Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 18299067 / 24606588
Current Publisher: IAIN Samarinda (10.21093)
Total articles ≅ 48
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Dian Mustika, Siti Marlina
Published: 2 July 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1344

Abstract:The existence of the Integrated Marriage Itsbat in Jambi City has begun since 2015 but in 2018, it was no longer implemented. One of the reasons is because the number of participants was decreasing. However, the trial of Marriage Itsbat in the Religious Court was still held. This study tries to examine its implementation in Jambi City and the problems surround it. This is an empirical legal research which employs the qualitative data collection through interviews and documentation. The study finds that the implementation of this program was loaded with a number of problems. Even in the reality, the final goal of this program, which is to help disadvantaged people to obtain rights to marriage certificates, marriage books, and birth certificates in one service unit, was not fully achieved. The results of this study indicate that there were a number of problems that had arisen, including: the existence of this program creating chances for increasing unregistered marriages; registration of participants without going through KUA leading to missed checks related to the clarity of previous marital status; a constraint in the publishing process of a Marriage Certificate; and lack of socialization. Hence, future programs of integrated marriage itsbat should be able to address the unintended consequences.Keywords: Integrated Marriage Itsbat, marriage registration, Religious Court, Compilation of Islamic LawKeberadaan Program Itsbat Nikah Terpadu di Kota Jambi baru dimulai pada tahun 2015. Namun, pada tahun 2018 tidak lagi dilaksanakan. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah jumlah peserta yang semakin menurun. Meskipun demikian, Sidang Itsbat Nikah di Pengadilan Agama tetap dilaksanakan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini mencoba menilik implementasi Itsbat Nikah Terpadu di Kota Jambi serta problematika yang terjadi di seputarnya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lapangan dengan menggunakan pendekatan yuridis empiris, sedangkan metode pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dan dokumentasi. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa implementasi program ini sarat dengan sejumlah permasalahan, bahkan realitanya, tujuan akhir program ini, yaitu membantu masyarakat kurang mampu untuk memperoleh hak atas akta perkawinan, buku nikah, dan akte kelahiran dalam bentuk pelayanan terpadu tidak sepenuhnya tercapai. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada sejumlah masalah yang muncul, diantaranya: keberadaan Itsbat Nikah Terpadu dapat menimbulkan peluang semakin meningkatnya angka pernikahan tidak tercatat; pendaftaran peserta tanpa melalui KUA seringkali menyebabkan luputnya pemeriksaan terkait kejelasan status pernikahan sebelumnya; terkendalanya proses penerbitan Buku Nikah; hingga sosialisasi yang minim.Kata kunci: Itsbat nikah terpadu, pencatatan perkawinan, Pengadilan Agama, Kompilasi Hukum Islam
Hervina Hervina
Published: 2 July 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1389

Abstract:Intellectual Property Rights becomes a serious discussion in some universities, especially in the Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri (PTKIN, State Islamic Higher Education system). The lack of copyrighted academic works in some PTKIN is the background why this article is published. This article aims at looking some development strategies that are exist in several universities in Indonesia. Using empirical studies, this article explores some experiences of three universities related to the strategy of developing intellectual property rights. These three universities are Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta (UII, Islamic University of Indonesia), Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung (UIN Bandung, Sunan Gunung Djati State Islamic University of Bandung) and Institut Agama Islam Negeri Surakarta (Surakarta State Institute of Islamic Studies). This article finds that the development of intellectual property rights institutions in higher education includes four important things: mission, goals, strategies and policies. The conclusion of this article confirms that several universities have established institutions for strengthening intellectual property rights by having clear visions and measurable targets, so as to produce the right policies. Meanwhile, some higher education institutions have not established yet institution of Intellectual Property Right. However, several universities have been starting to strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights by raising some lecturers’ research to be copyrighted academic works.Keywords: Intellectual property rights, strategies for the development of IPR, Universities and IPR in Indonesia. Hak Cipta menjadi pembahasan serius di perguruan tinggi, khususnya di perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri. Sedikitnya karya akademik yang memiliki perlindungan Hak Kekayaan Intelektual di PTKIN menjadi latar belakang mengapa artikel ini ditulis. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk melihat sejauh mana strategi pengembangan yang ada di beberapa perguruan tinggi di Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan studi empiris, artikel ini mencoba mengexplorasi beberapa pengalaman perguruan tinggi terkait dengan strategi pengembangan hak kekayaan intelektual. Artikel ini menemukan bahwa pengembangan Lembaga hak kekayaan intelektual di perguruan tinggi mencakup empat hal: misi, tujuan, strategi dan kebijakan. Kesimpulan artikel ini menegaskan bahwa beberapa perguruan tinggi telah mendirikan Lembaga penguatan hak kekayaan intelektual dengan memiliki visi-misi yang jelas dan target terukur, sehingga mampu melahirkan kebijakan yang tepat. Sementara itu, beberapa perguruan tinggi lain belum memiliki capaian seperti yang telah disebutkan. Namun demikian, beberapa perguruan tinggi telah memulai penguatan hak kekayaan dengan mengangkat hasil penelitian para dosen menjadi karya akademik yang memiliki proteksi terhadap hak kekayaan intelektual.Kata Kunci: Hak kekayaan intelektual, strategi pengembangan HKI, Perguruan...
Haji Syaikhu
Published: 2 July 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1441

Abstract:The issue of inheritance distribution does not often lead to conflicts that must be resolved by means of litigation. In resolving conflicts that might arise, the community usually has set a separate rule to distribute inheritance. The people of Central Kalimantan, especially in the City of Palangka Raya, prioritize deliberations that are actually not contrary to Islamic law in resolving their inheritance disputes. Why and how these dispute settlements are conducted? This study uses normative-empirical methods which employs a legal anthropology approach. The results of the study show that the tradition of resolving inheritance disputes in the people of Palangka Raya City of Central Kalimantan prioritizes peaceful settlement disputes by using Islamic law first and then a family meeting is held to determine the agreeable share and distribution of assets. The principle of kinship in the protection of property (hifz al-maal) in the family is adopted, so that the community returns to share property with the negotiation method which is built on family agreements. By referring to Islamic jurisprudence on inheritance, the dispute settlements also aims at sharia compliant in order to adhere to Islamic doctrine (hifz al-din). Finally, they also adopt the principle of responsive thinking which is human based on local wisdom values in society. The conclusion of this study shows that the Palangka Raya City Society combines Islamic law and customary law in the distribution of inheritance.
Heru Susetyo, Farida Prihatini, Iffah Karimah, Ahmad Ghozi
Published: 2 July 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1372

Abstract:As the most populous Muslim country in the world, Indonesia needs to spend seven decades until finally enacted the Halal Product Assurance Law in 2014. There are mixed responses in welcoming this law. Many Muslims are incredibly pleased with this law, while others believe that this law would create social and economic problems, instead. Four years have lapsed and the law is still difficult to be implemented, since the state has produced none of the implementing regulations of the said law. Meanwhile, the National Agency for Halal Product Assurance is newly established in 2018. Therefore, the law on halal product assurance is really at stake. It seems that the state enacted it half-heartedly. This paper discusses the dynamic of regulating halal products in Indonesia, between spiritual needs and socio-economic challenges. Less Muslim argued that halal is not part of Islamic teaching, yet many people believe that halal product in Indonesia is not merely a religious issue but also a social, economic and even political issue. The methods for this research are both normative and qualitative. Data are collected mainly through documents, library materials, and field research. To sharpen the findings, comparative studies with Malaysia and Thailand were conducted. In the end, this research reveals the socio-economic dynamics of halal product regulation in Indonesia amid which is beyond religious issues.Keywords: halal product, Indonesia, regulation AbstrakSebagai negara dengan jumlah penduduk Muslim terbanyak di dunia, Indonesia memerlukan tujuh tahun proses pembentukan sebelum disahkannya Undang-Undang Jaminan Produk Halal pada tahun 2014. Berbagai respon muncul menyambut kehadiran Undang-Undang tersebut. Banyak umat Muslim yang bergembira dengan adanya Undang-Undang ini, namun ada juga beberapa kalangan yang berpendapat kehadiran Undang-Undang ini dapat menyebabkan masalah di bidang sosial dan ekonomi. Empat tahun sejak disahkannya Undang-Undang ini, penerapannya masih sulit dilakukan secara efektif karena tidak ada Peraturan Pelaksana yang di keluarkan pemerintah. Sementara itu, Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Produk Halal baru didirikan pada tahun 2018. Oleh karena itu, status Undang-Undang Jaminan Produk Halal masih tidak jelas, seolah-olah UU ini dibuat dengan setengah hati. Artikel ini mendiskusikan dinamika regulasi produk halal di Indonesia diantara kebutuhan agama dan tantangan dari kondisi sosial-ekonomi. Sebagian Muslim percaya bahwa isu produk halal di Indonesia bukan hanya permasalahan agama tetapi juga menyangkut masalah sosial, ekonomi, bahkan politik. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode normatif dan kualitatif. Data yang digunakan adalah dokumen, materi kepustakaan, dan studi lapangan. Untuk mempertajam hasil penelitian, penulis juga melakukan studi komparasi dengan Malaysia dan Thailand. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa isu sosial-ekonomi menjadi dinamika tersendiri dari regulasi produk halal Indonesia, lebih dari...
Alfarid Fedro, Setiawan Bin Lahuri, Mohammad Ghozali
Published: 2 July 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1365

Abstract:The function of Sharia Financial Institutions (SFI) is to provide the easiness for the needs of the community in sharia-compliant funding. One of them is Pegadaian Syariah (sharia pawnshop), which offers the pawning (rahn) contract as one of the sharia-compliant quick funding solutions. The National Sharia Council (NSC) realized the need to issue a fatwa on the guidelines on rahn as a form of response to the needs of the community in various SFI products. However, this fatwa contains biased meaning against the concept the rahn which is obscurely implemented between dain and qardh in some SFI contracts. Therefore, this study tries to analyze the DSN Fatwa NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/ 2000 and DSN Fatwa NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2000 concerning rahn between legal philosophy and its implementation in sharia pawnshops from the perspective of Fiqh Muamalah. The result of this study emphasizes that it is necessary to include in this fatwa a legal philosophy underlying reason for pawning (rahn) decision, whether it is debt (dain) caused by buying-selling/trading (bai') or due to money loan debt (qardh). This basis will explain the sharia-compliant boundaries of the implementation of the rahn contract in SFI, especially in sharia pawnshops which still makes qardh the basis for the realization of rahn implementation. Keywords: sharia pawnshops, rahn, qardh, DSN Fatwa NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III /2002 and DSN Fatwa NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2002.Fungsi Lembaga Keuangan Syariah (LKS) yaitu memberikan kemudahan kebutuhanan masyarakat dalam pendanaan yang syar’i. Salah satunya adalah Pegadaian Syariah yang menawarkan akad rahn sebagai salah satu solusi kebutuhan dana cepat yang sesuai syariah. Dengan demikian Dewan Syariah Nasional (DSN) memandang perlu menetapkan fatwa pedoman tentang rahn sebagai bentuk respon kebutuhan masyarakat dalam berbagai produk LKS. Namun, dalam fatwa ini memberikan bias makna implementasi akad rahn antara dain dan qardh di beberapa LKS. Maka penelitian ini mencoba menganalisis Fatwa DSN NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/2000 dan DSN Fatwa NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2000 tentang rahn antara legal filosofis dan implementasinya di pegadaian syariah dari prespektif Fiqh Muamalah. Hasilnya adalah perlu dicantumkan dalam fatwa ini legal filosofis sebab yang mendasari penetapan gadai (rahn) yaitu hutang (dain) apakah disebabkan jual beli (bai’) atau disebabkan hutang pinjaman uang (qardh). Dasar ini akan menjelaskan batasan-batasan kesyar’ian implementasi akad rahn di LKS khususnya di Pegadaian Syariah yang masih menjadikan qardh sebagai landasan terwujudnya implementasi rahn. Kata kunci: Pegadaian syariah, rahn, qardh, Fatwa DSN MUI NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/2002 and Fatwa DSN MUI NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2002.
Muzayyin Ahyar
Published: 25 June 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1593

Muzayyin Ahyar
Published: 25 June 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1594

Dani Muhtada
Published: 18 January 2019
Mazahib, Volume 17; doi:10.21093/mj.v17i2.1347

Abstract:After the fall of Suharto regime, some local governments in Indonesia have adopted Shari’a by-laws. Several studies suggest that this adoption of Shari’a by-laws was influenced mostly by the political motives of the local elites. They used such by-laws as a strategy to gain political supports from Muslim voters. They also used the by-laws to facilitate bribery and electoral corruption using social and religious instruments and to distract people’s attention from ongoing corruption. Although it confirms the political motives behind the adoption of the Shari’a by-laws, this paper suggests that such political motives may not the only factors leading to the introduction of Shari’a by-laws. Based on the study of the political and religious backgrounds of the district heads, who were elected in the local elections between 2008 and 2013, in the six major provinces, this paper indicates that political motives do not play alone. The district heads’ religious backgrounds can be the other important factors contributing to the adoption of Shari’a by-laws by some local governments in Indonesia.Key words: Shari’a by-laws, politics, local governments, Indonesia. AbstrakSetelah jatuhnya rezim Suharto, beberapa pemerintah daerah di Indonesia menerapkan peraturan daerah bernuansa Syariah (perda Syariah). Beberapa kajian berpendapat bahwa pengadopsian perda Syariah ini banyak dipengaruhi oleh motif politik dari para elit daerah. Mereka menggungaka perda tersebut sebagai strategi untuk mendapatkan dukungan politik dari para pemilih Muslim. Mereka pula menggunakan perda tersebut sebagai transaksi suap dan kecurangan elektoral untuk mengalihkan perhatian masyarakat dari korupsi yang tengah berlangsung di Indonesia. Meskipun artikel ini menegaskan adanya motif politik di balik penerapan perda Syariah, artikel ini berpendapat bahwa motif politik tersebut bukanlah satu-satunya factor yang mengarahkan pada permulaan diterapkannya perda Syariah. Berdasarkan kajian pada latar belakang politik dan keagamaan dari para Bupati, yang mana terpilih pada pemilihan umum dari tahun 2008-2013 di enam provinsi besar, artikel ini menunjukkan bahwa motif politik tidak bermain sendiri. Latar belakang keagamaan para Bupati dapat menjadi factor penting lainnya yang berkontribusi pada penerapan perda Syariah oleh beberapa pemerintahan daerah di Indonesia.Kata Kunci: perda Syariah, politik, pemerintah daerah, Indonesia
Ana Amalia Furqan, Alfitri Alfitri, Akhmad Haries
Published: 18 January 2019
Mazahib, Volume 17; doi:10.21093/mj.v17i2.1212

Abstract:This article is based on the fact that there is still the disparity of decisions among the Religious Court Judges on heirs, especially a child (walad), when handling the inheritance disputes. This is because there is a general provision of the meaning of walad contained in the Indonesian Compilation of Islamic Law (KHI) in which it includes both a son and a daughter. In addition, there is no obligation for Religious Court Judges to use the KHI as the basis for legal considerations, allowing for some Religious Court Judges to use the classical Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh) as the legal basis in deciding a case. This article aims to investigate the impact of the general concept of walad (a child) and measures should be taken the Government to accommodate the legal reference material for Religious Court Judges, especially the KHI and the classical Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh). It employs normative legal research which primarily examines the decisions of the Religious Courts in East Kalimantan, specifically Samarinda, Tenggarong and Tanah Grogot. The findings reveal that since there is no obligation for the Judges to use the KHI, referring to the classical Islamic Jurisprudence when giving legal considerations and deciding cases of inheritance is not against the procedural law in Indonesia. Yet, this measure potentially creates the disparity of decisions in the Religious Courts since the fiqh differs in determining who the walad is: merely sons or include both sons and daughters. This has frustrated the objective of the KHI as the codification of Islamic Law in Indonesia which unites the differences of opinions in the fiqh and, thus, assures legal certainty in resolving the disputes. Hence, the government should enact the KHI as a Law in Indonesia in order to end the forum of choice for the Judges in basing their decisions so that the disparity of decisions in the Religious Court minimized and legal certainty assured for the justice seekers.Keywords: Islamic inheritance law, walad, fiqh, religious court's decision AbstrakArtikel ini didasarkan pada kenyataan bahwa masih ada perbedaan keputusan di antara Hakim Pengadilan Agama tentang ahli waris, terutama anak (walad), ketika menangani sengketa warisan. Ini karena ada ketentuan umum tentang makna walad yang terkandung dalam Kompilasi Hukum Islam Indonesia (KHI) di mana itu mencakup anak laki-laki dan perempuan. Selain itu, tidak ada kewajiban bagi Hakim Pengadilan Agama untuk menggunakan KHI sebagai dasar untuk pertimbangan hukum, yang memungkinkan beberapa Hakim Pengadilan Agama untuk menggunakan fiqh sebagai dasar hukum dalam memutuskan suatu kasus. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki dampak dari konsep umum walad (anak) dan langkah-langkah yang harus diambil Pemerintah untuk mengakomodasi bahan referensi hukum bagi para Hakim Pengadilan Agama, khususnya KHI dan fiqh. Artikel ini didasari oleh penelitian hukum normatif yang terutama meneliti keputusan Pengadilan Agama di Kalimantan Timur,...
Ahmad Sholihin Siregar
Published: 31 December 2018
Mazahib, Volume 17; doi:10.21093/mj.v17i2.1192

Abstract:The latest trend regarding the study of contemporary thematic Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) is built upon a paradigm that fiqh, as a science developed in the Islamic tradition, is able to respond to every modern challenge. This paradigm seems to be incompatible with the study of the Islamic legal theory (Ushū al-fiqh) which is considered stagnant. However, the study of Ushū al-fiqh is, the initial gate to the discussion of legal reasoning which enables those who master it come up with theoretically correct rulings and hopefully responsive to the needs of the times. Discussing the thematic Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) without going through the Ushū al-fiqh thinking framework may lead to a serious gap to the product of the thematic fiqh study. The thematic fiqh studies such as fiqh siyāsah (Islamic jurisprudence on constitution), fiqh munākahat (Islamic jurisprudence on marriage), and Islamic jurisprudence on health issues are not infrequently distorted from the actual context. This article offers a way of dealing with the gaps. In this case, the terminology presented is para-fiqh. Para-fiqh is a term to bridge the trend between the thematic fiqh studies and the stagnancy of Ushū al-fiqh study which, in turn, give birth to the antithesis in the form of thematic Ushū al-fiqh. This article employs the conceptual-doctrinal approach which seeks to present the problems of various classical literatures of the Muslim scholars. By scrutinizing the concept para-fiqh, it is hoped that: first, this article presents a universal legal argument on some particular legal themes; second, it explains the principles of Ushū al-fiqh to understand the thematic fiqh products. The findings emphasize that the para-fiqh concept is important for enriching the intellectual tradition of Muslim communities, as well as being a bridge between the gaps created by the study of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) and the study of Islamic legal theory (Ushū al-fiqh).Keywords: para-fiqh; thematic ushūl, thematic fiqh, Ushūl jināyat; Ushūl mu`āmalat. AbstrakTrend terbaru mengenai kajian fiqh tematik kontemporer saat ini membangun paradigma bahwa fiqh adalah salah satu ilmu yang berkembang dalam tradisi Islam yang mampu merespon tantangan zaman. Paradigma ini seakan tidak sebangun dengan kajian Ushul fiqh yang dianggap stagnan. Namun demikian, kajian Ushul fiqh sebenarnya adalah gerbang awal pembahasan penalaran hukum sehingga melahirkan keputusan-keputusan hukum yang tepat. Membahas fiqh tematik tanpa melalui kerangka berfikir ushuliy membawa gap yang serius terhadap produk kajian fiqh tematik tersebut. kajian-kajian tematik seperti fiqh siyāsah, fiqh, munākahat, fiqh kontemporer dan kesehatan tidak jarang terserabut dari konteks yang sebenarnya. Artikel ini menawarkan sebuah jalan lintas mengenai gap yang terjadi. Dalam kasus ini, terminology yang dihadirkan adalah para-fikqh. Para-fiqh adalah istilah untuk menjembatani antara trend kajian fiqh tematik dengan stagnasi...