International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS)

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EISSN : 2709-2208
Total articles ≅ 25
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Said Lotfi, Mohamed Rebbouj
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 148-155; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i3.114

Abstract:
This paper describes the use of machine learning in sports. Given the recent trend in Data science and sport analytics, the use of Machine Learning and Data Mining as techniques in sport reveals the essential contribution of technology in results and performance prediction. The purpose of this paper is to benchmark existing analysis methods used in literature, to understand the prediction processes used to model Data collection and its analysis; and determine the characteristics of the variables controlling the performance. Finally, this paper will suggest the reliable tool for Data mining analysis technique using Machine Learning.
Asmae Sadiq, Nihal Moukrim, Touria EL Ghailassi, Zineb Faiz, Said Fakhi, Hassan Hannache
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 142-147; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i3.103

Abstract:
The present work aims to investigate the conditions for improving the containment of spent ion exchange resin (IER) as a radioactive waste, using powdered Callovo-Oxfordian clay (COx) as an addition to the cementitious matrix at different rates. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of COx on the characteristics of cemented packages of spent (REI). In this context, a cemented pack was made using Portland class 45 cement, sand, resin and water. And others are prepared by replacing the sand with COx, in the following proportions: (2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10%). The packages obtained with and without COx were measured for their compressive strength and porosity.
Ilham Zerdani, Said Lotfi
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 84-93; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.29

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to identify test preparation strategies and concerns of university students in the open and regulated education system. We surveyed 294 students (55.10% male, 44.90% female), 60.54% from the open access system, and 39. 46% from the regulated access system, four dimensions are measured: students' and parents' concerns about university education, constraints to effective academic performance, exam preparation strategies and factors affecting academic performance. The results show three main student concerns in both training systems: self-development, seeking new learning (84.35%) and graduation (73.13%). On the other hand, about half of the students (49.32%) feel that their parents are preoccupied with their studies and are stressed or bothered (31.29%) by their incessant advice. We have identified 15 types of difficulties that are sources of constraint on the efficiency of university student performance, grouped into three categories: cognitive difficulties (32.64%), teaching methods difficulties (30.57%) and organization difficulties of the training program (36.79%). One-fifth of students review every day, every course, and thus spend an average of half an hour to an hour (41%) per review day. However, female students spent significantly more time per day (+3 hours, p<.038) on course revision than their male colleagues. Analysis of students' exam preparation programs shows six preparation strategies, dominated by the reading method (28.90%) and course outlines (26.30%). In both training systems, half of the students were dissatisfied (52.38%) with their personal preparation methods, of which 71.22% were female students. These students also perceive that their exam review strategies are little or not effective (56.46%) of which 40.22% are female students significantly different from their male counterparts (p<.05). The majority of students (61.88%) in both training systems do not place importance on all training modules. This finding is more pronounced for males than females (40.51% vs 21.27%, p<.008, respectively), and higher in the OSA than in the RAS (46.41%, 15.47%, p<.008, respectively). The bivariate correlation analysis shows significantly positive coefficients between 1st and 2nd year university results year university (r = .428, p<, 000), and baccalaureate 's marks (r = .255, p<.019). We also identified five factors responsible for poor school grades. It is necessary to introduce cognitive and mental preparation approaches for students into the pedagogical system of university teaching and supervision in order to optimize the performance of students' results.
Mohamed Essaoudi, Raja Lotfi
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 69-77; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.27

Abstract:
Purpose: The aim of our study is to assess the overall quality of the university training system in sciences and techniques of physical and sports activities in Moroccan higher education. Method: Our method was based on a quantitative, exploratory and correlational approach. The independant variable (the quality of services provided by the UTS in STPSA) and the dependant variable (overall student satisfaction) were investigated emprically and statically. 256 students from 5 STPSA institutions of higher education were surveyed. Two measurement tools were used: an adapted version of the SERVQUAL instrument and a validated questionnaire of satisfaction with the TS-STPSA domains. The internal consistency of the two measuement tools was tested and confirmed. Similarly, the inter-dimensional correlation matrix was examined to verify the statistical reliability of our tools and their appropriateness to the STPSA context. Results: The overall quality of training services was perceived by 59% of students as unsatisfactory. "Empathy" is the strongest determinant of TS quality in STPASA. While "Responsiveness" is the weakest dimension. The two dimensions of "Reliability" and " Assurance" reinforce students' dissatisfaction with the STPSA major with negative gaps of -1.42 and -137 respectively. While "Tangibility" is the most neutral dimension with almost no difference. These five dimensions explain 45.7% of the variation in overall student satisfaction. They have a positive effect on the satisfaction of students' STPSA. The correlation examination, between the dimensions of service quality and satisfaction with the STPSA-TS domains, revealed seven positively significant relationships, including three between students' "Overall Satisfaction" and the dimensions of "Tangibility", "Responsiveness" and "Empathy". Conclusion: Globally, the quality of TS in Moroccan STPSA is unsatisfactory. The students' expectations greatly exceed their perception of the effective quality of the TS. This suggest that STPSA fields are not effectively fulfilling the students' initial expectations. This judgement is characterized by "negative" quality gaps in three of the five dimensions of the SERVQUAL scale (Responsiveness, Reliability and Assurance). The produced outcomes remain referential to allow STPSA managers to improve the quality of their services. However, students' expectations and perceptions are subjective and rarely stable over time. They vary according to several variable factors (mood, emotion, stress, motivation...). A longitudinal study could be conducted later to overcome or mitigate these limitations.
Said Naili, Amine Morsli
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 38-42; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.20

Abstract:
This work focuses on identifying the source of BTEX (Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylene) emissions generated by hydrocarbon-related industrial activities and evaluation of its impact on ambient air quality according to European Union (EU) regulations during 2019. The spatial distribution of BTEX concentrations suggest that massive emissions are mainly due to the oil refining activity. BTEX concentration levels at the sampling sites show that benzene was more dominant. Considering the level of atmospheric pollution relative to the indicative value (2µg/m3) recommended by the EU, the ambient air is considered to be quite polluted with benzene content (5.36 µg/m3) produced mainly by emissions from the oil refining industrial complex.
Janos Vincze, Gabriella Vincze-Tiszay
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 103-107; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.42

Abstract:
The hearing analyzer consists of two main systems: the peripheral hearing system, formed of the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear and the central hearing system, which contains the nervous pathways which ensure the transmission of the nervous influx and the hearing area where the information is analyzed and the hearing sensation is generated. The peripheral hearing system achieves the functions of transmission of the sound vibration, the analysis of the acoustic signal and the transformation of the acoustic signal in nervous inflow and the generation of the nervous response. The human hearing is characteristics: 1. The eardrum vibrates from the sound waves; 2. Auditory ossicles amplify the stimulus; 3. In an oval window, the vibration is transmitted to the fluid space of the inner ear; 4. It vibrates the basilar membrane; 5. What is pressed against the membrane tectoria; 6. The stereocilliums of the hair cell bend, ion channels open; 7. Hair cell depolarizes; 8. Stimulus is dissipated in cerebrospinal fluid VIII (vestibulo¬cochlearis); 9. Temporal lobe primary auditory cortex (Brodman 41, 42); 10. Association pathways: speech comprehension (Wernicke area).
Mohamed Essaoudi, Raja Lotfi
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 53-62; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.23

Abstract:
In theory, we all know that if students are satisfied, then training centers do provide a better quality of service. But what about in practice? The purpose of this research is twofold. On the one hand, we aim to assess the quality of training inspectors in Morocco, through perceived quality and student satisfaction. First, we investigate which quality attributes need to be further targeted in the training device (TD) at CFIE. Second, we test for potential causal relationships between perceived service quality and student satisfaction. Our starting assumption is that there is a causal link between "service quality" and "satisfaction." To this end, the SERVPERF tool was adapted and administered to a sample of student inspectors who received training services at the CFIE in Rabat. We support the literature's argument that performance (SERVPERF) is the best predictor of service quality. The results shows that the perceived quality of services provided by CFIE is relatively acceptable. Nevertheless, it shows a strong need for improvement, especially in the dimensions of Tangibility and Empathy. All five dimensions of SERVPERF significantly impact student-inspector satisfaction at CFIE. The SERVPERF scale is a valuable aid in the institutional assessment of the TD, and in the implementation of a culture of continuous improvement within the CFIE. However, when used alone, it can lead to the omission of other factors that explain satisfaction. It would therefore be appropriate to couple it with other instruments such as SERVQUAL, HEDPERF, PAKSERV or HiEdQUAL in order to verify which ones are adapted to the context of education inspection in Morocco.
Ele B. I., Odey J. A, Frank N. E.
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 63-68; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.26

Abstract:
Agricultural science performs a substantial function in monetary and societal growth in nearly all developing nations. Data on satisfactory excellence is an indispensable criterion for the development of all fields of farming. By means of the speedy growth of Information Technologies (ITs), data and information can be efficiently produced, warehoused, scrutinized, distributed, and utilized to reinforce agriculturalists and agricultural societies to enhance agricultural output and sustainability. Information facilities for agriculturalists at the nationwide and provincial levels are an auspicious novel field of investigation and presentation in the evolving field of e-agriculture. This paper aims to address the challenges associated with the dissemination of localized agricultural information to farmers within a localized region in Nigeria using mobile networks and explicitly examined the application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in disseminating agricultural information to farmers in Nigeria. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that the government should establish information centers with up-to-date information technology infrastructures and mini-community libraries in all rustic regions in Nigeria where modern agricultural information can be easily obtained by the farmers.
Bennacer El Hassouni, Abdellatif G.Amrani, Ali Haddi
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 18-28; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.16

Abstract:
Due to the very high initial investment cost of photovoltaic systems and their low conversion efficiency, it is essential to operate PV generators at the point of maximum power (MPP). Within this framework, our first objective in this thesis is to develop and improve the PV system, contributing to optimizing the PV panels' energy through a DC-DC power electronics converter. For this reason, a further improvement of the incremental conductance technique is proposed to improve the MPP tracking capability of the PV system when the level of solar irradiation is suddenly increased or when the load undergoes variations. The new technique includes two processing phases: a calculation phase to improve the tracking speed and a regulation phase to improve MPP tracking efficiency. In order to evaluate its performance, the proposed new method is compared to other methods, namely the Incremental conventional conductance (INC) technique and the Modified Variable Size Incremental conductance (M-INC) technique. The results show that the proposed technique's overall tracking speed is 3.7 times faster than the conventional INC technique and 1.52 times faster than the modified INC technique. Also, the tracking power losses with the proposed technique are lower compared to other techniques. In terms of overall efficiency, the proposed technique is the most efficient with an efficiency of 94.83%, followed by the modified technique with an overall efficiency of 87.94%. In comparison, the conventional INC technique's efficiency is the lowest and does not exceed 83.33%.
Soulaiman Harfouf
International Journal of Information Technology and Applied Sciences (IJITAS), Volume 3, pp 94-102; https://doi.org/10.52502/ijitas.v3i2.40

Abstract:
This research deals with the issue of Physical Education (PE) and Sport at Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan, Morrocco. It adopts a problem related to the diagnosis and development of the Physical Education/sport system in this Moroccan institution of public higher education. After verifying whether certain factors are responsible for the dysfunction of this system at the UAE, this study subsequently makes proposals that could contribute to improving its performance. The results of this study show that the PE/sport system in the UAE suffers from a more or less significant lack, in number and quality, of human, financial, material and infrastructural resources. On the other hand, a deficient and non-functional organization, the absence of management strategies, the omission of regular evaluation of the system, the low motivation and the lack of commitment of the administrative and associative actors mark the managerial approach of the sports sector in the majority of schools and faculties of the UAE. Consequently, we conclude that all of these elements are responsible for the dysfunctional situation that PE and sport are currently experiencing in the UAE. Also, the conclusions of this study reveal the way in which the leaders in this university represent the importance of sport activities among the educational, academic and para-academic offer. All of them are in favor of developing sports in their institutions, but without being really determined and equipped to make it happen.
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