Amerta Nutrition

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2580-1163 / 2580-9776
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 266
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Nurnashriana Jufri, Nurmaladewi Nurmaladewi, Fifi Nirmala
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 180-192; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.180-192

Abstract:
Latar Belakang: Stunting dan penurunan densitas tulang merupakan salah satu masalah gizi yang umum diderita oleh remaja. Hal ini terjadi akibat kurangnya asupan zat gizi yang adekuat terutama vitamin D yang berfungsi untuk pertumbuhan tulang dan mineralisasi jaringan. Jumlah yang terbatas dari makanan dan faktor pigmentasi kulit menjadi penyebab terjadinya defisiensi vitamin D sehingga dibutuhkan upaya suplementasi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tersebut.Tujuan: Untuk menganalisis efek suplementasi vitamin D terhadap pertumbuhan linier remaja.Metode: Penelusuran artikel pada tinjauan pustaka ini dilakukan menggunakan mesin pencarian melalui Medline, PubMed, EBSCO, ELSEVIER, Cambridge Core, dan WILEY. Artikel memuat teks penuh, berbahasa inggris dan tahun terbit mulai dari 2010 hingga 2020. Kata kunci pencarian yang dimasukkan adalah vitamin D supplementation, adolescent or teenagers, linear growth, dan Bone Mass Density (BMD).Hasil: Hasil skrining menemukan 12 artikel yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan diklasifikasikan berdasarkan luaran penelitian yaitu kadar serum 25(OH)D merupakan parameter biokimia yang merupakan luaran yang terdapat pada 10 artikel penelitian. Parameter biokimia serum kalsium sebanyak 6 artikel, densitas tulang sebanyak 8 artikel, dan tinggi badan 2 artikel.Kesimpulan: Suplementasi vitamin D yang diberikan pada remaja yang sehat maupun tidak sehat terbukti meningkatkan kadar serum 25(OH)D.Kata kunci: Suplementasi vitamin D, serum 25(OH)D, densitas massa tulang, pertumbuhan linier remaja. ABSTRACT Background: Stunting and decreased bone density are some of the common nutritional problems that remain by adolescents. This occurs due to lack of adequate nutrition, especially vitamin D which functions for bone growth and tissue mineralization. A limited amount of food and skin pigmentation factors cause vitamin D deficiency so supplementation efforts are needed to meet those needs.Objective: To analyze the effect of vitamin D supplementation on the linear growth of adolescents.Method: Searching for articles in this literature review was done using a search engine through Medline, PubMed, EBSCO, ELSEVIER, Cambridge Core, and WILEY. The article contains the full text, English language, and year of publication from 2010 to 2020. The search keywords entered are vitamin D supplementation, adolescent or teenagers, linear growth, and Bone Mass Density (BMD).Results: The screening results found 12 articles that met the inclusion criteria and were classified based on research outcomes, namely serum 25 (OH) D levels were biochemical parameters which were the results contained in 10 research articles. Biochemical parameters of serum calcium were 6 articles, bone density were 8 articles, and height were 2 articles.Conclusion: Vitamin D supplementation given to healthy and unhealthy adolescents has been shown to increase serum 25 (OH) D levels.Keywords: Vitamin D supplementation, serum 25 (OH) D, bone mass density, adolescent linear growth.
Aprilia Kusumawardhani, Farapti Farapti, Mahmud Aditya Rifqi, Sri Adiningsih
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 127-132; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.127-132

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Latar Belakang :Gizi olahraga merupakan aspek penting dalam mengatur asupan makanan dan komposisi tubuh untuk mencapai performa yang optimal. Studi epidemiologis menunjukkan sebagian besar asupan atlet tidak adekuat dan dapat mempengaruhi komposisi tubuh yang ideal.Tujuan :Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh pendampingan gizi olahraga terhadap komposisi tubuh dan asupan energi atlet bela diri.Metode :Pendampingan gizi intensif dilakukan selama empat bulan (Juni- September 2019). Pengukuran komposisi tubuh dilakukan 2 kali, yakni sebelum dan sesudah intervensi dengan menganalisis hasil pengukuran dari alat BIA (Bio Impadance Analyzer) tipe MBCA (Medical Body Compotiton Analyzer) 515/514 merk seca©. Variabel yang dianalisis diantaranya, total asupan kalori sehari diukur menggunakan instrumen Recall-24 jam, komposisi tubuh diukur dengan alat BIA yakni Fat Mass (FM), Fat Free Mass (FFM) dan Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM). Pendampingan gizi dilakukan oleh ahli gizi olahraga yang mengunjungi 24 responden setiap bulan dan memberikan materi pendidikan gizi, memberikan makanan sehat dan memberikan konseling permasalahan gizi atlet.Hasil : Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya peningkatan secara signifikan pada asupan energi total (1496,2±654,4 menjadi 1688,5±679,8, p= 0,002). Pada komposisi tubuh terjadi peningkatan pada FFM dan SMM yakni (56,57 ± 9,91 kg vs 57,01 ± 9,53, p = 0,032) dan (27,49 ± 5,58 vs 27,75 ± 5,31, p = 0,005) dan tidak ada perbedaan signifikan dalam variabel FM.Kesimpulan : Kesimpulan dari percobaan ini adalah pendampingan gizi secara intensif dapat meningkatkan asupan energi total, FFM dan SMM pada atlet bela diri. Kata Kunci : Komposisi tubuh, pendampingan gizi, asupan energiABSTRACTBackground :Sports nutrition is very urgent to improve nutrition knowledge, dietary intake and body composition to achieve an optimum athletic performance. Epidemiological studies showed most athletes lack of getting adequate intake and maintaining an ideal body composition.Objective :This study aims to analyze the effect of sport nutrition education on body composition and energy intake among elite combat sport athletes.Methods :Intensive sport nutrition was conducted for four months June until September 2019. Body composition was assessed for 2 times, before and after intervention using bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA), with seca© brand 515/514 type of stainless steel electrodes.Measurement of energy intake with recall 24 hours before and after the intervention. The variables studied were Fat Mass (FM), Fat Free Mass (FFM), Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) and energy intake.The professional sport nutritionist and dietitians visited 24 subjects every month by teaching nutrition education, bringing the healthy food, and facilitating the counseling about sport nutrition.Result :Energy intake increased significantly (1496,2±654,4 to 1688,5±679,8, p= 0,002). FFM and SMM increased significantly pre to post (56.57±9.91 kg vs 57.01±9.53, p=0.032) and (27.49±5.58 vs 27.75±5.31, p=0.005) respectively, meanwhile no significant differences in FM variable.Conclusion : Our findings indicate that intensive sport nutritionimproved energy intake, FFM and SMM among elite combat sport athletes. Keywords : Body compotition, sport nutririon education, energy intake
Zahroh Shaluhiyah, Ratih Indraswari, Aditya Kusumawati
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 105-114; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.105-114

Abstract:
Background: Dietary habits formed during adolescence have been shown to track into adulthood. Establishing healthy eating behaviours among adolescents, therefore, has both short- and long-term health benefits..Objectives: This study aims to identify dietary habits among adolescent girls aged 15-19 in rural area and its influence factorsMethod: This is a quantitative study with cross-sectional approach, involved 93 adolescent girls aged 15-19 in Jatipurwo village who were selected randomly. Data was collected by enumerators using structure questionnaires that has been validated in other village before. Univariate, bivariate using Chi-Square and multivariate (logistic regression) were employed to analyze data.Results: The eating behavior of adolescent girls were categorized as unhealthy and unbalanced diet. It was shown with insufficient level of energy including low adequacy of carbohydrate, protein and fat. The average height of adolescents was 155 cm. Most adolescents have LILA less than 23.5cm. As Low socioeconomic family income tends to have eating habits with low nutritional value both in quantity and quality as well as food variations. Lack of food availability at the family level makes teens have poor diet. It is recommended that the need for increased food security at the family level and provide awareness to adolescents about healthy eating.
Natasya Putri Audiena, Marintan Laura Siagian
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 149-157; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.149-157

Abstract:
Background : Child nutrition problem is still a major health problem in Indonesia. Toddlers are a period where children experience rapid growth and development, so they need a high nutrient. The problem of malnutrition can be identified from the children’s slow growth, one of which is in terms of body length or height. A condition where a children’s length or height is not optimal is called stunting. The incidence of stunting affected by several factors, such as infectious disease and bad hygiene practices.Method : The method of this study is observational research with case control research design. The sample of this study was grouped into two, case group and control group, with the number of each group is 28 respondents. The case group was a group of toodlers with stunting ages 24 – 59 months, while the control group was a group of toodlers ages 24 – 59 months with no stunting case. The study was conducted in Bulak Banteng Public Health work area from January - May 2019. Data collection was carried out by collecting questionnaire about infectious disease and hygiene practices which were carried out by interview and observation method. Results : The result showed that there was an influence between the incidence of infectious disease (p=0,000) (OR= -3.402), and hygiene practices (p=0,000) (OR= -2.442) on stunting.Conclusion : The conclusion in this study is that there is a significant relationship between infectious diseases and hygiene practices with the incidence of stunting in toddler aged 24-59 months (in Bulak Banteng Health Center, Surabaya).
Anni Rahmawati, Fiastuti Witjaksono, Erfi Prafiantini
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.158-165

Abstract:
Latar Belakang: Prevalensi penduduk dewasa di Indonesia yang obesitas mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ke tahun. Sementara itu, angka obesitas pada pekerja, terutama di perkotaan juga makin meningkat. Puasa intermiten dapat menjadi alternatif solusi dalam tatalaksana obesitas untuk menurunkan berat badan, sehingga parameter metabolik lainnya seperti resistensi insulin juga bisa menurun.Tujuan: Mengetahui efek puasa intermiten 5:2 terhadap perubahan berat badan resistensi insulin pada karyawan obesitas di JakartaMetode: Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan uji klinis acak terkontrol. Sampel penelitian ialah karyawan di Jakarta yang berusia 19-59 tahun,memiliki IMT ≥ 25 kg/m2, dan memiliki lingkar pinggang ≥ 90 cm. Sampel dibagi menjadi kelompok intervensi (n=25) dan kelompok kontrol (n=25). Kelompok intervensi diminta untuk berpuasa pada hari senin dan kamis selama 8 minggu, sementara kelompok kontrol melanjutkan pola makan seperti biasa. Tidak terdapat pembatasan kalori pada kedua kelompok. Pengumpulan data melalui proses wawancara, pengukuran tubuh serta pemeriksaan laboratorium. Analisis data untuk melihat perbedaan rerata antar kelompok dengan menggunakan uji t tidak berpasangan atau uji Mann-Whitney, sementara untuk melihat perubahan dalam kelompok menggunakan uji t berpasangan atau Wilcoxon.Hasil: Perubahan berat badan pada kelomok intervensi ialah -0,8kg (-5,1- 2,2), sementara perubahan berat badan pada kelompok kontrol -0,3kg(-7,9 – 2,8). Perubahan kadar HOMA-IR pada kelompok intervensi ialah -0,29 (-17,78 – 6,84), sementara perubahan kadar HOMA-IR pada kelompok kontrol -0,46 (-18,94 – 10,55). Tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna rerata perubahan berat badan dan resistensi insulin pada kelompok yang berpuasa dibandingkan kelompok yang tidak melakukan puasa (p>0,05). Terdapat perbedaan berat badan pada kelompok intervensi dengan p = 0,026.Kesimpulan: Tidak terdapat perbedaan perubahan berat badan dan kadar HOMA-IR pada kelompok yang berpuasa dibandingkan kelompok yang tidak melakukan puasa, walaupun perbedaan berat badan pada kelompok intervensi turun bermakna. Perlu dilakukan promosi dan edukasi kesehatan secara berkala untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan mengubah perilaku karyawan akan gizi seimbang sehingga dapat mencegah terjadinya obesitas serta penyakit metabolik terkait obesitas.
Nisa Nur Isnaini Andari, Fillah Fithra Dieny, A.Fahmy Arif Tsani, Deny Yudi Fitranti, Nurmasari Widyastuti
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 140-148; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.140-148

Abstract:
Background: Based on the duration and intensity of the exercise, sports can b classified into two types: endurance and non endurance (strength and power). Endurance sports is a high risk sport with low diet quality, nutritional status (body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage), and haemoglobin level. Objectives: The aimed of this study is to analyze the differences of diet quality, nutritionl status, and haemoglobin level of female adolescent athletes in endurance and non endurance sports. Methods: An observational study with a cross-sectional design was conducted on 23 endurance athletes and 21 non endurance athletes in BBLOP Central Java, UNNES swimming and athletic sports club, and Salatiga atlhetic sports club. Subjects were selected by purposive sampling. BMI and body was measured by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (Tanita DC-360). Haemoglobin level was assessed by cyanmethemoglobin method. Diet quality was measured by semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) and diet quality index-international (DQI-I) form. Data was analyzed by independent t-test and Mann-Whitney. Results: The majority of nutritional status based on BMI and perventage body fat in endurance and non endurance athlete were normal. About 9,5% of non endurance athlete had anemia. There were significant difference in diet quality (p=0,029) and variety of protein source, iron, vitamin C, and empty calorie foods intake (p<0,001; p=0,028; p=0,045; p<0,001) of endurance and non endurance athletes, but no significant difference in body fat percentage (p=0,573) and haemoglobin level (p=0,714). Conclusion: There were significant difference on diet quality, variety of protein source, iron, vitamin C, and empty calorie foods intake between endurance and non endurance athletes.
Fillah Fithra Dieny, Iin Indartiningsih, Nuryanto Nuryanto, Ayu Rahadiyanti
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 121-126; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.121-126

Abstract:
Background: Neck circumference could describe upper-body subcutaneous fat, correlated with obesity and diabetes mellitus.Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between percent body fat and neck circumference with fasting blood glucose in obese female college students.Methods: The study was cross-sectional, conducted at Diponegoro University in June-August 2019. 119 participants were female, aged 17-21 years selected using the purposive sampling method. Measurement of waist circumference was used as an indicator of obesity. Percent body fat was measured using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA), and neck circumference was measured using a met line. Fasting blood glucose was examined after the subject fasted for 8-12 hours, the amount of blood taken was 5 cc. Data were analyzed with the Rank-Spearman correlation test.Results: As many as 84% of subjects had excess percent body fat. The median neck circumference was 32.5 cm. The median fasting blood glucose was 87 mg / dL. There was a significant correlation between percent body fat with fasting blood glucose (r = 0.231) (p = 0.012). There was no correlation between neck circumference with fasting blood glucose (r = 0.137) (p = 0.137).Conclusion: Percent of body fat had a significant relationship with fasting blood glucose, and the greater the circumference of the neck, the greater fasting blood glucoseKeywords: Obesity, Neck Circumference, Percent Body Fat, Fasting Blood Glucose
Rany Adelina, Carissa Cerdasari, Rani Nurmayanti, Elok Widayanti
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 166-172; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.166-172

Abstract:
Background: Problems that arise in students based on the results of the 2016 study indicate that more than 80% of students like to eat unhealthy snacks such as packaging snacks, fried foods, instant noodles, and meatballs. Where snacks contain high energy, carbohydrates, protein, saturated fat, and salt. The excess energy and nutrients intake are related to increasing the metabolic incidence of syndromes and the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease.Objectives: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of giving nutritional interventions to eating habits and anthropometric status of college students in Malang.Methods: The quasi-experimental design with 31 participants from college students in Malang. Nutrition interventions provided in the form of education related to healthy snacks and assistance in making healthy snacks. The instruments used were pretest-posttest, questionnaire, and semi FFQ. Data processing was carried out by descriptive statistical analysis and dependent t-test at a 95% confidence level.Results: There was a significant increase in knowledge related to healthy snacks for subyek penelitiants (p <0.01) indicated by the results of the pre-test and post-test. There was an increase in the influence with nutrition claims by 31% and there was a significant difference between before and after the intervention (p = 0.013). The results of a healthy semi FFQ snack for the fruit category experienced a significant increase after being given an intervention program (p <0.01), while the semi FFQ results for unhealthy snacks for the category of salted crackers, chocolate/candy, pudding, and market snacks tended to decrease in consumption although not significant. The prevalence of overweight and obese in participants before being given intervention was 29% and decreased after being given intervention to 22.6% even though there was no significant difference (p = 0.096).Conclusions: There is an increase in the influence of 'nutrition claims' and fruit consumption significantly. While the prevalence of obese tends to fall even though it is not significant between college students.
Alvia Anggreini, Deandrya Ardya R. Sutoyo, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 173-179; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.173-179

Abstract:
Latar belakang: Obesitas merupakan masalah kesehatan yang disebabkan oleh berbagai faktor salah satunya dari faktor diet. Diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa dapat memicu terjadinya masalah gizi lebih yaitu overweight dan obesitas. Diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa jika dilakukan seseorang yang mengalami obesitas akan menyebabkan masalah kesehatan seperti penyakit metabolik.Tujuan: Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah adalah membahas pengaruh diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa terhadap obesitas.Metode: Penelusuran artikel berdasarkan literatur dalam 10 tahun terakhir (2010-2020) menggunakan database elektronik seperti Google Scholar, Scopus, Science Direct, dan PubMed/Medline yang menganalisis pengaruh diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa terhadap obesitasUlasan: Hasil penelusuran penelitian menunjukkan bahwa diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa dapat menyebabkan kenaikan berat badan, overweight, obesitas, meningkatkan lingkar pinggang, meningkatkan lemak dalam tubuh dan inflamasi pada jaringan adiposa. Dampak penyakit penyerta dari diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa yaitu Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, kerusakan hati, penurunan energy expenditure dan stress oksidatif pada ginjal.Kesimpulan: Diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa menyebabkan kenaikan berat badan hingga masalah gizi lebih yaitu overweight dan obesitas. Dampak diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa dengan penyakit akibat obesitas yakni menyebabkan NAFLD (Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease). Penelitian terkait diet tinggi sukrosa dan fruktosa banyak dilakukan pada hewan coba. Penelitian selanjutnya diharapkan banyak dilakukan pada manusia juga, agar nantinya bisa dibandingkan dengan hasil penelitian dengan hewan coba, hasil tersebut sesuai dengan teori atau tidak.
Desiana Firdaus, Faisal Anwar, Ali Khomsan, Chica Riska Ashari
Published: 21 June 2021
Amerta Nutrition, Volume 5, pp 98-104; doi:10.20473/amnt.v5i2.2021.98-104

Abstract:
Latar Belakang: Masa balita merupakan masa yang memerlukan asupan gizi optimal untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan serta mencegah terjadinya masalah gizi. Keragaman konsumsi adalah salah satu indikator yang digunakan untuk menilai kualitas konsumsi dan kebutuhan zat gizi. Kualitas konsumsi secara langsung dapat memengaruhi status gizi balita.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk megidentifikasi keragaman konsumsi balita dan menganalisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan keragaman konsumsi balita usia 24-59 bulan di Kecamatan Gunung Halu Kabupaten Bandung Barat.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional studi dengan 97 balita usia 24-59 bulan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan November hingga Desember 2019. Balita dipilih secara acak menggunakan teknik random sampling. Keragaman konsumsi didapatkan dari konsumsi makanan sehari sebelumnya dan dianalisis berdasarkan standar FAO yang terdiri dari 9 kelompok pangan tanpa jumlah konsumsi minimal. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan keragaman konsumsi dianalisis menggunakan model regresi logistik. Jika total skor keragaman konsumsi ≤4 diklasifikasikan sebagai tidak beragam dan >4 beragam.Hasil: Sebanyak 76.3% balita pada penelitian ini mengonsumsi makan yang tidak beragam dan didominasi oleh makanan tinggi energi. Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara keragaman konsumsi balita dengan kejadian stunting. Status pekerjaan ibu (OR:4,63;95%CI:1,1-18,9), jenis kelamin (OR:5,1;95%CI:1,7-15,7), dan pengetahuan gizi ibu (OR:3,4,95%CI1,1-10,3) berhubungan signifikan dengan keragaman konsumsi balita.Kesimpulan: Ibu yang bekerja, balita laki-laki, dan pengetahuan gizi ibu yang kurang secara signifikan menjadi faktor yang berhubungan dengan keragaman konsumsi balita yang rendah.
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