BMC Oral Health

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ISSN / EISSN : 1472-6831 / 1472-6831
Current Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC (10.1186)
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Total articles ≅ 2,124
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Blend Hamza, Marina Kazimi, Philipp Körner, Thomas Attin, Florian Just Wegehaupt
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-6; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01648-3

Background This study aims to investigate the influence of different dentin pretreatment procedures on the resulting abrasive dentin wear. Methods Two groups (A, B) of 60 dentin samples each were prepared. Group A was brushed with an abrasive slurry (RDA = 85) and group B with a different abrasive slurry (RDA = 174). Four subgroups in each group (n = 15) were created (A1–A4) and (B1–B4). The subgroups were pretreated as follows: A1 + B1 with 1200-grit grinding paper, A2 + B2 with 1200- and 2000-grit papers, A3 + B3 with 1200-, 2000-, and 4000-grit papers, A4 + B4 with 1200-, 2000-, 4000-grit papers and with 1000 brushing strokes with a slurry of Elmex toothpaste. All samples were brushed for 25 min at 120 strokes/min. Abrasive dentin wear was measured for each sample profilometrically and the subgroups were compared with each other within the same group. Repeated measures one-way ANOVA was conducted to compare the subgroups and pairwise contrasts were estimated for multiple testing according to Tukey (α = 0.05). Results The resulting abrasive dentin wear in group A ranged between 15.3 ± 3.4 µm and 17.3 ± 5.5 µm and between 20.3 ± 6.8 µm and 22.5 ± 2.6 µm in group B. No statistically significant difference was noticed between any subgroups within the same group (p ˃ 0.05). Conclusions Different dentin pretreatment procedures do not affect the resulting abrasive dentin wear independent of the RDA value of the employed abrasive slurry.
Yong Yang, Huiting Hu, Mianyan Zeng, Hongxing Chu, Zekun Gan, Jianmin Duan, Mingdeng Rong
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-7; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01651-8

Background Few large-sample studies in China have focused on the early survival of dental implants. The present study aimed to report the early survival rates of implants and determine the related influencing factors. Methods All patients receiving dental implants at our institution between 2006 and 2017 were included. The endpoint of the study was early survival rates of implants, according to gender, age, maxilla/mandible, dental position, bone augmentation, bone augmentation category, immediate implant, submerged implant category, implant diameter, implant length, implant torque, and other related factors. Initially, SPSS22.0 was used for statistical analysis. The Chi-square test was used to screen all factors, and those with p < 0.05 were further introduced into a multiple logistic regression model to illustrate the risk factors for early survival rates of implants. Results In this study, we included 1078 cases (601 males and 477 females) with 2053 implants. After implantation, 1974 implants were retained, and the early survival rate was 96.15%. Patients aged 30–60 years (OR 2.392), with Class I bone quality (OR 3.689), bone augmentation (OR 1.742), immediate implantation (OR 3.509), and implant length < 10 mm (OR 2.972), were said to possess risk factors conducive to early survival rates. Conclusions The early survival rate of implants in our cohort exceeded 96%, with risk factors including age, tooth position, bone quality, implant length, bone augmentation surgery, and immediate implantation. When the above factors coexist, implant placement should be treated carefully.
Jiani Zhou, Tingjun Liu, Lihong Guo
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-15; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01644-7

Background XP-Endo Finisher (XPF) and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) are commonly used in intracanal medicament removal. The effectiveness of these two techniques needs to be compared, and evidence-based research should be conducted. Methods A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar up to December 20th, 2020. The outcomes of the included trials were pooled into the Cochrane Collaboration’s Review Manager 5.3 software. Cochrane’s risk-of-bias tool 2.0 was applied to assess the risk of bias. Results Nine articles were included in this systematic review and processed for data extraction, and eight studies were identified for meta-analysis. In general, the use of PUI showed better medicament removal effectiveness than XPF (odds ratio [OR]: 3.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.96–4.86; P < 0.001). PUI was also significantly more efficient than XPF in the apical third (OR: 3.42; 95% CI, 1.32–8.84; P = 0.01). For trials using sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) alone, PUI was also significantly more effective than XPF on intracanal medicaments removal (OR: 5.23; 95% CI, 2.79–9.82; P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between PUI and XPF when NaOCl and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) were used in combination (OR: 1.51; 95% CI, 0.74–3.09; P = 0.26). In addition, for studies whose intracanal medicament periods were two weeks, the effectiveness of PUI was statistically better than the XPF (OR: 7.73; 95% CI, 3.71–16.07; P < 0.001). Nevertheless, for trials whose intracanal medicament time was one week or over two weeks, no differences between the XPF and PUI were found (OR: 1.54; 95% CI, 0.74–3.22; P = 0.25) (OR: 1.42; 95% CI, 0.44–4.61; P = 0.56). Conclusions The meta-analysis is the first study to quantitatively compare the effectiveness of XPF and PUI techniques on intracanal medicaments removal. With rigorous eligibility criteria, the study only included high-quality randomised controlled trials. The study indicated that PUI might be superior over XPF techniques for removing intracanal medicaments from artificial standardized grooves and cavities in the root canal system. The anatomical areas, irrigation protocol, and intracanal medicaments time may influence the cleaning efficacy.
Linn Hedberg, Urban Ekman, Love Engström Nordin, Jan-Ivan Smedberg, Pia Skott, Åke Seiger, Gunilla Sandborgh-Englund, Eric Westman, , Mats Trulsson
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-10; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01654-5

Background Epidemiological studies show an association between masticatory function and cognitive impairment. This has further strengthened the notion that tooth loss and impaired masticatory function may be risk factors for dementia and cognitive decline. Animal experiments have indicated a causal relationship and several possible mechanisms have been discussed. This evidence is, however, lacking in humans. Therefore, in the current interventional study, we aim to investigate the effect of rehabilitation of masticatory function on cognition in older adults. Methods Eighty patients indicated for prosthodontic rehabilitation will be randomly assigned to an experimental or a control group. Participants will conduct neuropsychological assessments, masticatory performance tests, saliva tests, optional magnetic resonance imaging, and answer questionnaires on oral health impact profiles and hospital anxiety and depression scale before, 3 months, and 1 year after oral rehabilitation. The difference between the two groups is that the control group will be tested an additional time, (at an interval of about 3 months) before the onset of the oral rehabilitation procedure. The primary outcome is a change in measures of episodic memory performance. Discussion Although tooth loss and masticatory function are widespread in older people, it is still an underexplored modifiable risk factor potentially contributing to the development of cognitive impairment. If rehabilitation of masticatory function shows positive effects on the neurocognitive function, this will have great implications on future health care for patients with impaired masticatory status. The present project may provide a new avenue for the prevention of cognitive decline in older individuals. Trial registration: The protocol for the study was retrospectively registered in Identifier: NCT04458207, dated 02-07-2020.
Rania A. Sharif, , , Fatimah S. Almutairi, Mohrah A. Alaseri, , Mohamed F. A. Elagib
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-10; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01649-2

Background Manufacturers of the extended-pour alginates claimed their dimensional stability through prolonged storage. No data confirmed the ability of these materials to maintain their dimensions and the reproduced oral details following their chemical disinfection. Therefore, this study evaluated the dimensional stability and surface detail reproduction of gypsum casts obtained from disinfected extended-pour alginate impressions through different storage time intervals. Methods Two hundred and forty three hydrocolloid impressions were made from one conventional (Tropicalgin) and two extended-pour (Hydrogum 5 and Chromaprint premium) alginates. These impressions were subjected to none, spray and immersion disinfection before their storage in 100% humidity for 0, 72 and 120 h. The dimensional stability and the surface detail reproduction were indirectly evaluated under low angle illumination on the resulted gypsum casts. At α = 0.05, the parametric dimensional stability data were analyzed using One-Way ANOVA and Tukey’s comparisons, while the nonparametric detail reproduction data were analyzed using KrusKal Wallis and Mann–Whitney's tests. Results All gypsum casts exhibited a degree of expansion; however, the recorded expansion values did not differ between test categories (P > 0.05). Generally, casts obtained from spray-disinfected impressions showed lower detail accuracy (P < 0.05). Immersion-disinfected extended-pour alginates produced casts with better detail accuracy following 120 h of storage (P < 0.05). Conclusion All alginates materials offer comparable cast dimensions under different testing circumstances. Extended-pour alginates offer casts with superior surface details following their immersion disinfection and 120 h of storage. Spray-disinfection using 5.25% sodium hypochlorite affects the surface details of casts obtained from conventional and extended-pour alginates adversely.
, Arkadiusz Dziedzic, Juliana Tristão Werneck, Marcello Alves Marinho, Thaylla Núñez Amin Dick, Nara Regina Quintanilha, Eliane Pedra Dias
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-6; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01653-6

Background Secukinumab is a human monoclonal antibody immunoglobulin that neutralises interleukin (IL)-17A, and as such, is effective in the treatment of psoriasis. However, as IL-17A is essential in protection against fungal infections, patients treated with this drug may develop candidiasis. This report presents a case of atypical oral candidiasis occurring during targeted drug immunotherapy with an interleukin 17 (IL-17) inhibitor (secukinumab), with the aim of emphasisinge the necessity of periodical oral health assessment and monitoring. It provides a rational clinical approach to therapeutic protocol in the treatment of side effects associated with novel medications for autoimmune diseases. Case presentation Symptomatic tongue lesions were observed in a 50-year-old female patient on a monthly systemic treatment of 300 mg of secukinumab, which appeared after 60 days of using the medication. Two inconclusive biopsies and an unsuccessful application of oral corticosteroids made the diagnostic process challenging. Papillae on the back of the tongue were atrophied, forming a well-defined erythema and white non-detachable plaques on the lateral border of the tongue. Cytopathological and histopathological exam results were compatible with a diagnosis of oral candidiasis. Topical antifungal medication led to subsequent regression of the tongue lesions. During asymptomatic period and follow up for 7 months, a reduced monthly dose 150 mg of secukinumab was administered. Conclusions Patients undergoing treatment with IL-17 blockers, such as secukinumab, should be carefully monitored in order to avoid oral side effects resulting from the use of this medication.
Arman Taheri,
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-3; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01645-6

Knowing the International Classification of Orofacial Pain helps pain specialists to differentiate types of orofacial pain. It is important to select the best treatment or intervention for the patients based on the diagnosis. As part of our study, we reviewed the article published in BMC Oral Health, titled “Clinical characteristics and associated factors of trigeminal neuralgia: Experience from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia” by Ayele et al. (Ethiopia BMC Oral Health 20(1):7, 2020). For patients suffering from Classical Trigeminal Neuralgia taking a suitable dose of Carbamazepine or Gasser Ganglion radiofrequency could be helpful. Patients complaining Trigeminal neuralgia who had a history of a dental extraction in the painful region should be categorized in other group as Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1, who need larger dose of carbamazepine with anticonvulsant or tricyclic agent drugs (e.g. pregabalin or doxepin) or intervention (PPG radiofrequency).
, Hong-Zhi Xu
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-9; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01655-4

Background Although deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) such as CYLD, A20 and OTULIN are expressed in multiple tissues and thought to be linked with inflammatory diseases, their expression in periodontal tissues remains to be determined. This research was designed to assess the expression of CYLD, A20 and OTULIN in human gingiva, and to evaluate the regulation of these DUBs in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) upon different stimuli. Methods Immunohistochemistry assay was conducted to determine the expression of CYLD, A20 and OTULIN in human gingiva. Immunofluorescence assay was employed to observe the protein expression of CYLD, A20 and OTULIN in HGFs. RT-PCR and western blots were carried out to assess gene and protein expression changes of these DUBs in HGFs upon LPS or TNF-α. Results CYLD, A20 and OTULIN were found to be expressed in human gingiva and HGFs. The expression of CYLD, A20 and OTULIN was lower in the inflamed gingival tissue samples compared with the healthy gingival tissue samples. Further, the expression of CYLD, A20 and OTULIN in HGFs exhibited distinct regulation by different stimuli. TNF-α treatment markedly increased NF-κB activation in HGFs Conclusions Our findings suggest that CYLD, A20 and OTULIN might play a role in the progression of periodontitis.
Meng Zhang, Jing Lan, Tiantian Zhang, Wenshuang Sun, Panpan Liu,
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-8; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01640-x

Background We aimed to analyse the oral health status of adolescents in Shandong province, including dental caries and gingivitis, and their associated factors. Methods Adolescents aged 12–15-years in Shandong province were recruited. Caries and gingival status were assessed following the World Health Organisation diagnostic criteria. Information including the sociodemographic, oral hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices were collected through the questionnaire. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the oral diseases associated factors. Results In total, 3868 students (50.2% males) were enrolled. Of these, 39.9% of the participants experienced caries, and 81.7% and 31.3% had calculus and bleeding gingival, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that there was an association between dental caries and toothaches, dental visits and sleeping troubles caused by oral problems (P < 0.024). A low-frequency of brushing, high sugar consumption and no flossing were more associated with calculus formation and gingival bleeding (P < 0.008). Conclusion Compared to caries, worse gingival condition was more prevalent among adolescents in Shandong province. Brushing behaviour is associated with gingivitis, while dental visits and toothaches are associated with caries. Hence, prevention-oriented dental visits and oral hygiene training are strongly recommended to improve oral health status.
BMC Oral Health, Volume 21, pp 1-14; doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01615-y

Background Pulpal and periodontal healing are two main concerns of delayed replantation of avulsed teeth. The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of topical and systemic application of tetracyclines on pulpal and periodontal healing after tooth replantation. Methods A comprehensive electronic search was conducted in six databases. This systematic review was carried out according to Cochrane Handbook and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Results After exclusion of 246 irrelevant papers, 14 animal studies and one human study were included in this review. The human study showed that avulsed permanent teeth treated with doxycycline did not show a better clinical outcome for pulp and periodontal healing compared with treatment with normal saline. As for animal studies, significant more pulpal healing was observed in immature teeth treated with topical doxycycline in two researches, while another one study showed that there is no difference between teeth treated with normal saline and teeth treated with doxycycline. Systemic doxycycline exerted no significant effect on pulpal revascularization illustrated by one research. Only one out of four articles illustrated the positive effect of systemic tetracyclines on periodontal healing. One paper reported that intracanal application of demeclocycline promoted favorable periodontal healing. Two articles showed topical doxycycline contributed to favorable periodontal healing, while five studies showed no significant effect of topical tetracyclines on periodontal healing. Conclusions As a result of data heterogeneity and limitations of the studies, the effect of topical or systemic application of tetracyclines on pulpal and periodontal healing is inconclusive. More studies are required to get more clinically significant conclusions.
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