World Journal of Social Science
ISSN / EISSN : 2329-9347 / 2329-9355
Published by: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 105
Latest articles in this journal
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v9n1p15
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the labelling process including stigma and stereotype that Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) women patients must go through. The stigma stems from a lack of knowledge and understanding of HIV itself. It is even worse when HIV positive people are also associated with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) even though not all HIV positive people have AIDS. Data were collected from 20 women with HIV positive in Besut, Terengganu and Pasir Puteh, Bachok and Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Purposive sampling with some help from key informant were used to get the total of 20 respondents. Result of the study indicated that those women experience severe stigma, stereotyping and negative labels even though they were not involved in any immoral activities but instead they are a victim, in which the infection came from their own husband. Some people who are not emotionally strong enough to face the negative perceptions and judgement made by the society cause them to live in fear, anxiety, isolation, depression, and some choose to quit their job and lives, avoid getting proper treatment, meeting, and interacting with others. It is not easy to ensure that society do not label or stigmatize HIV positive patients. But it is the duty of all parties to provide knowledge of Positive HIV and it is a disease that is not easily transmitted to the public. So, there is no reason for the public to fear and punish the patients.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v9n1p1
Covid-19 confinement has changed students, learners and even teachers to alternate their learning strategies and testing the efficiency and assessment process overall. Using both primary and secondary data from online authentic sources and field research by taking school-going students and undergrad students as sample, this paper examines the regular struggles and obstacles, that the learners had to face due to this pandemic. Both teachers and students had ti perform numerous combats to get victory over quality education. The second correspondents were HSC students of Bangladesh, especially, batch 2020. And the result shows that there is significantly negative impact which greatly makes the next generation brainless and no doubt, are jn great danger, as they are not only going to be the next future leaders but they will be the policy-makers of the nation. Additionally, the paper also focuses on the decisions taken by government and the possible results regarding education system of Bangladesh.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v9n1p49
Financial crimes in Nigerian socio-political milieu have been more recurrent in contemporary times. The paper attempted to assess the performance of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) from inception as a platform to evaluate the efficacy of anti-graft policy enforcement in Nigeria. It sought to establish whether the persistence of graft offences by Nigerian government officials was fallout of flaws emanating from censored operational space to restrict of the agency’s autonomy. Statutorily, it was mandated to prosecute all financial corruption in public offices, money laundering, advance-fee fraud and other offences related to these. However, in spite of these efforts, the war against corruption in every sphere is far from over. The paper anchored on the rational choice theory as analytical framework and employed the secondary source of data collection and analysis. Arguably, the EFCC operations have not been effective since the number of convictions for financial crimes in public offices is considered relatively low as against the level of the offense in the country. Again, the personnel of the agency were deemed to lack the required autonomy to address the intricacies of fighting the crime. Therefore, to reduce the spate of financial embezzlement, the Nigerian public laws should be amended to embrace a credible method of nominating candidates with good track records for political positions and public offices. In the same vein, more realistic autonomy should be given the operatives of the EFCC with a view to elicit more credible enforcement of the anti-graft law.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v9n1p38
In spite of the enormous benefits derivable from pig production, farmers are yet to fully maximize output due largely to inefficiency in the use of resources. An empirical study was carried out to examine the technical efficiency of resource use in swine production under different waste management strategies. Multistage sampling procedure was employed to select 60 farmers and primary data were obtained with the aid of questionnaire. Using the stochastic production frontier function based on the Cobb- Douglas form, asymptotic parameter estimates were evaluated to describe efficiency determinants. Result revealed that the most vital factors influencing technical efficiency across the pig farms were labour, medication and stocking density whereas the most critical explainers of inefficiency across all the pig farms were farming experience, access to credit and extension contact. The average efficiency for pig farmers that bury, dump and compost waste were 0.87, 0.88 and 0.74 respectively while the mean efficiency across all the pig farms was 0.80. The fact that all the pigs farms had mean efficiencies of less than one is indicative that none of the pig farms reached the frontier threshold in production. Thus, within the context of efficient agricultural production, pig farmers could still increase their output using appropriate technologies and the right resource-mix.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v9n1p26
This paper attempts to emphasize the role of collective identity in a group or community in the societal building in the light of the teachings of the poet Iqbal. People need to change their focus from personal-selves to a collective-self. It is described as to how healthier people are the need of the moneyed class. They are part of the stakeholders in any societal movement. The paper describes how to involve their interest. Outreach is easier these days because of digital instruments. A toolkit has been developed following which the individual selves can be mobilized together into a collective self, for the societal building. A few case studies are referred where collective identity among stakeholders is studied: in a renovation project environment in Finland, in management environment in Norway, and spiritual workforce environment in the US.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v8n2p41
This paper is a study on Ponzi schemes, development and the Christian church in Nigeria. It traced the emergence of Ponzi schemes in Nigeria. The paper considered the practices of Mavrodi Mondial Movement (MMM), being one of the strongest Ponzi schemes in Nigeria. It assessed the impact of this Ponzi scheme on development in the country. It also looked into the role played by the Christian Church during the period of the scheme’s existence in the country. The paper, however concluded that, despite the people involved in the scheme being interested in supposedly helping people (including those in the scheme and the less privileged), it is contrary to the ethos of Christianity that touches on labour and its corresponding success. The data collected for the study were analysed using socio-historical approach.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v8n2p1
Current coverage by Western media of Saudi Arabia and Saudi youth conveys a range of narratives, interpretations and misperceptions about the ongoing changes in the country. In particular, this study intends to highlight how the young leadership, led by Mohammed bin Salman, is implementing a new “cultural diplomacy” inspired by foreign consultancies and outlined in Saudi Vision 2030. However, it seems that the actual moral and cultural impact of such diplomacy on the young, educated, connected and often unemployed Saudi youth is not a matter of official concern. This study draws on official Saudi and non-Saudi documents, facts and figures, press reports and recent literature rather than on field research, in the belief that changeable expectations and aspirations expressed by Saudi youth in the MbS era may be influenced by readily accepted narratives forged both inside and outside the country.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v8n2p32
The world is going through panic, fear, anxiety, stress, worry and isolation because of COVID 19 pandemic and lockdown. Almost one third of the world population is living under some kind of quarantine or lockdown. All these things affect the mental health of any individual a lot. At this time of social distancing and self-isolation, social media can be an indispensible tool for keeping you in touch with friends, online class, loved ones and the wider world. But be mindful of how it makes you feels. If spending time on social media enhance your stress, anxiety, and uncertainty, takes steps to limit your engagements. And always check reputable news sources before believing—or forwarding—any rumors about COVID-19 pandemic that may cause panic. In West Bengal, Government has declared that all educational institutes will remain closed till 10th June, 2020. Studies in different parts of the world stated that even in normal time, depression, anxiety, stress among under graduate college students are high. Several reasons are there. In this situation the researcher wanted to carry out the study to find out the condition of the Mental Health of the under Graduate Students of Nadia District in West Bengal during lockdown and how they are facing this pandemic situation.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v8n2p13
An English aristocrat, poet and writer, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762) was a privileged and distinguished woman traveller in her time. During her sojourn in Ottoman Istanbul, she noted down significant details as regards the Constantinople and seraglio through her vivid descriptions as a liberated woman in her Embassy Letters. Another significant oriental work, Letters from Turkey by Kelemen Mikes (1690-1761), who was a Transylvanian-born Hungarian writer and political figure, is centered upon Mikes’s life in exile between the years 1717 and 1758 within the boundaries of the Ottoman Empire. In Letters from Turkey, we can feel his strong sense of Hungarian identity and his steadiness in maintaining his cultural and religious customs and values in his elaboration of his own and the “other” culture, while his praising the benign and merciful ruling style of Ottoman Sultans offers a different view of orientalism in favour of the “other” culture (Ottoman Empire). Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to examine the Letters of Lady Mary Montagu and Kelemen Mikes from their political, ethnical, religious and personal perspectives and trace several relationships that has allusive discussion relativity in the discourse of Orientalism. After having explained the specific letters of both writers, I will attempt to use the scope of Edward Said’s Orientalism and Enlightenment Orientalism discussed in Sirinivas Aravamudan’s Enlightenment Orientalism: Resisting the Rise of the Novel, as a magnifying glass to different oriental images and conceptions contradictory with the reality in the eighteenth century. This study will mostly make use of Edward Said’s account of orientalism as well as Stephen Greenblatt’s theory of Self Fashioning in order to explicate the differences as to how the Orient is perceived by the authors from different cultures but from the same period. In order to highlight how the definition of Orient changes, this paper attempts to define the Orient in accordance with the works of Lady Montagu and Kelemen Mikes.
World Journal of Social Science, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v8n2p23
Life skills refer to adaptive and positive behaviors that help people effectively cope with the needs and challenges of daily life. Thus, this study aimed at the analysis of the application of life skills in the Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH) based on the life skills recommended by WHO such as problem-solving, decision making, creative thinking, critical thinking, self-awareness, empathy, interpersonal relationship, effective communication, coping with stress, coping with emotions. The deductive content analysis of topic-related data in Hadith which refers to the verbal, action, and recognition of the Prophet (PBUH), classic Islamic and modern literature, is conducted through the descriptive narrative method. The finding reveals the acknowledgment and the application of life skills on several occasions in Sunnah, as well as the adherence to such skills will assist walking through the guidance of Sunnah. As a result, it strongly suggests that the icon would serve as a guide for every individual in the modern world in terms of the effective application of life skills at various levels and circumstances that can assist in leading a successful life. This study will be referred for future studies regarding the application and the impact of life skills.