Open Journal of Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23275952 / 23275960
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 2,001
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Latest articles in this journal

Feng Zhang, Hong Chen
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 497-506; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.83042

Remanufacturing outsourcing creates the cannibalisation for the original equipment manufacturers’ (OEMs’) new products sales. In dealing with the cannibalization from the third-party remanufacturer (3PR), many OEMs such as ATK, Canada Engines, Ford and Land Rover, undertake used cores collecting or remanufactured products remarketing. Motivated by examples from industry, we develop two models in which an OEM produces new products but outsources remanufacturing operations to a 3PR according to two potential strategies in dealing with the cannibalization from remanufactured products: 1) collecting used cores from consumers or 2) remarketing all remanufactured products to consumers. Among other results, we find that, if the collection cost coefficient is not pronounced, the OEM would prefer remarketing remanufactured products than undertaking used cores collection, though the former creates fiercer cannibalization problems for new products sales. Further, as the collection cost coefficient is moderate, remarketing remanufactured products can create a win-win result for both parties. As such, we suggest that, practicing managers should focus both on the cost of collecting used cores and the cannibalisation problems of remanufacturing. This complements existing results which show that when remanufacturing is out-sourced, the OEM equate minimising cannibalisation with maximizing profits.
Wen-Hai Chih, Mingzhe Ren
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 507-513; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.83043

The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between website reputation, website quality, and repeat purchase intention and the moderating effect of trust on the relationship between website reputation and website quality. Results show that website reputation has a significant and positive effect on website quality, which also has a significant and positive effect on repeat purchase intention. However, trust does not moderate the relationship between website reputation and website quality.
Nannan Tan, Yong Li
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 89-98; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.87008

China’s primary health care system is the key to guaranteeing and implementing the “full coverage, basic protection” social medical policy. This study uses the DEA model and the entropy-weight TOPSIS method to estimate the efficiency of China’s primary medical and health institutions in 2018. The results found that in 2018, the overall mean score of the efficiency of primary medical and health institutions was low, and the inter-provincial differences were large. As for the policy implication behind this paper, responsible government departments in China should fully distribute health resources rationally and improve the primary medical and health service system.
Weiwei Cui
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 64-70; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.87006

With the continuous innovation and development of the teaching system, China’s education system is also constantly improving. Teaching management has always been the focus of education and teaching. This paper will focus on the analysis of the problems existing in the teaching management of colleges and universities in China, put forward countermeasures and methods to improve the quality of teaching management in colleges and universities, elaborate on the significance of improving the quality of teaching management in colleges and universities, and thereby promoting the sustainable and healthy development of college education and teaching.
Joanna Black, Cody Fullerton
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 71-88; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.87007

Never has it been more urgent for educators to be aware of the perils of research in education using digital searches in today’s world of disinformation, misinformation, artificial intelligence and censorship. As a result, we are more reliant on strong researchers than ever before. In the discipline of Education, students are often asked to research issues pertaining to curricula, pedagogy, educational information and theories. Pupils are using Internet and digital library searches to gain knowledge within public and private K-12 schools and within higher education. In this article, an Educational Librarian and an Education Professor outline their approach to educating all Faculty of Education students about using digital platforms in relation to unmasking fake news, artificial intelligence (AI) usage, and increasing Internet censorship. Using case study research, we examined 34 Bachelor of Education students in training at the high school level who created environmental digital art projects. Information/media literacy was taught in order to provide students with the necessary tools to identify credible, diverse, well-informed, strong, and robust research. In addition, they needed to be able to discern when artificial intelligence was utilized. Outlined are students’ projects. Our findings include “top ten” practical suggestions for educators at all levels when teaching students about effective researching in our current digital era.
Shaoqin Liu, Yuzhuo Liu, Zhe Sun
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 447-454; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.86034

Since December, Wuhan, the capital city of central China’s Hubei Province, has continuously found many cases of viral pneumonia, and all of them have been diagnosed with pneumonia caused by novel coronavirus. And the virus is transmissible between humans. As of March 1, there have been 2803 fatalities due to novel coronavirus infection across the country. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, gave important instructions to the epidemic and resolutely curbed the spread of the virus. Measures such as traffic control, delayed start of construction, and blockade of building areas were implemented in localities. Elementary and secondary schools and colleges throughout the country suspended the open of school and conducted online teaching. Under the circumstances of the postponement of school semesters and the inability to go out due to the epidemic, college students are facing significant psychological pressure, academic pressure and employment pressure, and some students have various problems such as panic, anxiety and insomnia. This article proposes a series of new management measures and solutions to the various situations of students during the epidemic to ease its impact on college students under the condition that it does not affect the control of the virus.
Min Zheng, Hanjun Li, Bo Yin, Wenju Liu
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 465-474; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.86036

In recent years, more and more multinational enterprises participate in the rapid development of China’s economy. Among them, Philippine enterprises have also begun to accelerate the pace of investment and factory building in China. The investment area also extends from the coast to the mainland. With the expansion of enterprise scale and the improvement of employee diversity, the cultural differences between China and Philippines in Philippine enterprises began to highlight, resulting in a serious trend of cultural conflict. Human resource management based on cultural differences has gradually become the primary task that Philippine enterprises in China must deal with. Firstly, the study defines the basic concepts and reviews related literature. Secondly, the research starts to study the society formation, economic institution and history background of these two countries. Thirdly, the research discusses the internal cultural differences focusing on the working values and needs of employees from two different countries and suggests recommendations. Lastly, through the further research, the study determines the most important culture conflict issues occur in Philippine Company in China and suggests measures to resolve culture conflicts. From the perspective of cultural core, the research is aimed to compare and contrast characteristics and working values of Chinese managers and Filipino managers using Hofstede’s cultural five-dimensional theory. Questionnaire and case analysis methods are adopted in the research.
Shaoqin Liu, Xin Wang, Jinzhe Chu
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 438-446; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.86033

In the report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, it is proposed that colleges and universities should take the theoretical system of “cultivating morality and cultivating people as the fundamental task of education” as the guidance center. The basic concept of “cultivating morality and cultivating people” has become the main guiding ideology for universities in China to carry out student work. While cultivating professional talents for the country, universities also shoulder the task of cultivating and inspecting the comprehensive quality of talents and are committed to cultivating comprehensive talents with all-round development of morality, intelligence, physique, arts and labor. Therefore, it is of great value and significance to explore the innovative modes and practical methods of student management in colleges and universities under the concept of “cultivating morality and cultivating people”. Under the theoretical system of “cultivating morality and cultivating people”, colleges and universities actively explore new paths, new forms and new methods of student management.
Sun Yang, Lixia Wen
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 455-464; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.86035

With the development of mobile payment and intelligent technologies, virtual payment system has been introduced to campus to improve the campus payment environment and the degree of intelligence on campus, so that online and offline campus payment can be combined, and payment by scanning QR code and card can be simultaneously achieved to greatly facilitate the learning and life of teachers and students, meet their diverse payment needs and enhance the service level and payment efficiency. Based on summarizing the problems faced by traditional campus card system in application, functions, and services, this paper analyzes the goals of building a virtual payment system, and builds a virtual payment system integrating applications, such as virtual campus card, electronic payment, and aggregation payment.
Ambinintsoa Nantenaina Rakotonanahary, Jianmin Cao
Open Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 208-216; doi:10.4236/jss.2020.86017

The cultivation of vanilla is one of the economic pillars of Madagascar. Yet, since its liberalization in 1995, this sector has experienced recurrent production instability. In an attempt to enhance the production performance in this sector, this article will try to study the causes of this production instability, and propose a sustainable alternative to the vanilla production in Madagascar. Indeed, during this research, the empirical research analysis revealed on the one hand a poor communication management of the vanilla sector in the spread of timely information and an annual passage of tropical cyclones. Besides, the literature review suggests that one alternative could be introduced through the integration of new technologies such as ICT.
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