World Journal of Social Science

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2329-9347 / 2329-9355
Current Publisher: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 85
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Latest articles in this journal

Suleiman G. Purokayo, James Zira Stephen
Published: 25 July 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n2p39

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Ashleigh Chinelo Oguagha , Nickesha Joan Lambert
Published: 26 April 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n2p28

Medicare is a national single-payer system that provides health coverage for the elderly, disabled, and terminally ill in the United States. Rising enrollment, costs, and decreases in financing options may affect the way Medicare performs. This study aimed to investigate participants’ perceptions of Medicare performance before and after the Affordable Care Act. A 3-part questionnaire was created and validated for use in this study. Respondents affiliated with several social work agencies were invited via email to participate in this study. 287 out of 519 invited questionnaires were used in data analyses. 27.5% of respondents reported being currently enrolled in Medicare, while 33.2% reported lifetime enrollment. Overall, retired/disabled, elderly and low-income participants reported currently or ever using Medicare. One’s perception of Medicare performance was determined by their status as a Medicare beneficiary. Medicare service efficacy was rated more positively over-time by current and life-time enrollees; additionally, Medicare performance was determined to be better in 2013 than in 2009. Ultimately, this study showed that health service and financial fairness factors are indicative of Medicare performance. Additional research should explore possible implications for the healthcare field as well as formulate a broad range of possible management and/or improvement strategies. Lastly, differences in performance across years can inform decision-makers and bolster the fundamental foundation of health policies at the state and national level.
Guillaume Hensel Fongang Fouepe , Noel Hubert Tchuente Takam, Alain Hervé Wouapi Napi, Félix Meutchieye
Published: 25 April 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n2p17

This study focuses on the theft of animals, particularly the case of goats in Menoua division in the Western Region of Cameroon. The aim is to analyze the phenomenon of goat theft and to bring out the consequences, including the answers developed and proposed by farmers. A sample of 140 goat breeders and 20 former goat keepers were surveyed and interviews were conducted with 18 authorities and resources person. The primary data obtained is analyzed using descriptive statistical methods with SPSS. Those obtained through the interview guides were analyzed through thematic analysis. It emerges that goats are stolen both during the day and at night. Discreet theft, by car or motorbike, and direct physical assault of the breeder are the main techniques/methods used by thieves. This theft phenomenon leaves consequences, in the social, economic and technical domains, which discourages enthusiasm of breeders and investments in this sector. In reponse, 50% of the breeders’ surveyed keep their goats in the family home which they regularly monitor. 25.6% have taken no action and 12.6% use watchdogs or built pens. These main methods developed against theft remain ineffective. However, vigilance committees used by 3.8% appear to be more productive and contribute to lowering this theft phenomenon whereas security services instead place emphasis on patrols they deem efficient.
Published: 2 April 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n2p1

The use of batik as design culture heritage of Kampoeng Laweyan, a village in the Surakarta (Solo) province of Java island, Indonesia, is the case study of this paper. The purpose of research is to understand how batik, from its ancestral place of origin, facilitated the rise of a small community from cycles of economic slumps, while facing the external impacts of globalisation. Even as batik preservation gained UNESCO recognition in 2009, some critics argue that economic development is contrarian to the concept of preservation and sustainability. This paper brings together the numerous cultural, historical and socioeconomic perspectives of Indonesia’s batik status as an intangible heritage. Using phenomenological method of critical inquiry, it traces the development of batik as a traditional cloth of both royalty and rural Indonesian society, a dual symbolic expression of folk wisdom which simultaneously facilitating architectural and social preservation of local communities. Interpretative analysis of batik artform as a cultural phenomenon presents the inherent ‘equipment and expertise’ as ways in which Laweyan leverages the economic potential of local cultural heritage in its tourism marketing. Findings show that supportive mechanisms and initiatives at local and national levels create awareness and interest in traditional batik heritage. Nevertheless, a concern for the productive capacities of rural villages must be harmonised with sustainable cultural tourism programmes for social and environmental benefits. From these principal findings, this paper contributes to design research by urging for the modernisation of batik as an iconic representation of Indonesian identity to be sustainably explored. Through designing, production, marketing and promotion via heritage tourism initiatives and through injecting contemporary ideas into batik production, it enables the preservation of generational wisdom through the intangible values of this distinctively beautiful and intricate fabric.
Yan Jun
Published: 2 April 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n2p11

Mankind is always trapped in the introspection in one’s identity and the relationship with others, about which, many philosophers and psychologists like Feud and Lacan, have established various theories. Many science fiction movies can function as allegorical stories for the interpretation of those theories about the two concepts and their relation. Deep probing and comprehensive analyses of those movies in light of Feud’s and Lacan’s theories about the “ego” and the “other” make it easy to see that the “ego” has an intricating relation with the “other”, which symbolizes both other people, the world and the ego itself. The “other” is intimidating to the “ego”, but the integrity with it is also what the ego pursuits. So, for the harmony between the “ego” and the “other”, the “ego” should pursuit its integrity with the “other”, while confirming its own identity.
Samuel O. Okafor, Christopher O. Ugwuibe
Published: 20 January 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n1p31

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 20 January 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n1p46

Knowledge about HIV prevention means knowing that consistent use of condoms during sexual intercourse, having one uninfected faithful partner can reduce chance of getting HIV, knowing that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, rejecting the two most common local misconceptions (HIV can be transmitted by mosquito bites and a person can become infected by sharing food with a person who has HIV). The study objective was to assess and identify determinants of comprehensive knowledge about HIV prevention among young in Ethiopia. The data used for analysis was 2016 EDHS. The dependent variable was comprehensive knowledge about HIV prevention and Descriptive statistics and Binary logistic regression used to identify determinants of comprehensive knowledge about HIV prevention among young. The study conducted on 10,520 young, of which 41.9% were male and 58.1% female. The significant determinants of comprehensive knowledge about HIV prevention among young were age, residence, education, occupation, marital status, wealth index, sex, region and media exposure. In conclusion, Young with low income, single, male without formal education were less likely to have comprehensive knowledge while the knowledge status is different from region to region. Education for low income, single and male on HIV prevention must be expanded to improve knowledge of the disease in Ethiopia.
John Paulson
Published: 19 January 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n1p25

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Porter Coggins , Janet A. Heuer, Michael A. Anderson
Published: 11 January 2020
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n1p12

Three groups of undergraduate student citizens of the United States at a regional public university were surveyed regarding their knowledge of the Bill of Rights of the Constitution of the United States. Additionally, the findings of a focus group discussion of Honors students regarding this same topic are presented and discussed. A fifteen-statement questionnaire was administered to 66 First Year Experience (FYE) undergraduate students, 50 senior students, and nine Honors students. Ten of the statements were quotes from the Bill of Rights amendments and five statements were foils which were not among the Bill of Rights amendments. A focus group discussion with the Honors students revealed several themes including those of rights and responsibility for educational curricula on the Bill of Rights. Analysis of the data indicated that these three groups did not present evidence of deep knowledge of the Bill of Rights by amendment number. We interpret the general lack of knowledge of the Bill of Rights as a warning regarding of the lack of value of the Bill of Rights and citizenship by state and federal governments and raise a concern of the possibility of a growing crisis in civic conscience of the citizenry of our country unless significant educational-policy countermeasures are taken.
Fatima Waziri – Azi
Published: 11 November 2019
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n1p1

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
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