Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés

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ISSN / EISSN : 1169-7954 / 1958-5799
Total articles ≅ 528
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, Semcheddine Derfouf
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 175-180; doi:10.18280/rcma.310309

Improving the mechanical and physical properties of bio-composite materials involves the incorporation of plant fibers such as Jute, Hemp, Kenaf, Ramie, Sisal, Linen, etc. The existence of Diss grass (Ampelodesmos mauritanicus) in abundance in the east of Algeria especially in Khenchela region and taking into account their mechanical resistance and their low density, which justifies their choice of use in composite materials. Tensile and hardness tests for different volume fractions (from 05% to 20%) of short fibers of Diss are performed. The increase in fiber content and their treatment improves the mechanical characteristics of the composite materials. These concentration levels are added to a Polyester resin matrix. Our work relates to the study of a composite material reinforced by a vegetable fiber of which different volume ratio of short Diss fiber are considered. The results collected are purely experimental.
, Klodian Dhoska, Reza Moezzi, Anistasia Milandia
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 125-129; doi:10.18280/rcma.310302

Samer Al Khaddour,
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 145-151; doi:10.18280/rcma.310305

In this paper, composite and hybrid composite materials were prepared using the hand lay-up method, with carbon, glass, and Kevlar fabrics as the reinforcing materials and epoxy as a matrix. The tensile test was performed to determine the optimal ratio of epoxy resin in carbon fabric/epoxy, glass fabric/epoxy, and Kevlar fabric/epoxy composites in terms of tensile properties. It was found that the optimal ratio of epoxy in terms of tensile properties to impregnate the used Kevlar fabric, glass fabric, and carbon fabric was around 45%wt, 3%wt, and 30 %wt, respectively. The effect of fabric content and stacking sequences, with a fixed epoxy content, on the hybrid composites’ tensile properties were also investigated. The tensile properties of the prepared composites were compared to determine the most favorable preparation conditions for obtaining a hybrid laminate that has high tensile properties and is suitable for a wide range of applications at a low cost.
, Ahmed Meghezzi, Abir Berkouk, Mohamed Toufik Soltani, George Winning
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 139-144; doi:10.18280/rcma.310304

In this study, polymer-hybrid natural fibers composites were prepared using unsaturated polyester resin (UPR) as the matrix and a filler using date palm leaf fiber (DPLF) and orange peel fiber (OPF). The effect of DPLF and OPF on mechanical behavior (tensile strength and elongation at break), moisture absorption, UPR gel time (tgel) and peak exothermic temperature (Tpeak) were determined. The composites of UPR reinforced with DPLF and OPF were processed by hand lay-up technique. The UPR weight fraction was maintained at 90%, and DPLF/OPF proportions varied so that the percentage of natural fiber was 10 wt%. Seven (07) composites were prepared (C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6 and C7) with different DPLF:OPF ratios (0:0, 1:0, 0.75:0.25, 0.5:0.5, 0.33:0.67, 0.25:0.75, 0:1) respectively in order to screen the possible interactions. DPLF were surface modified using 6% Alkali treatment, OPF were used without surface modification. Unlike DPLF, OPF showed considerable increase of UPR tgel and Tpeak which act as natural inhibitor. Tensile strength and fracture strength were also impacted negatively and positively depending on the different fiber proportions. Absorption tests showed a decrease in the composites hydrophobicity which increases significantly with higher DPLF proportions.
Lifang Liu,
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 159-167; doi:10.18280/rcma.310307

The recycled aggregate permeable concrete made of reused construction wastes is very important for realizing the sustainable development of the construction industry, it can alleviate the adverse impact of surface runoff during storm and the urban heat island effect. Therefore, this paper studied the mechanical properties and durability of recycled aggregate permeable concrete. At first, a few properties of the target material, including bulk density, moisture content, water absorption, compressive strength, and water permeability coefficient, were tested respectively. Then, based on the orthogonal test, the performance of the target material was analyzed, and the analysis steps of the range analysis method and the variance analysis method in the orthogonal test were given. At last, the mechanical properties and durability of the target material were tested via experiments, and the relevant test results and analysis were elaborated.
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 167-173; doi:10.18280/rcma.310308

The amazing wide range, applications of gold nanoparticles corresponding to excellent optical and electronic properties enhance utilization of Au NP as PH sensor. Gold nanoparticles were synthesized in simple and rapid Turkevich method to accomplish optical sensing technologies covalent or non-covalent, bonds formation causes, aggregation of the nanoparticles in the target substance. Au nanoparticles characterization was studied using XRD, UV-spectroscopy and SEM. XRD indicate polycrystalline. Nanoparticles with two different sizes according to reducing agent amount to obtain 20 30 nm. Optical energy gap was calculated for both particle size to find it (2.13) eV for 30nm particle size and (2.33) eV for 20nm.Scanning Electron Microscope showed spherical shape particles. PH test were performed to investigate efficiency of Au Np’s for PH sensor and that is found to be excellent results for both sizes with more efficiency for 30 nm due to its rough surface. Which is a fantastic tool and measurement device to test the pH of soil, food, and other puncture-worthy applications.
, Shifeng Wang, Dongbo Hou
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 131-137; doi:10.18280/rcma.310303

The work aims to obtain the local mechanical parameters of carburized layer of CiNi steel. Tensile test and nano-indentation test were carried out for CrNi steel, stress-strain curve and load-displacement curve were then obtained. The finite element model of nano-indentation was built, and a model for obtaining the local mechanical parameters of carburized layer from load-displacement curve was established combined with dimension analysis. The mechanical parameters of pure iron and carburized layer of CrNi steel were calculated. The results show that, the dimension analysis model is accurate for predicting the mechanical properties of pure iron, the model accuracy is verified. The local mechanical parameters of carburized layer are predicted by the model, the simulated load-replacement curve based on the predicted mechanical parameters is in good agreement with the experimental result, it shows that the prediction result of the model is reasonable.
Sunday A. Afolalu, , Temitayo S. Ogedengbe, Moses E. Emetere
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 153-157; doi:10.18280/rcma.310306

The conversion of waste to wealth has recently grossed high attention as it possesses the ability to boost the economy of any nation; hence, this research. In this study, the characterization and investigation of mechanical properties of nano- flux (CaO) welding powder developed from bio-agrowaste (eggshell) was carried out. Mild, galvanized and stainless steel of plates and rods were used as parent metals for the experiment. Results obtained from hardness test in the base metal, weld joint and heat affected zone for the galvanized and mild steel plates with nano-flux powder gave the best hardness of 111.95, 120.30, 182.99 and 206.21, 164.85, 110.56 BHN respectively. The tensile stress obtained both for mild and stainless steel was 88.14 MPa while the tensile strain obtained for both plates were 0.0155 mm/mm. Microstructural analysis results shows an improvement in the structure, surface and patterns of the weld with the use of developed flux compared with imported flux. Hence eggshells can be recycled and used for developing flux powder for welding processes.
Meena Pant, Pritam Pidge, Leeladhhar Nagdeve,
Revue des composites et des matériaux avancés, Volume 31, pp 109-115; doi:10.18280/rcma.310206

In the era of Digital Manufacturing and supporting state-of-the-art, i.e. Additive manufacturing (AM) technology is getting more popular known as 3D printing, AM has created its own space in the fastest growing industry. 3D printing has evolved in previous years, and now, it is being used in several social life domains. The main application of this process has found in prototyping, aerospace industry, biomedical and dental implants. Additive manufacturing prints a part in a layer by layer or line by line pattern. It opposes the basic concept of traditional manufacturing. Advances in composite and multi-material manufacturing provide new opportunities for the convenient manufacture of lightweight parts and modern products, such as flapping wings, satellite brackets, and lightweight components for the aviation industry. It is a particular technology that varies from conventional and subtractive development in terms of lightweight, enhanced features, lower fuel consumption, and optimized machine performance, so on. This paper addressed the progress of AM in the aerospace field and addressed the issues of AM linked to a specific aerospace component.
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