Open Journal of Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23275952 / 23275960
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc, (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 1,767
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Latest articles in this journal

Ullah Khan Barkat, Nadir Ali Shah Syed, Gul Rabia, Barkat Ullah Khan, Syed Nadir Ali Shah, Rabia Gul
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 200-216; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81014

Abstract:This study was motivated by the initiatives of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan that provides various conditional cash transfers (CCTs) to youth education in the less developed areas of the country. The CCTs are given to youth in the shape of HEC Need-Based Scholarships (HEC-NBS) and the Prime Minister’s Fee Reimbursement Scheme (PMFRS). This study investigates the impact of the CCTs on the educational performance of the students in the under-developed areas of Pakistan. Data were gathered through self-administered questionnaires from the students who were awardees of the scholarships. A total of 350 responses were used for the final analysis. A statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 25 was used to get the data analyzed. It was found that the two CCTs (HEC-NBS and PMFRS) substantially affect the educational performance of the students. The PMFRS was the most dominant predictor of the students’ performance indicating a high tangible source of students’ motivation. This study helps in both theoretical and practical spectrums. It practically helps expand the higher education to every nook of the country as well as light the policy-making outlines to sustain the CCTs for the better future of higher education in Pakistan.
Anne Abaho
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 1-17; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81001

Abstract:This article reviews literature concerning the conflict prevention strategies in some African countries. The article acknowledges that there have been numerous efforts: mediation, negotiations and military involvement employed in ensuring that the conflicts do not break out or are reignited on the continent. Nonetheless, the conflicts have remained a continental problem. This work argues that despite the commitment to preventing the conflicts on the continent, unless human needs are satisfied, the efforts may as well go to waste. Thus, using the Human Needs Theory, this paper argues that the frustration of human needs has a direct relationship with conflicts outbreak. The paper recommends adopting the Human Needs Theory to conflict prevention strategies as critical for proper diagnosis of the conflict triggering factors on the continent.
Paul Perkins, Allan Hahn
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 148-199; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81013

Abstract:A modified boxing program in which youth and adults participated together ran for almost five years at an Australian community youth club. It was initially focused on preparing participants for occasional modified boxing competitions in which impacts to the head and neck were prohibited and any forceful impacts were penalized. The Head Coach of the program initiated regular small-group and individual discussions with participants and used the outcomes to guide program iteration. The participants became co-designers of the program and therefore architects of their own sport experience. This led to substantial changes in the nature of the program, with interpersonal competition progressively de-emphasized and eventually almost entirely removed. Increased attention was directed to building a cohesive, inclusive community and engaging in cooperative endeavours that provided a shared sense of purpose. Natural adult mentors emerged, and some adolescents took on peer leadership roles. Through a partnership between the club and a local university, program participants became involved in diverse research activities aimed at program improvement. Young program participants began to anecdotally report obtaining broad-ranging benefits from the program, and these reports were subjectively corroborated by parents and natural mentors. To determine the nature of any such benefits, we examined records of discussions that the Head Coach had logged in a detailed journal over the course of the program. We targeted a purposeful sample that included six young program participants and twelve adults who had varying program connections. Thematic analysis performed on the records of discussions with the selected subjects revealed that the most common perceived benefits that young people derived from the program were increased determination, increased self-confidence and enhanced leadership skills. Specific program features most clearly associated with these outcomes were fostering of positive and supportive relationships, collaborative involvement of the young people in determining program directions and provision of opportunities for positive observational learning. These findings are consistent with published literature and contemporary theories on positive youth development. Although positive youth development was not the explicit objective of the modified boxing program, the establishment of functional youth-adult partnerships and co-design procedures in the program environment caused the program to take on characteristics that research has identified as critical to attainment of positive youth development outcomes.
Haiting Weng
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 121-128; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81010

Abstract:In recent years, the large amount of goodwill impairment caused by high-priced mergers and acquisitions has also aroused widespread discussion. Why do companies purchase at a high premium? What effect does a high premium have on the impairment of goodwill? With the development of behavioral finance, this article uses the perspective of overconfidence in this theory, and answers the above two questions by reviewing the domestic and foreign literature. We find that the overconfidence in management tends to form the overpayment in corporate acquisitions, and the overpayment is more likely to lead to the goodwill impairment. At last, this article also proposes future research directions and I hope it can provide theoretical references for future related research.
Yuyu Wu
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 217-233; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81015

Abstract:To study the evaluation and influencing factors of regional economic vitality, this paper uses factor analysis method to grasp the key factors affecting economic vitality, and then establishes a multiple regression model. We comprehensively use SPSS, Eviews, Excel and other software programmings, figuring out the effects of population, enterprise vitality, and policy transformation on economic vitality. At last, we put forward some reasonable suggestions to promote the sustainable development of economy.
Hai Tang
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 139-147; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81012

Abstract:This essay takes a Chinese music TV programme Zhongguo You Xiha (The Rap of China) to discuss the Hip-Hop music in China. It states that the rising of the Hip-Hop in China is actually a cross-cultural phenomenon. On the one side, Chinese Hip-Hop keeps the idea of expression as its core philosophy. The sustainable economic development and the open-door policy in China, to some extent, have created an expansion of personal freedom in socio-economic life, allowing Chinese artists to express their feelings, emotions, attitudes, and, to make their voices heard. On the other side of the coin, Chinese rapping or dancing acts as a multicultural phenomenon, mixed with both the Eastern (Japanese and Korean) and the Western (American) styles. It appears as a new form of musical expression, functioning as a pop culture rather than a political one. Furthermore, Chinese Hip-Hop has been particularly attracted to Chinese youth. In other words, Chinese young rappers have potentially adopted Hip-Hop as a youth culture to fulfill their personal interests and needs.
Tianhong Xia, Qi Huang, Kaichuang Deng, Shiwen Xing
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 85-97; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81007

Abstract:Financial aid and education in colleges and universities are specific presentations of precision poverty alleviation. Currently, the college financial support has the problem of inaccurate support object, unevenly distributed financial sources and ineffective aid and education. By researching the main problems and connotation of the college poverty alleviation, and analyzing the application value of the blockchain in the college precision financial aid, the evaluation system of financial monitoring and effectiveness and college financial model in the view of blockchain are proposed creatively. The standardized, shared and differentiated and dynamic innovation development of college precision financial support can be created, leading to the progress of aid and education of colleges and universities.
Vernon Mukuwa, Jackson Phiri
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 98-108; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81008

Abstract:World over, taxpayers’ resistance, underutilization and reluctance to use e-services remain a great concern and still plague various tax agencies which are embracing electronic tax services. This study set out to investigate the effects of these electronic services on revenue collection and tax compliance among Small and Medium Enterprises in urban Zambia. The study also sought to identify factors that influence the acceptance and use of electronic services among SMEs using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) Model. The study employed a descriptive research design where 400 questionnaires were administered to purposively sampled SMEs in the Copper belt and Lusaka provinces. The data collected was analyzed using the social package for statistical sciences software (SPSS) descriptive and correlation analysis. The descriptive analysis revealed that there has been a significant increase in revenue collection and tax compliance among SMEs since the introduction of these e-services. This was validated by results from correlation analysis which gave a correlation coefficient of 0.157 and a p-value of 0.017, which was deemed to be statistically significant because it gave a p-value less than 0.05. The study also shows that Performance Expectancy, Effort Expectancy and Social Influence affect SMEs’ behavioral intention to use eservices. Further, only Behavioral Intentions of SMEs significantly affect their use behavior of e-services.
Rasel, Gaili Jiao, Shaheen Yusufzada, Bouasone Chanthamith, Ayrin Sultana
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 109-120; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.81009

Abstract:The aim of this article is to assess the effect of strategies of Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) on sustainable economic development of member countries. This study is based on qualitative approach and secondary data. A number of documents such as journal articles, government reports, books, book chapters and working papers have been consulted to substantiate the arguments. The article explores that there is a potential effect of BRI on the sustainable economic development of its member countries. Some of the member countries are getting direct benefits from it and other countries are in the way of getting benefits through infrastructure development, trading, cultural exchanges and mutual political agreements. It is empowering a number of developing countries through economic development by linking economic corridors, seaport, roads and railway networks. This article also finds that so many economic zones are planned to open in member countries to get benefits from BRI initiative by promoting infrastructure, energy, gas, oil and electricity, roads, railways and other related projects.