International Business Research
ISSN / EISSN : 19139004 / 19139012
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 2,078
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 17 January 2020
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n2p74
Abstract:This study has been conducted to investigate the relationship between the supply chain management (SCM) activities and operational performance through testing the mediating factor strategic agility in (16) pharmaceutical companies listed on Amman stock exchange in Jordan Which is considered one of the most important industrial sectors, where the nature of the work and the problems faced in the performance of supply chain were identified the reasons for the delay of the logistical orders of raw materials they need from suppliers, and found that there is a missing link between partners and is the proportion of obtaining the necessary information from suppliers to complete operations Streamlined and easy production. In terms of identifying the activities of supply chain management as the most important factors supporting the best practices of SCM in pharmaceutical companies (i.e. Alliances with suppliers, Customer Relation Management, Logistic, flow Information and knowledge sharing). The study population consisted of all the executives and directors of departments, sections and employee specialized in SCM in pharmaceutical companies, and a simple random sample was chosen from pharmaceutical companies to conduct a field survey using a tool, a questionnaire, of which 150 were distributed and 139 were retrieved. In addition, a number of statistical techniques have been used for data analysis; such as statistical analysis package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and AMOS, which depends on Structure Equation Modeling approach because of the presence one variable, as well as for the reason of examining the importance of the track. Based on the results of the statistical analysis, it was concluded that there is an impact of the independent variable managing the supply chain on operational performance, but in terms of the intermediate variable, the results showed that the relationship is partial in terms of the strategic agility variable through Path Analysis.
Published: 16 January 2020
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n2p62
Abstract:The main objective of this study is to ascertain the impact of currency redenomination on the Ghanaian economy. Since independence in 1957, Ghana has had series of redenomination exercises but the recent one which became a debatable topic happened in 2007. As a result, the study is conducted to determine the pre and post-performance of the country using 2007 as the benchmark. This research takes into consideration the quantitative research technique based on ex-post factor design. Secondary data of the research variables (GDP, Economic growth, Balance of trade, inflation, FDI and Globalization index) were used over a 20-year period between 1997 and 2017. Analytical techniques of both descriptive statistics and independent sample test were used for the research. The t-test for equality of means adopted was to determine the statistically significant difference on the economic variables. The study also used the Levene’s test of equality of variance assumed. It was concluded that, currency redenomination is beneficial to an economy’s growth. It was therefore recommended that, the government of Ghana initiates policies that will boost local production to support the exercise so as to increase GDP and other associated economic variables.
Published: 16 January 2020
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n2p41
Abstract:This research proposes the use of business simulators as a business teaching-learning strategy in the Business Administration Degree in a Higher Education Institution in Ecuador. The problematic situation that is evident is that the modules or subjects related to business negotiation are dictated in a theoretical way, but an adequate practical teaching process is not carried out, which triggers a deficit in the development of skills adjusted to the academic performance of the students and future professionals. For the elaboration of the content, documents in Spanish and English were registered in databases such as Springer, Scopus, Scielo, Web of Science, Redalyc, EBSCO among others Interviews and direct observation were also used, with which evidence was found under the use index of the technological tool. Finally, 5 stages were proposed for the elaboration of the strategy: diagnosis, preparation, planning, execution, evaluation, and control.
Published: 16 January 2020
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n2p35
Abstract:This paper explores the role of operation management in Hotel industry in Malaysia. It explains the contributions of operation management as a strategic tool for attaining customers’ satisfaction as well as sustainability. It reveals some of the examples of hoteliers that have thrived on these concepts.
Published: 16 January 2020
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n2p50
Abstract:The purpose of this article is to examine the effects of open innovation and corporate environmental social responsibility on logistics and performance that is manifested in SMEs. The research is based on a sample of 101 companies located in the Guaymas Sonora region located in the Northwest of Mexico. The data collection was carried out in a period between September and November 2019, with the support of a structured self-directed survey of the company manager. For the analysis and validation of the results, the statistical technique of structural equation modeling (SEM) based on variance through PLS (Partial Least Square) has been used. The results indicate that open innovation and environmental corporate social responsibility have a significant influence on the logistics processes of SMEs, and that logistics is also a business practice that allows to increase Performance. The work contributes to the development of the literature and theory of dynamic capabilities and sustainability.
Published: 8 January 2020
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n1p89
Abstract:This paper examines whether the capital market and the internal generation of cash flows bring relevant information to decisions on corporate investments. For this investigation, we used data from 255 companies located in four Latin American (LA) countries: Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru (BCMP countries). The analysis period is from 2000 to 2017. The results indicate that cash flow represents one of the main drivers of corporate investments. In contrast, there were no indications that the capital market translates into a mechanism for transmitting useful information to firm managers about investments. Other drivers of value identified are associated with sales, cash and cash equivalents, and asset tangibility.
Published: 3 January 2020
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n2p13
Abstract:Strategic management literature has recognized the role of turnaround strategy in the management process as a critical strategy at the corporate level. Researches done on turnaround strategy and corporate performance have however been biased with respect to limited scope in terms of the dimensions of performance as well as the challenges in methodology and conceptualization that affect the generalization of the study findings. This paper undertakes a review of the extant literature on the conceptual, theoretical and empirical work that brings about a number of issues for use in presenting a case for the new theoretical model that is suitable for extension of the current understanding of deployment of turnaround strategy and the ultimate results. The paper suggests an integrated theoretical framework for use in linking turnaround strategy and corporate performance while recognizing the significance of the role of organizational turnaround-based learned experiences and organizational characteristics.
Published: 30 December 2019
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n1p268
Abstract:The objective of the study is to evaluate performance influencing factors in Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) through mixed research method, qualitative and quantitative analysis. The primary data were obtained from in-depth interview with fifteen government and NAC executives. Secondary data were collected from Nepal Government, NAC publications and International Air Transport Association (IATA). Revenue generation and passenger movement rate is found with average performance. Motivated employee, entrepreneurial marketing, collective leadership, ownership feeling of government and environmental support were explored as key performance factors. Sophisticated technology, airworthiness, and international standard and recommended practice were found as unique features. Lack of aircraft, unfair political influence and alienation of staffs in unionism were identified the reasons of lacking the business growth. A performance framework is proposed which comprises entrepreneurial marketing (proactiveness, risk taking, innovativeness, opportunity focused, resource leveraging, customer intensity and value creation), collective leadership, sophisticated technology and sufficient number of modern aircrafts, service reliability and safety, and government support. The study recommends Nepal government to take ownership of NAC, and adopt fair and professional management practice rather than political quota distribution in its governing body, board of directors.
Published: 30 December 2019
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n1p284
Abstract:Reviewer Acknowledgements for International Business Research, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2020
Published: 27 December 2019
International Business Research, Volume 13; doi:10.5539/ibr.v13n1p247
Abstract:Foreign direct investment is seen by many countries as an important source of capital. The flow of foreign direct investment in the world has been increasing over the past couple of years and many countries have adopted various institutional policies with the hope of attracting more foreign direct investment. Besides capital, these countries also get to benefit from the other advantages that these investments bring with them, such as the newest technology and managerial skills. FDI, besides boosting capital formation, also increases the quality of capital stock. Countries can only reap all the benefits of foreign direct investment if they have a sufficient amount of human capital. Human capital is seen by many researchers as one of the most important determinants of FDI. With the world becoming more knowledge-based and globalized the importance of human capital became very significant not only to individuals, but also to countries in their competitive advantages. The purpose of this research is to find out what the relationship is between foreign direct investment and human capital in the Netherlands. The Netherlands is a small country in Europe which has been a global leader in the inflow and outflow of FDI the past couple of years. This study uses the Augmented Dickey-Fuller test and the Johansen cointegration test to determine whether or not there is a causal relationship between the variable’s foreign direct investment and secondary school enrollment, which is used as a proxy for human capital. The study observed that there is no causal relationship between foreign direct investment and human capital in the Netherlands. The inflow of human capital into the Netherlands is determined by other factors.