Issues and Ideas in Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2320-7655 / 2320-8805
Current Publisher: Chitkara University Publications (10.15415)
Total articles ≅ 96
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Sarabjit Kaur
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 57-66; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.82006

Abstract:
Background: National Education Policy 2020 aims to eliminate existing disparities in access to education for children from any gender or any under-represented group. After independence, India makes considerable strides in reducing gender gaps in education, but even today the goal of gender parity in school enrolments remains elusive. India provides Universal Elementary Education to all and this commitment has been articulated through Constitution, National Education Policies and other Innovative Programmes. All these initiatives put a strong emphasis on the education of girls and some of the programmes have been started particularly to eliminate gender gaps in school education. Purpose: This paper is an attempt to review the Innovative Programmes started by the Government of India to redress the gender gaps in school education and also to analyze the impact of these programmes on female literacy rates and enrolment rates of girls in elementary education. Before analyzing the innovative programmes and their impact on educational statistics, the paper briefly assesses the status of education in the Constitution of India and also studies the national policy perspective regarding universal elementary education of girls in the country in order to provide a sound background to this study. Methods: The method of document analysis for the review of policy documents and innovative programmes has been utilized and trend analysis method has been applied to study the educational statistics from the year 1950 to 2015. Results: The female literacy rates and enrolment of girls in total enrolments for the classes VI-VIII have registered an increase after the implementation of these programmes. Conclusions: It has been observed that these community-based programmes of the country have received a lot of international recognition for their contribution towards reducing gender gaps in elementary education. So, the experiences of these Innovative Programmes can prove quite beneficial for other countries struggling with gender gaps in school education.
Ashutosh Biswal, Kamakshi Raipure
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 77-85; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.82008

Abstract:
Productive thinking is the cognitive ability to plan, reason logically, analyse, synthesize, evaluate, and make decision to reach at the solution of the problem or we can say that it is the ability by which one can refine their creative work with critical thinking to give strength and value to it. It is a way to solve problems creatively. For this research, a model has been developed called as FIESI (Foundation, Ideation, Evaluation, Stabilization and Implication) for fostering productive thinking. Researchers conducted an experiment to foster productive thinking among VIII standard students with the help of this model as elementary level is delimited to standard VIII. Quasi-experimental pre-test post-test control group design was used. Two Kendriya Vidyalayas (Central Schools) were selected purposively for experiment purpose. One section of standard VIII from each school was selected as the sample for the experiment and control groups. Students of both the classes were made equivalent on the basis of a science achievement test. The equivalent groups consist of 26 students each. Researchers taught Science to the experimental group for one academic year (2019-2020) using FIESI model and the control group was taught by their regular teachers. Researchers developed and validated a productivethinking test for data collection. Data were analysed using chi-square. The finding revealed that FIESI model was found significant in fostering productive thinking among standard VIII students.
Dn Sansanwal
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 49-53; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.82005

Abstract:
Examination is a part and parcel of Teaching-Learning Process. In examination or tests different types of question are asked by teachers. These are Essay, Short Answer, Multiple Choice, Fill-in the Blanks, and Matching Types. These are not very suitable for Open Book Examination. Multiple Answers Type Items in Research Methodology were developed for the research. It is a new type of question which can be used by school, College and University teachers irrespective of the subject taught by them. The objective of this research was to study the influence of Discipline, Gender and their interaction on Performance of participants on Multiple Answers Type Items in Research Methodology. The Hypothesis formulated in null form was there is no significant influence of Discipline, Gender and their interaction on Performance of participants on Multiple Answers Type Items in Research Methodology. This study was conducted on Sample of 423 Deans, Professors, Associate Professors, Assistant Professors, Research Fellows and Postgraduate students from 26 states and six countries. Data were collected online using WhatsApp and emails during Covid-19 period. The findings were: (1) Social Science participants were found to have better understanding of Research Methodology than Science as well as Humanities participants. Further Science as well as Humanities participants were found to similar understanding of Research Methodology. (2) Male and Female Participants were found to perform equally well on Multiple Answers Type Items in Research Methodology. (3) Performance on Multiple Answers Type Items in Research Methodology was found to be independent of interaction between Discipline and Gender of Participants.
Chinmaya Prakash, Shubha Chandra Shubha Chandra
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 67-76; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.82007

Abstract:
Background: In recent years, the importance of school as a stake-holder in CSR activities is gaining recognition. Companies channel financial and human resources into developing schools. School Development and Monitoring Committee (SDMC) plays an important part in the management of Primary schools in Karnataka and as such should have a role in CSR activities. Purpose: This exploratory study attempted to answer the following questions- (1) How aware are SDMC members of CSR and its role in schools (2) what is their perception of CSR in their schools? (3) Do rural and urban SDMC members differ in their perception of CSR Methods: Sample consisted of SDMC members from 50 rural and 50 urban Government run primary schools in Bangalore Educational districts. 100 SDMC members, one from each school, were interviewed using a semi structured information schedule developed for this study. Results: Management is not very clear about the nature of CSR support . However, 75% of them perceive CSR as beneficial to their schools. Rural subjects have a more favourable perception of CSR impact and they differ significantly from urban counterparts in rating ‘ how CSR has benefited students’ (t = 2.052).Conclusions: SDMC members do not clearly distinguish between support provided under CSR and support received from other sources. Overall, CSR is seen as beneficial to school by supplementing government support and helping the management. Rural schools seem to benefit more from CSR support. Though SDMC is supposed to monitor the developmental activities of the school, they are not often consulted by companies about the requirements for the school. Involving SDMC in planning, executing and monitoring would enhance the efficacy of CSR programmes.
Ajit Mondal
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 39-48; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.82004

Abstract:
Background: The nitty-gritty of the teacher education chiefly rests on its curriculum implementation at institutional level, transaction in classrooms, assessment, evaluation, as well as the degree of its suitability. Thanks to the NCTE Regulations (Norms and Standards), 2014, the duration of the B. Ed. Programme has been extended from one year to two years across India from academic session 2015-16 to prepare the teachers professional and well-equipped with sound theoretical knowledge and pedagogical skills. However, the attitude of the teacher-educators and pupil teachers towards Two-Year B. Ed. Programme matters to a great extent for its assessing suitability of the new regulations. Purpose: The present study has been undertaken to review only ten selective research studies only on the attitude of the teacher-educators and pupil-teachers towards the Two-Year B. Ed. Programme, aiming at grasping their attitudinal status or trend in a single frame with a broader spectrum of views value towards the Programme.Methods: The review-based content analysis method was adopted and its approach was qualitative for analysing the attitude of the Teacher-Educators and Student-Teachers towards two-year B. Ed. Programme.Results: the entire gamut of the Two-Year B. Ed. Programme under the NCTE Regulations, 2014 is effective and more promising for preparing professional and accountable teachers from the lens of the teacher-educators. Only the student-teachers need to be oriented with prescribed theoretical knowledge base through viable pedagogical strategies as most of the student-teachers have not hold favourable attitude towards the Two-Year B. Ed. Programme. Conclusion: As a whole, the attitudinal trend among the teacher educators and pupil-students towards the two year B. Ed. Programme irrespective gender, locality, experience and types of institution hints at the pressing need to ensure that all the B. Ed. Institutions must comply with the norms and standards stipulated in the NCTE Regulations, 2014 for preparing professional and accountable teachers in the future ahead.
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 19-25; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.81003

Abstract:
CLIL programmes have been implemented in a large number of Spanish schools in the last decades as a means of promoting foreign language proficiency and fostering multilingualism and language diversity in order to meet the new demands of our globalized societies. Although Spain is considered one of the European leaders in CLIL practice and research, it nevertheless faces many challenges caused by teachers´ insufficient training both in the target language and in CLIL methodology. While the language-related shortcomings have been identified to a certain extent and remedied through language immersion courses and language assistant programmes, the content-related and methodological issues are still being largely neglected in spite of the fact that there exists considerable CLIL literature where these issues have been addressed. Renowned CLIL authors such as Do Coyle, David Marsh and Peeter Mehisto stress the importance of high quality teaching as key to the success of the CLIL approach; they claim that good CLIL practice not only broadens conceptual mapping resources by boosting cognitive development and metacognitive skills, but it also encourages active, meaningful, “deep” learning, critical thinking and creative thought with the help of scaffolding techniques that facilitate both language and content learning. This paper examines the language practices in content classrooms in the bilingual programmes of Castilla la Mancha. With a view to identifying the main difficulties that both teachers and students face. It also explores different ways of approaching these challenges, most of which are bound to be extensive to the Indian context.
Rafael Cruz
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 9-17; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.81002

Abstract:
The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is increasingly affecting every aspect of our daily lives, including the educational field where new approaches and methodologies are being developed. CLIL is currently one of the most popular educational approaches in Europe as it combines specifically created online course materials with more traditional teaching strategies. The case study introduced in this paper involves a charter school in Castilla-La Mancha called La Merced where CLIL was introduced in 2013. In the academic year 2018-2019, the school was taken over by an international educational network named Red Educativa Arenales, which decided to modernize the school by introducing highly innovative education teaching strategies related to ICT methodology. The initial stage of the modernization plan consists of equipping every classroom with digital devices such as laptops and tablets, as physical textbooks have been substituted by an online learning platform. Most school stakeholders agree that this first year has proved to be highly satisfactory regarding students’ motivation and academic achievement. Drawing on my experience as an English teacher in La Merced since 2011, in this paper I compare the classroom atmosphere and the academic achievements of my students until 2018, when more traditional methods were in use, to last year’s textbook-free pilot program. I will focus on my own grade, namely 3rd level of secondary education class (age 15-16) whose exam results have remarkably improved since the implementation of ICT blending methodology.
Richa Bansal, Sunil Dutt
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 8, pp 1-8; doi:10.15415/iie.2020.81001

Abstract:
The study was executed to investigate the effects of teaching via WebQuest Based Instruction on students’ critical thinking in comparison to teaching through traditional mode of instruction. Murthy Critical Thinking Scale (2014) was used to assess students’ critical thinking. The study was carried out with ninth grade science students who were selected from government schools of Chandigarh and were randomly separated into two groups: the control group who received conventional mode of instruction and experimental group exposed to WebQuest based instruction created by the researcher. Both descriptive as well as inferential statistics (t-test) were employed to analyze the data. The findings of the research illustrated a noteworthy variation in critical thinking between two groups where students of experimental group dominated over control group students, hence demonstrating the substantial positive effect of WebQuest based instruction on student’s critical thinking. In view of the acquired results, the researcher recommended the use of WebQuest based instruction during teaching learning process and also proposed to provide proper training to teachers in how to implement the WebQuest in educational practices.
Vidyanand S. Khandagale, Rajendra Chavan
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 7, pp 87-97; doi:10.15415/iie.2019.72009

Abstract:
Child abuse impedes an individual personality and leaves mark on the heart of an individual eventually and affects the growth and development. The children are most vulnerable and can be easily exploits. Child Abuse refers to the action which hurt or harms children in terms physical, emotional, sexual etc. The study was intended to find out the status and perceived attitude towards the child abuse among upper primary school students of Kolhapur city. A descriptive survey was conducted and the data was collected from 221 Upper Primary School students using structured questionnaire of child abuse. The findings of study were parents do not talk about the uncomfortable situations their child might face in absence of them along with and let the child make it know about the uncomfortable situation faced by their child to the responsible adult and the child to deal with such situations at school, movie, by doctor, friend or at a workshop. This is serious concern as parents must make aware about child abuse among their wards and Most of the Boys and Girls don’t know what to do if they will have to face any of the above mentioned situations.
Gema Alcaraz Mármol, María Victoria Guadamillas Gómez
Issues and Ideas in Education, Volume 7, pp 53-63; doi:10.15415/iie.2019.72006

Abstract:
This article analyses the main legislation in Spain regarding Bilingual Education in the stage of Primary Education. Firstly, it divides Spanish regions into monolingual and bilingual. Later, it deals with the main legislation enforced in Primary Education, and carefully analyses three main aspects: teachers’ L2 level, teachers’ methodological requirements, and the non-linguistic discipline or disciplines included in bilingual programs together with the subjects’ language or languages of delivery and assessment. The first aspect, L2, is labelled following the different levels of the European Framework of Languages. As for teaching methodology, information has been classified as “not mentioned”, “recommended” or “required”. With regards to subjects, there are four different labels: “compulsory”, “optional”, “not mentioned”, and “not specified”. A high degree of heterogeneity is observed in two of the three areas analyzed. These differences among regions do not seem to be connected with their monolingual or bilingual nature. Finally yet importantly, it should be assumed that India and Spain are not close realities in some aspects. However, the study described above might help researchers, teachers or educational authorities to reflect upon some issues which are derived from CLIL(Content and Language Integrated Learning) methodology implementation in schools.
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