Physical education of students

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 20755279 / 23087250
Current Publisher: Kharkov National Pedagogical University (10.15561)
Total articles ≅ 293
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Alexander A. Fedyakin, Zhanna G. Kortava, Lidia K. Fedyakina, Natalia Yu. Zaplatina
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 149-153; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0304

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. Scientific-methodical literature underlined the importance of improving the effectiveness of physical education’s tools and methods during the scheduled university lessons. Scientists point out the necessity to take into account every factor determining the training effect of lessons with strength exercises. The immediate training effect can be determined by measuring the heart rate during different modes of strength exercises and during recovery. The aim of this study is to analyse the strength exercises’ immediate training effect on a student’s body in the static mode and in the isotonic mode. Material and Methods. In the study participated 47 freshman male students of the Sochi State University (Russia). The study took place in September-December 2019. Heart rate was measured with Sport Testers POLAR RS-400 during strength exercises and during recovery. The results were analysed in the computer programme SPSS Statistics v22.0. Statistical significance of the results was defined using non-parametric Wilcoxon test. Heart rate was analysed during four types of plank positions in static and isotonic modes. Results: The study determined the effect of different training modes of strength exercises on a student’s body. The immediate training effect of doing the bodyweight strength exercises in the isotonic mode compared to the static mode is characterised by a higher maximum heart rate at the end of doing the exercise (р
Kenan Erdağı, Osman Tüfekçi, Mustafa Yeşeri, Mehmet F. Yüksel, Nimet Turgut, Burak E. Eroğlu
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 141-148; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0303

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim: Handgrip strength is widely accepted as a functionality parameter to assess upper extremity performance. The measurement of hand grip strength by dynamometry is a low cost, non-invasive method of simple applicability. The present study is based on the association of dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength with demographic and anthropometric characteristics; height, body weight, body mass index, upper arm length, forearm length, hand length, forearm circumference, upper arm circumference. Material and Methods: The study included 70 male athletes in olympic style weightlifting (age: 18.06±2.18, height:1.74±.06 m, body weight: 76.09±13.04 kg). A total of 70 sedentary individuals as a control group (age 18.11±.18, height:1.75±.04 m, body weight: 74.01±13.94 kg) were also taken to compare study findings. The data obtained was analyzed by SPPS for Windows, version 25. Handgrip strength measurements were obtained by a Jamar dynamometer, according to the recommendations of the American Association of Hand Therapists. Results: It was found that the values of dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength, upper arm circumference and forearm circumference length of the weightlifting athletes were higher than those of sedentary individuals (p<.001). No asymmetry was observed in dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength values of the athletes and sedentary individuals. The correlations were noted between dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength values of weightlifting athletes and demographic characteristics, some anthropometric characteristics of upper extremity and weightlifting performance. Conclusion: The variability of handgrip strength might largely be explained by some anthropometric characteristics of upper extremity.
Dicle Aras, Selçuk Gül, Fırat Akça, Mehmet Gülü, Özkan Güler, Cemil C. Bıldırcın, Erşan Arslan, Güney Çetinkaya
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 127-134; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0301

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim: Electromyostimulaiton (EMS) has been used for both physical therapy and strength improvements for a few decades. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a four-week local-EMS training performed on a fingerboard (FT) in wrist strength and endurance. Material and Methods: Sixteen physically active, non-climber students were divided into EMS+FT and FT groups. Each group performed the same training program about 25 min a day, 3 days a week for four weeks. The EMS+FT implementation was performed with a signal width of 260 ms and a frequency of 60 Hz. Before and after training, isokinetic measurements were collected. The parameters used in the research during flexion and extension at 60 and 180°/sec were; Peak Torque (PT), Peak Torque/Body Weight (PT/BW), and Average Power (AP). Results: The EMS+FT group showed statistically significant alterations in all of the parameters (p
Vyacheslav V. Romanenko, Olha O. Podrihalo, Leonid V. Podrigalo, Sergii S. Iermakov, Zhanna V. Sotnikova-Meleshkina, Oksana V. Bobrova
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 154-161; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0305

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. The study of functional asymmetry in students and schoolchildren practicing martial arts using a computer test. Material and Methods. The study involved students and schoolchildren (n = 38) practicing the martial arts (taekwondo, karate). Participants were divided into groups according to the sports’ skill level. The first group included experienced athletes (n = 15, age – 19.00 ± 0.45 years). The second group included beginners (n = 23, age - 9.78 ± 0.65 years). The functional asymmetry was determined using «Reaction SM Dual» software for tablets with iOS. Two visual tests were used. The duration of each test was 100 s. Each test was divided into 5 stages. Each stage lasts 20 s. The first test (simple reaction) – the participant pushes against the circles on the screen with two hands. The second test (differentiated reaction) – the participant pushes against the circles of the same color (out of five possible) on the screen. The following indicators were determined: the number of pushes with the right and left hand (abs); reaction time with the right and left hand (s); duration of pushes with the right and left hand (ms). It was estimated the following indicators: total number of pushes; average reaction time; average duration of pushes. Results are estimated using parametric and nonparametric statistical indicators. Results. The number of pushes in the test, the reaction rate, and the duration of pushes were significantly higher in experienced athletes. It was determined the asymmetry due to the lower duration of pushes with the right hand compared to the left hand in beginners. The asymmetry was not confirmed in experienced athletes. The reaction rate for the left hand significantly increased compared to stage 1 in beginners: at stage 2 (t = -2.41), at stage 3 (t = -2.23), at stage 4 (t = -2.30) and at stage 5 (t = -2.68). This dependency was less expressed for the right hand. It was confirmed the increase of the reaction rate in comparison with stage 1: at stage 3 (t = -2.39), at stage 4 (t = -2.00) and at stage 5 (t = -2.32). The differences in the dynamics of the test were more expressed in experienced athletes. It was determined the decrease in the number of pushes compared to stage 1: stage 2 (t = 2.53), stage 4 (t = 2.89) and stage 5 (t = 2.61). For the right hand, this pattern was more expressed. The decrease in the number of pushes was determined compared with stage 1: stage 2 (t = 2.17), stage 3 (t = 2.07), stage 4 (t = 2.39) and stage 5 (t = 2.94). Experienced athletes have confirmed significant changes in the reaction rate with their left hand compared to stage 1: stage 4 (t = -2.33) and stage 5 (t = -2.06). For the right hand, this pattern was confirmed only for the final stage of the test (t = -2.35). Conclusions. It was confirmed the legitimacy of using a special computer test to study functional asymmetry in students and schoolchildren practicing martial arts. The test division into several stages can significantly increase the information content of the results. The applied battery of indicators provides the necessary information for the analysis of asymmetry. It was determined the best functional condition of experienced athletes compared to beginners. Experienced athletes demonstrate the best ability to mobilize and concentrate on extreme conditions. The dynamics of the test also confirms the asymmetry in athletes with less training experience. Performing a test with a differentiated stimulus confirmed the revealed patterns. The lack of asymmetry in experienced athletes confirms optimal training tactics. The asymmetry in beginners stipulates the correction of training. Used computer test can be recommended for martial arts athletes’ condition monitoring.
Mehmet Soyal, Ömür Gülfirat, Aydın Pekel
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 168-173; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0307

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim: The aim is to evaluate the effect of resistance training without balance exercises on the static balance skill. Material and Methods: The universe of the study consists of volunteer students who are chosen among the students with similar physical characteristics and training history (n=15) who are taking education at Istanbul Gelisim University, High School of Physical Education and Sports (n = 1286) who have any current health problems and disability history. An information form questionnaire (age, height, and weight, training history) was applied as a personal data collection tool. Static balance skill of the participants tested through AC International East Sp. Z O.O. which has the brand of– SIGMA Balance Platform which is found at performance measurement and evaluation laboratory of Istanbul Gelisim University, High School of Physical Education and Sports. Test procedures were applied before and after the 6-week resistance training program. Results: Statistically significant differences were detected in test values of Static balance skill x axis deviation rate of the study group, rate of deviation from the center in the x axis, the length of distance and average surface area which is used (P
Bayram Ceylan, M.K. Kerem, S.ç. Çeyiz, V.V.G. Gürses, M.ş.A. AKGÜL, B.B. Baydil
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 86-91; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0203

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. Despite its increasing popularity, beach handball has not been studied in terms of physiological responses. Thus the aim of this study was to demonstrate lactate and heart rate responses as well as urine specific gravity (USG) levels and fluid intakes of female university students who competed at an international beach handball tournament. Material and Methods. Five university students who are also handball players (age: 21±1,2, body weight: 56,6±6,4, height:1,61±0,06 and BMI: 21,7±1,43) voluntarily participated in this study. Heart rate (HR), lactate level (LA) and USG were measured before each and immediately after each competition and fluid intake during competition was monitored. Results: The mean values of lactate accumulation and heart rate before and after the match were 1,4 mmol and 87,3, 5,0 and 123,9, respectively. Athletes were euhydrated before the matches (USGmean=1,018) and only presented dehydration after the second match. Conclusions. Beach handball does not result in strenuous physiological effects according to heart rate and lactate responses. Their fluid intake was not enough to eliminate dehydration. Despite fluid availability during the match they presented dehydration at the second match.
Balaji Ethiraj, Murugavel Kamatchi
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 71-79; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0201

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. The aim of this research is to investigate the impact of maximal power training with and without plyometrics on speed endurance and upper body power of team handball players. Material and Methods. Sixty college level men team handball players were randomly selected from Coimbatore district as subjects. Their age ranged between 18 and 25 years. The selected subjects were divided into three equal groups consisting of twenty each. No attempt was made to equate the groups. Experimental group I (n = 20) underwent maximal power training with plyometrics (MPTWP), Experimental group II (n = 20) underwent maximal power training without plyometrics (MPTWOP) for a period of 12 weeks and group III (n = 20) acted as control group (CG), the subjects in control group were not engaged in any training programme other than their regular work. Data obtained were evaluated in SPSS package. Results. The F value revealed that the speed endurance and upper body power were significantly improved due to the influence of maximal power training with plyometrics. Conclusions. As a result, 12 weeks of maximal power training with plyometrics can be said to increase the speed endurance and upper body power of team handball players.
Katarzyna Dmitruk, Małgorzata Gałązka, Mirosława Cieślicka, Dariusz Soszyński, Robert Stępniak, Mariusz Klimczyk, Sergii S. Iermakov
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 92-99; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0204

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim: Static is crucial in the maintaining the position of the body’s center of gravity vertically over the base of support. Many sport disciplines require effective balance system. However, the efficiency of the system differs based on the sport discipline. The aim of the study was to examine balance system efficiency in pole vaulters and soccer players. Additionally, the analysis of pre and postseason balance system efficiency was performed in pole vaulters and soccer players as well. Material and Methods: To asses static balance system efficiency five pole vaulters and six soccer players were examined. A balance platform was used for open eyes test, close eyes test and biofeedback test. During the tests displacements of the center of pressure (COP) and calculates parameters such as: sway area in mm2 (P), mean total length in mm (L), path length in antero-posterior plane in mm (LA-P), path length in medio-lateral plane in mm (LM-L) and coordination in % (C) were obtained. Results: Pole volunteers displayed better static balance and coordination compared to soccer players both in postseason and preseason time. Static balance and coordination were better in preseason compared to postseason time in pole vaulters. The observed differences were not statistically significant. Soccer players exhibited lower balance scores (statistically significant) in preseason compared to postseason. The eyes closure resulted in increased values of both total sway length, sway length in AP plane and sway length in ML plane both in postseason and preseason time for both groups of athletes. Intercondition significance was assessed only for total sway length and sway length in AP plane in pole vaulters in postseason time. Conclusions: Pole vaulters and soccer players did not differ in terms of static balance, but our results point toward an overall tendency for pole vaulters to exhibit better standing balance and visual-motor coordination compared soccer players.
Olha O. Podrihalo, Leonid V. Podrigalo, Dmytro O. Bezkorovainyi, Olexsandr I. Halashko, Igor N. Nikulin, Larisa A. Kadutskaya, Marina Jagiello
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 120-126; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0208

Abstract:
Analysis of grip strength and somatotype features of armwrestling athletes of different skill levels
Akan Bayrakdar, Hilal Kılınç
Physical education of students, Volume 24, pp 80-85; doi:10.15561/20755279.2020.0202

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of functional movement screen and lower extremity training on hamstring/quadriceps (H/Q) ratio in football players. Material and Methods. 11 players from Sivas Belediyespor, affiliated to the Turkish Football Federation, participated in this study. The average age of the players involved in the study was 25.75±4.45, height averages 178.49±8.72 cm, and body weight averages 69.83±6.47 kg. Players who participated in the study had previously suffered a knee area injury. In addition to team training for 8 weeks, extra exercises to strengthen their hamstring and quadriceps muscles were conducted 3 times a week. Isokinetic force tests and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) tests were conducted in the study. Data obtained were evaluated in SPSS package 24 program. Results: There was a significant difference in the total score of FMS at the level of p
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