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Journal Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature

35 articles
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Markus Deli Girik Allo
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 159-170; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.1036

Abstract:Intercultural communication is an important aspect in EFL classrooms since EFL classrooms are one of the learners’ environments to learn the culture and intercultural communication. The researcher employed the quantitative research with survey design. This study investigated the place of culture and intercultural communication in Torajan EFL classrooms and Torajan students’ perceptions on Imperatives for studying Intercultural Communication. It is found that: Students needed for the new cultural and intercultural knowledge in EFL classrooms and hoped that curriculum can meet their needs on intercultural communication competence, and students are aware and hope to institutional and EFL lecturers to create intercultural environment and encourage effective intercultural dialogue in EFL classrooms in order to achieve: pedagogical, personal development, peace, economic, demographic, and ethical imperatives of intercultural communication.
Andre Paulus Saleky
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.877

Abstract:This study is aimed at 1) describing the students’ speaking competence and 2) students critical thinking skill; 3) finding out the positive and the significant difference in speaking competence between the students who were taught by using Socratic Questioning Technique (SQT) and those who were taught by using Information Gap Technique (IGT); 4) finding out the positive and the significant differences in students speaking competence between those who had high and low critical thinking; and 5) finding out the positive and significant interaction in students speaking competence between teaching techniques and the critical thinking skill. A quasi experiment method (pre-posttest non-equivalent control group design) through the 2 × 2 factorial designs used to represents an independent variable and a dependent variable with different level of thinking. The results showed that there were significantly differences in speaking ability between students who had high critical thinking and those who had low critical thinking. The value of R was 0.840 with interval correlation (0.80 – 1.00) meaning coefficient correlation was very strong and significant in linear regression or gained regression criteria in addition there was a positive and significant interaction in speaking competence between teaching techniques and critical thinking skill.
Andi Febriana Tamrin
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 212-218; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.1033

Abstract:This study is aimed to present the nature of gentleman in the Regency era as reflected in the selected novels of Jane Austen, entitled Pride and Prejudice and Emma. The men who are categorized as gentleman are shifted over the years. In the time before Industrial Revolution, the term “gentleman” belongs to nobility class, gentry or to men who did not use their own hands to work. However, after the Victorian era, the “gentleman” covers several terms. These are the army, clergy, and even for the merchants. The social class and wealth are the prominent factors that cause the changing of this pattern. Nevertheless, Austen’s concept of gentleman in her two novels is referred mostly by the virtue and behavior.
Andi Tenrisanna Syam
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 219-237; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.1037

Abstract:The objectives of this study are to describe the kinds of information in Rapunzel and to describe deixis, grammatical and lexical cohesion of Rapunzel. This study belonged to the qualitative study that was focused on the concrete phenomenon of the written materials. The technique of data collection were: the writer observed the features that occur in the fairy tale then took it to note. The writer found that: (1) title can be expounded by a short clause, phrase, or sentence, (2) the aperture is expounded by a clause, sentence, or paragraph, (3) the stage is expounded by a sentence or paragraph containing descriptive clauses, clauses with past completed action and identification clauses or noun phrase, (4) the author used third person pronouns she and he; (5) some nouns or pronouns were omitted in the second of coordinate clauses; (6) there were 64 sentences used additive conjunction and 10 sentences used comparative conjunction but, however, the conjunction neither…nor, or and if is only used once; (7) the authors only repeated the words will and hair; (8) the authors used words bird and cat in which they are a hyponym of animal; and (9) the synonyms words are grief, misery, heard, listen.
Waladdin Panggabean
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 185-199; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.906

Abstract:The research discusses deictic expressions or deixis in Nasreddin’s selected stories. The research method applied in the research is qualitative research while the theory that is used in the research is the theory of deixis by Yule that is used to analyze the deictic expressions in the story book. The researcher uses qualitative research because the data of this research are limited to the words or phrases having deictic expressions in the book of Nasreddin, A Man with Thousands Ideas. The aims of this research are to identify the type of deixis and explain the references that appear in the book. The result shows that there are three types of deixis that appear in the book. The analysis also shows that anaphoric and cataphoric references are found in the story book.
Siti Ithriyah
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 149-158; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.887

Abstract:The background of this study is the recognition of an expert consultant psychiatrist named dr. Suzy Yusna SpKJ, who stated in our interview that based on the experience of practice before the 1990's the number of patients who were diagnosed as a child with autistic disorder in a year is only about five people. However, at this time of day can be diagnosed, three new patients. This shows a significant increase in autism. This study aims to describe (1) the effectiveness of Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) therapy model to increase autistic children's language; and (2) language development of children with autism after acquiring learning methods ABA therapy. This research method is descriptive research. The study takes its source data from children with special needs at Rumah Autis Bogor. Five children were selected as the research participants. We conclude that Lovaas’ ABA method to prove the effectiveness of these therapies through phases and methods. Therapists who are experts in this field also helped determine the success in measuring the response level of language learning for children with autism. Thus, effective ABA therapy model applied in improving the language of children with autism. Before the ABA method is applied, the average child's ability to speak to one type of vocabulary requires learning four to five times (four and five days) with bad judgment and poor. However, after being given an action, then the average language skills of children with autism increased by only one or two lessons (one and two days) with the excellent score.
Hesthi Herusatoto
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 123-138; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.886

Abstract:This research was to find out the effects of mentor texts on students’ ability to write a descriptive paragraph. Changes in the content and organization of their paragraphs were examined closely. As many as 35 students majoring in nursing who were enrolled in an English class participated in this research. In the class, the students learned to write a descriptive paragraph using some mentor texts which served to help them learn identifying and writing a topic sentence, supporting sentences, and a concluding sentence. The texts also provided them with models to make a paragraph have unity and coherence. The data were collected from the student’ paragraphs produced before and after the learning process and the paragraph they wrote in the delayed posttest. A survey was also distributed at the end of their English class to collect their responses on the use of mentor texts in their learning process. The findings of this research indicated that mentor texts indeed had positive effects on the students’ ability to write a descriptive paragraph. Their awareness to include a topic sentence, details, unity, a concluding sentence, and transition signals in their paragraph was found to significantly develop. In addition, mentor texts enhanced the students’ confidence, interest, and motivation in writing.
Musfirah Musfirah
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 200-211; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.1051

Abstract:The speech of medicine vendor contains power to convince the costumers. This study is aimed at investigating the linguistics features used in the in the speech of medicine vendor. This study is descriptive qualitative in analyzing and displaying the data. The techniques of analyzing data were transcribing the utterances, translation the data into English by applying morpheme by morpheme translation and idiomatic translation, and identifying the linguistics features of medicine vendors’ speech. The result of this study revealed that parallelism is one of the linguistics features used in the speech to build a power.
Miftah Fariduddin, Firman Parlindungan
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 139-148; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.716

Abstract:The objective of this study was to investigate whether there was significant difference on the students’ reading comprehension of narrative text between those who were taught through Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) method and those who were not. 49 students were selected as the sample and quasi-experimental, non-randomized pre-test and post-test design were employed. The analysis of covariance showed that the students who were taught by using CIRC method statistically outperformed those who were not on their reading comprehension of narrative text, F (1, 48) = 13.56, p < .05). This result implies that CIRC is an effective method to teach reading comprehension, particularly on narrative text. Since this study only focused on narrative text, future researchers might be interested to seek the effect of CIRC on other genres of text. Similar study though may be conducted with a randomized design of larger population.
Siti Hafsah
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 83-94; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.696

Abstract:The object of this research is The Blade of the Youngest Princess folklore (which abbreviated KLPB – Kepala Lading Putri Bungsu) from East Kalimantan. The researcher uses an approach of Vladimir Propp’s Narrative Structure to analyze the folklore. This research aims to reveal the function of the system of structure in folklore. The research uses qualitative methods and narrative structure of Vladimir Propp is used as an approach to identify the function and the structure of the story to reveal various values in community in East Kalimantan especially the moral value and the educational value. From the analysis, researcher finds that from the perspective of characters’ function, the folklore is formed from fifteen function. Whereas the elements of value of the community especially in East Kalimantan as reflected from the folklore is that the king is wise, fair, and a good decision maker.
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