Journal Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

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247 articles
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Michał Wyrostkiewicz
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.142-149

Abstract:The paper describes the question of forgiveness and its importance in the process of the integral development of the human person. After earlier perceiving and accepting these anthropological premises, we can think of forgiveness as a necessity. The foundations of such thinking are two basic premises. The first of these is the belief in the inevitability of mistakes, therefore, potentially blaming other people. These faults and, on the other hand, harm suffered, disrupt proper interpersonal relationships, and returning to them is possible only through the act of forgiveness. The second premise is the natural need for justice, which is the realization of the naturally desired good by man. The forgiveness should be included into everyone's agenda and be presented as an imperative whose implementation is a condition of one's development, and the initial condition for order in a social environment.
Magdalena Świgost
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.47-54

Abstract:It is stated that the properties of stigma have the key role in perceiving social relations and own life situation by the person who is in danger of the process of social stigma (Davidio, Major and Crocer, 2008, p. 27–28). It is cognitively interesting how agreeing to the process of social stigma is shown in terms of difficulty that is being activated by specific feature, pressing, in exceptional sense, on seeing and controling the stigma. This article contains the theoretical analysis of the process of social stigma in relation to its chosen features. There has been done an attempt to present mutual assorted interaction with the influence of blocking predicators or those restoring the process of social self-indicating and indicating.
Svitlana Smoliuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.65-72

Abstract:In the article on the basis of the scientific literature study, the peculiarities of the formation of the educational environment in the modern elementary school are highlighted. The basic components (informational, social-psychological, cultural-educational and material-technical) as well as components of innovative educational environment of elementary school (spatial, informative, communicative) are substantiated. In the structure of the educational environment of the school, the author identifies the following functions: didactic-educational, information-developing, coordinative, adaptive-emotional, socio-cultural, communicative, integrative, which ensure the integrity and systemic functioning of the simulated environment of the elementary school. The basic aspects of psychological and pedagogical expertise of the developing educational environment are determined in the paper. The stages of activity of all the subjects of educational-educational interaction (students, teachers, parents) in the subject-content functioning of the developing educational environment of primary school are singled out.
Inna Chervinska, Andrii Chervinskyi
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.120-127

Abstract:The article describes the factors and indicators of sustainable development of mountain areas. The authors analyse the experience of foreign countries in the educational and socio-cultural activities of the inhabitants of the mountains, determine the prospects for its implementation in the mountainous regions of the Ukrainian Carpathians. The researches determine the ways and prospects of development of mountain territories of the Ukrainian Carpathians compare foreign experience of some European countries and the United States on sustainable development.The purpose of the article is based on studying the experience of mountainous countries, identifying the leading factors influencing their sustainable development and revealing the prospects for their implementation in the mountainous regions of the Ukrainian Carpathians. In accordance with the purpose of the study, features of mountain areas were outlined, the factors that determine the specifics of their educational, ecological, economic and socio-cultural development are described. The authors analysed international experience of managing the development of mountain areas in order to determine the possibilities of its use in national practice.
Leszek Aftyka
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.102-106

Abstract:The article highlights the leading ideas of Christian pedagogy, which are the upbringing of children and youth of spiritual and moral values. The author stresses that Christian pedagogy serves the effective tool for the formation of the spirituality of the younger generation, the formation of philosophical representations and beliefs, etiquette, spiritual traditions and values of people in the universally accepted commandments of God. Considerable attention is paid to the formation of high morality of the younger generation, etiquette, love of people, religiousness, etc. In the Christian religion the highest value compared to all other virtues is „love”. The Christian love is rooted primarily in the commandment of love for God and man, that is why genuine charity comes from the heart full of love. This article presents the teaching of Christ for mercy to others and its practical application in the first Christian Communities. The author described the economic organization and charitable initiatives in the communities of early Christians.
Andrzej Kluczkowski, Michał Wyrostkiewicz
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.88-94

Abstract:Civilization development has led to many facilities in human life and business, but has also introduced major changes and created a new order that over time has come to be in opposition to nature. The opportunity to reconcile ecological, economic and social reasons is to be found in the idea of sustainable development. The prerequisite for achieving sustainable development is education, which is one of the fundamental human rights that enables integral development. The purpose of the study was to verify the role and importance of education in the emergence and implementation of a circular economy idea. As it turned out, research has shown that sustainable development is largely dependent on the implementation of the circular economy, in which, the education is a fundamental and necessary tool.
Olesia Smolinska, Khrystyna Dzyubynska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.55-64

Abstract:This article is devoted to the problem of definition of approaches of cultural and educational space on the basis of conceptual accents, depending on the purpose of the research. Such hermeneutic aspects are paid attention to as: the problem of correlation between the concepts of climate, environment and space, which are used in pedagogical discourse with similar meanings. The clarification of the content of the cultural and educational space is vital in the interdisciplinary context of philosophy, cultural studies and sociology, since all these scientific disciplines are involved in the formation of the contents, which circulate in the pedagogical discourse. The article eliminates the criteria for the definitions of cultural and educational space by different authors and generalized formulations, which arise from these criteria. In particular, the distinction is made by the following criteria: the physical organizational factor, the organizational and managerial category, the factor of pedagogical influence, the system of coordinates/ values, the communicative space, the object of philosophical and educational discourse, the factor of the formation of the subjectivity of an individual, circumstances of the reality metaphorization while its wording.
Svitlana Skvortsova
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.31-39

Abstract:The article of S. Skvortsova “Teacher’s methodical activity as a source of educational and methodical tasks”, interprets the teacher’s methodical activity as solving a number of methodical tasks. We define a methodical task as a situation that occurs in the process of teacher's methodical activity the purpose of which is to teach pupils certain content. Educational and methodical tasks are the models of such situations formulated in words. The goal of educational and methodical tasks is to form future teachers’ methodical competency. Methodical tasks are classified under on practical and intellectual, that in its turn are divided into standard and problematic. Taking into consideration the external structure of the process of solving methodical tasks we define the teacher’s ability to solve methodical tasks as a complex of actions to be performed to solve a methodical task on the basis of a teacher’s conscious use of methodical knowledge and ways of action. Educational and methodical tasks are used in order to form the ability to solve methodical tasks in the process of teacher’s methodical training in pedagogical universities. Educational and methodical tasks, as opposed to methodical tasks, are classified according to: 1) the level of methodical activity as on standard, partially-standard and creative; 2) the types of methodical activity as on informational-analytical, analytic-synthetic, operationally-practical, projective-modeling, synthetic-constructing; 3) the content of teacher’s methodical activity as on basic and special ones. Standard and partially-standard educational and methodical tasks are the symbolic models of standard methodical tasks in teacher’s activity, and creative educational and methodical tasks are the symbolic models of problematic methodical tasks. Educational and methodical tasks are mainly the models of intellectual methodical tasks as they don’t suggest the interaction between a teacher and pupils, though, in some cases, they may be solved in the process of imitation of a teacher’s activity in the classroom environment.
Victoriia Stynska, Oksana Tytun
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.156-161

Abstract:The article deals with the work of social and psychological services in Ivano-Frankivsk region (Regional Center of social and psychological help in the village Verkhovyna, district Verkhovyna, Municipal social rehabilitation center of mother and child “Mistechko myloserdia sviatogo Mykolaia”, Interregional center of social and psychological rehabilitation of children in the village Medynia, district Galytskyi). The centers aim at implementation of new forms of social support of women, prevention of abandonment and child's social orphanhood, providing social, psychological, pedagogical, medical and legal assistance. The centers carry out the activity on principles of human rights protection, humanity, legitimacy, availability, mutual respect and confidentiality. It has been found that the centers aim at: social and psychological diagnostics; psychological and pedagogical help, social and medical care; correction-developing work; adaptation to family environment and legal assistance. It was concluded that centers of social and psychological rehabilitation of families in Ivano-Frankivsk region due to the wide range of tasks have become special places (schools) of pedagogical, psychological and medical help to the children, young people and families with children in difficult life situations.
Monika Bajak
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 5; doi:10.15330/jpnu.5.1.162-167

Abstract:Prosocial behaviour is not constant, it is continually being developed and enriched. It is developed most effectively through social activities and community involvement, but most of all through the participation in the family life. A child becomes a social being through social development. All these social and communal experiences determine children’s willingness to deal and help other people. The aim of this article is to examine a particular type of children’s social behaviour, which is helpfulness. There exists a clear correlation between the structure of the family and the helpfulness of the children which was partially confirmed by the author. There is also an average statistic relationship between the families’ fertility and helpfulness. The author of the paper represents the impact of age peculiarities of a child on his/her social development.
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