International Business Research

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ISSN / EISSN : 1913-9004 / 1913-9012
Total articles ≅ 2,405
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Huabai Bu, Lingli Ouyang, Naifu Shi
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p79

Abstract:
Enterprise network is a key element to the continuous growth of enterprises, and embeddedness is an important tool to study enterprise network. In the context of today's digital economy, the relevant theory that embeddedness affects enterprise performance is rapidly innovating and expanding. Moreover, its application involves the entire industrial network and enterprise network composed of government, industry and enterprises, which is widely used. At the same time, with the further maturity of internet technology and the further study of enterprise network theory, the research on embeddedness can provide theoretical basis and methodological guidance for decision-making on how to embed network to acquire core competitiveness.
Fodouop Kouam Arthur William
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p65

Abstract:
Foreigners in different countries rely on different remittance channels for sending and receiving money. This paper analyses the privileged remittances channels that foreigners use in China to send money to their home country and to receive money in China. This paper explores foreigners’ choices of remittance channels in China and the reasons for their choices. On the other hand, the paper aims to highlight the barriers and difficulties foreigners in China experience when sending and receiving money through a formal institution. To the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first to investigate the remittance channels used by foreigners in China; this is the innovation of this study. Using a questionnaire, we collected data from 105 foreigners living in different cities in China; and used descriptive statistics to analyze the data. Findings show that foreigners in China willing to use formal remittances channels face several barriers and therefore rely on informal channels to carry out their transactions of sending and receiving money. To render the formal remittances channels accessible for every foreigner, banks and formal Money Transfer Operators (MTOs) in China should promote English service for foreign customers and deal with computer system problems that reverse names and surnames. In addition, they should deal with the problem of restrictions for some nationalities, reevaluate the transaction amount limits, and offer less complex administrative procedures.
Alaa Hanbazazah, Carlton Reeve, Mohammad Abuljadail
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n8p1

Abstract:
People of different cultures have different ideas, values ​​and morals, and the activities in which they engage reflect their backgrounds. The present study followed a quantitative cross-sectional design. It compared two aspects of advergames player’s behaviours in the UK and Saudi Arabia: cross-cultural consumer behaviour and brand outcomes. A questionnaire was completed by 482 participants selected by convenience sampling, and Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated. The results show that advergames generate brand exposure and awareness when the user experience is positive, which creates a positive association between the game, player and brand. Brand performance also depends on the gamer’s attitude, purchases and level of experience, and gamers from different cultures have different perceptions of the advertising messages delivered during an advergame.
Barbara Fidanza
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p50

Abstract:
This work presents an empirical analysis of delisting effects on shareholder wealth in a sample of firms delisted from European stock exchanges. The analysis was conducted at two levels. At the first one, through an event study, the effect on common stock price of delisting, on announcement day and around it is studied. At the second level, it is tested to see if the delisting improved the operating performance in the post-delisting years. The results confirm the main international evidence. The delisting causes the stock price rise in the pre-announcement period and in the few days around the announcement. The leverage and size of the firm are determinants of these effects. Conversely, prices declined in the post-announcement period. The operating performance in the year after delisting does not change much concerning the year before the delisting, but the size remains a determinant.
Hsuan-Yu Pan, Chen Tsung Wu
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p73

Abstract:
The visually impaired should return to society as soon as possible and reduce various negative impacts on their lives, as well as achieve independent living, employment, and other goals, the training of various skills for the visually impaired is particularly important. The main purpose of this research is to find out the key success factors in the teaching of the visually impaired, to achieve the highest goal of assisting the visually impaired in the reconstruction of their lives. The research conducted interviews with professional teachers of the visually impaired in the form of expert questionnaires, focusing on the organization’s business environment, business team philosophy and capabilities, students’ physical characteristics and learning motivation, teaching environment, and management team concepts, and internal processes. A total of 35 questions in 5 facets were discussed in-depth, and the results found 5 questions including government policy support, resource development network connection ability, student learning motivation, professional/teacher education training and motivation, and the ability to plan course activities. The items were deemed important and necessary by all experts. This shows that the current society for the teaching of the visually impaired still needs to invest more social resources. The survey questionnaire, it is found that the systematic establishment of teaching model for the reconstruction of the visually impaired requires many links to complement each other. It is not achieved overnight from the development of teachers, the psychological factors of the visually impaired, even to the learning motivation.
Ning Wang, Hui-Zhong Su, Nie Hao, Jie Liu
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p21

Abstract:
In the context of mixed-ownership reform being further deepened in Chinese state-owned enterprises, based on principal-agent theory and resource-based theory, the study uses Chinese A-share listed state-owned enterprises from 2008-2019 as the research sample, and analysed the impact of non-state shareholders board power on acquisition decisions, in addition to exploring the moderating role of board deep-level faultlines. It was found that empowering non-state shareholders board power increased the likelihood of state-owned enterprises making acquisition decisions; However, if there were deep-level faultlines in the board, the ability of non-state shareholders board power to motivate state-owned enterprises to make acquisition decisions was diminished. The findings of this study suggest that giving non-state shareholders board power may bring benefits to state-owned enterprises in terms of business investment, but with a focus on a reasonable allocation of board members.
Mohamed Ali Barakat Ali
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p30

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to explain the role of corporate brand reputation in building strong relationships with customers. This study aims to build and test a model that includes interrelationships among a corporate brand reputation and its possible consequences. A structured questionnaire was distributed to users of home appliances who are located in Egypt. Data were obtained from 357 respondents and were analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version.16 and analysis of moment structure package (AMOS) version.18.The results indicated that a firm's brand reputation has a significant impact on customer satisfaction which has a significant effect on customer trust and both customer satisfaction and customer trust have a significant effect on customer loyalty. The results of this research can be generalized to other industries and other countries. Firms can have a good reputation by offering high-quality and innovative products to the customers and considering the criteria that the customers use to evaluate home appliances before purchasing. This study is one of the few studies that investigate the interrelationships among a corporate brand reputation and its possible consequences. This study helps firms' managers to know how to create a positive corporate brand reputation and gain its benefits.
Wuryanti Kuncoro, Fajar Nugroho Adi, Bedjo Santoso
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p8

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to test and analyze the impact of transformational leadership and the religiosity values to the knowledge sharing and the performance of human resources. This is an explanatory research that emphasized on the relation between research variable by testing the hypothesis. To get the complete data and accurate also accountable the scientific truth used the questionnaire and interview. Instrument used in this research are questioners in Likert scale 1 to 5. Total of the respondents in this research are 141 SCAs in Salatiga Government. Researcher collects online quest data using Google form which send directly to the respondents, until the exact amount fulfilled. Data analysis in this research use Partial Least Square (PLS). Result of this research shows that Transformational Leadership has significant positive effect to the Knowledge Sharing. The Transformational Leadership has positive effect to the performance of human resources. Religiosity values have positive effect to the Knowledge Sharing but found that Religiosity Values do not have any significant effects to the performance of human resources. Knowledge Sharing doesn’t have significant effect to the improvement performance of human resources. So that the performance of human resources can be improved by implementation of Transformational Leadership. Knowledge Sharing in the organization can be improving by Transformational Leadership and Religiosity values implementation.
David Franco, Ismael Rodriguez
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n7p1

Abstract:
Companies in the restaurant industry are facing a bleak outlook since the appearance of the pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2. To recover their radiance and increase their sales, it is necessary to identify strategies that allow them to generate a greater connection with the consumer. This article analyzes the impact of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on the purchase intention of consumers in restaurants located in Aguascalientes, Mexico. From the analysis of 411 surveyed customers and using the multiple linear regression technique, it can be seen that CSR explains 53% of the purchase intention. In the same way, it is determined that the legal and ethical dimensions are the most crucial factors for consumers in this locality. Therefore, it is recommended that companies focus their efforts on applying and disseminating CSR activities in order to encourage sales.
Mahmoud Elsawy, Zainab Alghurabli, Mohamed Elbadawi, Brihan Fatin
International Business Research, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v15n6p103

Abstract:
This study aims to see how dark triad personality traits (narcissism, psychopathy, and machiavellianism) influence counterproductive work behaviours (CPWBs), with the mediating role of Perception of Organizational Politics, Psychological Contract Breach, and Perceived Accountability. Previous studies have engrossed the dark triad's effect on measuring individuals' unproductive work conduct. As a result, the dark triad personality traits are examined in this study to investigate counterproductive work behaviour. This research proposes and empirically validates this link model, suggesting that three mediators of the association between dark triad personalities and CWBs are Perception of Organizational Politics, Psychological Contract Breach, and Perceived Accountability. This study applied regression analysis and the Sobel Test to test the hypotheses on a sample of 342 employees working in the Manufacturing sector of Egypt. The results of this study reveal that the dark triad has a positive and significant effect on counterproductive work behaviours, and Perception of organisational Politics, psychological contract breach, and Perceived Accountability significantly mediate the relationship between the dark triad and counterproductive work behaviour.
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