Open Journal of Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2327-5952 / 2327-5960
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 2,464
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
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Latest articles in this journal

Victor Ibrahim Kolo, Charles Osezua, Gloria Osezua, Charles Aigbona
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 1-21; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.910001

Abstract:
The Corona Virus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) produced enormous impact on work and family across every sector of life. In order to contain the spread of the disease which occurred with great rapidity, both workplaces and families were globally forced to shut down from public engagement. Lagos, being the epicenter of the disease in Nigeria, was more hit by the impact of the pandemic, amidst great fears and anxiety, in spite of the busy nature of socio-economic life in the mega city. This study explored couples’ experiences and coping strategies as they negotiated the “emergency normal” that confronted them during the first three months of the lockdown. Using interpretive approach, In-depth Interviews were conducted with ten (10) couples, comprising five (5) males and 5 females, with marriage life ranging between four (4) to ten years and drawn from across various occupational sectors of the Nigerian society. We investigated couples’ experience of the lockdown using a tripod of approaches: pre-COVID-19 lockdown, COVID-19 lockdown and the futuristic approach of the post-COVID-19 period, all based on couples’ experiences. We found that work-life integration, desirable as it is, seemed difficult to practice in Lagos. Beyond the conventional work-life integration (WLI) approaches to and strategies for WLI, there is need to develop more practicable frameworks that can enhance WLI practice, based on the peculiar situation of married couples in Lagos, Nigeria.
Sen Chen, Roula Tsokalidou
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 610-627; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.99045

Abstract:
Within the context of Teaching Chinese to Speakers of Other Languages (hereafter TCSOL), the teaching of “le” is a key and thought-provoking grammatical point. Holding the view that the general explanations, often used in textbooks, are not easy for students to comprehend, after studying the relevant literature and drawing examples from specific textbooks, we make some suggestions regarding the teaching of “le”. The innovation of this article is the proposal of a unified approach to the interpretation of “le” within the theory of “realization”, the avoidance of the concepts of “complete” and “change”, of “le1 + le2 = le3” and of the idea that “le2” indicates the “tone”. Simultaneously, we propose the increase of the subjective communicative uses of “le”, the distinction between the meanings of sentence patterns and word meanings, and the unification of related terms.
Li Zhu, Xiangjun Gao, Cunqian Feng, Jiangang Liang, Yawei Wang
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 584-592; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.99043

Abstract:
The OVP blended teaching method is an effective teaching method based on the engineering teaching practice and the course system of microwave technology and antenna. In the teaching process, we should emphasize the combination of network, virtualization and project teaching mode, and attach importance to the application of new educational platform and educational resources, especially the diversification and cutting-edge concept of curriculum team, which makes teaching methods diversify and engineering. A number of knowledge points throughout the whole design process, to achieve the effective combination of technical principles and engineering practice. It enables students to really participate in the process of teaching and learning, and help to cultivate their comprehensive abilities of practice and innovation.
Asha
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 427-436; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.94031

Abstract:
What changes have taken place in the livelihood of farmers and herdsmen in Tibetan areas of Sichuan? In the long run, what is the problem with the changed livelihood model? This paper found the answer based on a field survey of villages. The author found that in the research process, the new compound livelihood mode of villages, such as farmland leasing, large-scale animal husbandry and concentrated extraction of medicinal materials, was not sustainable, and the villagers’ destructive use of local resources without any technical processing accelerated the consumption of grassland and farmland resources, breaking the ecological balance maintained by the local traditional livelihood. When income from animal husbandry and medicinal materials collection is dominant, problems such as unstable market, sharp decrease of medicinal materials resources, reduced yield and quality of grassland will only lead to uncertainty and high risk of new compound livelihood model of villages, and even lead to poverty.
Nancy del Rocio Flores Hinojosa
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 387-400; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.99027

Abstract:
This scientific contribution questions the economic, discursive and ideological definitions of populism and defends and develops a political-strategic conceptualization. The method used in this contribution is a bibliographic review under the search criteria “populist political currents” in the Web of Science database. In this way, 52 documents are detected. This academic material was reduced to 43 documents which were related and referenced in this manuscript. In addition, this research considers and refers to the material delivered in the Political Systems subject of the Doctorate in Public Administration program, of the National University of the Littoral, Faculty of Economic Sciences. The resulting definition emphasizes personalistic leadership that is based on the direct, unmediated, and institutionalized support of large masses of mostly unorganized followers. The contribution of this manuscript, resolved in: A theorization of populism. Analysis of the current discursive field of populism. Declaration of the common practices of populist leaders. A vision of the decline of notions of economic populism. Study of the incongruities between style and form, rhetoric and reality, of the populist currents. And last but not least, an analysis of the persistent confusion about populism.
Georgia Strofylla, Sofia Charitou, Katerina Asonitou, Dimitra Koutsouki
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 153-166; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.99011

Abstract:
Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face particular difficulties that impact their opportunities to participate in regular physical activities. According to the recent literature, exercise seems to have numerous benefits for students with ASD such as improvements in fundamental motor skills, balance and in physical fitness generally. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of 6-months adapted aerobic program on motor performance, Body Mass Index (BMI) and cognitive abilities in three adolescent boys with ASD. The study included two phases: baseline and post test. Motor performance of participants with ASD was evaluated with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition and cognitive abilities were assessed with the Cognitive Assessment System. Participants were administered also anthropometric measures (weight, height, waist circumference). Results indicated that participation in the aerobic program can improve participants’ motor proficiency, body composition and cognitive abilities. Developing exercise intervention programs to improve motor proficiency, physical fitness and cognitive abilities of children and youth with ASD should be a priority by the community in order to increase their overall health-related physical fitness.
Melissa Thomassy, Ashley Peacock, Amber Leone, Heather Hornbostel, Peggy Ward-Smith
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 204-218; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.99015

Abstract:
The use of superstitions, in healthcare settings, is often used to understand uncontrollable events. In order to describe the knowledge and clinical relevance of superstitions, survey data were collected from nursing staff who provide direct patient care. Using a research-based, study-specific survey, the aim of this study was to describe the knowledge and clinical relevance of superstitions among nurses who provide direct patient care in a hospital setting. These data were analyzed to describe the study population, along with their knowledge and clinical relevance of superstitions, and compare the responses based on self-disclosure of superstitiousness. Participants that described themselves as superstitious reported a greater propensity for superstitions to be clinically relevant. Less education and younger age increased one’s use of superstitions in a clinical setting. The use of superstitions provides a coping mechanism for healthcare providers and a format to explain and understand uncontrollable events.
Tsui-Ying Huang, Ting-Sheng Weng, Yang Chen
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 219-231; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.99016

Abstract:
Although artistic and delicate shapes can be made in creative design teaching on site, standard sizes should be specified for some necessary types of objects, in order to provide guidance for students and teach them techniques. It can be found that many technical tutors fail to teach students the quantitative characteristics of mathematics in making a jelly flower. As a result, it is difficult for novices to select accurate types of flower needles, and to know that different flower buds and petals should be created by injecting liquid concoctions with different and precise angles, depths, and sizes. Petals in different lengths should also be designed for tutors to teach students techniques with precise information. As no flower needles or concoction ratios similar to those mentioned above are provided in films, teaching files, or books, it is necessary to teach the flower piping with different angles, lengths, depths. This study aims to provide students with accurate numbers and angles that follow the technical steps and methods to design and make delicate floral jelly cakes, as well as the use of various quantitative characteristics with explanations through graphs and text. The results of this study provide novices with the required techniques to make these cakes. This study can help tutors learn from examples and engage in teaching suitable and scientific techniques, and its result can be taken as the basis for the development of a professional teaching course in making floral jelly cakes.
Nicole L. Rosen, Nicole A. Shoenberger
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 197-214; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.98014

Abstract:
Gender inequalities have been examined at individual and institutional levels. One key way that gender differences are reinforced is through language. To examine gendered language differences, this study goes beyond what girls and boys say to examine how they describe their experiences, pertaining specifically to bullying. The central research question of this study is, “How do girls and boys interpret and explain their experiences of being bullied?” Using open-ended questions from a national survey, this study applies a qualitative content analysis and OSL regression analysis to determine how gender socialization has influenced how girls and boys communicate their experiences. Findings include girls’ tendency to offer in-depth responses, which reflect storytelling, while boys minimized their victimization by giving off a tough front. This study suggests that gendered patterns of language serve to reinforce gender differences in how girls and boys reflect on their experiences with bullying.
Peter Agyeman Biney, Mei-Ying Cheng
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 09, pp 305-325; https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2021.98021

Abstract:
This study aims at finding out the current trends in international student education with emphasis on China as an emerging preferred study location by most international students in recent times. 583 international students took part in this study, using the simple random and convenience sampling methods. The study adopted the descriptive survey design, using an online questionnaire which was generated by the Microsoft Survey application and sent via personal online platforms. The data were analyzed using means (including mean of means) and standard deviations (including mean of standard deviation) for all questions. From the findings, it was revealed that most students now have a strong desire for international education for the purposes of getting international certifications, meeting new faculty, changing environment and having access to well-equipped universities. In addition, the study revealed that, most international students now choose to study in China in order to enjoy scholarships from the Chinese government and universities, learn the Chinese language, enjoy higher chances of gaining admission for subsequent studies, experience simple visa processes, experience the fast growth of the Chinese economy at firsthand as well as enjoy from the relatively low costs of obtaining a degree and living in China. Furthermore, the study also revealed that, in recent times, most international students do not patronize universities in the western countries as before, for reasons such as cumbersome visa processes, inability to properly integrate into western cultures as well as the relatively high costs of obtaining a degree and living there. The study also revealed that a few outstanding benefits of studying in China include: the establishment of business partnerships, higher post-graduation employment prospects, personal safety and the strategic positioning of China as a link to the rest of the world. The study further recommended that: the Chinese government through the Ministry of Education (MOE), should continuously put in place measures to attract more higher-calibre international students from all over the world by making sure all internationalized schools adjust to global standards, university authorities should also arrange necessary internship opportunities for international students to help bridge the gap between the job market and the classroom. In addition, higher institutions’ administrators and other concerned stakeholders of international education should continuously implement sustainable measures to bring in more international students by providing foreigner-friendly services. Furthermore, on the part of international students, they must plan well and do enough research on the chosen study location before making an attempt to school abroad, they must also learn to abide strictly by the laws of their chosen location of study, so as to enjoy their time of study. Moreover, in choosing a location of study abroad, they can consider schooling either in the West or in the East, provided the prevailing conditions in the chosen location meets their expectations. Finally, schooling in China is a recommended option due to the relative possible benefits during and even after the completion of studies.
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