ISSN / EISSN : 2150-4075 / 2150-4083
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 350
Latest articles in this journal
iBusiness, Volume 13, pp 67-79; doi:10.4236/ib.2021.131005
This think piece discusses the proposed policy on garrison shops designed for the members of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces to purchase subsidised groceries in their barracks, camps and cantonments. In mulling this policy intervention, the ruling executive-military alliance led by President Emmerson Mnangagwa was responding to the dire economic and social problems faced by the ordinary soldiers and police officers. It is common cause that the country is currently going through an economic recession that is adversely impacting on the ordinary Zimbabweans and the ordinary soldiers and police officers have not been spared. Notably, compared to their bosses, the rank and file officers’ incomes are far below the poverty datum line. The article, therefore, sets out to discuss the drivers, financing mechanisms and military budgets so as to locate the efficacy of the proposed garrison shops in the Government of Zimbabwe’s efforts to alleviate the plight of the security services sector. It concludes by gesturing towards the future of targeted, purposive, quantified and budgeted subsidies which benefit the poor, vulnerable and well-deserving cases against the current rent seeking subsidies in the security sector in Zimbabwe.
iBusiness, Volume 13, pp 1-17; doi:10.4236/ib.2021.131001
This paper aims to benchmark the Lessons Learned (LL) and Knowledge Management (KM) systems at X Oil Company. In order to do so, interviews were conducted with project managers from the company in order to assess their understanding of LL and KM use and applications and their current existing system. This information served as the input and guidance for the required research to be done. The paper covers a comprehensive literature review which discusses in detail the steps to be taken, the requirements, key success factors and arising challenges for successful implementation of the LL system. Finally, the paper provides suggestions and recommendations such as application of web 2.0 technologies and methods for improvement and maintenance of high-quality lessons learned in addition to ease of retrieval. Following the steps and recommendations would help X Oil Company and other organizations achieve KM excellence.
iBusiness, Volume 13, pp 18-29; doi:10.4236/ib.2021.131002
As the number of projects increase in diverse fields, so the demand for effective project managers increases. In the United Arab Emirates, the recent exponential growth has resulted in increased projects. However, determining an individual who would make an effective project manager continues to be a challenge. In this study, the correlation between emotional intelligence and project success was explored. Initially, valuable secondary research was carried out to point out the main features a project manager with high Emotional Intelligence (EI) exhibits followed by proof of correlation between those features and an above average EI score. An online survey was administered to fifteen project managers to collect data concerning their emotional intelligence and the success of their projects. According to the findings, emotional intelligence correlates strongly with project success. Consequently, this study recommends that organizations should hire emotionally intelligent project managers to ensure project management success.
iBusiness, Volume 13, pp 48-66; doi:10.4236/ib.2021.131004
This article sets out to examine the legal and extra-legal instruments deployed by the ruling executive-military alliance in the fight against the scourge of the COVID-19 pandemic in Zimbabwe. The ruling executive-military alliance led by President Emmerson Mnangagwa has responded to the eruption of the coronavirus by adopting a highly securitised approach backed by a battery of legal and extra-legal instruments. It is therefore the argument of this article that the Mnangagwa administration has weaponised COVID-19 in order to achieve some objectives beyond the public health concerns. In particular, the government has sort to use the lockdown measures to clamp down on political opposition, silence critics, contain the restive population, and entrench its power and control over some key accountability institutions including the legislature, the judiciary, and the media. The article concludes by canvassing for the de-securitisation and de-weaponisation of COVID-19. This means shifting the concept of securitisation of public health threat from a state-centred focus that privileges government and state security apparatuses to one that accentuates people as the main beneficiaries of the fight against this deadly coronavirus pandemic.
iBusiness, Volume 13, pp 30-47; doi:10.4236/ib.2021.131003
Based on the sample of A-share listed companies from 2011 to 2018, this paper analyzes the relationship between the performance of independent directors and corporate performance, and the moderating effect of independent directors’ human capital on the above relationship from three perspectives: Meeting attendance, dissenting behavior and resignation behavior. The results show that: 1) Meeting attendance is not related to the company’s performance, and the independent director’s dissenting behavior and resignation behavior improve the company’s performance; 2) The independent director’s human capital enhances the relationship between the attendance at the meeting and the company’s performance, which turns the two into a significant positive correlation; strengthens the positive correlation between the dissenting behavior and the company’s performance; strengthens the positive correlation between the resignation behavior and the company’s performance correlation. The study of this paper is conducive to comprehensively and reasonably evaluate the performance of independent directors and play the role of independent directors.
iBusiness, Volume 12, pp 203-221; doi:10.4236/ib.2020.124014
From a perspective of network economics, we look into the dynamics of competition, innovation and growth. This view relates theories, models and policy implications in a framework to approach the impacts of innovation and market dynamics on scale and scope of network industries, therefore, to foster breadth and depth of economic growth. Innovation has a major network inducing effect, so has competition. Competition always carries dynamic features and is intrinsically linked to interactive models in games of strategy. A review focuses on both the interaction of competition and innovation and sets out to outline the empirical tasks ahead through industry cases and econometric coverage within modern traditions of Schumpeterian economics.
iBusiness, Volume 12, pp 81-102; doi:10.4236/ib.2020.123006
This article discusses the undercurrents of US-China geoeconomic competition in Zimbabwe. It argues that while the rivalry between the United States and China has been visible at global level as demonstrated by the high profile tariff wars, South China Sea squabbles, and more recently, for the handling of the origins of the coronavirus aka Covid-19 pandemic, the US-China geoeconomic frictions have largely been of low intensity but high impact on Zimbabwe. The episodes of turfing between Beijing and Washington in that country are traceable to the 2000s when the United States and the other Western countries imposed targeted measures and sanctions on Harare following disagreements on land reform, human rights, rule of law, and electoral malpractices. The imposition of restrictive measures on Zimbabwe was accompanied by the withdrawal of the Euro-American investments, trade, finance, and development aid. In response, the Zimbabwe government invited China to invest in the lucrative sectors of the economy. This signalled the birth of the US-China geoeconomic competition in Zimbabwe. Since then, Beijing has consolidated its geostrategic interests in the country while the United States and the other Western countries have largely remained on the economic sidelines for the past two decades in Zimbabwe. This article therefore sets out to surface the US-China geopolitical and geoeconomic undercurrents thereby identifying the winners and losers as well as opportunities for the ailing economy of Zimbabwe.
iBusiness, Volume 12, pp 150-159; doi:10.4236/ib.2020.124011
It is very important for a company to determine spending for acquisition and retention of customers which affect the Customer lifetime value of the company. In this paper, we formulate the Customer lifetime value model as an optimal control problem. The obtained problem is to find an acquisition policy which maximizes the present value of all future profits generated from a customer. Here the state variable is the average margin for each customer about how much each customer contributes to the company and the control variable is the cost of acquisition. We use the maximum principle for optimality to solve the problem, estimate some parameters of the problem using statistical data for Mobile service sector of Mongolia and calculate the optimal Customer lifetime values of the sector for some values of parameters.
iBusiness, Volume 12, pp 174-202; doi:10.4236/ib.2020.124013
China’s investment in Africa has a substantial positive effect on Africa’s economic development and social life. However, various problems and negative comments are exacted by western mainstream social media and speech to disgrace the perfect relationship between China-Africa for their benefits. For an objective and fair evaluation of China’s influence on the investment, this article uses an African’s perspective by using a questionnaire survey to China for investment in Africa politics, economy, culture, and environmental. Aspects of influence on the detailed analysis do research on the public investment project popularity and its improvement, improve China’s comprehensive income for the investment, and reduce the “area” strategy of investment risk to provide a policy basis.
iBusiness, Volume 12, pp 1-12; doi:10.4236/ib.2020.121001
The study aims to define the financial situation of Mongolian entities. The objective of research determines the nature of its trend and evaluates the role of accounting and its reporting by reviewing the accuracy and transparency of the reporting information by making analysis including core financial indicators. The data is based on the “Financial statements of the entities” issued by the Accounting policy department, Ministry of Finance of Mongolia and related statistical information. The significance of the study will be more useful to understand a Mongolia’s entities’ financial nature and make better economic decisions.