Journal Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

247 articles
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Michał Wyrostkiewicz
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.142-149

Abstract:The paper describes the question of forgiveness and its importance in the process of the integral development of the human person. After earlier perceiving and accepting these anthropological premises, we can think of forgiveness as a necessity. The foundations of such thinking are two basic premises. The first of these is the belief in the inevitability of mistakes, therefore, potentially blaming other people. These faults and, on the other hand, harm suffered, disrupt proper interpersonal relationships, and returning to them is possible only through the act of forgiveness. The second premise is the natural need for justice, which is the realization of the naturally desired good by man. The forgiveness should be included into everyone's agenda and be presented as an imperative whose implementation is a condition of one's development, and the initial condition for order in a social environment.
Svitlana Smoliuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.65-72

Abstract:In the article on the basis of the scientific literature study, the peculiarities of the formation of the educational environment in the modern elementary school are highlighted. The basic components (informational, social-psychological, cultural-educational and material-technical) as well as components of innovative educational environment of elementary school (spatial, informative, communicative) are substantiated. In the structure of the educational environment of the school, the author identifies the following functions: didactic-educational, information-developing, coordinative, adaptive-emotional, socio-cultural, communicative, integrative, which ensure the integrity and systemic functioning of the simulated environment of the elementary school. The basic aspects of psychological and pedagogical expertise of the developing educational environment are determined in the paper. The stages of activity of all the subjects of educational-educational interaction (students, teachers, parents) in the subject-content functioning of the developing educational environment of primary school are singled out.
Monika Bajak
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.162-167

Abstract:Prosocial behaviour is not constant, it is continually being developed and enriched. It is developed most effectively through social activities and community involvement, but most of all through the participation in the family life. A child becomes a social being through social development. All these social and communal experiences determine children’s willingness to deal and help other people. The aim of this article is to examine a particular type of children’s social behaviour, which is helpfulness. There exists a clear correlation between the structure of the family and the helpfulness of the children which was partially confirmed by the author. There is also an average statistic relationship between the families’ fertility and helpfulness. The author of the paper represents the impact of age peculiarities of a child on his/her social development.
Tetiana Kachak, Tetyana Blyznyuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.128-135

Abstract:The article outlines the problem of relevance of multiculturalism in Ukrainian society and educational practice of the modern Ukrainian school. The authors analyze the artistic works by Oksana Lushchevska, addressed to young readers, representing the coexistence of various forms of cultural life, highlighting the problem of preserving one's own and perceiving another cultural identity, tolerant interaction of representatives of various ethnic groups. Simultaneously, the novel by American writer Rainbow Rowell focused on negative phenomena of interethnic interaction, but offered readers an interesting and multifunctional artistic text in terms of receptive poetics and aesthetics. Considered in the paper works can be an effective means of multicultural education and upbringing of schoolchildren.
Halyna Mykhailyshyn, Olena Budnyk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.107-113

Abstract:The article presents social and educational aspects of early (teenage) pregnancy, young motherhood. The authors grounded negative consequences of early pregnancy and the peculiarities of social and educational support for young parents and their children. The authors described experience Centre for Teen Parents: moral and psychological preparation of pregnant teenagers to deliver the baby, directions and methods of working with young families, especially setting up comfortable psychological interaction using innovative methods of working with preschool children, providing conditions for young mothers to continue education in schools, counseling young families on resolving housing issues, financial support and others. The paper emphasizes the need for preventive work to keep teenagers from pregnancy, carrying out social and educational events in terms of promoting healthy and responsible parenthood and others.
Anna Voitovych
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.95-101

Abstract:The article covers to the actual problems of vocational training of the future teacher of the primary school in the context of reforming the education system in Ukraine. Considerable attention is paid to the socio-cultural component in the pedagogical process of a higher educational institution, as well as the issues of standardization of education. The author emphasizes that dynamic social processes, the phenomenon of globalization, the need for formation of a civil society, fostering of national consciousness and identity determine the interest of the public in the described issues, first of all for teaching. The theoretical aspects of teacher training for creation of socio-cultural educational environment of the primary school, the realization of possibilities of socio-cultural mobility and others are substantiated. It is proved that socio-cultural mobility of a teacher, which is closely connected with the process of professionalization, implies active activity according to the adapting and accepting the values of a socio-cultural environment. It was emphasized on the need to prepare future specialists of primary education for the purposive socio-cultural upbringing of children.
Katarzyna Smoter
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.73-79

Abstract:The issue of social exclusion and the consequences of this process for members of minority groups is becoming increasingly important in the field of education. The answers to this state are the postulates of anti-discrimination education and intercultural education. It is worth reflecting what common features, and what are the differences between the two approaches? How can we define the interrelationships between the intercultural education and anti-discrimination education? In this article the two approaches are mentioned as: “the two sides of the same coin” and also as: “anti-discrimination education as a specific continuation of intercultural education ... and vice versa”, or as a result of seeing different problems “being together in manifold world”. These different reviews of the problem generate different consequences for understanding these two approaches. Their association may be present in a variety of events and initiatives at both school and other institutions of education and socialization among children, adolescents and adults.
Nataliia Oleksiienko
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.150-155

Abstract:This article considers author definition of the notion “moral culture”. The present study analyzes theoretical interpretation of the spiritual nature of the language and its impact on the personal moral culture formation. The particular importance should be attached to philosophical, religious, ethical and pedagogical study searches of the existing situation of the research. The problem of Ukrainian language spreading among the youth has been explained. The present study analyzes the problem of mother tongue learning in educational institutions as a basis of moral education. It has been found out that in order to overcome spiritual-moral crisis in modern Ukrainian society, education must be exercised exceptionally in the standard literary Ukrainian language, due to the fact that it is fundamental principle of the moral culture. The necessity of creation not just linguistic identity, with certain totality of language skills, but also nationally conscious linguistic identity so far as it is a pledge of a person and nation moral culture increase.
Svitlana Skvortsova
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.31-39

Abstract:The article of S. Skvortsova “Teacher’s methodical activity as a source of educational and methodical tasks”, interprets the teacher’s methodical activity as solving a number of methodical tasks. We define a methodical task as a situation that occurs in the process of teacher's methodical activity the purpose of which is to teach pupils certain content. Educational and methodical tasks are the models of such situations formulated in words. The goal of educational and methodical tasks is to form future teachers’ methodical competency. Methodical tasks are classified under on practical and intellectual, that in its turn are divided into standard and problematic. Taking into consideration the external structure of the process of solving methodical tasks we define the teacher’s ability to solve methodical tasks as a complex of actions to be performed to solve a methodical task on the basis of a teacher’s conscious use of methodical knowledge and ways of action. Educational and methodical tasks are used in order to form the ability to solve methodical tasks in the process of teacher’s methodical training in pedagogical universities. Educational and methodical tasks, as opposed to methodical tasks, are classified according to: 1) the level of methodical activity as on standard, partially-standard and creative; 2) the types of methodical activity as on informational-analytical, analytic-synthetic, operationally-practical, projective-modeling, synthetic-constructing; 3) the content of teacher’s methodical activity as on basic and special ones. Standard and partially-standard educational and methodical tasks are the symbolic models of standard methodical tasks in teacher’s activity, and creative educational and methodical tasks are the symbolic models of problematic methodical tasks. Educational and methodical tasks are mainly the models of intellectual methodical tasks as they don’t suggest the interaction between a teacher and pupils, though, in some cases, they may be solved in the process of imitation of a teacher’s activity in the classroom environment.
Hryhoriy Vasianovych
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.17-22

Abstract:The article analyzes the works by academician Ivan Zyazyun in the framework of the teacher’s good doing. It is proved that the prominent scientist of Ukraine considered this problem on the humanistic principles of human creation and the existential nature of human existence. I. Zyazyun states that human is the only living being that does not belong to its lineage group from the moment of birth. Its human essence is acquired throughout whole life. I. Zyazyun as the philosopher and the teacher substantiated the opinion, according to which the worldview of a personality becomes determinant in the process of good going. The humanistic worldview of the personality of a teacher allows creating of his/her own activity aimed at mental, spiritual and intellectual development of students, and to treat them as active and equal subjects of the educational process. Good doing of a teacher forms the spiritual elite of the nation. The spiritual elite is distinguished by the fact that it forms the ideals of good, unites the best forces of the nation to make new cultural achievements. The scholar paid considerable attention to the issues of forming common and collective good doing. It allows all the members of the team to act responsibly, actively and productively for the approval of not only individual but also the common good and welfare.
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