ISSN / EISSN : 25801163 / 25809776
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 172
Latest articles in this journal
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 183-188; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.183-188
Abstract:Background: Nutritional status of toddlers is considered important since they are generally more susceptible to nutritional problem. Some factors that affect them is level of nutrient intake, which include level of energy intake, carbohydrate intake, and family income. Family income is associated with the ability to provide food, thus affecting the level of nutrient intake for the family.Objectives: The objective of the study was to analyze the correlation between incomes, level of energy and carbohydrate intake with nutritional status of toddlers aged 2-5 years in Lenteng sub-District, Sumenep.Methods: the design of this study was cross sectional. Sample size was 70 parents of toddlers aged 2-5 years in Lenteng sub-District, Sumenep. Weight and height of the toddlers were measured to determine the nutritional status of the toddlers. Interviews with parents were also conducted to determine the characteristic of the toddlers and the family income. Lastly, 2 x 24 hours food recall was used to examine the level of their nutrient intake. The data were analyzed by using Spearman correlation test with α= 0.05.Results: The results showed that 57.1% toddlers were in low income category. 65.7% toddlers were in inadequate level of energy intake. 95.7% were in inadequate level of carbohydrate intake. Prevalence of toddlers with normal nutritional status normal were 84.3%, 11.4% was malnourished, while 2.9% was severely malnourished. The result showed that level of energy intake and carbohydrate intake are related to nutritional status of toddlers (p=0.040) and (p=0.045). However, there was no correlation found between family incomes with toddlers' family income.Conclusions: Family income was not found to be related to the nutritional status of toddlers. While the lower level of nutrient intake can potentially affect nutritional problem among toddlers. Thus, an adequate nutrient intake is required to help toddlers meet their balanced nutritional needs.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Status gizi balita penting diperhatikan karena balita rentan mengalami masalah gizi. Masalah gizi pada balita masih banyak terjadi. Status gizi balita dapat dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor diantaranya yaitu tingkat asupan zat gizi termasuk energi dan karbohidrat serta pendapatan keluarga. Rendahnya asupan zat gizi dapat mengakibatkan masalah gizi balita. Pendapatan keluarga berkaitan dengan kemampuan memenuhi asupan pangan keluarga.Tujuan: Untuk menganalisis hubungan antara pendapatan, tingkat asupan energi, dan karbohidrat dengan status gizi balita usia 2-5 tahun di Kecamatan Lenteng Kabupaten Sumenep.Metode: Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional. Jumlah sampel 70 orang tua balita berusia 2 hingga 5 tahun. Pengukuran berat badan dan tinggi badan balita untuk menilai status gizi. Wawancara kepada orang tua untuk mengetahui karakteristik balita dan pendapatan keluarga serta food recall 2 x 24 hours untuk mengetahui tingkat asupan balita. Data dianalisis...
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 122-129; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.122-129
Abstract:Background: The problem of stunting occurs in developing countries including Indonesia. In Indonesia the prevalence of child stunting is 30.8%, still above the world prevalence, which is 22.2%. The prevalence of stunting in sub-Saharan Africa is 34.5%, in Ethiopia is 52.4%, and the prevalence of stunting in Congo is 40%. While WHO stipulates that nutrition problems should not exceed 20%. Stunting could inhibit linear growth, development and degenerative diseases later in adulthood.Objective: This review discussed the risk factors of child stunting in developing countries.Discusion: One of the causes of increased stunting in children was due to inadequate nutritional intake in a long period. Stunting was often not realized by parents and only visible after the age of 2 due to low stature. Based on the results of the literature review the likelihood of stunting in developing country were: 16.43 times morelikely due to low birth length, 3.27 times higher due to maternal education, 2.45 times higher if the children were living in rural area, 4.5 times higher due to low birth weight, no risk Antenatal Care increase the risk 3.4 times, 6.38 times higher due to no immunization, and no exclusive breastfeeding increase the risk of stunting 4.0 times.Conclusion: The risk factor for child stunting in developing countries are exclusive breastfeeding, socioeconomic, low birth weight, length of birth, low maternal education, infectious disease.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Masalah stunting (stunting) yang terjadi di Negara Berkembang seperti Indonesia masih tinggi yaitu 30,8% masih di atas dunia yaitu 22,2%. Stunting di sub sahara Afrika 34,5%, di Ethiopia 52,4%, prevalensi stunting di Congo 40%. Word Health Organization sudah menentukan bahwa terjadinya masalah gizi suatu negara sebaiknya kurang dari 20%. Stunting memiliki risiko gangguan pertumbuhan, perkembangan dan penyakit degeneratif pada usia dewasa nanti.Tujuan: Review ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor risikos apa saja yang dapat menentukan terjadinya stunting anak di Negara berkembang.Ulasan: Berdasarkan dari beberapa hasil penelitian menyebutkan bahwa salah satu penyebab stunting pada anak adalah karena tidak terpenuhinya gizi yang baik pada kurun waktu yang panjang dan sering kali tidak disadari oleh orang tuanya sehingga setelah anak usia di atas 2 tahun baru terlihat bahwa anaknya mengalami stunting. Berdasarkan hasil literatur review menunjukkan bahwa faktor risiko terjadinya stunting adalah panjang lahir berisiko 16,43 kali, pendidikan ibu yang rendah berisiko 3,27 kali, serta anak yang tinggal di desa berisiko 2,45 kali, BBLR berisiko 4,5 kali, tidak ANC berisiko 3,4 kali, tidak imunisasi berisiko 6,38 kali, dan tidak ASI Eksklusif berisiko 4,0 kali adalah merupakan faktor risiko stunting anak di negara berkembang.Kesimpulan: Hasil sintesis ini secara konsisten yang menjadi faktor risikos terjadinya stunting pada anak di negara berkembang adalah tidak diberikan ASI eksklusif, sosial...
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 194-200; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.194-200
Abstract:Background : The hospital food acceptance is still a serious problem. The patient’s acceptance is indicated by the least amount of plate waste. High plate waste causes an intake incompatibility with nutritional needs, which ultimately affects malnutrition. The patient’s plate waste in obstetric and surgical room is still high ≥20%. The distribution timetable and food taste maybe a contributing factor.Objectives : To analyzed the correlation of distribution timetable and food taste with patient’s plate waste at obstetric and surgicall room in dr. Soebandi Hospital, JemberMethods: This study was an analytical survey with a cross sectional design. The sample was 51 subjects, taken by a purposive sampling. Sample were obstetric and surgical patients aged 18-60 years, received regular food and were in a conscious. The distribution timetable was obtained by observing the accuracy of food distribution time span from the kitchen of nutrition instalation untill food arrived at the patient for 3 days. Food taste was obtained through interviews and questionnaires. Plate waste was measured by visual comstock. Data were analyzed by Rank Spearman test.Results : The average plate waste of patients is 27.6%. The plate waste in male and female patient was significantly different (p=0.001). 52.9% subjects with large amounts of plate waste, get hospital food with the right distribution time. The distribution timetable wasn’t significantly correlated with plate waste (p=0.218). Subjects who considered their food taste good, almost all (71.4%) left little food. There was a significant positive correlation between taste of food and plate waste (p=0.001; r=0.471).Conclusions: Food distribution timetable isn’t related to patient’s plate waste. However, food taste is correlated with plate waste. The better of taste food, the less plate waste.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang : Penerimaan makanan rumah sakit masih menjadi masalah serius. Daya terima pasien ditunjukkan dengan banyak sedikitnya makanan tersisa. Tingginya sisa makanan menyebabkan ketidaksesuaian asupan dengan kebutuhan gizi yang akhirnya berdampak malnutrisi. Sisa makanan pasien di ruang obgyn dan bedah masih tinggi ≥20%. Jadwal distribusi dan citarasa makanan kemungkinan menjadi faktor penyebabnya.Tujuan : Menganalisis hubungan jadwal distribusi dan citarasa makanan dengan sisa makanan pasien di ruang perawatan obgyn dan bedah RSD. dr Soebandi Jember.Metode : Jenis penelitian ini survey analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional study. Sampel berjumlah 51 orang, diambil dengan teknik purposive samping. Sampel adalah pasien obsgyn dan bedah berumur 18-60 tahun, mendapat makanan biasa dan kondisi sadar. Jadwal distribusi didapatkan dengan mengamati ketepatan waktu distribusi makanan mulai dari dapur instalazi gizi hingga makanan sampai kepada pasien selama 3 hari. Citarasa makanan diperoleh melalui wawancara dan kuesioner. Pengukuran sisa makanan menggunakan visual comstock. Data dianalisis dengan...
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 164-170; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.164-170
Abstract:Background: In 2017 prevalence of stunting in, Indonesia reached 29.6% and Bondowoso District was one of district that contributes the third higher prevalence, amounted 38.3%. One of underlying cause of stunting were water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).Objectives: This research aims to analyze the correlation between WASH with stunting among children aged 24 - 59 months in working area of Kotakulon Public Health Center, Bondowoso District.Methods: This was an observational analytic study with case-control design. The sample size of this research was 66 children aged 24 to 59 months in working area of Kotakulon Public Health Center, Bondowoso District. This case-control study consisted of 33 children in case group and 33 children sample of contro groupl. The dependent variable was stunting status, while the independent variables were drinking water source, quality of drinking water, the ownership of lathrines, and mother’s handwashing habits. The data were analyzed using chi-square test.Results: Hand washing habit (p
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 171-175; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.171-175
Abstract:Background : Pre-school age children often have picky eater behavior. Perception of picky eater usually describes as the strong preference of children for food, inadequate of dietary diversity, restrain of certain food groups and won’t try new food. One of factors that causes this behavior is history of complementary feeding.Objectives: This study purposes was to analyze correlation between history of complementary feeding and perception of picky eater behavior among children age 12-36 month oldMethods: This study was analytic observasional study with cross-sectional design. The research was conducted in Sidotopo Health Center Surabaya City. There were 75 children age 12-36 month old. The inclusion criteria are children who have no history of food allergies. Sample was chosen by simple random sampling. Data collected by interview using questionnaires included characteristics of children and mothers, history of complementary feeding and perceptions of picky eater behavior. The data was analyzed by chi-square test.Results: The result show that inappropriate history of complementary feeding in children was 66.7% and prevalensi perception of picky eater behavior in children was 48.7%. There was significant correlation between history of complementary feeding and perception of picky eater behavior (p
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 176-182; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.176-182
Abstract:Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the four priorities for Non-Contagious Diseases in the world. According to the IDF (International Diabetes Federation), people with Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia will increase from 9.1 million in 2014 to 14.1 million in 2035. Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 can affect can affect the quality of life from the sufferers and can be at risk of causing complications, these problems can be solved by applying self-management to their disease.Objectives: The purpose of this research is to describe the self-management behavior which consists of five aspects, that is settings of diet, physical activity/exercise, self/foot care, medication compliance, and monitoring of blood sugar in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients at Pucang Sewu Health Center, Surabaya.Methods: This research used observational study design using cross sectional approach. The population in this research were outpatients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Pucang Sewu Health Center, Surabaya. Data collection using random sampling technique and obtained 79 respondents. The research data was obtained using the SDSCA (The Summary of Self-Care Activities) questionnaire developed by the General Service Administration (GSA) Regulatory Information Servive Center (RISC).Results: The research found that some respondents had a good level of self-management (59.5%). In several aspects such as settings of diet, and medication compliance, most respondents were included in the good category, but in physical activity/ exercise, self/foot care, and monitoring of blood sugar aspect were still in the less category. In addition, most of the respondents had normal blood glucose levels (50.6%). Conclusion: There is a relationship between self-management behavior with blood glucose levels in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Pucang Sewu Health Center, SurabayaABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) menjadi satu dari empat prioritas Penyakit Tidak Menular di dunia. Menurut IDF (International Diabetes Federation), peningkatan penyandang DM di Indonesia akan mengalami peningkatan dari 9,1 juta di tahun 2014 menjadi 14,1 juta di tahun 2035. Penyakit DM Tipe 2 dapat mempengaruhi kualitas hidup penderitanya dan dapat beresiko menimbulkan terjadinya komplikasi, masalah tersebut dapat dikendalikan salah satunya dengan menerapkan perilaku self-management terhadap penyakitnya.Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui gambaran serta hubungan perilaku self-management (pengaturan pola makan, aktivitas fisik/olahraga, perawatan diri/kaki, kepatuhan konsumsi obat, dan monitoring gula darah) dengan kadar gula darah pada pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pucang Sewu, Surabaya.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi observasional dengan menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah pasien rawat jalan yang menderita Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Pucang Sewu, Surabaya. Pengambilan data...
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 149-157; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.149-157
Abstract:Background: Cancer is one of the non-communicable diseases characterized by abnormal cell growth. One of the medical-based treatments of this disease is chemotherapy. Chemotherapy decreases appetite which has an impact on the adequacy of nutrients intake, one of which is the adequacy of energy and macronutrients intake. Cancer patients who have undergone chemotherapy usually experience a decrease in food intake which has side effects on decreasing nutritional status.Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between energy and macronutrients (protein, fat, and carbohydrate) intake with the nutritional status of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy at Rumkital Dr. Ramelan Surabaya.Methods: The design of this research was cross sectional which population were cancer patients who were scheduled to do chemotherapy in April to May 2019 with age ≥19 years old. A total of 75 patients were selected using accidental sampling technique. Data collected included respondents' characteristics through interviews, food intake with 2x24 hours food recall, and nutritional status using Body Mass Index standard from the Ministry of Health 2014.Results: Respondents had adequate energy intake and adequate macronutrients (fat and carbohydrate) intake (≥70% needs), except protein which had inadequate intake (
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 158-163; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.158-163
Abstract:Background: Sodium is one of the nutrients which is mandatory to be displayed in food packaging. High intake of sodium can increase the risk blood pressure elevation and hypertension. The habit of reading the nutrition label can affect in dietary intake, one of them is sodium.Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between the habit of reading the nutrition label and sodium intake in female adolescents.Methods: This study was a cross sectional study with citizens of Modong Village, Tulangan Sub-district, Sidoarjo District with 70 participants. Sample collection used a simple random sampling method. Sodium intake data was collected through interview using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Data of habit of reading the nutrition label were obtained through interview in reading nutrition label frequency. Statistical test performed was chi square test.Result: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between reading habit of nutrition fact with sodium intake among adult woman (p=0.023). Most respondents rarely read nutrition label (40%) and inadequate sodium intake (30%).Conclusion: The habit of reading nutrition label is significantly associated with sodium intake in female adolescents in Modong Village, Tulangan Sub-district, Sidoarjo District.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Natrium adalah salah satu zat gizi yang wajib ditampilkan di label pangan kemasan. Asupan tinggi natrium meningkatkan resiko peningkatan tekanan darah dan hipertensi. Kebiasaan membaca label gizi dapat berpengaruh terhadap asupan zat gizi, salah satunya natrium.Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan kebiasaan membaca label gizi dengan asupan natrium pada wanita dewasa.Metode: Penelitian cross sectional ini dilakukan pada populasi wanita dewasa di Desa Modong, Kecamatan Tulangan, Kabupaten Sidoarjo dengan 70 orang responden. Teknik pengumpulan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling. Data asupan natrium didapatkan melalui wawancara menggunakan Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Data kebiasaan membaca label gizi didapatkan melalui wawancara frekuensi membaca label gizi. Hubungan antara kebiasaan membaca label gizi dengan asupan natrium dianalisis menggunakan uji statistic uji chi square.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kebiasaan membaca label gizi dengan asupan natrium (p=0,023). Sebagian besar responden jarang membaca label gizi (40%) dan mengonsumsi natrium yang berlebih (30%).Kesimpulan: Kebiasaan membaca label gizi memiliki hubungan yang bermakna dengan asupan natrium wanita dewasa di Desa Modong, Kecamatan Tulangan, Kabupaten Sidoarjo.
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 135-141; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.135-141
Abstract:Background: The prevalence of anemia in adolescent girls was quite high and this is influenced by several factors, including low iron intake, low iron absorption, bleeding, malaria, worm infections and other infections, and also menstruation every month. Objective: The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between the level of protein, vitamin C, iron and folic acid with anemia among female teenagers. Method: This research a was case control design on class X at SMAN 4 Surabaya. The subject was 44 teenagers, consisting of 22 girls in the control groups and 22 girls in the case groups. Preliminary screening prior to the research found 36 people indicated anemia. Intake of protein, vitamin C, iron and folic acid were obtained through dietary food recall method 2 x 24 hours and compared to the Indonesian standard (AKG). Hemoglobin level was measured using the EasyTouch heamoglobin meter device. The statistical test used in the study was Pearson Correlation test. Result: The results showed that there was significant relationship between the level of protein consumption and incidence of anemia (p
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 3, pp 142-148; doi:10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.142-148
Abstract:Background: Physical activity is the external factors which has a siginficant corellation with obesity among adolecscents.The prevalence of obese adolescents in Indonesia has increased from 2013-2018. Sedentary lifestyle tends to expand largely in a high-tech society. The amount of time spent for social media usage has decreased their ability to do physical activity. Objectives: The research purpose to analyze corelation between intensity of social media usage and sport habits Senior High School 6 Surabaya students.Methods: The study was analytic observation with cross sectional study design. The population were students in 10th and 11th grade in Senior High School 6 Surabaya in total 614 people. Sample as determined by cluster random sampling and 133 sample were chosen. The data collected include the characteristic of sample sport habist and social media intensity usage through administered questionnaire, and nutritional status based on BMI/Age calculation in WHO Antro 2005. Data was analyzed by Spearman test.Results: Most of students have low level in sport habits (52.6%), while the intensity of social media use was high (57.1%). There were respondents with overweight (21.1%) and underweight (6.8%), although the most of them had normal nutritional status (72.2%). There was significant relationship between social media intensity usage and sport habits among students in SMAN 6 Surabaya (p