International Education Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1913-9020 / 1913-9039
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 2,396
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Mehmet Oran
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n6p12

Abstract:
This study aims to reveal the opinions of social studies teacher candidates who are prepared for KPSS on the effects of the pandemic period on their studies. KPSS: It is the shortening of the Public Personnel Selection Exam. These exams determine people to work in public institutions and organizations in Turkey. The phenomenology model, one of the qualitative research techniques, was used in the study. The study group of the research consists of 34 teacher candidates (male = 19, female = 15) graduated from Usak University, Department of Social Studies. In the collection of data in the research, firstly review of literature about the subject was done, and then a semi-structured interview form was used to apply to social studies teacher candidates. Some questions are standardized, some questions are prepared open-ended. In this type of interview, it is possible to obtain in-depth information. The data collected within the scope of the research were transferred to a word file in computer- mediated and subjected to content analysis. At the end of the research, the most frequently applied sources of candidate teachers preparing for KPSS during the pandemic period is that; videos, books, online lessons, articles and lesson notes. The teacher candidates stated that their families’ attitudes towards them were generally positive during the pandemic period. The advantages of the pandemic period was revealed that candidate teachers studied more than usual, the disadvantages of the pandemic periodwas that there was no activity, anxiety and stress increased, and the fear of getting sick came out. In addition, it was emphasized in the study that preparing for KPSS during the pandemic period is more difficult than preparing for it in the normal period.
Naphat Diyen, Kuntida Thamwipat, Pornpapatsorn Princhankol
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n6p1

Abstract:
This research was aimed to examine, develop and find out the quality of an interactive learning resource along with contents on a social network to promote Bangchan Subdistrict of Petchaburi Province through the Way of Buddhism, to evaluate the perception and the satisfaction of the sampling group towards the interactive learning resource along with contents on a social network to promote Bangchan Subdistrict of Petchaburi Province through the Way of Buddhism which was developed in accordance with the 5 stages of the ADDIE Model as in Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. The tools consisted of 1) a questionnaire on the needs analysis, 2) the interactive learning resource along with contents on a social network to promote Bangchan Subdistrict of Petchaburi Province through the Way of Buddhism, 3) evaluation forms for the quality of the contents and the media presentation, 4) a form to evaluate the perception, and 5) a questionnaire on the satisfaction for the sampling group. The data were collected from the people who lived or were involved in Bangchan Subdistrict of Petchaburi Province and followed Facebook Fanpage of Wat Potaimanee, Petchaburi Province, and they had to be followers for at least 1 month and were willing to fill out the questionnaire. They were chosen using purposive sampling method and there were 30 people in total. The findings showed that the needs were at a high level ( = 4.30, S.D. = 1.01). After the design and the development of the resource by the researchers and the evaluation for the quality by the expert panels, it was found that the quality of the contents was at a very good level ( = 4.96, S.D. = 0.20) and the quality of the media presentation was at a very good level ( = 4.72, S.D. = 0.45). The perception of the sampling group was at a high level ( = 4.42, S.D. = 0.69) and the satisfaction of the sampling group was at the highest level ( = 4.59, S.D. = 0.54). Therefore, the interactive learning resource along with contents on a social network to promote Bangchan Subdistrict of Petchaburi Province through the Way of Buddhism could be put into use.
Sedat Erol
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n6p23

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to determine and investigate the writing anxiety of Syrian refugees learning Turkish as a foreign language in Turkey according to different variables. The study group of the research, in which survey model was used, consisted of 214 Syrian refugees chosen via purposive sampling method and who learn Turkish as a foreign language in Turkey. “Writing Anxiety Scale for Learners of Turkish as a Foreign Language” was used as data gathering tool in the research. In the analysis process, firstly normality test was conducted and it was determined that it indicated normal distribution. Accordingly, t-test was used in pair independent samples, and one-way ANOVA test was used in multi-group comparisons. As a result of the research, it was determined that writing anxiety level of the Syrian refugees learning Turkish as a foreign language (L2) in Turkey, was at medium level and also their writing anxiety was caused by environmental/social factors rather than internal/mental factors. In addition, when the situation was evaluated according to their language levels, it was determined that students at B2 level had the highest level of anxiety; and that using Turkish in social media reduces the action-oriented anxiety of the students. When the participants’ writing anxiety was investigated according to gender, age, and time spent in Turkey it was found that a significant difference was not indicated.
Chris Lee
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n5p168

Abstract:
Reviewer acknowledgements for International Education Studies, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2021.
Ayşe Ateş, Nesrin Sis
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n5p158

Abstract:
In the study, the effect of hierarchical vocabulary activities prepared in accordance with Gass’s Second Language Acquisition Model developed by Ateş (2016) on students’ written expression skills and writing anxiety was investigated. While the determined target words were taught to the experimental group with hierarchical vocabulary activities, the supervised group was kept in a regular diary. The method of the study consists of an experimental design with pre-test-post-test-measurement and supervised group. Experimental and supervised groups consisted of foreign students studying at Inonu-TÖMER in the 2017-2018 academic year. An essay was written to the students as a pre-test and a post-test, and the Writing Anxiety Scale was applied. No significant difference was found between the experimental and supervised groups of the Written Expression Rubric, which is used to score the compositions, in the pre-test and post-tests. It was concluded that the privatized instruction applied to both groups was beneficial for students’ written expressions. There was a significant difference between the experimental and supervised groups in terms of Writing Anxiety Scale pre-test scores. It was determined that the writing anxiety of the experimental group was higher in the pre-test.
Sotiria Foutsitzi, George Caridakis
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n5p145

Abstract:
This paper is analyzing feedback collected from Greek high school teachers, in order to answer questions regarding the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) as part of their teaching practices in Greek schools. Various hypothesis tests are presented, in order to focus on perceptions, look into possible problems and see how teachers of different profile and specializations apply ICT in their teaching. A special focus is placed on philogists, as the most populous but also less technology-related subject, content-wise. In particular, an online survey was prepared, aiming at collecting information regarding the use of ICT in Greek schools. This information is analyzed across various demographic and profession-related variables concerning teacher’s age, gender, specialization, type of technology used, familiarization with ICT, motivations. A total of 309 respondents reacted to the questionnaire, over a period of about two months in 2019. The questionnaire consisted of 31 questions in total. The analysis that follows is both descriptive and statistical, while it intends to provide answers and correlations regarding the most striking questions and hypotheses.
Faisal M. Almutairi, Naser G. H. Ali, Husain F. Ghuloum
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n5p121

Abstract:
In today’s educational landscape educators and administrators are confronted with unprecedented challenges as they have to hastily move education online. Emergency remote teaching is a response to this crisis. However, the research about the efficacy of remote teaching is scarce because of COVID-19 which is a rapidly evolving situation and also because of a lack of clarity about what constitutes instruction during an emergency. Moreover, the actual practices for emergency remote teaching are unclear in the context of Kuwait. This study aims to investigate how educators are implementing emergency remote instruction in order to reshape education during the COVID-19 pandemic in Kuwait where traditional instructional approaches and practices are dominant. Using a case study research design, the researchers delve into educators’ perspectives by collecting qualitative data from interviews. The results indicate that educators used multiple pedagogical approaches to enhance student participation and learning. It also revealed the problematic aspects of remote or distance education. Finally, the results were used to construct and present a Novel Remote Learning Framework, which is an empirically- grounded, theoretically-informed conceptualization of emergency remote instruction which is expected to reshape instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Bannaga Taha El-Zubair, El-Rusheed Habob Mohammed, Adil Mohammed Dafalla, Saad Saleh M. Alqarni
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n5p87

Abstract:
The study aims to highlight the importance of considering the implementation of process of re-engineering Reengineering Administrational Processes (RAP) in the Arab countries universities, particularly, colleges of education to attain good educational outputs. It seeks to highlight the requirements for this implementation and explore the problems associated to the implementation it and distinguish themselves from other organizations is. The Process of Re-Engineering (RAP) is defined as a rapid and drastic re-designing of managerial and strategic process of values at colleges of education in the Arab States Universities in order to attain good educational outputs. The managerial process includes planning, organization, control, follow-up, evaluation and decision taking. The significance of the study is that it can considerably help improve administrative processes applied in the domain of strategic planning at colleges of education in Arab States. The main objective of the study was to outline the main demands of colleges of education for using (RAP) and the obstacles that face its application. For that purpose, the descriptive/ analytic method was used. The study relied heavily on the analysis of the available literature, writings, and publications on the topic, for predicting the practicability of applying RAPRAP. The study came up with the following main results: RAP application, if used properly, can raise the level of job satisfaction among staff members of Arab States colleges of education in particular and the Arab States Universities in general. RAP application can affect total amendments on colleges of education administrative systems for better rendered services. The most demanding requirements of RAP are those that directly relate to the organization structure of the particular corporation, and all its activities for more flexibility, speed and accuracy of performance. The basic human requirements for RAP application include effective training for trainers for the sake of radical change in concepts and ideas. The main obstacles that face RAP application include the poor outcome at colleges of education regarding teaching/learning process, in addition to poor strategic information management on the part of colleges of education and universities. RAP is not fully made use of, despite large sums of money having been spent on for that exact purpose.
Rania H. Friehat, Anoud Al-Khresha
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n5p109

Abstract:
This study aimed to identify the RAMP initiative’s role (read comprehensively, answer with understanding) in raising the level of literacy skills and numeracy from the point of view of teachers. It also aimed to identify its effectiveness in improving the reading and writing level of the basic minimum stage, as an initiative that reduces the delay in reading and helps in the development of skills to help students solve mathematical problems with understanding and accommodating. Closed questionnaires were distributed to the Central Badia region; the questionnaire consisted of (35) paragraphs divided into three areas of reading, writing, and arithmetic, where 88 teachers answered the questionnaire. Statistical analysis was adopted (Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) was adopted to show the study results. The results showed a role for the RAMP initiative in raising the level of reading and numeracy skill to a reasonable degree, where the skill of reading got a good degree, was the highest skill of voice awareness to an extraordinary degree and other standards are good. Writing skill got a good degree; it was the highest, the skill of writing words and the least skill of creative writing, and also obtained the skill of calculating a good degree above (counting units) and the lowest domain (participation and composition of groups). The results showed no statistically significant differences due to variable years of experience, while the results showed statistically significant differences in favor of a bachelor’s degree.
Tacettin Şimşek, M. Abdullah Arslan
International Education Studies, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/ies.v14n5p95

Abstract:
In education, the importance of effective and behavioral transfer besides cognitive information is a fact. In this sense, an educator is expected to be an example in terms of his behaviors as well as transferring his knowledge to the students. The best way to raise good students and form the desired behavior in them is the educators who personally touch the lives of their students being role models. In the Turkish academic world, M. Orhan Okay has a remarkable place not only with his scientific studies but also with his “human work” upbringing style. This study is carried out with document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. In this study, it is underlined that Okay is a role model/an ideal educator, further every aspect of his ideal educationalism, which complements his exemplary scientist identity, is emphasized. In this respect, besides being a well-equipped scientist, he showed his students and the whole academic environment how an example of an ideal / role model should be. In either way, he expected his students to do what he did personally (as an exemplary person in the academic and non-academic world). In conclusion, it is hoped that the educator deformation which has increased in recent years will disappear to a certain extent thanks to exemplary educators like Professor Okay.
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