European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2736-576X
Published by: Europa Publishing (10.24018)
Total articles ≅ 33

Latest articles in this journal

Ela Bhattacharya, D. Bhattacharya
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 10-15; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2485

Abstract:
COVID-19 has emerged as the latest worrisome pandemic, which is reported to have its outbreak in Wuhan, China. The infection spreads by means of human contact, as a result, it has caused massive infections across 200 countries around the world. Artificial intelligence has likewise contributed to managing the COVID-19 pandemic in various aspects within a short span of time. Deep Neural Networks that are explored in this paper have contributed to the detection of COVID-19 from imaging sources. The datasets, pre-processing, segmentation, feature extraction, classification and test results which can be useful for discovering future directions in the domain of automatic diagnosis of the disease, utilizing artificial intelligence-based frameworks, have been investigated in this paper.
Holta Prifti, Tania Floqi, Mirel Mico
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 70-72; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2503

Abstract:
Recently the use of biomass for biogas production is very limited in Albania. According to data acquistion from the study, the highest share in the entire structure of urban solid waste is that of organic waste 41-61.2%. A large part of these waste are bio digestible and can used for production or utilized as potential substrate in anaerobic digestion to produce biogas, a renewable source of energy and environment friendly too. Live stocks waste and especially cow manure farms are concerned in this study because there are a high number 11813 of them are spread all over Albania. In addition, the amount of cow manure exceeds 37,693.92 ton/year. In this case study is presented a cow farm located near Tirana, capital city of Albania with 200 cow heads which in the future will become 700 cow heads. The total amount of cow manure produced in this farm is 1825 ton/year, a considerable quantity of manure available for biogas production. This paper presents the type of digester, calculation of the biogas production yield, the optained energy, the pay back period of the initial investment and the net present value of this farm batcher digestor.
W. Aboalriha
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 99-106; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2522

Abstract:
The failure assessment diagram (FAD) method has been widely accepted to evaluate the extent to which cracks may affect structural safety. The usage of this FAD method has been validated and included in [1]-[3]. The structure under investigation, described in four fully welded T-joint (BCC5) specimens, where these welded joints are a source of stress concentration and defects from which fatigue cracks can grow. The four specimens were modeled under different displacement loading using a finite element analysis program Ansys and SolidWorks software. In this work, the application of a FAD (Lr, Kr) using maximum stress, cumulative stress ranges, and the last half-cycle stress range was investigated. The results are showing that all the points were lying outside the FAD curve except for the BCC5D specimen point was inside FAD when using maximum stress. Conclusions made that the cumulative stress gives Lr and Kr are extremely large and hence predict failure too early. With the Crack Tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) of the test specimen assumed to be about 1mm rather than 0.1mm it was found that, if a FAD is to be used to indicate failure, then both Lr and Kr should be based on the maximum stress. It appears that the FAD methodology does help to predict the final failure (which is the usual application in such cases). This represents more effectively the structural behavior and would be more easily used by designers.
Guy Richard Kibouka, Jean Brice Mandatsy Moungomo, Adoum Traoré Ndama
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 24-34; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2495

Abstract:
The work presented in this paper addresses the problem of joint optimization of the production, setup and corrective maintenance activities of a manufacturing system. This system consists of a machine subject to breakdowns and repairs and producing two types of parts. A corrective maintenance strategy whose repair rate depends on the number of setup operations already performed on the production system is considered in this work. The objective of this research is to propose a policy that controls production, setup, and corrective maintenance. The contribution of this paper is through the control of the repair rate, combined with the planning of production and setup in a dynamic and stochastic context. Optimality conditions in the form of Hamilton-Jacoby-Bellman (HJB) equations are obtained and a numerical approach is proposed in order to deal with the joint optimization issues. Extensive simulations are performed to address many scenarios that illustrate the interactions between production, setup and maintenance activities.
C. Raveendiran, P. Prabukanthan
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 181-189; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2554

Abstract:
Heterocyclic organic nonlinear optical materials of N-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)benzamide [2-BTBA] and N-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)-2-fluorobenzamide [2-BTFBA] were orchestrated by benzoylation of 2-aminobenzothiazole utilizing subbed benzoyl chloride. The orchestrated mixtures2-BTBA and 2-BTFBA molecular ion peaks at 253.9 & 272 were affirmed by GC-MS. The grown single crystals of 2-BTBA and 2-BTFBA were developed by slow evaporation method at room temperature with a combination of ethyl acetate & methanol as dissolvable. The X-ray diffraction investigations of equally 2-BTBA & 2-BTFBA crystal have a monoclinic framework with space group P21/n individually. The FT-IR spectra of 2-BTBA and 2-BTFBA show absorption peaks at 1670 and 1660 cm-1, indicating the presence of carbonyl functional group vibration modes in the molecules. UV–Vis spectra show a awesome absorbance band at 303 & 300 nm for 2-BTBA and 2-BTFBA molecules, respectively. The number of protons and carbons were predicted using 1H and 13C NMR spectrum studies. TGA and DTA analyses confirmed the various stages of disintegration of the produced crystals, and they are thermally stable up to 403 K and 333 K for 2-BTBA and 2-BTFBA, respectively. The zone of hindrance method was used to test the antibacterial and antifungal activities of produced single crystals using amphotericin-B and ciprofloxacin as standards. The outcomesprove that the incorporated mixtures display prevalent anti-fungal and antibacterial activity. The non-linear efficiency was affirmed by Kurtz- Perry concentrates trategy for 2-BTBA and 2-BTFBA crystals with the SHG proficiency 2.28 and 2.83 times more prominent than that of potassium dihydrogen phosphate [KDP].
Hannatu N. Wazoh, Stephen J. Mallo
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 118-128; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2530

Abstract:
A study of the engineering properties of the subsurface soil in the Greater Jos Master Plan development area has been carried out to address the paucity of engineering data in the area. The study became necessary because the rapid urbanization has led to limited construction land with more ground prone to instability due to reworking by mining and related activities. The study area is located within Latitudes 09º 48' 20'' to 09º 53'20''N and Longitudes 08º 53' 54'' to 08º 57 '00'' E and extending over 54km2 on Naraguta Sheet 168NE. Surface geological mapping was carried out to confirm the existing geology. Geotechnical properties of soils were determined by analysis of soil samples for 38 locations. While 94 static water level measurements provided additional information on groundwater conditions. The area is underlain by the Jos-Bukuru Complex rocks predominantly biotite granites differentiated on the basis of mode of formation, mineralogy and texture. Soils derived from weathering of the rocks revealed gradual decomposition from gravel, sand, and silt-sized particles to lateritic clays. The soils are considered to have low to medium plasticity/compressibility, expansiveness, and swelling potential across all rock types. The static water table depicts fluctuation in the water table varying between 2.9 and 3.9m. These findings are expected to serve as guide in the choice of design and construction and as a baseline subsurface soil compendium for planning and urban development in the Greater Jos Master plan and for further studies.
Delfino R. Gutiérrez, Tomás Díaz-Becerril, Godofredo García-Salgado, Antonio Coyopol-Solís, Enrique Rosendo-Andrés, Reina Galeazzi-Isasmendi, Ramón Peña-Sierra, Crisóforo Morales-Ruiz, Roman Romano-Trujillo, Fabiola G. Nieto-Caballero
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 177-180; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2550

Abstract:
Microstructured films of undoped zinc oxide (ZnO) and ZnO doped with nickel (ZnO:Ni) were grown by hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) technique on Si (100) substrates at 500 °C. Pellets of ZnO and ZnO:NiO as oxidant agenst were used. A shift to the right around 0.17 degree of the X-Ray Diffraction pattern of the ZnO:Ni film was observed with respect to undoped ZnO films. Morphologically by Scanning Electron Microscopy was noticed a Core-Shell type growth in ZnO undoped and a nanostructured type (Nano-wire) in ZnO doped with Ni. Photoluminescence measurements showed an increase in the intensity of the green emission band of ZnO:Ni. It was attributed to defects of oxygen vacancies (VO), zinc vacancies (VZn), zinc interstitials (Zni), oxygen interstitials (Oi), and oxygen vacancies complex (VO complex) in the structure of the film. The incorporation of Ni atoms in the ZnO structure stresses the crystal lattice, leaving behind a large number of surface defects that increase the emission of PL.
Anil K. Berwal, Manisha Yadav
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 134-140; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2535

Abstract:
The expanding commercial building sector and urbanization in India leads to an increase in demand of energy many folds. Consequently, it is the need of the current scenario to define some regulatory regime or policy to harness the enormous potential of energy savings. Under the Energy Conservation Act 2001, the Government of India under the Bureau of Energy Efficiency launched the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) on a voluntary basis. ECBC sets the standards of minimum energy performance for “large commercial buildings. These norms were for both new and existing buildings. Retrofitting of existing buildings offers noteworthy opportunities for reducing global energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. This paper provides a systematic approach to review the application of energy conservation building codes in existing buildings and identification of the best retrofit strategies to stimulate the implementation of ECBC in the country.
J. M. Aniesedo, C. N. Okoli
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 43-49; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2502

Abstract:
This study used the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) test statistic to examine the impact of three categories feed used in the production of pig in Delta State. The multivariate test statistic considered are the Pillai – Bartlett trace, Wilks’ Test Statistic, Roy’s Largest Root Test Statistic, and the Lawley- Hotelling (LH) Statistic. The objectives include to: evaluate the robustness of the four Multivariate Analysis of Variance test statistics to ensure that the best is employed in multivariate analysis to guarantee most useful result in pig production; determine the relatively efficient test statistic for pig production; and determine the test statistic that is consistent across the sample sizes. Secondary source of data collection was used to obtain the data required for the analysis. The outcome of the study showed that the obtained data was multivariate normally distributed based on the result of the asymmetry-based multivariate normality test and the multivariate normality test based on the kurtosis test which makes the data suitable parametric multivariate method such as multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The results show that the Wilks and Roy tests found a significant difference for the intercept. While the Pillai and LH tests could not find any significance. The Roy test was also found to be significant for feed one, feed two, and feed three. The Wilks and Roy tests also turned out to be significant differences for the intercept. All test measures showed significance for feed one. The Wilks and Roy tests also showed a significant difference for feed two, while all test measures found a significance for feed one. Another result showed that none of the tests found significance for the interaction between feed one and two, while the Roy test found significance for the interaction between feed one and three, feed two and three and feed one, two and three. The performance of the test for evaluating the performance of feeds for pig production with/without considering interactions was found to be in the following order of magnitude: Roy, Wilks and Pilla = LH. This result implies that the Roy method, with or without consideration of the interaction, has a better performance of the test than the other methods considered in the study.
Hengameh Fakhravar, Monier Madison Ouabira
European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Volume 6, pp 84-88; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.5.2345

Abstract:
Quality is a fundamental requirement in effective project management. Effective project management entails a steady focus on quality management as well as achievement of all user requirements as defined during the requirements engineering phase of project implementation. Quality assurance must be executed throughout the project development cycle as a new normal in reducing errors and challenges during project development. Conducting quality assurance throughout the project development cycle has many benefits to both the project as well as the project development team. Understanding the research approach to use is critical in achieving high-quality findings in projects. There is a need to understand how to utilize deductive, inductive, and abductive research reasoning when conducting project implementation.
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