Indian Journal of Agriculture Engineering

Journal Information
EISSN : 2582-9319
Published by: Lattice Science Publication (LSP) (10.54105)
Total articles ≅ 5
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Articles in this journal

Indian Journal of Agriculture Engineering, Volume 2, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijae.c1507.051322

Abstract:
Solar air heaters are commonly placed on farms to provide heat during the drying of croplands. This practice has been studied to see if solar air heaters can provide adequate heat to support the harvesting and drying of crops. The study revealed that solar air heaters can provide sufficient heat to support the drying of croplands and the harvesting of grain. However, solar air heaters are more efficient when their air flow and thermal capacity are equal. To be more economical, they should be designed with more efficient components such as reflectors and ducting systems. The air flow and the thermal capacity of the solar air are also affected by the duct system’s low heat transfer coefficient. This can be increased by taking advantage of the air’s restricted thermal capacity. Active and passive approaches can also be used to increase the HT coefficient of solar air heaters. In most cases, this method is more cost-effective than using an absorber plate. In most cases, the use of an active or passive approach can increase the air flow and the HT coefficient of solar air heaters. This CFD study focused on the link between the roughness element for solar air heater ducts and the HT capacity of the system.
, Gyaneshwar Sanodiya
Indian Journal of Agriculture Engineering, Volume 1, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijae.b1506.111221

Abstract:
Solar air heaters are placed on farms to provide heat for the drying of grain and crop harvesting and harvesting. The results of the thermal study showed that solar air heaters are capable of providing a sufficient increase in air temperature under the majority of crop drying circumstances studied. The restricted thermal capacity of air, as well as the low heat transfer coefficient between the absorber plate and the air flow via the ducting system, both contribute to the overall thermal efficiency of solar air heaters. Solar air heaters must be more efficient in order to be more affordable. This may be accomplished by increasing the heat transfer coefficient between the absorber plate and the air flow passing through the duct. More heat transfer coefficients can be increased by using either active or passive approaches. In most situations, it may be cost-effective to use solar air heaters and incorporate artificial roughness on the absorber plate. The rate of heat transmission from the solar air heater’s duct to the fluid flow may be increased by creating artificial roughness on the surface of the duct. The study focused on several roughness element geometries for solar air heater ducts, and the results indicated that there is a link between the two. This paper attempts to find ways to artificially increase the heat transfer capacity of solar air heaters’ ducts by using element geometries which have been utilised in solar air heaters’ heat transfer devices.
Indian Journal of Agriculture Engineering, Volume 1, pp 16-19; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijae.a1504.051121

Abstract:
Farmers are using chemical fertilizer for farming to extend the yield of crops. Chemical fertilizer reduces soils fertility and it also contaminate ground water table..Recycling of biowaste is necessary to reduces waste .It makes our campus clean likewise as contribute in sustainable development. This waste are often converted into useful fertilizer as a Vermicompost.Vermicompost will enrich the soil and its fertility. Vermicompost also results in decrease the environmental problems. Vermicompost could be a vital biofertilizer and Vermicompost is enriched with all beneficial soil bacteria and also contains many of the essential plant nutrients like N, P, K and micronutrients.(1) Vermicomposting is that the process of production of compost by breeding earthworms, leading to homogeneous and stabilized humus used as manure and significantly increased the quantity of N, P, K and C concentration in vermicompost. The aim of this paper to recycle biowaste and study various physicochemical property of soil and impact of vermicompost fertilizer on soils property of Aheri, Nagpur . The observed values of various physicochemical parameter in all soil samples, after addition of vemicompost is fairly good.
Zulayho Yarkulova, Abbos Kadirov
Indian Journal of Agriculture Engineering, Volume 1, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijae.a1501.051121

Abstract:
One of the determining periods in the life of winter cereal plants is sowing (autumn). Only under the condition of good moisture supply and at optimal air temperature, timely and high-quality seedlings can be obtained, tillering shoots and processes of verbalization and hardening of plants to be formed. Based on the importance of the foregoing, this work presents the results of studies in bright gray-earth soils of the Kashkadarya region of the reaction of winter barley of the Mavlono variety for different periods of sowing and seed sowing rate. It was found that plant survival ranged from 86.0 to 89.9%. No significant differences in wintering of plants between crops of different sowing dates were revealed. Seeding rates did not significantly affect the height of plants, spike length and the number of grains in it, which confirms the high plasticity of winter wheat of the Mavlono variety. Our studies have shown that for winter barley of the Mavlono variety in the conditions of the Kashkadarya region, the sowing season is favorable – from 15 October to 1 November, with an optimum sowing rate of 4 million pcs / ha.
Indian Journal of Agriculture Engineering, Volume 1, pp 32-44; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijae.a1503.051121

Abstract:
Faecal sludge deposited into the pit latrine is subject to biodegradation. The aim of this research was to develop model for the filling rate of faeces in ordinary pit latrine together with the effect of shape factor on such fillings to prepare the minds of users on the filling characteristics of the pit based on contents, usage and environmental factors. Consequently, faecal sludges sampled from 100 pits already filled were subjected to laboratory analyses for their physico-chemical and biological characteristics. Models for the actual filling rate of faeces in ordinary pit latrines were derived using BOD, COD, VS, and TS data, calibrated and verified. For a more critical situation, models were also derived for the filling rates considering pit shapes that gave the actual pit filling in comparison with the general condition. From the results, the actual filling rate was lower than those obtained using BOD, VS and TS. However, the COD gave filling rate closer to the actual filling rate than other parameters since TS could not be used to assess the filling rate of faeces in pit latrines. The pits exhibited low filling rate in terms of BOD in 2 pits. In terms of COD, the filling rate was higher compared with that of BOD. Low filling rate was observed with volatile solids and only 3 pits exhibited moderately high filling rates whereas total solids had the highest number of pits with high filling rates. The filling rates for both the square and rectangular pits increased by 26.5% from 40 – 90 ℓ/capita/year to 50 – 112 ℓ/capita/year due to the shape factor and this was above the values obtained in existing models while that of the circular pit remained the same. Reduction in pit volume and increase in filling rate by faeces was due to dead corners as a result of clogging, thereby reducing the area available for faecal infiltration into the surrounding soil. Circular pits are more stable because of the natural arching effect of the ground around the hole and there are no corners to concentrate the stresses. Pits with flat sides are much more likely to develop clogging resulting to dead corners than the circular pit. From this study, it is therefore evident that the shape of pit latrine determines the actual volume and the filling rate of faeces in pit latrine taking into consideration geological and environmental factors. Thus for optimal design, our engineers should take note of the pit shape factor. Thus, the model can be used to determine the filling rate of ordinary pit latrines considering soil characteristics, ground conditions and other favourable conditions.
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