ISSN / EISSN : 18299067 / 24606588
Current Publisher: IAIN Samarinda (10.21093)
Total articles ≅ 62
Latest articles in this journal
Mazahib, Volume 19; doi:10.21093/mj.v19i1.1737
This article aims at analyzing woman’s role and position in a book of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh book). It focuses on the discussion of women’s position in domestic and public sphere as written in the fiqh book titled Taqrib. It also explores the relevance of the Taqrib’s contents on women’s role and position in the social context by probing its readers’ awareness. In this qualitative study, the discourse analysis method is used to examine the contents of the book and the context of readers, i.e. prominent teachers of Islamic boarding school (kyai). Although women’s role and position was depicted subordinate to men in several cases of fiqh reasoning (e.g. the authority of father and grandfather in determining marriage for their daughter, the superiority of men over women in being a judge, and so forth) in the Taqrib book, Some kyai were aware of the women’s role and position in the social life equally. Hence, they maintain that the women’s role and position in the domestic and public environment should be recognized. This study thus emphasizes the need to re-read the fiqh reasoning on women’s role and position contextually. KeywordsWoman Role and Position, Fiqh, Taqrib book
Mazahib, Volume 19; doi:10.21093/mj.v19i1.1869
Since the beginning of the Reformation Era in 1998, Indonesia has been transforming itself into a more liberal polity than that of in the New Order Era. This political circumstance is characterized by the freedom of opinion and the decentralization of power. During this Reformation Era, many local regulations have been enacted. One of which was sharia by-laws or local regulation based on Islamic norms in some largely Muslim populated regions. This situation has triggered concerns about the impacts of sharia by-laws over the inter-religious harmony among a very diverse society of Indonesia. This study aims to evaluate the sharia by-laws implementation in Pamekasan, Madura, and analyze its implication for inter-religious harmony. By using a qualitative approach and phenomenological descriptive analysis, it reveals that there has not been found negative impacts on the implementation of sharia by-laws since its enactment in 2001 until today. The internal and external potentials of Pamekasan residents, arguably, have become the determinant factor in keeping the by-laws in line with inter-religious harmony. These potentials include cultural-deeply rooted social capitals such as friendliness, politeness, mutual respect, and helping others. Besides, dialogue among religious elites, which is facilitated either by local government or civilian organizations, is frequently conducted and this helps to create a conducive atmosphere for all despite the existence of sharia by-laws in Pamekasan, Madura.
Mazahib, Volume 19; doi:10.21093/mj.v19i1.2414
This article seeks to introduce an autoethnography as a method in studying Islamic law. Through an autoethnography, a scholar could share a unique and subjective experience, which would not only contribute to the understanding of social phenomenon but also reflect on possible different situations upon knowing the reality. It not only makes a sequence of events and their interpretation, but it also asks readers to emotionally ‘relive’ the events with the writer of autoethnography. This article uncovers processes and dynamics of my own thought in approaching and comprehending law in Islam including topics such as usul fiqh and legal pluralism. It discloses the development of my research interest and scope, both nationally and internationally in the past three decades. The article argues that knowledge is not necessarily produced by research work. In fact, personal narratives are considered scientific in that they could contribute knowledge to what we know about the world in which we live. And, last but not least, personal stories are valuable if they could: 1) provide a legitimate claim or justification, 2) offer something new to learn, and 3) help other people cope with or better understand world issues.
Mazahib, Volume 19; doi:10.21093/mj.v19i1.2460
Mazahib, Volume 19; doi:10.21093/mj.v19i1.2459
Mazahib, Volume 19; doi:10.21093/mj.v19i1.2055
This article probes whether the implementation of the caning sentence in Aceh may reach its objective of deterrent effect given the way the execution conducted. From the field observation, the flogging was not much different from entertainment. The mass gathered in one place to watch the execution; they include children, street vendors, researchers, and journalists. There was a stage, VIP seats for guests, loudspeakers, administrative arrangements, and the caning punishment procession. Using a qualitative research approach with an in-depth interview method, it seeks to understand how the community involved in the caning execution was and how the government was designed the sentence as such and why. It finds that while the government saw the caning law as the implementation of Islamic sharia in Aceh, the people interpreted its execution more as entertainment. The government has used the caning sentence execution as a demonstration of power, often for a political gain, because it emphasizeds its presence not only as of the guardian of shari’a for Acehnese but also as a devout politician who keeps his political promises. Yet, little of this punishment deterrent effect conveyed to the society due to the way it was staged and executed.Keywords: Qanun Jinayat, Aceh, Caning Punishment, Stage, Entertainment, Deterrent EffectAbstrak Artikel ini meneliti tentang tujuan pelaksanaan hukuman cambuk di Aceh sebagai efek jera dengan cara ‘dipanggungkan’. Dari pengamatan lapangan, hukum cambuk yang dilakukan tidak jauh berbeda dengan hiburan. Dimana massa berkumpul di satu tempat untuk menyaksikan eksekusi yang terdiri dari; anak-anak, pedagang kaki lima, peneliti, dan wartawan. Terdapat panggung tempat eksekusi cambuk dilakukan, kursi VIP untuk tamu undangan, pengeras suara, pengaturan administrasi dan prosesi hukuman cambuk. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan wawancara mendalam. Penelitian ini berusaha memahami bagaimana pandangan dan keterlibatan masyarakat dalam pelaksanaan hukuman tersebut serta bagaimana pemerintah merancang hukuman cambuk dan alasan di balik hukuman ini. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa Pemerintah melihat hukum cambuk sebagai bukti komitmen pemerintah terhadap penerapan syariah Islam di Aceh, sedangkan masyarakat melihat hukum cambuk sebagai hiburan. Dalam hal ini Pemerintah menggunakan eksekusi hukum cambuk sebagai demonstrasi kekuasaan, bagian dari agenda politik, karena menekankan kehadirannya tidak hanya sebagai wali syariah bagi rakyat Aceh tetapi juga sebagai politisi yang menepati janji politiknya. Namun, eksekusi hukum cambuk dengan cara dipentaskan ini hanya memberi sedikit efek jera kepada masyarakat. Kata kunci: Qanun Jinayat, Aceh, Hukuman cambuk, Panggung, Hiburan, Efek Pencegah
Mazahib, Volume 19; doi:10.21093/mj.v19i1.2142
The making of the 2004 Constitution was a significant moment amidst the continuing conflicts in Afghanistan. It was an attempt to transform differences and conflicts into a shared agenda for the future of the country. The process of constitution-making in Afghanistan was marked by intense negotiations between the international community and actors, on the one hand, and domestic actors, on the other. The outcome would be called a “win-win solution”. This essay focuses on the making of the Islam-related clauses: How was the public participation? How has the negotiation been undertaken? What was the result and why? This essay is an attempt to answer those questions. It will argue that the process of constitution-making in Afghanistan particularly with regard to the Islam clauses is the acts of negotiations between different competing actors. The Constitution is the product of negotiations not only between international and domestic actors, but also between domestic actors. As evident in the making of the Islam clauses, these negotiations might be characterized as between puritan Islamist and more moderate Muslim actors.Pembuatan Konstitusi Afghanistan tahun 2004 adalah momen penting di tengah konflik yang terus berkecamuk. Ia merupakan upaya untuk mentranformasi perbedaan dan konflik menjadi agenda bersama bagi masa depan negeri ini. Proses pembuatan konstitusi Afghanistan ditandai oleh negosiasi yang intens antara masyarakat dan aktor-aktor international di satu sisi, dan aktor-aktor domestik di sisi lain. Hasilnya dapat disebut ‘win-win solution’. Tulisan ini fokus pada pembuatan klausul-klausul Islam: Bagaimana partisipasi publiknya? Bagaimana negosiasi dilakukan? Apa hasil dan mengapa? Tulisan ini adalah upaya untuk menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut. Ia akan beragumen bahwa proses pembuatan Konstitusi di Afghanistan khususnya terkait dengan klausul-klausul Islam merupakan tindakan negosiasi antara aktor-aktor yang berbeda. Konstitusi Afghanistan tidak saja merupakan produk negosiasi antara aktor-aktor internasional dan domestik, tetapi juga di antara aktor-aktor domestik itu sendiri. Sebagaimana terbukti dari pembuatan klausul-klausul Islam, negosiasi-negosiasi tersebut dapat dikarakteristikan sebagai negosiasi antara aktor puritan Islamis and aktor yang lebih moderat.
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.1994
As a Nation of Laws, every citizen is guaranteed to their freedom, being admitted and protected to their dignity, and also possesses the same position in the presence of law. Indonesia acknowledges and protects the human rights of its citizens without differentiating their background as enshrined in the 1945 Constitution. Part of Indonesian citizens is diffable (different in ability) group and they are supposed to have the same rights, responsibility, and positions as others. However, they have physical and psychological limitations and are considered to have difficulties to access public facilities without giving them the proper access. Accessibility is an important role to actualize the parity of opportunities in every aspect of life. It is an easiness provided for diffable people to achieve the same chance. In Islam, the issue of diffability has been discussed too which is drawn from the Qur’an and Hadith as the major source of Sharia. This article aims to point out the intersection between Islamic law and Indonesian law in providing concerns towards diffable people to obtain their rights and to observe how the legal protection to accessibility for diffable has been implemented. It finds that in the normative order, both Islamic and Indonesian law have provided adequate attention and protection for diffable people. Nevertheless, the means to provide access for them is yet to be optimal. The causes are: inconsistency to properly implement the law, incomplete facilities, and the unfriendly behavior and culture towards people with disabilities.Keywords: Islamic Law, Indonesian Law, Diffable, Accessibility
Mazahib, Volume 18; doi:10.21093/mj.v18i2.2064