International Business Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 19139004 / 19139012
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 2,190
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Latest articles in this journal

Khaled Mohammad Khalaf Mohammad Al-Dreban
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p95

Abstract:
The current study aimed at identifying the impact of social media on the small business in the state of Kuwait. The study population consisted of all workers in small business, and they were (720) workers. A simple random sample consisting of (300) workers was selected and (208) were retrieved. The study was distributed according to demographic variables (gender, educational qualification, experience). The study concluded that there is a statistically significant impact of social media on promoting the products of small business in the State of Kuwait through a simple linear regression test. This result indicates that social media influences the positive and noticeable method of promoting small business products. The current study has reached a number of recommendations, the most important of which are: The importance of small and medium companies adopting social media in their activities, especially in marketing and promotion activities, and the and the need to form working groups specialized in social media in these projects to improve the effectiveness of promoting their products, and finally, inviting researchers to study social media and their impact on other marketing activities such as pricing, selling and marketing confidence, customer loyalty and satisfaction.
Eduardo Flores, Joelson Oliveira Sampaio, Aziz Xavier Beiruth, Aldy Fernandes Da Silva
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p115

Abstract:
This study evaluates the effect of earnings transparency on the cost of debt (Ki) and cost of equity (Ke). Previous literature has demonstrated that earnings transparency can reduce the Ke, especially in very well-developed stock markets. However, our main hypothesis is that this finding does not necessarily remain the same when considering the Ki. More specifically, this is because investors and creditors have different interests, concerns, and views about financial statements and accounting procedures. Using two proxies of earnings transparency, our findings support this conjecture, indicating that while an increase in earnings transparency reduces the Ke, this relationship does not keep that same impact on Ki. This study has implications for standard setters, debt holders and companies regarding the changes stemming from IFRS convergence, contributing to the prior literature which indicate that creditors and investors need different kind of information due to the distinct decision-making process.
Tobias F. Rötheli
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p108

Abstract:
This study assesses the accuracy of forecasts by industry branches. Such an investigation provides a perspective on the relative benefits of forecasting in different industries. Accuracy of forecasting is assessed by econometrically investigating expectations data on firms’ production drawn from surveys covering manufacturing. Such data is available for only few countries and few historical periods. We study U.S. data covering the 1980s and German data over the period from 1991 to 2018. We first present rankings of industries according to forecast accuracy for both countries. Then the historical gap between the two countries’ data set is put to use to assess the stability and the dynamics in the relevance of forecasting in different branches of industry. We identify several industries that – across time and place – are among the most (e.g., electric machinery) and least accurate forecasters (e.g., the food industry). By contrast in some industries forecasting performance appear to undergo noticeable changes over time: the reported evidence suggests that forecasting has lost some of its potential in the printing and textile industries while gaining over time in the nonelectric machinery and in the metals industry. The findings can help management to make decisions regarding the allocation of resources to forecasting.
Bijay Sigdel, Fuangfa Amponstira
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p76

Abstract:
This study's main objective is to investigate the relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Firm's Profitability of Small and Medium enterprises located in Pokhara city, Nepal. The qualitative research design was used for the study under which the researcher collects the data by in-depth interviews through face to face interaction with the two expert government officials and fifteen owner or manager from the Small and Medium enterprises. Interviews are transcribed, coded, and interpreted to analyze the data. The study found that Ethical responsibilities are the most significant factor influencing a firm's profitability, followed by Economic responsibilities, Legal responsibilities, and Philanthropic responsibilities. Small and medium enterprises have issues in the market level, societal level, and government level that can be solved through ease in registering enterprises and improving government policy. It will bring more enterprises to the mainstream level under government subsidiaries, which will contribute more to society's betterment.
Pratikshya Bhandari, Fuangfa Amponstira
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p66

Abstract:
Entrepreneurial orientation is defined as an organization's strategic orientation, which seizure an organization's strategic making practices, managerial philosophy, and the organization's behavior, which are entrepreneurial. This study investigates the effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the profitability of women-owned enterprises in Pokhara City, Nepal, through mixed research method qualitative and quantitative analysis. The primary data were obtained from an in-depth interview with two experts of government offices and sixteen personnel/founder from women-owned enterprises. Secondary data were collected from Nepal Government and The World Bank. The study found that entrepreneurial orientation and its various dimension (Proactiveness, Innovativeness, Risk-taking, Competitive Aggressiveness, and Autonomy) are the major influencing factors to increase the profitability of women-owned enterprises. Furthermore, in the present context, women-owned enterprises should concentrate more on innovativeness to achieve profitability. Women should overcome all the issues and challenges they face at the personal level, social level, financial level, and government level, which will be vital in improving women-owned enterprises' business growth. The finding of this study helps the women-owned enterprises be more entrepreneurial to sustain and grow in the competitive market environment amid huge challenges and barriers.
René-Pascal Van Den Boom
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p85

Abstract:
During the past decades, several risk management models have been developed and implemented. Merely, suitable for large firms. Nowadays, there is still a lack of a comprehensive framework for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper proposes a new conceptual Financial Risk Management framework for SMEs. The framework consists of two dimensions: Risk Management Process and Organizational Structure. Both dimensions contain several components, each component includes one or more items. To calculate scores on different levels Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used to calculate weighting factors. We add a disparity factor to adjust the final score for an imbalance between dimensions. The educational level of the risk manager is tested positively as a determinant for FRM as well as for the two dimensions. The proposed framework may help individual SMEs evaluate and approve its financial risk management. 
Ying Wang, Yunqing Wang, Wenjie Pan
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n1039-52

Abstract:
The manufacturing sector is the foundation of a nation’s industrial structure, and its productivity is closely related to the quality of economic development. The paper uses DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) models to measure Manufacturing TFP (Total Factor Productivity) and the factors affecting its growth in Shanghai since 1996, and compares Shanghai’s TFP growth with other major manufacturing provinces in China. The results show that Shanghai has no significant advantages over other provinces under the combined action of the internal and external factors. Turning to the development mode driven by the “two-wheel” of both technological progress and technical efficiency is an important way to increase the productivity of manufacturing sector in Shanghai.
Lily C Dong, Chunling Yu
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p53

Abstract:
With the globalization of world economy, more brands from emerging markets have entered the international market, which brought changes to the competitive landscape previously dominated by global brands from developed countries. It becomes more critical for marketing managers to understand consumers’ perceptions of the two types of global brands: traditional global brands from developed countries and emerging global brands from developing countries, and to uncover the changes in consumers’ purchase intentions in the new competitive environment. This study attempts to identify factors influencing consumers’ purchase intentions concerning the aforementioned two types of global brands. The results indicated that consumers’ interpretation of global brands is becoming increasingly complicated. In addition to the already established pathway of “perceived brand globalness (PBG)” influencing consumers’ brand attitude (hereinafter referred to as “BA”) and purchase intentions, there emerged a new pathway of “perceived brand localness (PBL)” influencing consumers’ brand perception and purchase intentions. These two pathways have different effects on traditional global brands and emerging global brands. Specifically, for traditional global brands, PBG has greater influence than PBL; for emerging global brands, PBL has more influence than PBG.
Tao Zhu, John Walsh, Fuangfa Ampornstira
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p31

Abstract:
Value investment (VI) has been widely studied and applied to many fields of stock market analysis. It involves the identification of under-priced stocks for possible purchase and subsequent resale. In this paper, quantitative methods are employed to examine the extent and nature of VI in China’s mining industry. The research aims to discover the relationships between return on investment (ROI) and the historic financial indices documented in financial statements, while also examining the extent of the influence of VI on ROI in the Chinese mining industry.
Ying Wang, Yunqing Wang, Wenjie Pan
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n10p39

Abstract:
The manufacturing sector is the foundation of a nation’s industrial structure, and its productivity is closely related to the quality of economic development. The paper uses DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) models to measure Manufacturing TFP (Total Factor Productivity) and the factors affecting its growth in Shanghai since 1996, and compares Shanghai’s TFP growth with other major manufacturing provinces in China. The results show that Shanghai has no significant advantages over other provinces under the combined action of the internal and external factors. Turning to the development mode driven by the “two-wheel” of both technological progress and technical efficiency is an important way to increase the productivity of manufacturing sector in Shanghai.
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