Latest articles in this journal
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 23-29; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001345
Object of research: trade unions of Kharkiv region as a component of the institutions of the political system of Ukraine. Investigated problem: the growing influence of the party organization in the Kharkiv region on trade unions. The main scientific results: the party organization of Kharkiv region controlled the local trade unions. Their personnel policy was determined in party committees. The issue of the trade union movement was decided at the bureau of the province committee. The consequence of the party leadership of the cadres of the unions was that they did not fulfill their main task of protecting the economic interests of the working people. The result of the party leadership of the Kharkiv trade unions was that they performed unusual functions. The meetings of the Presidium of the Unions discussed a wide range of issues, most of which were not directly related to the economic protection of their members. The scope of practical use of research results: determined by suitability for use in the field of the modern state by politicians, parties, public organizations, state institutions, and the media. Innovative technological product: on the basis of numerous archival materials, many of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, a significant gap has been filled in the ideas about the process of party leadership of trade unions at the regional level, namely in the Kharkiv region. The scope of the innovative technological product: the practice of forming, implementing and improving the system of state regulation by public organizations.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 52-57; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001338
The Object of Research: management of higher improvements and advisory services, aimed at achieving the program outputs of the educational process by creating conditions for effective advisory support for applicants and staff of educational institutions. The issue to study: the introduction of measures and methods of advisory management in the quality of higher education management. The Main Scientific Results: the conceptual bases of advisory management as a system of principles, measures and methods of advisory management are revealed. Based on the subject approach, the models of the advisory process in higher education institutions are identified and characterized, the effectiveness of combining the models of internal and external counseling to ensure the quality of higher education is proved. The Area of Practical Application of Research Outputs: higher education institutions and institutions managing higher education. Innovative technological product: on the basis of the subject approach the technologies of advisory management are revealed. The introduction of these technologies into management of higher education improvements allows to use effectively the opportunities of advisory models of knowledge and information flow to achieve program outputs of educational process. The field of application of innovative technological product: practice of formation, implementation and development of management system of educational services improvements.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 16-22; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001337
Object of research: the article presents the results of a study conducted by the authors by interviewing employees of industrial enterprises on such important issues as satisfaction with the level of work organization, work performed, motives of job attractiveness, equipment of workplaces, job satisfaction and wages, work motives and the relationship of wages with the final results of work. Solved problem: increasing the level of work motivation by creating motives for attractiveness, job satisfaction and wages of workers at industrial enterprises of Ukraine. Main scientific results: a close connection between value orientations and motives of human activity is proved. The need to improve the system of labor motivation at enterprises, increase employee satisfaction with their work by optimizing the level of wages, creating optimal working conditions, sufficient equipment of workplaces. The existing organization of work does not fully correspond to the manifestation of the abilities of employees and work with full efficiency, only with rare exceptions, most respondents said they were satisfied with the work performed. Scope of practical use of research results: research results can be used for increase of level of motivation of work of workers, perfection of the organization of work, creation of motives of attractiveness, increase of satisfaction with the work and wages of workers at the industrial enterprises of Ukraine. All measures to improve the organization of labor should be primarily aimed at increasing social and creative activity, independence in work. In a market economy, it is not enough just to follow their job descriptions, without initiative and independence. Therefore, the requirements for employees and their qualities are growing.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 43-51; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001335
The object of research: marketing activities in higher education to remain competitive. Investigated problem: setting up a management system of relations with stakeholders in the educational services market, which can adjust quickly to any market changes. The main scientific results: trends in changes of higher education students in Ukraine in the last 20 years have been researched. Reasons, which supported growth of the number of universities and academies between 1991 and 2009, and their reduction between 2010 and 2019, have been analyzed. Distinctive features of the market creation, which led to the structural disproportions, have been identified. Conclusions made about the possibility of introducing a customer-orientated approach to manage marketing activities in Ukrainian higher educational services market. Considerable differences in concepts of “client” and “consumer” in operations of educational establishments have been analyzed. The area of practical use of the research results: higher education and professional education organizations Technological innovation: blueprint for process implementation of customer-oriented approach was suggested to be adopted by higher educational establishments, developed key basic principles for strategy implementation to achieve competitive advantages of higher educational establishments within the educational services market, given recommendations on setting up an organizational structure for managing marketing activities in higher educational establishments. Scope of application for technological innovation: practical activity in the marketing field and relations with stakeholders of educational organizations.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 3-9; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001343
The necessity of developing new energy-saving technologies for integrated deep processing of fish raw materials is substantiated. The results of a study of functional technological indicators of fish minced systems using protein supplements based on salmon skin are presented. Rational parameters of drying fish raw materials are determined, which allow to maintain its high nutritional and biological value. The technology of fish snacks based on dried fish raw materials using a protein supplement from salmon skin has been developed. Object of research: development of a technology for the production of fish snacks with protein supplement. Investigated problem: obtaining an affordable food product with an increased amount of protein. The main scientific results: possible ranges of the concentration of protein supplements in the technological process are identified and the parameters of the production process are determined. It is shown that increasing the concentration of protein supplements reduces the duration of the sublimation process for the production of fish snacks. In particular, increasing the concentration of protein supplements to 15 % makes it possible to increase the amount of mineral and protein substances. Scope of practical use of the research results: food industry enterprises specializing in the processing of fish raw materials. Innovative technological product: the technology for the production of fish snacks enriched with protein raw materials can prevent the development of peritonitis and chronic exacerbations in patients with the gastrointestinal tract. Scope of the innovative technological product: fish processing complex in the field of food production, clinical practice of using fish snacks for the prevention of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 30-35; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001342
Object of research: analysis of the works of modern foreign authors, which reflect the process of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict in the Donbas, which cast doubt on the European security system, has complicated the lives of millions of citizens. Clarification of the reasons that led to the amorphous national identity of the population of Donbas, rejection of Western values, mythical ideas about fascists-Banderites. Disclosure of the diversity of assessments of Western historiography regarding the origins and causes of the conflict, its nature. From a critical point of view, the work of "geopolitical realists" who are trying to minimize the Kremlin’s actions in relation to Ukraine is considered. Investigated problem: to show and prove that the revival of Russian neo-imperialism, which even after 1991 considered Ukraine a vassal, became the main external factor that led to the escalation of the conflict and its actual “freezing”. The attention is focused on the reasons for the appearance of peculiar stereotypes of thinking and behavior of residents of the Donetsk basin, contrasted with the mentality of citizens of other regions, especially Western Ukraine. The cultural-historical split of Ukraine, which developed historically, could not be the cause of the armed conflict, even with the pole opposition “Lviv-Donetsk”. Therefore, the separatist sentiments that appeared in Donbas at certain times were not a mass phenomenon even in 2014 because of this, it is impossible to explain Russian aggravation of relations between the elites of Kyiv and Donbas without analyzing external interference. The state of affairs was also aggravated by both sabotage of the Donbas elites, they did not recognize the legitimacy of the new government in Kyiv after February 2014, and by the mistakes made by the central government in Kyiv. Hasty and ill-conceived, according to Western experts, was the adoption by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of a law abolishing the regional status of the Russian language. The name of the military operations from the Kyiv side as “anti-terrorist operation” was doubtful. It was changed late. Main scientific results: in fact, for the first time in the historiography of Ukraine, the latest works of Western scholars on the Ukrainian-Russian conflict have been analyzed. Conclusions are made about the inconsistency of the views of Western historians regarding the nature and causes of the conflict, the prospects for its settlement.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 58-65; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001344
The competency-based approach in higher education is considered, and in particular, scientific views on the competencies of an engineer for the food industry are studied. A comparative analysis was carried out in order to identify the key competencies necessary for a modern specialist to successfully realize its creative potential in a market economy, information society and innovative technologies. A developed competency-based model for training an engineer in the food industry is proposed. The object of research is the competency-based approach in the preparation of a food process engineer. Investigated problem is that engineering education should not only prepare a specialist endowed with knowledge and skills. It should be aimed at creating a competitive specialist and a successful personality. At present, in Ukraine, the food industry does not have a competency system that is common for employers, specialists, and higher education institutions. This study aims to create such a framework in the form of a competence model of an engineer for the food industry. Main scientific results: the necessary components of the competent model of a modern engineer for the food industry were identified. The essence of the competency-based approach to the professional training of an engineer in the context of modernization of education is revealed. The modern scientific view of the requirements for food engineers is analyzed. The results obtained are adapted to the needs prevailing in the food industry and the field of public catering. Field of practical use of research results: a comparative analysis allows to systematize scientific views on the desired competencies of scientists, researchers and engineers in the food industry. Which, in turn, will help to better inform students about the sought-after qualities and make a decision on revising the curriculum in the future. Innovative technological product: developed competency-based model of an engineer for the food industry. Scope of the innovative technological product: application of the competency-based approach in higher education using the proposed competency-based model of an engineer for the food industry.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 10-15; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001336
The object of research is the relationship between the state and the individual under totalitarian and liberal regimes. Investigated problem: in the article the concepts of totalitarian and liberal regime is analyzed, their nature and relation are revealed. The characteristics of each of them are considered. It highlights the impact that they have on the ideal of kalokagathia is highlighted. In a society in which the ideas of kalokagathia can be realized, there must be freedom, which is the most important value of the individual. Both directions of democratic thought ‒ totalitarianism and liberalism welcome the higher value of freedom. A person can’t independently distinguish what is good, harmonious for it, and what is evil, it is not able to make competent decisions, it is always under the influence of the outside world and its conditions. Political regimes can be considered to a large extent, as the basic conditions for human existence. In some cases, these conditions can both stimulate a person and suppress it. This can lead to the fact that government agencies of direct action and coercion can make decisions for it or give rise to the right of permissiveness and thought only of oneself. The main scientific results: historically, the state is called upon to realize the protective function of comprehensive harmonious human development (the ideal of kalokagathia) at the national level, but under the conditions of the presented regimes, this process undergoes various transformations and can’t be fully realized and does not correspond to reality. The harmonious development of man is always full of dissonances and struggles of various forces in the human being.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 66-70; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001348
The article analyzes the development of the education system of Ukraine, taking into account the potential of digitalization in the context of globalization. A specific object of research is the process of transformation of the education system through the introduction of digital services and technologies. In order to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the digitalization potential of the educational system of Ukraine, the disadvantages and advantages of digitalization of educational institutions are analyzed using the example of the implementation of distance learning. The process of digitalization of modern education under the influence of the process of universal computerization and the requirements of the modern information society is considered. Examples of modern computer technologies that are already used in the learning process, their impact on society are given. The scheme of the implementation of international experience in Ukrainian educational institutions is given, the norms and directives of the EU governments in the formation and development of the European Higher Education Area are analyzed. The description of international projects to be implemented by universities is presented. The elements of E-learning are introduced into the educational process based on the results of the projects, including measures aimed at improving the quality of educational services and the qualifications of the teaching staff: a series of trainings related to modern teaching methods of education, practical seminars for teachers and students, etc. Structural model of the functioning of the electronic knowledge platform is presented, elements of the platform for providing educational activities in the field of digitalization in Ukraine are described. Based on a review of publications, regulatory requirements and directives, the article discusses the trends in the process of digital transformation of Ukraine.
ScienceRise, Volume 3, pp 36-42; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001347
This study, the object of which is globalization in its modern modifications, is devoted to the analysis of trends in the deployment of globalization processes in modern sociocultural contexts. The features of postmodern societies, which are informational and multicultural societies, risk and knowledge societies are analyzed. Based on the author’s comprehensive research methodology, globalization, its structure, semantics, functional range and constructive potential are considered. Particular attention is paid to intercultural communication as a tool to overcome possible "zones of misunderstanding." It turns out its horizontal and vertical dimensions, gender communication is considered as an example of horizontal deployment. The role of education and upbringing in the formation of the imperative of tolerance is highlighted. It is proved in the work that taking into account the unity of these measurements is of fundamental importance for increasing the efficiency of the formation of a person’s readiness to respond to life's challenges. Investigated problem. Among modern challenges, globalization pays special attention, absorbs light at an accelerated pace. Despite the fact that this thematic field was developed by a number of researchers, this problem remains relevant today especially since sociocultural contexts are changing, emphasis is shifting. Due to the global pandemic, the corona of the virus of the state is becoming more closed. The perception of globalization processes occurs through an analysis of potential risks for self-preservation. Despite this, integration processes continue, therefore, teaching a person intercultural communication skills remains relevant. The main scientific results. The scientific novelty of research is to create a metatheoretical model of globalization and intercultural communication as its component in general civilization and national contexts on the basis of the author’s methodological program, the application of which made it possible to significantly deepen the understanding of the globalization construct, to reveal the functional potential of intercultural communication as necessary in the construction and implementation of successful life-saving strategies. Scope of the practical application of the research results. Practical value is determined by the totality of the analyzed problems, which expand the horizons of understanding the phenomenon of globalization and intercultural communication. The proposed methodological research program can be used in the further development of problems of national education strategies in the era of globalization, in the teaching of special courses in the philosophy of education, theoretical and comparative pedagogy, the sociology of education and culture. The results of the study were introduced into the educational process of the H. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, the Ternopil V. Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, the Kharkiv College of Trade and Economics of the Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics.