Physical education of students

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2075-5279 / 2308-7250
Published by: Sergii Iermakov (10.15561)
Total articles ≅ 369
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Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 54-63; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0202

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. Choreographic exercises for the development of flexibility are a complex component of training students of the department of folk dance in the specialty "Choreography". Among such exercises are exercises of ballet gymnastics, which take into account the specifics of mobility of the joints. The aim of the study was to identify the level of general and special mobility (“en dehors”) in students who are engaged in choreography. Material and Methods. The study involved students (n = 20) of 1 year of study in the specialty "Choreography" (Faculty of Arts, Department of Folk Dance, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Ukraine). The duration of the study is 6 months: from January 2020 to June 2020. The curriculum provides the study of the discipline "Gymnastics in Choreography" (1st year of study, summer semester), a total of 3 credits (including 36 classroom hours). During distance learning (from 13.03.2020 to 31.05.20) students performed a set of exercises independently. Also through video conferences Zoom with a teacher - once a week, lasting 40 minutes. Results. It was found that students of the department of folk and stage choreography mostly have higher scores. This is due to the presence and complexity of acrobatic elements that are present in folk dances. During the study, there were more significant differences between the indicators in the groups. There was a noticeable development of active flexibility in the girls of the department of folk and stage choreography. Conclusions. The used test indicators are recommended to be used in classes as control standards. The use of the author's program will ensure the development and maintenance in the proper state of the achieved level of flexibility (“en dehors”). To do this, it is necessary to adhere to the regular use of exercises, taking into account the individual capabilities and abilities of students.
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 64-80; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0203

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. Muscles are a set of topics for physical education and sports. Cognitive structure and alternative concepts of students should be diagnosed about striated muscles, which are very rich in terms of abstract concepts. The aim of this research is to determine the cognitive structures, alternative concepts and conceptual change process of university students on striated muscle with the word association test. Material and Methods. 50 students who took physiology course in Selcuk University physical education and sports teaching 2nd year participated in the research. The research was designed with a single group pretest posttest weak experimental design. The students were given a pre-test Word Association Test (WAT), then the subject of striated muscles in the training information curriculum was explained, and then WAT was re-applied as a post-test. As a result of the tests applied, the frequencies of the answer words given by the students to 11 key concepts were calculated and the cut-off points were determined and concept networks were created. In addition, the sentences formed by the students about these concepts were examined in terms of misconceptions. Results. We found that the students produced 44 answer words in the pre-test and 64 in the post-test, and the frequency of many concepts increased in the post-test compared to the pre-test. However, an increase in the knowledge level and concept associations of the students at the desired level was not observed. In addition, we determined that although the students' misconceptions about striated muscle decreased in the post-test compared to the pre-test, they still continued, and the students generally had unscientific or superficial knowledge in both tests. Conclusions. As a result of the research, it was determined that there was a significant change in the cognitive structure of the students about the skeletal muscle, although it was not at a sufficient level, and their misconceptions were reduced. It has been concluded that the WAT is an important alternative assessment tool to determine the conceptual development in preliminary and post-knowledge, as well as a strategy that can be used to ensure meaningful learning and conceptual change.
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 98-104; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0206

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. There is strong evidence linking outdoor physical activity with health benefits, but little is known about its impact on pro-environmental behaviour. Therefore, this study seeks to clarify this research problem. Material and Methods. We assessed pro-environmental behaviour in a group of 170 students (aged 21.79 ± 1.23) of the Academy of Physical Education and Sport who declared stronger attachment to one of the two forms of physical activity: outdoor or indoor. The analysis of the strength of pro-environmental attitudes was conducted using the Environmental Health Literacy (EHL) Scale. Results. Despite the lack of spectacular differences between the attitudes of students from the outdoor and indoor physical activity groups, a few dissimilarities related to air quality were noticed. Each of them indicated stronger pro-environmental behaviour of representatives of the outdoor physical activity group. They concerned the following issues: I avoid exercising because of pollution (p <0.05), I avoid opening my window due to poor outdoor air quality (p <0.05), I avoid inhaling car exhaust (p <0.05), I avoid exposing myself and family members to harmful chemicals (p <0.001). Similar results were obtained by dividing into male outdoor / indoor physical activity and female outdoor / indoor physical activity. Gender turned out to be a factor that differentiates pro-environmental behaviour to a much smaller extent. Opinions regarding only one statement indicated in favor of female subjects. Conclusions. Outdoor physical activity seems to be the reason for deeper pro-environmental reflection with respect to aerosanitary conditions, probably due to the awareness of health stress caused by exercising in polluted air.
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 89-97; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0205

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. This study investigated whether the physical activity and the type of motivation among students inactive in professional sport can enhance their life satisfaction.Material and Methods. An experimental study was conducted with the participation of 164 students (not athletes) aged 24,52±4. In the experimental groups participants engaged in physical activity which they performed at their leisure 3 times a week for at least 30 minutes for 6 weeks. Additionally, the students were motivated to be active in a positive way (focus on benefits), in a negative way (focus on avoiding losses) or were not motivated at all. The experiment was based on a mixed group plan - with the initial and final measurement of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Results. The results confirm that involvement in regular sport brings benefits in terms of improving psychological well-being. The type of motivation proved to determine the influence of the practiced sport on life satisfaction. Students who were negatively motivated achieved a positive change but in terms of the level of negative affect it was lower than in the other groups. On the other hand, positively motivated students achieved the greatest change in terms of positive and negative emotions. However, there was no increase in the level of subjective well-being in these subjects. The greatest psychological benefits of sports activity were achieved by the subjects who were focused only on being active without additional motivation. There were no changes in the analyzed variables in the control group.Conclusions. This data may contribute to promoting undertaking leisure activities that will actually increase life satisfaction of young adults.
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 48-53; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0201

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. The relationship between sport and religion is one of the most important research topics of sport psychology recently. In the relevant literature, this relationship mostly focused on sports and Christianity. The present study examines the psychological well-being levels of athletes of the Islamic religion. This study aims to examine the relationship between the religious perception of university football players and their psychological well-being levels. Material and Methods. For this purpose, 288 university students attending different universities in Turkey, completed the Religious Orientation Scale and Psychological Well-Being Scale. Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between variables. Path analysis was applied to test the hypotheses developed in the study. The hypotheses created were tested by the path analysis method using Amos software. Moderator regression analysis was performed. Statistical analysis was carried out using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 23 program (SPSS Inc. Chicago. II. USA). P-value was set at p<0.05. Results. According to the findings obtained from the study data, positive and significant relationships were determined between the religious perceptions of the university football players and their psychological well-being (p<0,01). Conclusions. In conclusion, it was concluded that the religious perception of the university football players was a significant predictor of their psychological well-being (p<0.01). It can be stated that in Turkish-Islamic culture, similar results to the relationship between Sports and Christianity have been achieved. Since religion is a universal phenomenon, it can be stated that the institution of religion has a special meaning for football players.
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 81-88; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0204

Abstract:
Background And Study Aim. The rising of physical inactivity among university students amidst Covid-19 pandemic is a worldwide concern. Thus, the purpose of this research is to describe and explain the status quo of university students in terms of their physical activity engagement level. Materials and Methods. Descriptive research design was used in the study employing survey questionnaire. There were 1,648 respondents of the study from one of the Higher Educational Institutions in Cebu City, Philippines taking physical education subject. Results. Based on the survey conducted, results revealed that in spite of the presence of pandemic, university students still engage themselves in different exercise typologies and/or physical activity in varying frequency of execution to stay active. Similarly, household chores are considered as an opportunity in physical activity engagement amidst the pandemic as revealed in the study. Conclusions. Despite the challenges and online modality of learning, university students engaged in different exercise typologies to stay active in varying frequency means. Understanding university students’ physical activity’s inclination amidst the pandemic entails planning new teaching strategies and approaches which cater their interest to encourage and motivate to live an active lifestyle even staying at home with limited access to facilities. Further, the study recommended an exercise program to be used either as teaching tool for effective teaching strategies and approaches for students’ physical activity interest in online learning modality especially in this global pandemic.
Published: 28 February 2022
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 4-10; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0101

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. Falling is an increasingly frequent problem. Assessment of the ability to control the body parts that are most susceptible to injury during a fall is the primary goal of prevention of fall-related injuries. The susceptibility test of the body injuries during a fall (STBIDF) is of note. To date, investigations of the STBIDF have been limited to validity assessment. Aim. Verify the reliability and objectivity of the STBIDF test. Material and Methods. Thirty-five female physiotherapy students participated in this study voluntarily. The sample was selected from 45 males and females undertaking their first-degree studies during the fifth semester of 2017–2018 at Podhale State College of Applied Sciences (PSCAS) in Nowy Targ, Poland. The STBIDF questionnaire was applied. Each student was recorded during STBIDF test performance. The STBIDF reliability assessment was performed using the test-retest method. The STBIDF objectivity assessment was performed using the Delphi method, with a panel consisting of three experts. Results. A significant correlation (rs = 0.865, p < 0.001) between the IndexSBIDF scores for the test and retest was observed. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test result did not reveal any significant differences between the test and retest. Conclusions. The STBDIF is characterized by reliability and objectivity; therefore, it is a good tool for analysis of the susceptibility to injury of the body parts most exposed during falls in people from different risk groups. This non-apparatus test is a reliable and easy to use tool, available for experts dealing with falls and their consequences, and preventive approaches. It can also be used in medical, pedagogical, and athletic environments.
Published: 28 February 2022
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 35-40; https://doi.org/10.15561//20755279.2022.0105

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. The hamstring and quadriceps muscles can have strength differences because of the sportive activities. It is known that sportive hamstring quadriceps strength imbalance can cause decreasing sportive performance and injuries. Also, each sports branch can have a specific effect on the hamstring quadriceps strength ratio. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of different combat sports branches on the hamstring quadriceps ratio. Material and Methods. Wrestlers (N=10), boxers (N=10), wushu athletes (N=10) voluntarily participated in the study (also university students). Subjects were administered standard warm-up and then a strength measurement test was performed. Subjects performed knee extensor (quadriceps) and flexor (hamstring) isokinetic strength test (concentrically) with his dominant leg at 60° angular velocity with by Cybex device (Cybex NORM®. Humac. CA. USA). Peak and average strength were recorded automatically by the device. The SPSS package program was used in the analysis of the data. The isokinetic strength measurements of three groups were analyzed with one-way ANOVA. Results. There were no significant differences between groups’ peak isokinetic strength ratio (wrestlers 0.58±0.09 boxers 0.56±0.07 and wushu athletes 0.57±0.12). Also, the average isokinetic strength ratio was not significantly different (wrestlers 0.56±0.08. boxers 0.60±0.08 and wushu athletes 0.53±0.11). Conclusions. According to the results, it can be said that combat sports athletes' hamstring quadriceps ratio can be affected by their sports branches, also by characteristics and training levels.
, Cristiana L. Pop
Published: 28 February 2022
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 41-47; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0106

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a 14-week intervention in improving coordination skills among female university students. The intervention consisted in physical education lessons with basketball focus, the final practical outcome being to practice a coherent and satisfying game for the players. Material and Methods. The research was carried out on a group of 15 female university students aged 19-20, in the second semester of the academic year 2018-2019, lasted 14 weeks, with a frequency of 1 lesson per week. The applied tests were dynamic balance, body coordination, hands coordination, basketball spot shooting, wall passes. Measurements were performed before intervention as a baseline and after it to record the effect size. The manipulated variable was a physical exercises program designed in purpose to produce an effect on the dependent variable: coordination skills improvement. The significant mean difference and the effect size was statistically demonstrated with student t-test p <0.005. Results. From the statistical data obtained, we found that the results of ‘before and after’ tests differ significantly. For all the parameters under discussion the effect magnitude was large and mostly very large, also the research hypothesis was accepted. Conclusions. Applying the designed program has led to a substantial improvement of coordinating skills and has positively influenced the effectiveness of the basketball technique learning process.
Published: 28 February 2022
Physical education of students, Volume 26, pp 18-26; https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0103

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. There is no doubt that the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, and its related containment measures such as lockdown and social distancing, is affecting physical activity and sleep quality of the general population worldwide. Algeria, one of the most affected countries in Africa, entered the lockdown on March 9, 2020. Numerous studies have explored the interaction between physical activity and sleep quality showing the effect of physical activity levels on sleep, yet previous researches have not investigated the relationship between physical activity and sleep quality during lockdown. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between physical activity and sleep quality in quarantined individuals. Material and Methods. A national Google online survey was conducted between 16th April and 25th May 2020. 1002 Participants responded to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire and the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Of the 1002 participants who completed the survey, 358 were students. The final data were collected from the respondents. Results. The COVID-19 home confinement led to a decrease in physical activity levels. However, the majority of the study population had good sleep quality (61.9%), while only (38.1%) had poor sleep quality. In addition, women are less physically active than men (p < 0.01). Moreover, there was a significant difference in sleep quality between sufficient and insufficient physical activity groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions. Our results show that Algerian adults have low levels of physical activity, good sleep quality, and poor sleep quality is associated with insufficient physical activity in adults during lockdown.
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