International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2767-8326 / 2767-8342
Published by: Everant Journals (10.47191)
Total articles ≅ 11
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Rosly R Jacob, Anilkumar Ashokan, Harikrishnan Somasekran, Abhishek Sasidharan, Sachin Chandran, Venkatesh Mony Chandry
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 296-299; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i9-07

Abstract:
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare finding which usually occurs in association with local factors such as cirrhosis, malignancy, pancreatitis, intraabdominal infections or systemic hypercoagulable states. It may present acutely as abdominal pain, ascites, fever or exist in a chronic state which is generally asymptomatic and an incidental finding. With advancement in Imaging and laboratory studies, PVT cases are diagnosed more frequently along with its predisposing factors. The invention of JAK2 mutation and it’s addition to the WHO criteria for Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) diagnosis, has increased the number of MPN cases which were previously labelled idiopathic. We present a case of 54 year old female diagnosed with unprovoked PVT with bowel ischemia and JAK 2 mutation positive, managed surgically and with long term anticoagulation.
Georgia Konstantopoulou, Maria Ioakeimidi, Konstantinos Assimakopoulos, Evangelia Eirini Tsermpini
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 273-288; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i9-05

Abstract:
When we talk about psychosis and psychotic disorders, we have in mind patients with disorganized thinking, mental retardation, delusions, and other similar symptoms associated with damage to the brain's normal functioning. Psychosis, however, is not the only cause of dysfunction, the abnormal functioning of the brain. The onset of psychosis may be due to psychological factors, with stress to be one of the main factors. Psychological and environmental factors interact with biological ones creating fertile ground for the development of psychosis. Anxiety, stress, depression, immigration, social stress, and consequently stressful life events are the leading causes of a psychotic episode. In this article, we will try to examine the following parameters: 1) what are the psychological-environmental factors that contribute to the onset of psychosis, and 2) what is their relationship with biological factors.
Vrushali Jadhav, Nikita Jaiswal, Nikita Naik, Preetee Gokhale
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 289-295; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i9-06

Abstract:
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that affects how a person thinks, feels and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality, which causes significant distress for the individual, their family members and friends. If left untreated, symptoms of schizophrenia can be persistent and disabling. Cognitive perceptual impairment is a core feature of schizophrenia and several studies have demonstrated that it is strongly related with daily functioning and other functional outcomes. Several RCTs have demonstrated that patients with schizophrenia improve negative symptomatology after cognitive rehabilitation. The prevalence of schizophrenia affects patient’s participation in functional tasks. The aim of this review was to explore literature; published in the past 15 years in the area of cognitive perceptual deficits in schizophrenia and functional impairments caused due to it. We also explored the strategies for remediation. In this integrated mini review, published researches were reviewed including RCTs, observational studies, interventional , experimental, correlational studies, case reports and systematic reviews. To conclude, it was analyzed that dysfunctions in working memory, attention and abstract thinking and problem solving have been extensively documented in schizophrenia, which may improve slightly with remedial strategies.
Praveen Kumar Yadav
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 263-266; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i9-03

Abstract:
Objective: To study patients with PPPD during the study period and to identify the predisposing factors giving rise to this condition Methodology: Patients attending the Neurology outpatient department at Aarogyam Neuroclinic, Durgapur, West Bengal from January 2021 to October 15, 2021 fulfilling the Modified Barany society criteria for PPPD were included in the study. All these patients were examined in detail and all necessary investigations were done to rule out other differential diagnosis.
Surya Irayani, Hans Lesmana, Rini Sitanaya, Aco Tang, Fatimah Gobel
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 257-262; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i9-02

Abstract:
Clinical findings about the adverse effects of the use of antiretroviral drugs in the oral cavity of people with HIV / AIDS began to be found. A case regarding the side effects of the use of antiretroviral drugs is the discovery of oral cavity lesions in the form of whitish plaque on the lips and right buccal mucosa that has occurred more than one month accompanied by complaints of taste disorders, xerostomia, and a burning feeling in the mucosa of patients using Nevirapine, Zidovudine and Lamivudine. This study was to analyze the relationship of anti-retroviral treatment in HIV AIDS sufferers to caries predictors, and caries severity, and analyze the relationship between the duration of antiretroviral treatment to caries predictors and caries severity. This study used an observational method with cross sectional or cross sectional design by conducting direct observations, on 100 samples of HIV / AIDS sufferers using anti-retroviral drugs at the Yayasan Peduli Kelompok Dukungan Sebaya (YPKDS) Makassar held in October 2019. Data were analyzed with chi square test.
Jordan Boboe, René Ayaovi Gayito Adagaba, Loriano Guedehounsou, Maturin Ganglo, Sophie Seynaeve Sophie, Oscar Boisnard, Laure Duchnicz
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 254-256; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i9-01

Abstract:
Growth cartilage is a pivotal area between the epiphysis and the metaphysis, with relative fragility. She was incarcerated for soft tissue during a Salter-Harris type I epiphysic detachment in a 13-year-old girl. Such a lesion can be easily obscured with irreversible after-effects.
Amani A. Mirdad Mirdad
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 267-272; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i9-04

Abstract:
Aim: to assess the relationship between deep overbite with palatal impingement and periodontal health status in a cohort of adult Saudi dental patients. Materials and Methods:Ten patients (4 males and 6 females, aged 16 to 31 years old) with deep traumatic overbite and palatal impingement were examined. A Hawley retainer appliance with an anterior bite plate was provided for all patients.Pocket depth, bleeding index, gingival index, plaque index and mobility were recorded for four visits after using the appliance with fixed intervals in-between. Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to assess the differences between visits, control /experimental teeth and surfaces (palatal /labial) for pocket depth, bleeding index, plaque index,gingival index and mobility.
B. Ashwinidevi, A. Saranya, R. Yasodai
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 82-84; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i4-07

Abstract:
Background of the Study: Accessory bone found in the human skull bone between squamous part of parietal and in between lambda suture is called inca bone or wormian bone .A total of 100 dried skulls were examined to know the anatomical variations of the inter parietal bone. This variants of the bones are considered as normal. This knowledge of the study very useful for the neurosurgeon, orthopedic surgeons and forensic experts for their clinical intervention.
Metta Parvathi
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 76-81; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i4-06

Abstract:
Background: Mucocutaneous lesions are one of the first clinical presentations of immunosuppression in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositive patients that manifest at different stages of the infection that requires early diagnosis along with prompt treatment(1). Objectives: (1) To study the prevalence of mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV‑seropositive patients attending the ART center of our hospital in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. (2) To correlate mucocutaneous manifestations with CD4 cell counts. Materials and methods: 150 HIV positive patients above 18 year old with definite cutaneous manifestations attending ART center and OPD in the Department of Dermatology and venereology in a tertiary care centre Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh, India) were studied from May 2020 to May 2021. Results: Out of 150 HIV patients, who aged 20 -80 years with a mean age of 25, (23.8%) were 60 (40%) female and 90 (60%) were males, majority of the patients were labourers 50 (33.3%) by occupation , 41 (27.3%) had CD4 counts < 200, 73 (48.6%) had CD4 counts of 200–500, and 54 (36%) had CD4 counts > 500. The most common dermatological presentation was pruritic papular eruptions 24 (16.%) followed by cutaneous drug reaction 19(12.67%) and scabies 12 (8%). Conclusion: At the end of study we concluded that cutaneous manifestations can be considered as good clinical indicators for the progression of disease and underlying immune status in resource poor settings
Ataur Rahman, Most. Zosnara Khatun, (Dr.) Jawadul Haque
International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Research Studies, Volume 01, pp 43-54; https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v1-i4-02

Abstract:
Background: A pre-lacteal feed is any food other than mother's milk provided to a new-born before breastfeeding begins. It has an effect on the timing of breastfeeding initiation and exclusive breastfeeding activities. Pre-lacteal feeding decreases the immunological benefits derived from colostrum while also increasing the risk of infection. Pre-lacteal feeding is a dangerous infant feeding technique that is commonly used in the developing world, including Bangladesh. The present study might help us to become well aware of the correct weaning practices by the rural mothers, their beliefs and their customs and thus may guide us regarding the ways to improve the nutritional status of the rural children as well as to improve the knowledge and practice regarding pre-lacteal feeding and weaning of the mothers. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional type of descriptive study carried out with a view to assess knowledge and practice about pre-lacteal feeding and weaning of the mothers living in slums areas in Rajshahi, Bangladesh, duration was 8 months from May, 2014 to December, 2014. All the mothers living in slum areas in Rajshahi constituted the study population, sample size was 350 and purposive sampling technique was followed. A partially structured questionnaire duly pre-tested was used to collect data by face to face interview. Results: In this study most (57.7%) of the respondent had two children, (48.6%) mentioned honey as pre-lacteal food, (47.5%) of the respondents told that pre-lacteal feeding was given due to tradition and (49.7%) considered malnutrition as the effect of not giving colostrum’s. Regarding time of weaning, (55.7%) of the respondents mentioned that the babies should be weaned at the time of more than 6 months, hotchpotch (khichuri) was considered as common weaning food consisting of (40.0%). About 49.0% of the respondents considered malnutrition as the effect of improper weaning, most (67.6%) of the respondents considered honey as pre lacteal food and hotchpotch (37.8%) was regarded as the common type of weaning food, most (73.71%) of the respondents knew about pre-lacteal food, weaning was known to almost all (99.14%) of the respondents, pre-lacteal food was given to the baby by majority (73.14%) of the respondents and almost all (99.71%) of the respondents weaned their babies. There was relationship between occupation of the respondent's husband and giving pre-lacteal food to their babies (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Pre-lacteal feeding was found to be more prevalent in slums in Rajshahi. Pre-lacteal feeding activity was closely linked to lower levels of schooling, increased family size, failure to attend ANC, and refusal to feed colostrum. As a result, improving mothers' educational status, reducing family size, encouraging ANC follow-up, and colostrum feeding are all effective ways to avoid prelacteal feeding.
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