Amerta Nutrition

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ISSN / EISSN : 25801163 / 25809776
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 213
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Intan Pratita, Agung Dwi Laksono
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 147-154; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.147-154

Abstract:
Background: Several studies have found that the nutritional status of children was much influenced by childcare patterns. While other studies reveal that parenting patterns were influenced by children's values. The higher the value of the child in the eyes of parents, the better the pattern of care provided is expected, including the habit of dietary given to the child. The study was aimed to explore the value of children (psychology, social, and economy) in Besowo.Methods: Qualitative research was carried out through an ethnographic approach. The researcher lived in Besowo for six months (June-November 2019). Informants were determined purposively on 23 women and 6 men. The main focus of the research was on the values of children and parenting patterns, including a child's diet.Results: The value of children psychologically, children were everything. This value makes parents try to be able to fulfill all the wishes of children. When the child did not want to eat, then whatever the child wants will be fulfilled, including eating snacks that were categorized as unhealthy. Value of children socially, children were considered as successors in the family, including those who were obliged to continue and maintain the good name of the family. Parents want children to follow in the footsteps of parents. Unconsciously the parents in question were male parents. The value of the child economically, the child was an investment or an asset. Children were where parents depend on old age. The pattern of parenting showed that even though the value of the child was considered very high, the pattern of care, especially the pattern of food intake in children, tend to be ignored.Conclusion: Javanese children in the village of Besowo have psychological, social and economic values. Although assessing children was everything, parenting patterns, including intake patterns, showed the opposite treatment.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Beberapa penelitian menemukan bahwa status gizi anak banyak dipengaruhi pola pengasuhan anak. Sementara penelitian lain mengungkap bahwa pola pengasuhan dipengaruhi oleh nilai anak. Semakin tinggi nilai anak di mata orang tua, maka diharapkan semakin baik pola pengasuhan yang diberikan, termasuk pola makan yang diberikan pada anak. Penelitian ditujukan untuk mengeksplorasi nilai anak (psikologi, sosial, dan ekonomi) di Desa Besowo.Metode: Penelitian kualitatif dilakukan melalui pendekatan etnografi. Peneliti lived in di Desa Besowo selama enam bulan (Juni-November 2019). Informan ditentukan secara purposif pada 23 perempuan dan 6 laki-laki. Fokus utama penelitian pada nilai anak dan pola pengasuhan, termasuk pola makan.Hasil: Nilai anak secara psikologi, anak adalah segalanya. Nilai ini membuat orang tua berusaha untuk dapat memenuhi semua keinginan anak. Pada saat anak tidak mau makan, maka apapun maunya anak akan dipenuhi, termasuk makan jajanan yang masuk kategori tidak sehat. Nilai anak secara sosial, anak dianggap sebagai penerus dalam keluarga, termasuk yang berkewajiban untuk meneruskan dan menjaga nama baik keluarga. Orang tua menginginkan anak mengikuti jejak orang tua. Secara tidak sadar orang tua yang dimaksud adalah orang tua laki-laki. Nilai anak secara ekonomi, anak adalah investasi atau aset. Anak adalah tempat orang tua bergantung di hari tua. Pola pengasuhan anak menunjukkan bahwa meski menganggap nilai anak sangat tinggi, tetapi pola pangasuhan, terutama pola asupan makanan pada anak, cenderung diabaikan.Kesimpulan: Anak pada suku Jawa di Desa Besowo memiliki nilai psikologi, sosial dan ekonomi. Meski menilai anak adalah segalanya, tetapi pola pengasuhan, termasuk pola asupan, menunjukkan perlakuan yang bertolak belakang.
Ratnawati Ratnawati, Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 85-94; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.85-94

Abstract:
Background : Stunting remains a global health issue with a prevalence of 21.9% in 2018. Many variables of stunting risk factors have been studied. Research results that show dominant risk factors that consistently affect stunting are needed as a priority for prevention.Objective: To determine the dominant risk factors that are consistently associated with stunting events.Methods: This systematic review was carried out using the Google Scholar search engine and Springerlink E-Journal using the keyword stunting of children aged 6-24 months. Exclusion criteria were published >5 years, journals were not reputable on SCIMAGOJR and were referenced 2.Results: There were 3 international journal articles Q1 and 5 national journals accredited by Sinta 2. The number of variables studied in 8 journals is 51 Variables. There were 36 variables that were conducted only one study with significant results related to the incidence of stunting as many as 16 variables and 20 variables were not significant. The variables conducted by the research with inconsistent analysis results were 8 variables. Dominant variables that show a significant relationship with the incidence of stunting consistently from four different studies are low birth weight (LBW) and family income / family welfare index. The lowest & highest risk factors LBW (OR=3.26 & 5.870), Income / welfare index (OR=2.2 & 8.5). Protein Adequacy Level (OR=5.54 & 7.65) and children aged 12-24 months (AOR=2.688 & 3.24) were consistent in 2 studies.Conclusion: LBW, income / family welfare index, level of protein adequacy and children aged 12-24 months were variables with dominant and consistent stunting risk factors.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang : Stunting masih menjadi masalah kesehatan di dunia dengan prevalensi 21,9 % pada tahun 2018. Ada Banyak variabel faktor risiko stunting yang sudah diteliti. Penelurusan hasil penelitian yang menunjukkan faktor risiko dominan secara konsisten mempergaruhi stunting sangat diperlukan sebagai prioritas untuk pencegahan.Tujuan : Untuk mengidentifikasi faktor risiko dominan yang secara konsisten bermakna hubungannya dengan kejadian stunting.Metode : Tinjauan pustaka ini dilakukan dengan mengunakan search engine google scholar dan springerlink E- Journal mengunakan kata stunting usia 6-24 bulan. Kriteria esklusi terbit > 5 tahun terakhir, jurnal tidak bereputasi pada SCIMAGOJR dan dirujuk < 10 kali dan sinta > 2.Hasil Ulasan : Didapatkan 3 artikel jurnal internasional Q1 dan 5 jurnal nasional terakreditasi Sinta 2. Jumlah variabel yang diteliti pada 8 jurnal sebanyak 51 Variabel. Didapatkan 36 variabel yang dilakukan hanya satu kali penelitian dengan hasil yang signifikan berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting sebanyak 16 variabel dan 20 variabel tidak signifikan. Variabel yang dilakukan penelitian dengan hasil analisis yang tidak konsisten sebanyak 8 variabel. Variabel dominan yang menunjukkan hubungan bermakna dengan kejadian stunting secara konsisten dari empat penelitian yang berbeda adalah BBLR dan pendapatan keluarga/indeks kesejahteraan keluarga. Faktor risiko yang terendah&tertinggi BBLR (OR=3,26 & 5,870), Pendapatan/Indeks kesejahteraan (OR=2,2&8,5). Tingkat Kecukupan Protein (OR=5,54 & 7,65) dan usia anak 12-24 bulan (AOR =2,688 & 3,24) konsisten pada 2 penelitian.Kesimpulan BBLR, pendapatan /indeks kesejahteraan keluarga, tingkat kecukupan protein dan usia anak 12-24 bulan merupakan variabel dengan faktor risiko stunting yang dominan konsisten.
Agung Dwi Laksono, Hario Megatsari
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 109-115; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.109-115

Abstract:
Background: Stunting in early life will have adverse functional consequences, including poor cognition and low levels of education. The study aimed to determine the determinants of stunting toddlers in East Java.Methods: The study uses secondary data from the 2017 PSG. Using the multi-stage cluster random sampling method, a sample of 10,814 toddlers aged 0-59 months was taken. The analyzed variables consisted of the dependent variable nutritional status of toddlers, 7 independent variables: residence, toddler age, mother's age, marital status of mothers, mother's education level, and working status of mothers. Determination of determinants using the Binary Logistic Regression test.Results: Toddlers living in urban areas were 0.855 times more at risk of stunting compared to toddlers living in rural areas (OR 0.885; 95% CI 0.798-0.980). Toddlers who have mothers with elementary education and below 2.206 times have more risk of stunting compared to toddlers who have mothers with college education (OR 2.206; 95% CI 1,835-12,651). Toddlers who have mothers with junior high school education were 1,676 times more likely to have stunting risk compared to toddlers who have mothers with tertiary education (OR 1.676; 95% CI 1.395-2.015). toddlers who have mothers with high school education are 1,266 times more likely to have stunting risk compared to toddlers who have mothers with tertiary education (OR 1,266; 95% CI 1,058-1,514).Conclusion: There were 4 variables that have proven to be significant as determinants of stunting in East Java Province, namely residence, age of toddler, age of toddler mother, and mother's level of educationABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Stunting dalam kehidupan awal akan mempunyai konsekuensi fungsional yang merugikan, termasuk kognisi yang buruk dan tingkat pendidikan yang rendah. Variabel ini perlu diperhatikan karena menurut Unicef, ada faktor sosial budaya yang berperan dalam terjadinya permasalahan stunting. Penelitian ditujukan untuk menentukan determinan balita stunting di Jawa Timur.Metode: Penelitian menggunakan data sekunder survei Pemantauan Status Gizi tahun 2017 (PSG 2017). Dengan metode multi-stage cluster random sampling, diambil sampel 10.814 balita berusia 0-59 bulan. Varibel yang dianalisis terdiri dari variabel dependen status gizi balita, 7 variabel independen: tempat tinggal, umur balita, umur ibu balita, status perkawinan ibu balita, tingkat pendidikan ibu balita, dan status bekerja ibu balita. Penentuan determinan dengan menggunakan uji Regresi Logistik Biner.Hasil: Balita yang tinggal di daerah perkotaan 0,855 kali lebih memiliki risiko stunting dibandingkan dengan balita yang tinggal di daerah pedesaan (OR 0,885; 95% CI 0,798-0,980). Balita yang memiliki ibu dengan pendidikan SD ke bawah 2,206 kali lebih memiliki risiko stunting dibandingkan dengan balita yang memiliki ibu dengan pendidikan perguruan tinggi (OR 2,206; 95% CI 1,835-12,651). Balita yang memiliki ibu dengan pendidikan SLTP 1,676 kali lebih memiliki risiko stunting dibandingkan dengan balita yang memiliki ibu dengan pendidikan perguruan tinggi (OR 1,676; 95% CI 1,395-2,015). balita yang memiliki ibu dengan pendidikan SLTA 1,266 kali lebih memiliki risiko stunting dibandingkan dengan balita yang memiliki ibu dengan pendidikan perguruan tinggi (OR 1,266; 95% CI 1,058-1,514).Kesimpulan: Ada 4 variabel yang terbukti signifikan sebagai determinan kejadian stunting di Provinsi Jawa Timur, yaitu tempat tinggal, umur balita, umur ibu balita, dan tingkat pendidikan ibu balita.
Novfitri Syuryadi, Drajat Martianto, Dadang Sukandar
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 140-146; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.140-146

Abstract:
Background: Methods of evaluation of the regional government’s commitment in the development of food and nutrition security are not yet available. The index that measures the government’s commitment to national food and nutrition security is HANCI. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a method of evaluating the commitment of the regional government in the development of food and nutrition security.Objectives: This study aimed to develop a method of evaluating the commitment of regional government in the development of food and nutrition security. Methods: The design of this study was a cross-sectional study using secondary data that refers to HANCI measurements. This research stage consisted of identification of potential indicators, qualitative selection of candidate indicator, assessment of indicator used the scoring method, and applied the method to provinces in Indonesia. Results: The result showed shortlist of 42 commitment indicators of food and nutrition security and aggregate score of provinces. Only 2.9% of provinces had high commitment and 17.6% of provinces with low commitment level. Highest rank was achieved by East Java Province and the lowest rank was East Nusa Tenggara Province. Low political commitment could lead to low priority of food and nutrition interventions. The government was in need to make regulations/policies and prepare adequate budgets for specific and sensitive food and nutrition programs.Conclusions: Development of this evaluation method is relevant to show the commitment of the regional government. The government needs to improve efforts to address problems of food and nutrition.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Metode evaluasi komitmen pemerintah daerah provinsi dalam pembangunan ketahanan pangan dan gizi saat ini belum tersedia. Index yang mengukur komitmen pemerintah terhadap ketahanan pangan dan gizi secara nasional adalah HANCI. Oleh karena itu, studi ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan metode evaluasi komitmen pemerintah daerah provinsi dalam pembangunan ketahanan pangan dan gizi.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan metode evaluasi komitmen pemerintah daerah provinsi dalam pengembangan ketahanan pangan dan gizi.Metode: Desain penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional study dengan menggunakan data sekunder yang mengacu pada pengukuran HANCI. Tahap penelitian terdiri dari identifikasi indikator potensial, seleksi calon indikator secara kualitatif, perhitungan skor menggunakan metode scoring, dan aplikasi metode pada provinsi di Indonesia.Hasil: Hasil menunjukkan shortlist 42 indikator komitmen ketahanan pangan dan gizi dan skor agregat provinsi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa hanya 2,9% provinsi yang memiliki komitmen tinggi dan 17,6% provinsi memiliki tingkat komitmen rendah. Provinsi Jawa Timur berada pada peringkat pertama sedangkan peringkat terakhir ditempati oleh Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Komitmen politik yang rendah dapat menyebabkan rendahnya prioritas intervensi pangan dan gizi. Pemerintah perlu membuat peraturan/kebijakan dan menyiapkan anggaran yang memadai untuk program pangan dan gizi secara spesifik maupun sensitif.Kesimpulan: Pengembangan metode telah relevan digunakan untuk melihat komitmen pemerintah daerah provinsi. Pemerintah perlu meningkatkan upaya berupa pembuatan peraturan dan kebijakan serta anggaran untuk penanganan masalah pangan dan gizi.
Rochana Tsaralatifah
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 171-177; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.171-177

Abstract:
Background: Stunting is a condition of a child’s growth disorder where the child's height does not match his age. Stunting is a problem caused by multifactorial. Children who grow stunting before the age of 6 months, will experience growth that is distrupted so that stunted more than severe by the age of two years. East Java province based on the result of Riskesdas in 2018 was recorded at 32,81% of toddelrs severe stunted and short. It is still a health problem because it still exceeds the standars set by WHO, where an area experiences acute nutritional problems if the prevalence of stunting babies is the same or more than 20%. While the percentage of short babies in Indonesia is still more than 29% and is targeted to 19% in 2024. To reduce the number of stunting need to know what factors are associated with the incident. Such as the low frequency of maternal attendance at the neighborhood health services (Posyandu) which has an impact on the low level of maternal knowledge regarding child health. Objectives: To determine the relationship between family characteristics and the characteristics of respondents with the incidence of stunting in children under two years old in RW 06 Kelurahan Ampel Kota Surabaya.Methods: This research was conducted in RW 06 Ampel sub-district Semampir sub-district starting from December 2018-January 2019. This research was an observational analytic study with cross sectional study design and sampling using a simple random sampling technique. The population used in this study were all children under two years old living in RW 06, Ampel, Surabaya. Data collection methods were interview using structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using the fisher exact test with a confidence level of 95% (α=0.05)Results: The results showed that the level of maternal knowledge (p=0.046) and the frequency of attendance at the neighborhood health services (Posyandu) (p=0.01) were factors related to stunting. While the variable family characteristics (number of family members, household income level, mother's education level) and respondent characteristics (gender, birth weight, birth length, birth history of exclusive breastfeeding) have no relationship with the incidence of stunting (p>0,05).Conclusions: Knowledge and frequency of attendance at the neighborhood health services (Posyandu) by Children Under Two Years Old mothers were related to stunting incidence. Therefore, health workers need to disseminate information to the public about the importance of PosyanduABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Stunting adalah kondisi pertumbuhan tinggi badan anak mengalami gangguan dimana tinggi badan tidak sesuai dengan usianya. Stunting merupakan permasalahan yang disebabkan karena multifaktor. Anak yang mengalami stunting sebelum usia 6 bulan, akan mengalami pertumbuhan yang terganggu sehingga terjadi kekerdilan lebih berat menjelang usia dua tahun. Data stunting di provinsi Jawa Timur berdasarkan hasil Riskesdas tahun 2018 tercatat sebesar 32,81% balita dengan gizi sangat pendek dan pendek. Hal tersebut masih menjadi masalah kesehatan karena masih melebihi standar yang ditetapkan oleh WHO, dimana suatu wilayah dikatakan mengalami masalah gizi akut bila prevalensi bayi stunting sama atau lebih dari 20%. Sementara prosentase bayi pendek di Indonesia saat ini masih lebih dari 29% dan ditargetkan turun mencapai 19% pada tahun 2024. Untuk menurunkan angka stunting perlu diketahui faktor apa saja yang berhubungan dengan kejadian tersebut. Seperti rendahnya frekuensi kunjungan ibu ke posyandu yang berdampak pada rendahnya pengetahuan ibu terkait kesehatan anak.Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan antara karakteristik keluarga dan karakteristik responden dengan kejadian stunting pada baduta di RW 06 kelurahan Ampel kota Surabaya.Metode: Penelitian ini dilakukan di RW 06 kelurahan Ampel kecamatan Semampir mulai dari bulan Desember 2019-Januari 2019. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional analitik dengan desain studi cross sectional dan penarikan sampelnya menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Populasi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh baduta yang bertempat tingggal di RW 06 kelurahan Ampel kota Surabaya. Metode pengumpulan data dengan melakukan pengukuran, wawancara dan analisis data menggunakan uji fisher exact dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% (α=0,05)Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan ibu (p=0,046) dan frekuensi datang ke posyandu (p=0,01) merupakan faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting. Sedangkan variabel karakteristik keluarga (jumlah anggota keluarga, tingkat pendapatan rumah tangga, tingkat pendidikan ibu) dan karakteristik responden(jenis kelamin, BB lahir, PB lahir, riwayat ASI eksklusif) tidak terdapat hubungan dengan kejadian stunting (p>0,05).Kesimpulan: : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pengetahuan dan frekuensi kunjungan posyandu ibu baduta berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting sehingga petugas kesehatan perlu melakukan sosialisasi kepada masyarakat tentang pentingnya kegiatan posyandu dengan adanya sosialisasi tersebut diharapkan dapat menambah pengetahuan ibu terkait kesehatan anak, sehingga dapat meningkatkan frekuensi kunjungan baduta keposyandu.
Tri Hidayat, Sugiarto Sugiarto, Budiyanti Wiboworini
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 132-139; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.132-139

Abstract:
Background: Indonesia is the country with the sixth most DM sufferers in the world with the number of DM patients reaches 10.3 million people and are expected to increase annually. Dietary modifications combined with pharmacological interventions could be the main approach in the control of DM. FortemDia_Tri is a development of diet modification of Tempe flour-based and green beans as the main source of Isoflavone and other materials such as skim milk flour, red rice flour, canola oil, and maltodextrin are recommended for patients with type 2 DM.Purpose: The study aimed to analyse the power of 5 formula Fortem Dia_Tri and the value of isoflavones in the best formula allocated for a type 2 DM patient.Methods: The type of research used in this research was experimental by formulation of 5 formula Fortem Dia_Tri. Study subjects were 40 people to test acceptability of the formula. Analysis of isoflavone levels was performed using the HPLC method.Result: There was a significant difference in the receipt of both color, aroma, taste, viscosity, and overall with P value
Qonita Rachmah, Diah Indriani, Susi Hidayah, Yurike Adhela, Trias Mahmudiono
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 165-170; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.165-170

Abstract:
Background: Stunting is one of nutritional problem that causes long-term health problems. Based on the result of Riskesdas, there has been an increase in stunting prevalence from 35,6% in 2010 to 37,2% in 2013 which means that 1 in 3 indonesian children are stunting. Lamongan was one of hundred’s stunting priority regency in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the effect of nutrition education to incerase mother’s knowledge related stunting.Objective: The method used in this research is Quasi Experiment by designing one group pre-test and post-test design. The sampling technique used was total sampling method in which all mothers with children aged 0 - 59 months in Gempolmanis village, Sambeng District, Lamongan Regency. The Gempolmanis village was purposively chosen.Methods: The dependent T test was used to determine the effect of nutrition education on maternal knowledge. The response rate of this study was 86.4%.Results: The results showed at the beginning of the session, the majority of mothers still had sufficient knowledge (57.9%) and less (36.8%). Only 5.3% have good nutrition knowledge, but after nutrition education, 68.4% of mothers have a good level of knowledge related to stunting. The mean score before nutrition education was 60.5 + 18.9 and increased to 88.4 + 13.8 after nutrition education (p
Winda Puspita Yuniar, Ali Khomsan, Mira Dewi, Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani, Anna Vipta Resti Mauludyani
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 155-164; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.155-164

Abstract:
Background: Cirebon Regency is one of the priority areas that becomes the locus in efforts to accelerate the reduction of stunting in 2018.Objective: This study aims to analyze the relationship between feeding parenting pattern with nutrient intake of under two-years infants and the relationship between nutritional behavior and clean and healthy lifestyle behavior (CHLB) with nutritional status of under two-years infants in Cirebon Regency.Methods: This study used a cross-sectional study design using secondary data from previous studies conducted at the same two locations in Cirebon Regency. The data processing was carried out in November to December 2019. The subjects involved were 70 mothers who had infants aged 0-24 months. Analysis of the relationship between variables using the Rank Spearman test.Results: The results of the correlation test showed that there was no significant relationship (p> 0.05) between feeding parenting pattern with nutritional intake. In addition, maternal nutritional behavior also did not have a significant relationship (p> 0.05) with nutritional status. This study found that there was a significant relationship between clean and healthy living behavior on the indicators of a smoke-free home environment with the nutritional status using HAZ index.Conclusion: Imbalance between knowledge and socio-economic factors of income can lead to inequality in the application of feeding parenting pattern, nutritional behavior, and CHLB to the nutritional status of under two years. Therefore, a continuous monitoring and evaluation system is needed to ensure that the stunting acceleration program runs effectively and efficiently.ABSTRAK Latar belakang: Kabupaten Cirebon merupakan salah satu daerah prioritas yang menjadi lokus dalam upaya percepatan penurunan stunting pada tahun 2018.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara pola asuh makan dengan asupan zat gizi baduta serta hubungan antara perilaku gizi dan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat dengan status gizi baduta di Kabupaten Cirebon.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi cross-sectional dengan menggunakan data sekunder dari penelitian sebelumnya yang dilakukan pada dua lokasi yang sama di Kabupaten Cirebon. Proses pengolahan data dilakukan pada bulan November hingga Desember 2019. Subjek yang terlibat adalah 70 orang ibu baduta yang memiliki bayi berusia 0-24 bulan. Analisis hubungan antar variabel menggunakan uji Rank Spearman.Hasil: Hasil uji korelasi menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan (p >0,05) antara pola asuh makan dengan asupan zat gizi. Selain itu, perilaku gizi ibu juga tidak memilki hubungan yang signifikan (p>0,05) dengan status gizi. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat pada indikator lingkungan rumah bebas asap rokok terhadap status gizi baduta.Kesimpulan: Ketidakseimbangan antara pengetahuan dengan faktor sosio-ekonomi penghasilan dapat mengakibatkan terjadinya ketimpangan dalam penerapan pola asuh makan, perilaku gizi, dan PHBS terhadap status gizi baduta. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan sistem monitoring dan evaluasi secara kontinu untuk memastikan bahwa program percepatan stunting berjalan secara efektif dan efisien.
Mila Syahriyatul Maghfiroh, Agung Dwi Laksono
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 116-122; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.116-122

Abstract:
Background: Babies were vulnerable to health and nutrition problems. WHO states that 60% of deaths of children under five were caused by malnutrition. Of these, two-thirds of them were caused by improper feeding of babies. Objective: to describe patterns of food intake in infants in Kepung Village, Kediri District.Methods: The study was designed qualitatively with an ethnographic approach. Data collection was performed using in-depth interviews and participatory observation. The study was conducted in Kepung Village, Kediri, East Java. The process of collecting data was done by researchers by staying with the target for 6 months. Results: The pattern of intake in infants aged 0-6 months in Kepung Village was not only given breast milk but was given food in the form of formula milk, sugar water and ‘kepok’ banana. When the mother or caregiver feels that the baby was still hungry, it will be given food intake other than the milk. The practice of feeding was inseparable from the influence of hereditary belief, where sugar water was believed to make the baby not fussy because the baby becomes full and healthy. Conclusion: The pattern of intake in infants in Kepung Village was very varied. Not only breast milk, babies have also been given mashed up adult food. People in Kepung Village also have a habit of giving their babies sugar water. ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Bayi adalah masa yang rentan terhadap masalah kesehatan dan gizi. WHO menyatakan bahwa 60% kematian anak balita disebabkan oleh keadaan kurang gizi. Dari jumlah tersebut, dua per tiga diantaranya disebabkan oleh pemberian makan yang kurang tepat.Tujuan: Penelitian ditujukan untuk menggambarkan pola asupan pada bayi di Desa Kepung, Kabupaten Kediri.Metode: Studi didesain secara kualitatif dengan pendekatan etnografi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode wawancara mendalam dan observasi partisipatif. Studi dilakukan di Desa Kepung, Kecamatan Kepung, Kabupaten Kediri, Jawa Timur. Proses pengumpulan data dilakukan oleh peneliti dengan tinggal bersama target. Peneliti lived in di lokasi penelitian selama 6 bulan.Hasil: Pola asupan pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan di Desa Kepung tidak hanya diberikan ASI saja, tapi diberikan makanan berupa susu formula, air gula dan pisang kepok. Praktik pemberian makanan tersebut tidak terlepas dari pengaruh kepercayaan yang turun-temurun, yang mana air gula diyakini dapat membuat bayi tidak rewel karena bayi menjadi kenyang dan menyehatkan.Kesimpulan: Pola asupan pada bayi di Desa Kepung sangat bervariasi. Tidak hanya ASI, bayi juga sudah diberi makanan orang dewasa yang dilembutkan. Masyarakat di Desa Kepung juga memiliki kebiasaan memberikan bayinya air gula.
Rizqita Catur Wulandari, Lailatul Muniroh
Published: 18 June 2020
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 4, pp 95-102; doi:10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.95-102

Abstract:
Latar Belakang: Stunting merupakan masalah pertumbuhan fisik yang disebabkan oleh kurangnya kecukupan gizi, rendahnya pengetahuan gizi, serta tinggi badan orangtua. Puskesmas Tambak Wedi Surabaya merupakan salah satu puskemas yang mengalami peningkatan prevalensi stunting 2,7% dari tahun 2017. Meningkatnya angka prevalensi menandakan bahwa pencegahan dan penanganan stunting di Surabaya harus dioptimalkan agar prevalensinya dapat ditekan.Tujuan: Menganalisis hubungan tingkat kecukupan zat gizi (energi, protein, kalsium), tingkat pengetahuan ibu dan tinggi badan orangtua dengan stunting di Puskesmas Tambak Wedi.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain case control. Besar sampel adalah 48 balita yang terdiri dari sampel kasus (24 balita stunting) dan sampel kontrol (24 balita non-stunting). Variabel dependen adalah stunting. Variabel independen adalah tingkat kecukupan energi, protein, kalsium, tingkat pengetahuan ibu, dan tinggi badan orangtua. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik chi-square dan regresi sederhana.Hasil: Terdapat hubungan antara tingkat kecukupan energi (p=0,02;OR=0,11), protein (p=0,018;OR=2,3), kalsium (p=0,023;OR=0,2), pengetahuan ibu (p=0,029;OR=‒0,265) dengan kejadian stunting pada balita. Tinggi badan ayah (p=0,77) dan ibu (p=0,76) tidak memiliki hubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada balita di Puskesmas Tambak Wedi.Kesimpulan: Tingkat kecukupan zat gizi dan tingkat pengetahuan ibu pada balita non-stunting lebih baik daripada balita stunting. Tingkat kecukupan zat gizi meliputi energi, protein, kalsium dan pengetahuan ibu memiliki hubungan dengan stunting pada balita usia 24-59 bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tambak Wedi Surabaya.
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