Education & Pedagogy Journal

Journal Information
ISSN : 2782-2575
Published by: Tomsk State Pedagogical University (10.23951)
Total articles ≅ 16
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Lyudmila Ivanovna Yaritsa, Battsetseg Narmandakh
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-64-74

Abstract:
In this study, one of the aspects of teaching Russian as an international language, namely the teaching of mathematical terms in the preparatory department of a technical university in Russia, is considered. The relevance of this subject has arisen due to the growing number of international students in Russian universities and the need for them to master the Russian language as soon as possible to continue their studies at Russian universities. This work aims to describe the learning process of Russian scientific vocabulary and terminology of technical disciplines, especially the language of mathematics, by international students from the countries of the former Soviet Union studying at the Preparatory Department of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. The complexity of mastering scientific vocabulary in Russian arises from the characteristic differences between Russian and Turkic languages. A linguistic experiment was conducted in which students heard and wrote down scientific terms, words, and phrases in Russian. Students were given a dictation test rich in scientific vocabulary. The results have been gathered, and numerous errors in spelling scientific terms have been pointed out. Studies in Russian universities take place mainly in Russian, with active use of scientific vocabulary, which is extremely difficult for people who are just beginning to learn Russian. After correcting the mistakes and explaining the correct spelling of the words, the dictation is repeated. The results obtained are compared. The features of deviations from the norm are identified, described, and structured, and options for working on the implementation of a program for the development of normative writing skills in international students are suggested. For example, it is quite challenging to determine the boundaries of a word, to identify differences between prefixes and prepositions, the normative spelling of vowels in the endings of nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and the spelling of fricative consonants.
Galiya Khamitovna Vakhitova, , Ajrakhgui Batsuuri
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-31-40

Abstract:
The state of modern preschool education in Russia and Mongolia is discussed in this paper. It is pointed out that preschool education is an integral and full-fledged part of the state general education system in both countries. This paper notes that preschool education aims not only to prepare five- to six-year-old children for school education but also, more importantly, to develop a healthy personality and self-esteem in preschool children. It is concluded that the system of preschool education in Mongolia is still at a developing stage, while Russia has enough experience to expand and enrich the education system as a whole.
, Vera Anatolievna Zakharova
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-41-55

Abstract:
Self-isolation measures implemented during the Covid-19 pandemic resulted in a quick transition to online instruction. As a result, teachers and students must master online learning tools and technologies in educational institutions. In addition, the problems with online education are frequently reported in scholarly sources. Many participants in the educational process faced difficulties during this period. In our opinion, many difficulties in online education were caused by insufficient training of self- directed learning skills in students and corresponding skills in teachers. At the same time, this group of universal learning skills is a mandatory part of education in Russian schools. The skills of self-organization and self-control are included in the Russian federal state educational standards requirements. A considerable number of scientific publications are devoted to the formation of assessment skills in school children. At the same time, the problem of training self-directed learning skills in online classes has not been sufficiently studied. This article examines the results of an independent assessment of self-directed learning skills and training in online classes for both primary school students and primary school teachers. As a result of the study, the following skills were identified as important for teaching primary school online learners: Planning, Self-Monitoring, Self-assessment, and selecting effective approaches for online learning. Empirical data were collected as part of the study. From this, the following points can be made: Primary school teachers are not prepared for online teaching; time demands on teachers have increased due to the specifics of teacher self-monitoring under the new conditions. Consequently, students need to learn the following skills during online teaching: self-monitoring, use of automated assessment and monitoring tools, self- and peer-assessment in the digital educational environment, and planning. The empirical data obtained show the importance of training self-monitoring skills for online teaching. Therefore, the proposed recommendations for improving teacher training education programs in pedagogical universities and in the teacher professional development system have practical relevance and can be implemented through appropriate educational programs.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Chervonnyy
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-13-22

Abstract:
Despite the considerable number of studies dealing with the semiotic aspects of education, none show the full semiotic potential of pedagogical education. This study presents the hierarchies of sign systems and their application in the training and development of future teachers. The use of A.B. Solomonik’s pyramid of sign systems to determine the semiotic potential of pedagogical education is particularly relevant. In this context, two goals of pedagogical training are considered. The first one is to use the sign systems of the given classification to identify the contents of the subject mastered by future teachers and use them for pedagogical interaction. In this case, semiotic research is developed in three directions: the semiotics of visualization of the content of school subjects; semiotics of visualization of the teaching process based on modern possibilities of technical means of education and information and communication technologies; and semiotics of pedagogical communication (internal and external). The second goal defines the prospects for using the presented semiotic pyramid for cultivating a general professional culture for student teachers. However, as a science, education does not have formalized first and second-order systems within the given classification. In this study, stereotypes (perceptions, images, behaviors) that determine the dynamics of a future teacher’s education and development function as units of sign systems. The development of stereotypes of pedagogical culture in future teachers determines their professional and personal progress, and the emergence and dynamics of innovative solutions. The characteristics of the four-level sign systems are given 1) Natural Sign Systems. These are elementary representations of interaction between student and teacher, reflecting life experiences made before the beginning of professional education. 2) Image Systems. These are stereotypes about the school education system held by applicants to the pedagogical universities. Stereotypes have both positive and negative characteristics. 3) Linguistic Systems. Verbal texts contain theoretical information about a particular area of professional culture and presuppose that each student acquires it individually (lecture material, traditional learning assignments, homework). A semiotic model of learning is manifested. The teacher gives a theoretical introduction to pedagogical paradigms – meta stereotypes of pedagogical perceptions and behaviors through language systems. 4) Writing systems. This level of sign systems includes written texts (documents) reflecting pedagogical systems and technologies, educational programs, and standards. A certain role in the formation of stereotypes among teachers is played at this level by the lists of competencies and professional functions defined by educational and professional standards. A different approach to personal and professional development implies a practice-oriented educational system developed through the continuous exercise of job-related tasks. In this sense, teacher training should reflect professional activity with the broader perspectives of synergy.
Marina Sergeyevna Yakushkina, Marina Rimantasovna Ilakavichus
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-56-63

Abstract:
Introduction. The life of a modern person today is characterized by a constant renewal of the educational path, which allows one to quickly solve problems in both professional and personal development. The countries of Eurasia are no exception. The prioritized form of continuous education in the 21st century is non-formal education. It is democratic and makes exceptional use of the resources of civil society. Leading the development of non-formal education are self-organized communities of all ages, whose members create educational, cultural, and recreational activities in the network mode. In order to promote the educational activities of these communities, normative support is required, based on the provisions of the sciences of the interdisciplinary humanities field. The aim of the article. Describe the features of all age communities’ self-organization that form event networks. Research methods. Research methods include analyzing domestic and foreign studies, identifying scientific works whose results can be interpreted as possible solutions to the problems identified in this development, modeling methods, analysis and generalization of pedagogical experiences, pedagogical surveys, interviews, participant observation, and publicly speaking initiated and organized expertise. Results and Discussion. Rationale. To realize the developmental potential of non-formal practices in a formal educational setting, conditions must be created that attract a community of all ages (especially children and adults). Effective forms of self-organization of non-formal educational communities of all ages include the following: school communities for informal communication (CAS activities, music, sports, extracurricular academic subjects), families (family education and leisure), reading clubs, religious communities, travel groups, and city tour communities. This includes the active use of pedagogical practices of non-formal education: play and project activities, independent creative group activities, crowdsourcing, and participation in social networks. All age communities create networks of events of different types and forms, which make it possible to attract new members to the communities. Conclusion. In order to realize the development potential of non-formal education for all age communities, those responsible for formal educational institutions must create the conditions for the development of event networks: provide a venue and methodological support.
Yuriy Vladimirovich Kalinyuk, Larisa Germanovna Smyslyaeva, Dmitriy Mikhaylovich Matveev
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-23-30

Abstract:
The article deals with the development trends of the modern Russian system of secondary vocational education (SVE). The current state of SVE in the Tomsk region is described. Regional peculiarities and strategic goals of transformation of SVE in the context of socioeconomic development of the region are presented. A theoretical rationale for the cluster approach to the development of the SVE system is provided. The need for productivity changes in the regional SVE system using the cluster approach is demonstrated. A project for updating the SVE infrastructure in the Tomsk region, reflecting the principles and mechanisms of cluster policy, is proposed. The basic characteristics of two clusters – educational clusters and educational-industrial clusters – are presented. Scientifically justified hypotheses about the regularities and the effective functioning of these clusters are formulated. Cluster-driven organizational and pedagogical methods of integrating SVE practices and continuous professional development of the current personnel of the real economic sector are pointed out. Methods, management tools, and conditions for successful integration are mentioned. Conditions for the realization of pedagogical interaction between subjects participating in industrial cluster communities are presented. The existing practical experience of the Tomsk region with clusters in SVE transformation is summarized. Socioeconomic and pedagogical prospects of interaction between clusters and networks in SVE for solving urgent and future tasks at the regional level are predicted. The materials of the article are based on the results of educational design and research methods of theoretical analysis, survey, and expert method.
Aleksandr Yuryevich Pigarev
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-75-83

Abstract:
The essence and reason for the inability to master mathematics are described as a lack of working memory. This paper describes two main approaches to solving the problem of teaching mathematics to students with learning difficulties in mathematics (MLD): (1) training working memory and (2) reducing the load on working memory in the instructional process. It was found that the results of the first approach are ambiguous: Training working memory leads to its improvement, which is confirmed by the test results but may not lead to improvement of the mathematical learning process associated with the student’s working memory. This justifies the primacy of the second approach. Both previously known methods for reducing the load on working memory in mathematics instruction are presented. A computer-based mathematics learning system developed by the author aims at automating basic computational skills (arithmetics, trigonometry, geometry). It is explained how to work with the developed computer-assisted learning system, which is based on the method of interval repetitions, and empirical data on the results of the system implementation are given.
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2022-1-5-12

Abstract:
When speaking about the value component of character education, one usually means, first and foremost, the value content of education associated with educational goals. A look at the current network resources only confirms this impression. For example, the authors of online publications deal mainly with the problems of patriotic, civic, ecological, and democratic education; to a lesser extent, also with moral (which is often reduced to patriotic and civic education) and esthetic (artistic, musical); there are also publications on Christian, especially Orthodox education. There is no reason to believe that diversified education can be effective. However, as a preparatory intellectual elaboration on ideologically heterogeneous content to be incorporated into character education, such an approach, analogous to subject-differentiated learning, may have practical significance. The relationship between values and character education has two aspects. One concerns the value content of character education. Here, it is appropriate to discuss the values of education programs. The other concerns the value bases, the value component of the educational activity itself, and the ethos of education. The theme of the value paradigms of character education, mentioned in the title of this article, emerges here. The educator implements a specific value system in their activity. However, the particular educational activity is not always directed at forming the underlying value system.
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2021-2-5-17

Abstract:
The quality of education is the main priority in most states’ policy, and Russia is no exception. Russia pays much attention to the accessibility of quality education for all citizens regardless of their place of residence and social status. The quality of education is considered a complex characteristic of educational activity and students’ training. We will consider it within the framework of this article in the context of the assessment and development of the school educational environment. The quality of the educational environment is provided by the following factors: content components relating to the interaction between participants of an educational relationship; organization of the educational process; conditions for professional staff growth and comfortable environment for exceptional children. The study using the SACERS rating scale revealed that schools in different districts of the metropolitan area differ in terms of providing students with equal conditions in their educational environment. The most significant differences were revealed in the following components of the educational environment: the creation of organizational conditions for extracurricular activities and additional education; interior solutions to ensure privacy, the comfort of communication, and motor activity; conditions for the learning and development of students with special educational needs. The study showed that schools with a higher quality index of the educational environment have quite homogeneous educational conditions. They provide relatively equal access to quality education compared to a group of structural units with a lower quality index. The differences in the compared educational organizations specifying the heterogeneity of educational conditions are related to characteristics such as the variability or uniformity in the use of resources, resource availability or its active use, whether it is a systematic or fragmented working process, and the focus on control norms or development.
Education & Pedagogy Journal; https://doi.org/10.23951/2782-2575-2021-2-68-75

Abstract:
It is customary to consider interpersonal relationships as a significant factor influencing the development of individual mental processes and personality. In recent years, studies that reveal the specifics of interpersonal relationships in persons with different types of dysontogenesis, including those with intellectual disabilities, have been of particular interest to specialists. This article presents the results of studying the interpersonal relationships of adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID), complicated by visual impairment. When it comes to comparing the interpersonal relations in adolescents with intellectual disabilities, complicated by visual impairment and their peers with uncomplicated intellectual disabilities, the results of the study show that there are features which are general to both groups and features which are specific to only one group. In the surveyed groups, only one-third of adolescents consider their mother and father as a parental couple. More often than not, they communicate with their mother and refuse to communicate with their father. The adolescents of both groups are characterized by the following: low involvement in terms of interaction with peers; the presence of emotionally deficient or emotionally excessive reactions (with a predominance of the emotionally deficient type); poor decision-making, the desire to shift responsibility to others; lack of interest to become a leader; frequent conflicts with peers and inability to resolve them constructively. In addition, adolescents in the surveyed groups often demonstrate reactions to frustration in an active-aggressive or a passive-suffering manner. Moreover, in adolescents with uncomplicated ID, reactions of an active-aggressive type dominate, and in adolescents with ID complicated by visual impairment, reactions of a passive-suffering type are dominant. It is important to note that adolescents with ID complicated by visual impairment tend to be isolated from their peers and show high affection for home and their families.
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