International Business Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1913-9004 / 1913-9012
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 2,264
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Kevin Duran
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n5p94

Abstract:
Reviewer Acknowledgements for International Business Research, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2021
Mohamed Santigie Kanu
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n5p63

Abstract:
The implementation of holistic risk management, enterprise risk management (ERM), is believed to contribute significantly to the successful performance of modern-day organizations that operate in an increasingly volatile and dynamic environment. In an environment of scarce resources and information uncertainty, ERM, risk culture, and strategic planning is required to face an unstable business environment to achieve organizational goals. Several conceptual and empirical studies have provided mixed evidence on the value relevance of ERM. Scholars have also demonstrated that the effects of ERM on performance are contingent upon certain contextual variables. Currently, the academic literature is silent on the joint relationship of ERM, risk culture, strategic planning, and organizational performance. The purpose of this study is to uncover this research gap by analytically reviewing pertinent conceptual and empirical literature to establish the possibility that the impact of ERM on organizational performance is transmitted through risk culture and strategic planning. This paper advances these evolving suggestions, which hinges on the conclusion that the direct effect of ERM on organizational performance is debatable and hence inconclusive due to the possible mediating influence of risk culture and strategic planning. A framework is conceptualized to examine the mediating effects of these two constructs on the relationship. The study proposes partial least squares structural equation modeling for statistical analysis using the unexplored multiple mediation analysis in the ERM academic literature. This paper’s postulations would guide empirical research in various contexts to address the knowledge gaps in the extant literature.
Ashwaq Rushud Al Rushud
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n5p40

Abstract:
This study explores the organisational and individual factors that influence knowledge sharing behaviour among UK universities’ academics. Furthermore, the research also aims to provide recommendations on how knowledge sharing can be promoted. Few studies have been conducted to explore Knowledge Sharing behaviour in the context of higher education institutions. This research sheds light on the factors that influence knowledge sharing behaviour in higher learning institutions. Data for this research were collected from sixteen academics from four UK universities using semi-structured interviews and snowball sampling technique. The interview data was thematically analysed using Nvivo12 software. The interviews reveal that there is a positive attitude among academics toward knowledge sharing. Furthermore, there are several factors (organisational and individual) affecting knowledge sharing behaviour, such as unsupportive leadership, lack of facilities and lack of an effective rewards system.
Liu Zhongmin
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n5p49

Abstract:
In order to promote the all-round compliance management in central enterprises, accelerate the management improvement in accordance with law, and strive to construct the central enterprises under the rule of law to ensure the sustainable and sound development, on November 2,2018, the SASAC issued the “Central Enterprise Compliance Management Guidelines((Trial), Subsequently, the local SASAC also issued relevant guidance documents, such as on December 28,2018, the Shanghai SASAC issued the “Shanghai SASAC Supervision Enterprise Compliance Management Guidelines (trial)”. As for a large state-owned logistics enterprise, the daily operation and management involves various links and wide range, the establishment of compliance management system is particularly significant. This paper takes SASAC's guidelines as the criterion, carries out analysis on the previous management compliance and process control, the post-management risk identification and risk control, prevention and pre-warning, etc., combing the process and organizational structure of compliance management system construction, so as to build a complete compliance management system framework, and finally put forward effective recommendations and measures for compliance management in large state-owned enterprises.
Yang Feng, Yang Wang
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n5p18

Abstract:
Deindustrialization is a widespread phenomenon, both in developed economies or developing countries in the history. This paper examinate the impact of deindustrialization, which is caused by administrative measures aimed at overcapacity, on China’s economic growth in the lastest decade. We adopt empirical approach to estimate the impact, the results show deindustrialization have a significantly negative effect on economic growth in the central and western China, which is stronger in the cites with fast deindustrialization, and in medium and small cities. It provides evidence that rapid deindustrialization hinders the sustainability and magnifies the vulnerability of economic growth, especially premature deindustrialization.
Sarpong Smart Asomaning, Akom Mary Safowah, Kusi-Owusu Emelia, Ofosua-Adjei Irene, Abrokwah A. Moreen, Gyimah D. Michael, Botwe Benjamin, Biritwum Bertrin Amponsah
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n5p27

Abstract:
Background: Employability is often broadly defined as an individual’s ability to gain employment, to maintain employment or to replace an employment relationship by another. This study seeks to provide information on employability demands in the Ghanaian labour market. Method: The study is based on an in-depth analysis of job advertisements in the most widely read national daily, the Daily Graphic Newspaper. Analysis of the study was done using IBM-SPSS version 25. Results: More than half of all advertised jobs (54.3%) were for Professionals and Management Officials. About 22.8% of all advertised jobs were open to persons with no academic qualifications. Of the remaining 77.2% that required educational qualifications, almost half (47.3%) were open to university first degree holders. Job seekers who lack job-specific skills, computer literacy and communicative skills are not likely to succeed in the Ghanaian labour market. Also from the results, one may secure a job from age 25 and is most likely to secure a suitable job by age 35 with a minimum of 3 years of working experience. However, the likelihood of securing a job reduces as one approaches age 45. Conclusion: The study concludes that training and preparation for the job market should begin early enough for all prospective job seekers. Also, persons undertaking higher learning should take advantage of any small period of time in internship programs, voluntary works and industrial attachments to acquire the necessary work experiences needed to be competitive in the search for jobs in the Ghanaian labour market.
Ghazy A. Al-Badayneh
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n5p1

Abstract:
Is study aimed at analyzing the trends of administrative and academic leaders towards achieving governance in the official Jordanian universities in southern Jordan. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was developed covering the study variables, it was distributed to the study population consisting of administrative and academic leaders in three official universities in southern Jordan, which is Mutah, Al-Hussein Bin Talal, and Tafila Technical), who were (904) employees, the study sample was selected in a random, stratified proportional method of (452) respondents forming (50%) of the study population. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used, using the statistical package (SPSS.16), the study reached a set of results including the following: That the Mean of the respondents 'perceptions of the dimensions of the administrative and academic leadership trends in public universities in southern Jordan had a high degree, and that the Mean of the respondents' perceptions of the governance dimensions in public universities in southern Jordan had a high degree. The study results showed a statistically significant positive relationship between the independent variable (leadership trends) and its various dimensions and the dependent variable (governance) and its various dimensions. The study revealed many recommendations, including: Paying attention to continuous training of leaders on understanding administrative activity, especially in the field of leadership behavior in universities to activate the role of leaders in these universities, spreading and strengthening governance culture among their employees as it will be reflected in the decisions of the institution, in turn on its performance.
Rosangela Feola, Valentina Cucino, Roberto Parente
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n4p114

Abstract:
The innovation chain of the pharmaceutical industry is more and more complex.  In particular, a new type of players, the start-ups founded by researchers (Academic Start-ups) have proven to be particularly effective in the first steps of exploring new, radically innovative technologies. These small start-ups miss the financial resources and the industrial experience necessary to embark in the later stage of technologies’ development. To overcome these limits, what academic start-ups require the most is a collaborative linkage with large biotech and pharma companies. To such end, Business Development Professionals are offering their services to academic start-ups, to set up a collaborative linkage with potential partners. Our article investigates the process of engagement between Academic Start-ups and Business Development Professionals and in particular, we focus on the factors that influence collaboration between the two actors. In order to investigate the development process of collaboration we conducted an exploratory study trough the submission of a semi-structured questionnaire covering different aspects of the engagement process to a sample of business professionals. The study provide first evidences about the main factors that prevent the development of collaborations and provides some suggestions to overcome the challenges that both parts found in the collaboration process.
Ghanim Alhajeri
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n4p101

Abstract:
UAE government can stimulate the development of innovations by giving due emphasis on the promotion of entrepreneurship education in youth. Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) would only succeed in UAE, when young individuals devise new technologies by using available resources, recruit and train the locals and manufactures products for both domestic and international consumption. This study emphasizes on the efforts made by the UAE government, particularly the government of Abu Dhabi for upgrading and expanding vocational education in collaboration with the private sector. An explorative study design is employed to review the need of the growth of vocational education in UAE with specific reference to Abu Dhabi. It also examines the recent efforts, undertaken in the vocational education sector in UAE and Abu Dhabi. Apparently, there is minimal evidence that technical and vocational education and training interventions are effective to provide employment for young people. The perception behind support and benefits, shared concepts of significance to offer entrepreneurship education.
Yang Feng, Yang Wang
International Business Research, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ibr.v14n4p126

Abstract:
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is an important force to promote economic growth and social development in both developed and developing countries, while the distribution of FDI in the world and within countries is extremely uneven. This paper systematically summarizes the main determinants that affect the location choice of FDI in recent theoretical and empirical studies, including institution and investment environment, trade cost and industrial agglomeration, market size and natural resource, cultural distance and social network. Based on the work of this paper, it is helpful to better understand the location preference of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in FDI activities, and provide a reference basis for the host country to attract investment and promote economic growth.
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