International Business Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1913-9004 / 1913-9012
Total articles ≅ 2,351
Current Coverage
LOCKSS
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Andretta Tsebe
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n2p46

Abstract:
The business rescue law, in the South African Companies Act, No. 71 of 2008 was designed to alleviate the challenges facing distressed companies. The purpose of the paper is to provide a coherent synthesis of the systematic literature review on the incorporation of knowledge management into the business rescue practices in South Africa. Scholarly databases were searched to identify papers on knowledge management and business rescue in South Africa, which resulted in initial of 1961 papers. Exclusion criteria was applied, and it emerged that 12 papers were relevant for the study. Findings indicate the business rescue is a relatively new field in academic research and that there is a need to conduct further research on knowledge management pillars used in the business process by practitioners and the executives of distresses companies. The paper concludes that study findings can serve as guidance for improving practice notes and procedures in the industry.
Franklin M. Lartey, Phillip M. Randall
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n2p1

Abstract:
With the ongoing pandemic and technological evolutions, remote work has become the new normal. However, existing employee engagement instruments do not take the remote aspect of work into account. This paper proposes a nine-item instrument for assessing employee engagement in general, and remote worker engagement specifically. The instrument was named EENDEED, for enhanced engagement nurtured by determination, efficacy, and exchange dimensions. It was grounded on three theories: (1) self-determination; (2) self-efficacy; and (3) social exchange. After generating the proposed scale grounded on the literature and theory, data were collected from 600 participants in the United States through an online survey. The dataset was split in two random samples of 405 and 195 cases, respectively. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on the larger sample helped discover its two-factor structure, namely PERFORMANCE and SELF-RELIANCE. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed on the second sample, which confirmed the two-factor structure of EENDEED. A final study assessed the reliability and validity of EENDEED. Data were collected through an online survey of 162 employees in the U.S. A CFA was conducted, validating the two-factor structure of the instrument. Construct reliability of the factors and reliability of the scale were ascertained. Face validity, content validity, construct validity, and criterion validity were confirmed. This study fills the gap in current engagement measurements by including the remote worker dimension. Organizations will be better able to identify and address challenges faced by traditional workplace employees and remote workers.
Stefan Stark
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n2p40

Abstract:
Purpose: The study aims to provide company managers with a basis for considering the need for company-specific future skills and deriving suitable and sustainable qualification measures from this in good time. Design/methodology/approach: Based on an online survey of works council committees and HR departments, the question is to be answered as to which competencies will be imperatively needed in the future in order to be able to meet future tasks and requirements in the professional world.  Findings and Originality: The study aims to identify current needs and anticipate skills gaps. This should enable companies today to identify and build up the necessary skills of tomorrow. The study can serve as an impetus for a strategic orientation in the human resources policy of companies. In this way, it makes a contribution to ensuring competitiveness in the long term and placing the human factor at the center.
Ashraf Elsafty, Lydia Shafik
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n2p24

Abstract:
Job stress is a universal element that is not only encountered in every individual but also in every organization regardless of its size. Especially, bankers who are under a good deal of stress because of the nature of their work. Stress could result in a decrease in employees’ performance, productivity, quality of labor, and high turnover rate, in addition to some health problems like anxiety, depression, and headache. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the perception of employees of one of the private banks in Egypt and their performance in the presence of job stress in the uncertain period of the coronavirus pandemic. The literature review defined the job stressors which are role ambiguity, underutilization of skills, and work overload. Similar studies have been also mentioned for the impact of job stress on employees’ performance in different countries. A descriptive research design was conducted using a survey questionnaire that is distributed among the employees of the bank in all departments and the collected responses were 51 respondents that were taken from a total population of 1,100 employees. The questionnaire is divided into two parts; the demographic profile and the questions related to variables under study. Descriptive statistics are used and the study revealed that the job stressors “role ambiguity and underutilization of skills” has no impact on employees’ performance in the banking field in Egypt. However, it is found that work overload has an impact on employees’ performance and even more in the covid-19 era. 
Anna Paola Micheli, Carmelo Intrisano, Anna Maria Calce
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n1p121

Abstract:
This paper analysed the changes in ownership concentration of the Italian financial market and the recourse to dual class model and shareholder agreements by Italian listed companies in the period 2009-2020. The analysis shows that the control market did not show signs in the period that would lead to presume an increase in the contestability of our companies. The attenuation in ownership concentration, highlighted by the reduction in the value of the Shapley-Shubik index, and the increase in the average market participation did not produce an increase in the contestability of Italian listed companies since the high concentration and limited contestability of control continue to characterize their ownership structures. Findings also show less recourse by the Italian companies to the instruments of separation between ownership and control in the considered period. The reduction in the number of companies that resort to the issue of shares without voting rights and the shareholders' agreements is also reflected in the lower incidence of the capitalization of these companies compared to the market capitalization.
Kevin Duran
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n1p132

Abstract:
Reviewer Acknowledgements for International Business Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2022
Maribeth Padura, Manuel Hernandez, Nickie Boy Manalo
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n1p98

Abstract:
According to the management scholars Richard Kreitchner and Carlene Cassidy, “the term motivation, refers to a physiological process that gives behavior purpose and direction”. It is thought that if an employee is motivated, they will be usually content with his employment, and since they will be happy, they will be able to provide their best effort and contribution to the task at hand. However, there are numerous sorts of motivation for everyone, and it is unlikely that every individual in the firm or in that particular area will be motivated in the same way. Employee Motivation Is defined as the Power That Propels Employees toward Achieving the Organization's Unique Goals and objectives. As the covid-19 epidemic affects our country, the goal of this study is to examine motivating elements that might influence employee performance while working from home. The respondents were chosen using standard random sampling procedures. The data was collected from 46 administrative personnel. The researcher studied several motivating elements and investigated how employee demographics such as age, gender, position, department, marital status, and housing situation may affect their degree of job satisfaction in this research study.
Huang Dong
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n1p110

Abstract:
It is necessary and feasible to develop core competencies for busniness majors of private universities. The purpose of this study was to apply business management theories, especially marketing theories to researches on busniness majors, along with the higher education theories. We trace back core competence theory, point out the essential elements and the interpretations of core competencies on disciplines and majors. It must conform to the law of higher education development, and the interdisciplinary theory should also be taken as an important analysis perspective. Good talents training mode is the key. This paper studies the way to optimize the mode in the perspective of target marketing. We should follow three steps: segmenting, targeting, positioning. We can use multitudinous variables such as age, preferences, interests, etc. to segment education market, employ indifference marketing, differentiated marketing or focus marketing to choose the suitable target market on the basis of our own strengths and weaknesses. And then, offer the tailored talents training plans. Private universities should position themselves properly, it will directly result in school-running ideas, funding, curriculum development, types of talents etc. The training objective is core of training mode, also the cornerstone and guidance of other elements. The curriculum system gives support to achieving training goals, it affects the coordinated development of students’ knowledges, abilities, quality structure. The paper uses product theory to inquire into curriculum orientation, curriculum modes and teaching methods. It also expounds the structuring of practical teaching system. School, discipline, and major images intensively embody the core competence, image-building is a process of brand shaping and communicating. Some specific marketing measures are applied to promote business majors development. The measures include internal branding and other three strategies: brand image speaker, affections, cultural charm. Finally, the research conclusions and relevant suggestions are put forward.
Jie Han, Qinglan Zheng, Huimin Qu, Jinyong Guo
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n1p86

Abstract:
Online sales are an important part of agricultural product sales channels under the background of rural revitalization in the new era. Online sales play an active role in invigorating the agricultural product market, solving the problem of connecting small production with big market and promoting farmers' income, agricultural efficiency and rural welfare. Based on the field survey data of 511 fruit farmers in Jiangxi Province, this paper empirically analyzes the influence of government support and network adaptability on online sales behavior of fruit farmers by using binary Logistic model. The results show that the government's implementation of operating subsidies, preferential taxes and fees and technical training are helpful for fruit farmers to adopt online sales; Network adaptability can significantly positively affect online sales of fruit farmers, and at the same time, there is a positive adjustment between government support and online sales behavior of fruit farmers; By implementing various support measures, the government helps to improve the adaptability of fruit farmers' network, and further has a significant positive impact on fruit farmers' adoption of online sales behavior. The results provide theoretical basis for the relationship among government support, network adaptability and online sales of fruit farmers, and provide practical enlightenment for the government and fruit farmers.
Ferdinando Giglio
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n1p80

Abstract:
This article analyzes the Fintech evolution. After describing the process of this phenomenon, some of the main definitions are provided both nationally and internationally. Finally, six main models of Fintech are analyzed. Through a systematic literature, 14 articles have been selected that deal with the phenomenon of Fintech. Six Fintech business models implemented by the ever growing number of Fintech startups have been identified, payment, wealth management, crowdfunding, loan, capital market and insurance services. Internationally, Fintech has already been defined by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank Group (WBG), the Financial Stability Board (FSB), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). On a national level, on the other hand, Fintech has been analyzed by various countries, USA, United Kingdom, Singapore, China, Switzerland, China, Australia and the European Union. Fintech refers to a broad set of innovations - observable in the financial field in a broad sense - which are made possible by the use of new technologies both in the offer of services to end users and in the internal production processes of financial operators as well as in the design of market enterprises, without thereby compromising new possible configurations of intersectoral activities. Fintech appears to be representative of innovative methods - based on technology - of carrying out activities directly or indirectly connected to financial services rather than being a pre-defined industrial sector. Following the logic of the digital economy, Fintech contributes to designing an open and continuous network of modular services for businesses, individuals and banking, financial and insurance intermediaries, becoming a powerful acceleration force for the integration policies of the financial services markets in the EU.
Back to Top Top