cross sectional study and was done in March until May 2017. The subjects were fourth, fifth and sixth grade of elementary of public school (SD bertingkat Kelapa Lima 1, SD Inpres Bakunase) and private school (SD Asumta, SD GMIT Naioni, SDI Maulafa dan SDK Don Bosco 3). Breakfast habits data were collected by filling questionnaire; nutritional status was estimated by BMI/Age , Height/Age which weight and height of subjects were measured directly; and anemia status was estimated by hemoglobin test/hemocue. The frequency of breakfast is determined based on always breakfast and no breakfast and the sample usually consume breakfast before 7 am.Result : Compare two childhood education centre was Significant differences between public and private schools were found in nutritional status variables with height for age indicators and on breakfast habits. The prevalence of anemia in elementary school children in Kupang by 27% which is measured by blood hemoglobin levels. Contribution of great family, gender and age in students were higher with regular breakfast. The difference in the variable nutritional status with height for age indicator with a value of p = 0.034 and breakfast habits with a value of p = 0.002Conclusion : The differences in breakfast habits in public and private elementary school children are thought by the role of teachers in schools and breakfast habits can help improve nutritional status and blood hemoglobin levels