International Business Research

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ISSN / EISSN : 1913-9004 / 1913-9012
Total articles ≅ 2,314
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Raad Mamduh Khaleel Khashman
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n11p15

Abstract:
The study aims to identify the impact of social media usage on customer satisfaction and the mediating role of electronic service quality through its dimensions (website design, reliability, customization, responsiveness, and trust) in the Vitas Jordan Company. A quantitative approach was used to answer the study questions and to test hypotheses. About (500) questionnaires were distributed using the Simple Random Sample technique to achieve the study purposes. (392) questionnaires were valid for analysis, based on the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS. V.25) and (AMOS) software. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significantly positive impact of social media usage on customer satisfaction and a significantly indirect positive impact of social media usage on customer satisfaction through the electronic Services Quality dimension as a mediating variable. The study recommended that managers concentrate and maintain the use of social media for providing unique services and responding to customers’ inquiries in a timely manner. In addition, the need to enhance the use of Twitter and Instagram in marketing champions. 
Chao Ling, Fuangfa Amponstira
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n11p24

Abstract:
High Commitment Human Resource Management is a commonly used human resource management method. Scholars’ research mostly focuses on its impact on organizational performance, ignoring the importance of individual employees’ behavior in modern enterprises. Based on AMO theory. This paper is taking China's small and medium-sized enterprises as the research object, to discuss the mechanism of the High Commitment Human Resource Management Practices on Performance perceived by employees in the organization. Data from 420 empirical Guangzhou textile companies show that high-commitment human resource management can significantly improve performance, and the ability system, motivation system, and opportunity system can all promote performance.
Muhammad Emdadul Haque
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n11p1

Abstract:
The main purpose of this research is to examine the cross-sectional connection between asset growth and stock returns in the international equity market during 2016-2020. Firms in international equity markets, subsequently experience lower stock returns with higher asset growth rates, consistent with the United States evidence. If capital markets are well-developed stocks efficiently priced then the negative AG effect on returns is likely to be stronger, but different to country characteristics representing accounting quality, investor protection, and limits to arbitrage. The research is to examine the cross-sectional connection between the asset growth and stock return in the international equity market is likely due to optimal investment effect than due to market timing, overinvestment, or other forms of mispricing. The evidence suggests that the cross-sectional association between the AG effect and stock return is more likely due to an optimal investment effect than due to overinvestment, mispricing or market timing. The findings of the research support Copper et al (2008) however, the weakening of the accounting quality decreases the AG effect magnitude which contradicts the mispricing-based arguments.
Kevin Duran
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n10p115

Abstract:
Reviewer Acknowledgements for International Business Research, Vol. 14, No. 10, 2021
Mandy Mok Kim Man
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n10p105

Abstract:
The glove industry in Malaysia continues to grow with the strong demand from the domestic and international markets. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the worldwide demand for gloves surges to a higher level due to huge demand for the medical and healthcare usage. This creates opportunities for gloves manufacturers to increase their production lines and produce more gloves to fulfil the markets’ demand. The paper studies the glove industry in Malaysia and applies a case study of Comfort Gloves Berhad, which is a glove manufacturer in Malaysia to look in depth the opportunities and threats faced by glove manufacturers during the Covid-19 pandemic. The authors studied the published resources to collect information and further analysed the data and information collected. This paper discusses the SWOT analysis and Porter Five Forces in influencing the markets. The recommendations and conclusion are provided at the end of the paper.
Huabai Bu, Jiaqi Bu, Naifu Shi, Lingli OuYang, Jingyi Wang
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n10p96

Abstract:
With the continuous advancement of emerging technologies such as big data, cloud computing, Internet of Things, blockchain, artificial intelligence, and 5G communications, China's “new generation” high-tech companies are developing rapidly, but the loss of core employees restricts their healthy development. How to manage the core employees of “new generation” high-tech enterprises is a grim reality in front of theorists and industrialists. Based on the results of the current theoretical research on organizational commitment, the research group proposed a “new generation” high-tech enterprise core employee resignation early warning model to provide decision-making basis and methodological reference for the “new generation” high-tech enterprise high-quality development.
Ernest H. Hall Jr., Jooh Lee
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n10p57

Abstract:
Executive compensation has long been a lightening-rod of interest in the popular press and frequently makes the headlines. It seems that everyone has an opinion on the subject, with most demanding an end to inflated compensation packages. Depending on whether you are a member of the C-suite or not will likely skew your opinion on the matter. Given that the CEO is the most visible manifestation of the company to the outside world it is common to fixate on the way in which they are being compensated. However, after all of the research that has been conducted, we are still not sure about what factors determine a business executives’ pay. The present study seeks to add to the extant literature on the subject of CEO compensation by introducing a couple of promising new variables: corporate reputation and sustainability. It is argued that since the CEO is the face of the organization that he/she will be compensated based on how well they manage the firm’s reputation overall and its “environmental footprint” in particular.
Huimin Qu, Jie Han
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n10p71

Abstract:
China has invested excessive amounts of fertilizer on limited farmland, which poses a threat to human health and agro-ecological environment. While a plethora of studies have explored how to reduce the total amount of chemical fertilizer, and scant attention has been paid to how to reduce the chemical fertilizer use intensity (FUI). This paper aims to explore the driving factors for the change of FUI to answer this question. It uses the official statistics of China from 1997 to 2017, as well as index decomposition analysis (IDA) and Laspeyres index decomposition method to obtain the following results. The change of fertilizer use intensity can be affected by three factors: input-output ratio of fertilizer (IOR), unit labor output (ULO) and labor input per unit sown area (LIU). At the national level, IOR is the most important factor in reducing the use of chemical fertilizers, while ULO is the most important factor in increasing. The factor of LIU can not only reduce the intensity of fertilizer use, but also increase the intensity.  On a regional level, the fertilizer use intensity in Central-South China is the strongest, while that in the Southwest China is the smallest. Compared with other regions, the factors of ULO in Northwest China and IOR in East China have the greatest impact on fertilizer use intensity. In addition, LIU mainly reduces the intensity of fertilizer use in Northeast China, while this factor in North China is to increase the intensity. Our findings suggest that farmers should not increase labor productivity by investing chemical fertilizer. Improving the efficiency of fertilizer use and transferring rural labor force can reduce the fertilizer use intensity in China.
Geoffrey Nuwagaba, Festo Nyende, David Namanya
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n10p85

Abstract:
Small businesses in Uganda continue to lag behind trends in terms of sales turnover profitability, employee growth, while others rarely live to celebrate their first birthday due to various constraints of which financing is at the forefront. This study set out to determine the relationship between various financing options and sustainable small business growth so as to suggest an optimal financing model to ensure sustainable small businesses. The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive survey design to analyse a sample of 399 small businesses which were selected using stratified random sampling from Kampala Metropolitan Area. Data were collected using a researcher administered structured questionnaire and analysed using descriptive statistics. The relationship between the variables was determined using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficeint. The study established that there is a weak positive significant correlation between traditional debt finance and sustainable small business growth, a strong positive significant correlation between asset-based finance and sustainable small business growth, and a strong positive significant correlation between crowdfunding and sustainable small business growth. The study further established that there is a moderate positive significant relationship between equity finance and sustainable small business growth. The study concluded that improving on the available financing options would improve on the sustainable small business growth. It is recommended that the ideal model for financing small businesses should be the integration of the financing options, but giving priority to; asset based lending, crowdfunding, equity finance and lastly traditional debt finance.
Samia Shabnaz, Nazrul Islam
International Business Research, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v14n10p13

Abstract:
Entrepreneurial intention is the function of motives and barriers encountered by the university students during their studies. As the unemployment rate among the university graduates is the highest in Bangladesh, the research focused on university students with the aim to predict their entrepreneurial behaviors. Previous studies identified different environmental contexts of the countries have different influence on the perception regarding motives and barriers of entrepreneurial intention of the students. Hence, to stimulate the development of entrepreneurship, it is important to uncover university student’s perceptions regarding the motives and barriers to develop entrepreneurship and their influences on entrepreneurial intention of the graduates. To conduct the research, the primary data were collected from 398 business students using simple random sampling method through self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the demographic profiles of the respondents. A multivariate statistical technique like Factor Analysis was used to identify the factors influencing entrepreneurial intention and Regression Analysis was used to predict the significant impact factors. It is evident in the study that the driving factors like autonomy and market opportunity has significant positive impact whereas barriers like financial and government support, lack of skills has significant negative impact on the student’s entrepreneurial intentions. This paper will assist the policy makers, educational institutions and researchers to develop several implementable strategies like enterprise education, liberal tax system, financial and regulatory support to promote entrepreneurship in a developing country like Bangladesh.
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