Journal Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

390 articles
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R. Cecep Eka Permana, Ingrid H.E. Pojoh, Karina Arifin
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 692-717; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.633

Abstract:Mabedda Bola is a ritual which has been handed down from the ancestors of the Bugis – Makassarese people in South Sulawesi. At the ceremony which is called menre bola baru, held as part of the ritual inauguration of a new house, the Mabedda Bola, handprints are made on the poles and walls of the new house. In the region in which this custom is still honoured, hand stencils on the walls of the prehistoric caves have also been found. This article examines the significance of handprints in the Mabedda Bola ritual which might possibly be related to the hand stencils on the walls of the prehistoric caves. Using the perspective of analogy, one of the methods of ethnoarchaeology, it has been discovered that handprints and hand stencils take more or less the same form. The similarities between them hint at the same behavioural patterns between the present day and the prehistoric period. The print of the hand palm is meant to mark the ownership of the family or group who dwell in a traditional house or it is thought in a particular cave. Moreover, it is and was to avert danger or the intrusion ofbad influences from outside.
Ernanda Ernanda
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 791-812; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.637

Stefan Danerek
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 718-745; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.634

Abstract:This paper presents Palu’e storytelling on the basis of the on-going work with the Palu’e audio collection, created in the context of language/oral traditions documentation. The main aim is to show that the collection is a research resource for the humanities by discussing and comparing items which are referenced and accessible in the Kaipuleohone Ethnographic Archive. While the contents of the collection are showcased for this specific presentation, the intention is directed towards the body of digital humanities collections. The problems of what genres should be included, definitions, method of analysis, are discussed and put to the test. Recordings initially focused on oral literature, but expanded to include personal narratives with content related to culture and tradition. The cross-referencing between genres and items demonstrates the benefits of a comparative methodology, and suggests ways of using the collection.
Hanna Fricke
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 746-771; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.635

Abstract:In the past, linguists focused their studies on the description of the varieties of Lamaholot spoken in coastal communities. This article introduces Central Lembata Lamaholot, a Lamaholot variety spoken in the central mountains on the island of Lembata in the Indonesian province Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT), which possesses features in the nominal and pronominal domains not found in other varieties of Lamaholot described so far. Alienable nouns in Central Lembata have morphological plural and specificity marking, and one sub-set ofthe alienable nouns has two alternating forms which are functionally different. Furthermore, free and bound pronouns in Central Lembata Lamaholot are intertwined with aspect and mood marking. The comparative analysis of these features of Central Lembata Lamaholot shows that they are partly retentions from an earlier stage of the language and partly internal innovations.
Jiri Jakl
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 641-657; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.631

Abstract:Two Old Javanese terms, gaņḍi and tulup, are discussed in detail. While the term tulup appears to be unproblematic, gaņḍi has previously been identified with a score of weapons, including bow, club, war hammer, and sling. I argue that the original meaning of this enigmatic term is ‘projectile, pellet’, while its second, derived meaning refers in most cases to ‘sling’, and, occasionally, to ‘blowgun’. Both weapons are represented in the Old Javanese textual record as the weapons associated with predatory warfare, and with the forces of adharma. I have tentatively suggested that this configuration reflects the pre-modern reality of slingers and the men equipped with blowguns perceived as essentially foreign, non-Javanese elements, and hence possibly identified by pre-modern audiences with mercenaries sourced from Sumatra or other parts of Indonesia where the sling and blowgun were used regularly in warfare.
Juniator Tulius
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 813-816; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.638

Gerard A. Persoon, Reimar Schefold
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 581-613; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.629

Abstract:Singing is the most important element of the traditional music culture on Siberut, the largest of the Mentawai Islands (West Sumatra, Indonesia). There are various types of songs on the island. Some of them are related to the world of spirits and ancestors. These are mainly sung by shamans during healing ceremonies and rituals. Other songs are made up by men and women during their daily activities, when they are fishing out at sea or when they take a rest from collecting forest products. Various animals (birds, primates, reptiles) or natural forces (wind, thunder) provide inspiration for lyrics and melodies, as do special events, like the arrival of a logging company on the island). In this article, we discuss the process of recording the songs and other types of music of the island and the production of two CDs and the reactions of the singers and the community to the presentation of the CDs. In a context of decades of suppression of various aspects of the traditional culture (religion, tattoo, loincloth) documentation of a form of intangible culture and its positive appreciation can generate a sense of pride among a local community. In addition, we have added an extensive appendix to this article containing the lyrics of a number of songs in both the local language as well as in translation. It allows readers to get an idea of the poetic nature of the song literature of the Mentawaians.
Ali Akbar
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18, pp 614-640; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.630

Abstract:Archaeological remains can be used as data to reconstruct the culture of the past. At the top of Mount Tilu, Kuningan, stands a menhir decorated with reliefs. The indigenous community which once cared for this site has long vanished. This paper is the result of a research applying archaeological method and semiotic interpretation to reconstruct the life of this long-dead indigenous community. The reliefs on the menhir tell of the beliefs of this ancient which venerated the dragon. They considered this creature as the beginning of life on the earth. This dragon is different from its counterparts known in other parts of the world.
Roosman Lilie
Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, Volume 18; doi:10.17510/wacana.v18i3.628

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