Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2329-8421 / 2329-8413
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Former Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 67
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Latest articles in this journal

Krushi Modi, Parth Kachhadiya, Jagdish M. Rathod, Parul H. Panchal, Kush Parikh
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 09, pp 1-10; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2021.91001

We have designed a Metamaterial unit-cell for 9 GHz frequency. Periodic structure was used at 4.25 × 4.25 mm with a thickness of 0.35 mm and giving us the 99.99% of absorbance at 9 GHz in simulated results. We have implemented a rectangular microstrip antenna and loaded it with Metamaterial unit-cells which provided improved results. There were results available for reflection coefficient (s11 parameter) at 9 GHz and also helping for the reduction of the Radar Cross Section of an antenna, which reduced more than 20 dB and not affected its directivity and gain.
Abraham T. Wiri
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 09, pp 11-25; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2021.92002

This paper presents an application of stitched ground plane for microstrip patch antenna design. In this work Matlab interface to computer embroidery techniques were used to implement the felt and denim substrates on microstrip patch antenna. These antennas were simulated using a commercial full 3D electromagnetic CST Microwave Studio 2019. A method to optimize the stitch patterns with conductive thread for antenna ground plane for 2.45 GHz industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band and 5 GHz wearable wireless local area networks (WLAN) frequencies was achieved. Rigid and flexible wearable antennas (microstrip patch antennas) were fabricated using the stitched ground plane. The electrical resistance was reduced between the meshes during the stitching design process. Results in terms of bandwidth, radiation patterns and reflection coefficients (S11) are presented.
Tamer Gaber Abouelnaga, Mazhar Basyouni Tayel, Asmaa Fereg Desouky
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 8, pp 19-29; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2020.82002

The C-band is allocated for commercial telecommunications via satellites. Amateur satellite operations in the frequency range 5.830 to 5.850 GHz for down-links and 5.650 to 5.670 GHz for up-links are allowed by International Telecommunication Union. The X-band is used for terrestrial broadband communication, radar applications, and portions of the X-band are assigned for deep space telecommunications. In this paper, a design of 4 × 1 Ultra Wide Band (UWB) antenna array for C-band and X-band applications is introduced. Metamaterial sixteen-unit cells are incorporated into each antenna element for radiation characteristics enhancement purposes. Permeability and permittivity of metamaterial unit cells are obtained all over the operating bandwidth. UWB unequal power divider is used to feed the proposed four elements antenna array based on Chebyshev excitation method. The proposed antenna has a suitable 3 dB beam width and gains all over the operating bandwidth which extends from 5.6 GHz to 10.9 GHz. The proposed antenna covers 60% and 72.5% of the C-band and X-band, respectively. The proposed antenna is fabricated, measured, and good agreement is obtained between simulated and measured results. The obtained performance ensures the suitability of the proposed antenna array for C-band and X-band applications.
Miroslav Joler, Anamaria Kolonić, Maja Boljkovac
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 8, pp 1-18; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2020.81001

Development of textile antennas is an important segment towards the goal of creating smart clothing. In this paper, we report on a jeans-based circularly polarized textile antenna designed for the E-band (around 2.45 GHz). We present three variations of the design and the respective results. The antenna comprises a multi-layer jeans-fabric as the substrate, a conductive fabric as the patch, which is concealed with another layer of jeans, and the ground plane is formed by either a cooper foil or another conductive fabric. A multi-layer structure was chosen to provide a wider bandwidth and better efficiency, whereas the upper surface of the antenna was covered by one more layer of jeans to both make the antenna less conspicuous, when worn on the arm, and protect the patch and substrate from mechanical damages and moisture. All three variants are characterized by a good realized gain of about 3 dB, a wide beam width and a wide bandwidth of 21% or better, around 2.45 GHz, having the radiation efficiency around 36%, and front-to-back ratio of 5 dB or better, with the ground plane being just slightly larger than the patch.
Basma M. Yousef, Ahmed M. Attiya, A. A. Shaalan
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 7, pp 1-11; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2019.71001

In this paper we present the design of a leaky wave antenna based on Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) loaded by Complementary Split Ring resonator (CSRR). The proposed antenna is designed for 5G application with a center frequency around 28 GHz. The antenna is implemented on Roger RT/Duriod 5880. The loading CSRRs are designed to resonate at 28 GHz. The design is simulated by using both High-Frequency Simulation Software (HFSS) and Computer Simulation Technology (CST) for verification. Experimental measurements are also presented.
Nagendra P. Yadav, Guozhen Hu, Zhengpeng Yao
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 7, pp 13-21; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2019.72002

This paper represents parallel notch, H-shape slot loaded single layer patch antenna in X, and Ku bands for wideband applications. The design has made on low-cost material of Rogers R03003 substrate having dielectric constant of 3.0 with thickness of 1.6.0 mm. The proposed scheme and probe feeding technique provide designed antenna to operate in two different frequencies range in X and Ku band (10.60 GHz to 15.91 GHz). The antenna resonates at 11.37 GHz for X band and another three resonates at 12.13 GHz, 13.14 GHz and 14.66 GHz for Ku band with maximum gain of 9.20 dBi respectively. The simulation results have been obtained 40.01% impedance bandwidth with return loss (-10 dB) or . The proposed antenna is simple in structure compared to the regular single layer patch antennas. It is highly suitable for satellite and RADAR communications system. Designing and simulation of this antenna have been done by IE3D software version 12.0, which is based on MOM method.
Ghaffer Kiani
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 7, pp 23-31; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2019.73003

An FSS based circular polarizer for high-speed wireless communication at 75 GHz is presented. It has been designed on a low loss substrate with cross-dipole elements. Both simulation and measured results showed more than 98% circular polarization at 75 GHz. Moreover, 3 dB axial-ratio bandwidth of 6.8 GHz (Simulation) and 7.8 GHz (Measured) has been achieved. The proposed design has many advantages over the recently published research such as simplicity, low-profile, percentage bandwidth, frequency of operation and relative insertion loss.
, Mostafizur Rahman, Al- Amin, Sayedur Rahman, Masud Rana
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 6, pp 1-14; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2018.61001

Currently, communication system requires multiband small antennas for 5G mobile applications. Driven this motivation, this paper proposes a multiband patch antenna for Wi-Fi, WiMAX and 5G applications. The proposed antenna can effectively operate at 2.4 GHz as Wi-Fi, 7.8 GHz as WiMAX and 33.5 GHz as 5G communication purposes. The proposed antenna arrays have given directional radiation patterns, very small voltage standing wave ratio, high gain (VSWR) and directivity for each aforementioned systems operating frequency. This antenna is made for multiband purpose which can be effective for not only Wi-Fi and WiMAX but also 5G applications.
Shreine Abd El-Rahman, Ahmed Attiya, Hossam El-Deen Mamoud, Hala Abd-El Kader
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 6, pp 15-24; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2018.62002

Passive RFID tags based on narrow band absorbers are proposed for railway applications. The tags consist of absorbing tiles of size 30 × 30 cm2. The designs of these narrow band absorbers are presented based on infinite array approximation by using periodic boundary conditions. Then, the radar cross sections (RCS) of finite tiles of these designed absorbers are compared with the corresponding RCS of a conduction plate of the same size of the tiles. The difference between the RCS of the absorbing tiles and the conducting tiles corresponds to the RFID digit “1” or “0”. An experiential verification for a sample of these narrow band absorbers is presented based on measuring a finite tile inside a transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell. The design of this TEM cell is also discussed in detail.
Mohammad Ababil Hossain, M. Shah Alam
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 6, pp 36-42; doi:10.4236/ojapr.2018.63004

In this paper, the resonance and radiation characteristics of patch antennas fabricated with two different types of dielectric substrates have been investigated and compared at GSM 1800 MHz band. At first, the above-stated characteristics of a patch antenna loaded with conventional plastic substrate have been investigated. Later a high permittivity dielectric material (barium titanate) has been used as the antenna substrate. The main goal here is to reduce the antenna size with a high permittivity dielectric material and then to compare its resonance and radiation performance with the earlier low permittivity substrate loaded prototype. It is found that with the use of high permittivity substrate the antenna volume gets smaller (about 6% of the plastic substrate prototype) although the gain decreases by around 2.5 dB.
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