Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 18299067 / 24606588
Current Publisher: IAIN Samarinda (10.21093)
Total articles ≅ 55
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DOAJ
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Yayan Sopyan
Published: 27 January 2020
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.1994

Abstract:
As a Nation of Laws, every citizen is guaranteed to their freedom, being admitted and protected to their dignity, and also possesses the same position in the presence of law. Indonesia acknowledges and protects the human rights of its citizens without differentiating their background as enshrined in the 1945 Constitution. Part of Indonesian citizens is diffable (different in ability) group and they are supposed to have the same rights, responsibility, and positions as others. However, they have physical and psychological limitations and are considered to have difficulties to access public facilities without giving them the proper access. Accessibility is an important role to actualize the parity of opportunities in every aspect of life. It is an easiness provided for diffable people to achieve the same chance. In Islam, the issue of diffability has been discussed too which is drawn from the Qur’an and Hadith as the major source of Sharia. This article aims to point out the intersection between Islamic law and Indonesian law in providing concerns towards diffable people to obtain their rights and to observe how the legal protection to accessibility for diffable has been implemented. It finds that in the normative order, both Islamic and Indonesian law have provided adequate attention and protection for diffable people. Nevertheless, the means to provide access for them is yet to be optimal. The causes are: inconsistency to properly implement the law, incomplete facilities, and the unfriendly behavior and culture towards people with disabilities.Keywords: Islamic Law, Indonesian Law, Diffable, Accessibility
Editor Editor
Published: 2 January 2020
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.2064

Editor Editor
Published: 2 January 2020
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.2065

Hifdhotul Munawaroh
Published: 2 January 2020
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.1632

Abstract:
This article aims at examining the viability of a village court as an alternative settlement of minor criminal disputes in the district of Mlarak, Ponorogo, East Java. Among the cases resolved through restorative justice are petty theft, juvenile delinquencies, crimes against women and children, and public order disruption. The village court has used mediation among the disputants in the search of a consensus without harming each party. The consensus achieved signifies the return of balance in the community which has been damaged by the offenses. This makes dispute resolution through mediation and customary justice in line with the concept of Restorative Justice. However, there are obstacles in the resolution of cases through mediation. This includes: first, there are no regulations governing village justice procedures so that the mediation and village justice procedures differ from one village to another. Second, the determination of sanctions for minor criminal offenses is perceived to have not deterred some of the perpetrators. This is evidenced by the repetition of criminal acts committed by the perpetrators which, thus, has created public unrest. Third, the level of understanding of community leaders towards the law is still lacking. This has resulted in discrepancies in settling the disputes. From the Islamic law perspective, the settlement of a dispute by means of the village justice is in accordance with the Sharia. It constitutes the implementation of al-shulh system and ta‘zīr concept in the provision of punishment for the perpetrators Keyword: Restorative Justice, al-Sulh, Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), Minor Criminal Disputes
Hary Widyantoro, Fredy Torang W Munthe
Published: 31 December 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.1572

Abstract:
The article explores the process of monopolizing Blasphemy law interpretation by several Islamist groups and its impact on the freedom of religion in Indonesia. Even though the result of blasphemy cases in the national context is predictable, the local context shows a different dynamic. This article examines several religious blasphemy cases locally, such as Otto Radjasa’s in Balikpapan, Sukmawati’s in Jakarta, and Ganjar Pranowo’s in Central Java. It seeks to answer how has religious blasphemy been defined and interpreted by the Islamist group and how each interest has influenced the group interpretation and strategy to bring the offenders of the blasphemy law to the jail. It argues that monopolizing the law interpretation consists of two main strategies: first, by using lawfare against the political rivals, and second, by employing the exercise power while taking financial advantages from the offenders. The article contributes to the academic discussion on the exercise of power and hegemony in influencing the blasphemy law interpretation in Muslims majority countries.Keywords: Religious Blasphemy, Islamists, Power, Hegemony
Ahmed Salem Ahmed
Published: 31 December 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.1450

Abstract:
The arbitration system is considered to be the most effective and efficient way of dispute resolution than the judicial litigation system. This opinion is based on several reasons such as time speed, confidentiality, flexibility, and so forth. Therefore, arbitration is considered to be able to present preference and independence in dispute resolution. However, this assumption needs to be assessed scientifically in accordance with existing realities. Hence, this article is to compare between the arbitration and other litigation systems in terms of their advantages and disadvantages. It found that arbitration was present in response to the weaknesses of the rigid justice system and its lack of creativity in creating mechanisms for disputes between disputing parties. Despite the fact, the arbitration system, in some cases, does not have independence precisely because of its flexibility, confidentiality and lack of supervision. Thus this article confirms that the actual arbitration system does not have preferences and independence that far exceeds the general litigation justice system. In other words, the advantages of the arbitration system do not exceed that of the general justice system except for its flexibility in handling unique disputes.Keywords: Arbitration system – Judicial system – needs of developing for resolving the disputes.
Zainuddin Zainuddin, Yustiloviani Yustiloviani, Afrian Raus, Mauliddin Mauliddin
Published: 29 December 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.1595

Abstract:
This article examines the problem of majoring Constitutional Law at the Faculty of Sharia in Islamic Higher Education Institutions in Indonesia. There is an ambiguity of the essence of Constitutional Law at the Faculty of Sharia whose Siyasah (simply translated into Constitutional Law) as a major. The core subjects of constitutional law are legal studies on basic law aka constitution. Meanwhile, the essence of siyasah is politics. Does this ambiguity occur only in the nomenclature or also in its implementation as well that include the department’s vision, mission, curriculum, competency, and profile of graduates? This study was a library research which employs a qualitative data analysis towards the so-called siyasa department’s vision and mission documents, curriculum documents, textbooks assigned, teaching materials, research journals, and websites across Islamic Higher Education Institutions in Indonesia. It found that there has been an ambiguity in some Departments of Constitutional Law at the Faculty of Sharia both in the Department nomenclature and in its implementation, such as vision, curriculum, student final assignments, student competency, and profile of graduates. This ambiguity lies in which specialization aims at by the major: law in general, politics, or constitution? On the one hand, the objective of the department is to train the students with legal studies focusing on Islamic Constitutional Law (Qanun Dusturi al-Islamy). On the other hand, the courses on politics are prominent too while there is not enough subjects on the Islamic Constitutional Law. It thus suggests the siyasa Department management across the Faculty of Sharia in Indonesia reorient their vision and mission and match them with their curriculum and programs.Keywords: Ambiguity, constitutional law, Faculty of Sharia
Dian Mustika, Siti Marlina
Published: 2 July 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1344

Abstract:
The existence of the Integrated Marriage Itsbat in Jambi City has begun since 2015 but in 2018, it was no longer implemented. One of the reasons is because the number of participants was decreasing. However, the trial of Marriage Itsbat in the Religious Court was still held. This study tries to examine its implementation in Jambi City and the problems surround it. This is an empirical legal research which employs the qualitative data collection through interviews and documentation. The study finds that the implementation of this program was loaded with a number of problems. Even in the reality, the final goal of this program, which is to help disadvantaged people to obtain rights to marriage certificates, marriage books, and birth certificates in one service unit, was not fully achieved. The results of this study indicate that there were a number of problems that had arisen, including: the existence of this program creating chances for increasing unregistered marriages; registration of participants without going through KUA leading to missed checks related to the clarity of previous marital status; a constraint in the publishing process of a Marriage Certificate; and lack of socialization. Hence, future programs of integrated marriage itsbat should be able to address the unintended consequences.Keywords: Integrated Marriage Itsbat, marriage registration, Religious Court, Compilation of Islamic LawKeberadaan Program Itsbat Nikah Terpadu di Kota Jambi baru dimulai pada tahun 2015. Namun, pada tahun 2018 tidak lagi dilaksanakan. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah jumlah peserta yang semakin menurun. Meskipun demikian, Sidang Itsbat Nikah di Pengadilan Agama tetap dilaksanakan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini mencoba menilik implementasi Itsbat Nikah Terpadu di Kota Jambi serta problematika yang terjadi di seputarnya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lapangan dengan menggunakan pendekatan yuridis empiris, sedangkan metode pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dan dokumentasi. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa implementasi program ini sarat dengan sejumlah permasalahan, bahkan realitanya, tujuan akhir program ini, yaitu membantu masyarakat kurang mampu untuk memperoleh hak atas akta perkawinan, buku nikah, dan akte kelahiran dalam bentuk pelayanan terpadu tidak sepenuhnya tercapai. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada sejumlah masalah yang muncul, diantaranya: keberadaan Itsbat Nikah Terpadu dapat menimbulkan peluang semakin meningkatnya angka pernikahan tidak tercatat; pendaftaran peserta tanpa melalui KUA seringkali menyebabkan luputnya pemeriksaan terkait kejelasan status pernikahan sebelumnya; terkendalanya proses penerbitan Buku Nikah; hingga sosialisasi yang minim.Kata kunci: Itsbat nikah terpadu, pencatatan perkawinan, Pengadilan Agama, Kompilasi Hukum Islam
Alfarid Fedro, Setiawan Bin Lahuri, Mohammad Ghozali
Published: 30 June 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1365

Abstract:
The function of Sharia Financial Institutions (SFI) is to provide the easiness for the needs of the community in sharia-compliant funding. One of them is Pegadaian Syariah (sharia pawnshop), which offers the pawning (rahn) contract as one of the sharia-compliant quick funding solutions. The National Sharia Council (NSC) realized the need to issue a fatwa on the guidelines on rahn as a form of response to the needs of the community in various SFI products. However, this fatwa contains biased meaning against the concept the rahn which is obscurely implemented between dain and qardh in some SFI contracts. Therefore, this study tries to analyze the DSN Fatwa NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/ 2000 and DSN Fatwa NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2000 concerning rahn between legal philosophy and its implementation in sharia pawnshops from the perspective of Fiqh Muamalah. The result of this study emphasizes that it is necessary to include in this fatwa a legal philosophy underlying reason for pawning (rahn) decision, whether it is debt (dain) caused by buying-selling/trading (bai') or due to money loan debt (qardh). This basis will explain the sharia-compliant boundaries of the implementation of the rahn contract in SFI, especially in sharia pawnshops which still makes qardh the basis for the realization of rahn implementation. Keywords: sharia pawnshops, rahn, qardh, DSN Fatwa NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III /2002 and DSN Fatwa NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2002.Fungsi Lembaga Keuangan Syariah (LKS) yaitu memberikan kemudahan kebutuhanan masyarakat dalam pendanaan yang syar’i. Salah satunya adalah Pegadaian Syariah yang menawarkan akad rahn sebagai salah satu solusi kebutuhan dana cepat yang sesuai syariah. Dengan demikian Dewan Syariah Nasional (DSN) memandang perlu menetapkan fatwa pedoman tentang rahn sebagai bentuk respon kebutuhan masyarakat dalam berbagai produk LKS. Namun, dalam fatwa ini memberikan bias makna implementasi akad rahn antara dain dan qardh di beberapa LKS. Maka penelitian ini mencoba menganalisis Fatwa DSN NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/2000 dan DSN Fatwa NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2000 tentang rahn antara legal filosofis dan implementasinya di pegadaian syariah dari prespektif Fiqh Muamalah. Hasilnya adalah perlu dicantumkan dalam fatwa ini legal filosofis sebab yang mendasari penetapan gadai (rahn) yaitu hutang (dain) apakah disebabkan jual beli (bai’) atau disebabkan hutang pinjaman uang (qardh). Dasar ini akan menjelaskan batasan-batasan kesyar’ian implementasi akad rahn di LKS khususnya di Pegadaian Syariah yang masih menjadikan qardh sebagai landasan terwujudnya implementasi rahn. Kata kunci: Pegadaian syariah, rahn, qardh, Fatwa DSN MUI NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/2002 and Fatwa DSN MUI NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2002.
Hervina Hervina
Published: 30 June 2019
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i1.1389

Abstract:
Intellectual Property Rights becomes a serious discussion in some universities, especially in the Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri (PTKIN, State Islamic Higher Education system). The lack of copyrighted academic works in some PTKIN is the background why this article is published. This article aims at looking some development strategies that are exist in several universities in Indonesia. Using empirical studies, this article explores some experiences of three universities related to the strategy of developing intellectual property rights. These three universities are Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta (UII, Islamic University of Indonesia), Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung (UIN Bandung, Sunan Gunung Djati State Islamic University of Bandung) and Institut Agama Islam Negeri Surakarta (Surakarta State Institute of Islamic Studies). This article finds that the development of intellectual property rights institutions in higher education includes four important things: mission, goals, strategies and policies. The conclusion of this article confirms that several universities have established institutions for strengthening intellectual property rights by having clear visions and measurable targets, so as to produce the right policies. Meanwhile, some higher education institutions have not established yet institution of Intellectual Property Right. However, several universities have been starting to strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights by raising some lecturers’ research to be copyrighted academic works.Keywords: Intellectual property rights, strategies for the development of IPR, Universities and IPR in Indonesia. Hak Cipta menjadi pembahasan serius di perguruan tinggi, khususnya di perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri. Sedikitnya karya akademik yang memiliki perlindungan Hak Kekayaan Intelektual di PTKIN menjadi latar belakang mengapa artikel ini ditulis. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk melihat sejauh mana strategi pengembangan yang ada di beberapa perguruan tinggi di Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan studi empiris, artikel ini mencoba mengexplorasi beberapa pengalaman perguruan tinggi terkait dengan strategi pengembangan hak kekayaan intelektual. Artikel ini menemukan bahwa pengembangan Lembaga hak kekayaan intelektual di perguruan tinggi mencakup empat hal: misi, tujuan, strategi dan kebijakan. Kesimpulan artikel ini menegaskan bahwa beberapa perguruan tinggi telah mendirikan Lembaga penguatan hak kekayaan intelektual dengan memiliki visi-misi yang jelas dan target terukur, sehingga mampu melahirkan kebijakan yang tepat. Sementara itu, beberapa perguruan tinggi lain belum memiliki capaian seperti yang telah disebutkan. Namun demikian, beberapa perguruan tinggi telah memulai penguatan hak kekayaan dengan mengangkat hasil penelitian para dosen menjadi karya akademik yang memiliki proteksi terhadap hak kekayaan intelektual.Kata Kunci: Hak kekayaan intelektual, strategi pengembangan HKI, Perguruan Tinggi dan HKI di Indonesia