International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB)

Journal Information
EISSN : 2775-4936
Published by: Garuda Prestasi Nusantara Consulting (10.52218)
Total articles ≅ 29
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Titus Mosoti Ogero
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 339-347; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i5.129

Abstract:
The study seeks to understand the relationship between lending interest rate, inflation rate and capital formation in Kenya. Time series from World Bank for the 1988 to 2018 is employed. Development of literature is guided by expectation theory, classical theory of interest rate and the institutionalist theory of capital formation. The study finds capital formation, lending interest rate ad inflation rate time series data to be stationary at the 5% level of significance. This leads to the checking of the lag order used and estimating of VAR model. The results indicate that, current year’s; capital formation, inflation rate and lending interest rate are insignificant in determining next year’s level of capital formation. First lag of inflation rate is found positively significant in influencing lending interest rates as well as the first lag of lending interest rate is found significant on influencing itself. Capital formation first lag is found to be negatively significant in determining inflation rate. Lastly, inflation rate first lag is found to be positive
Chubakumzuk Jamir
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 348-362; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i5.131

Abstract:
Urbanisation is a growing issue in Longleng. So are the consequent solid waste generation and its management challenges. Population growth has a positive impact on urbanization process. This article is intended to explain the common problems facing public services today and the challenges faced by both the urban planners and the government. The paper reviews an overview of solid waste management generation in urban Longleng. Solid waste management which is already an immense task in urban Longleng is going to be more difficult with the expansion of urbanization, increase in consumerism and changing life style. The result shows that residential (59.5%), commercial (20%), institutional (16%), biomedical wastes (0.30%), construction and demolition (4.2%) contribute to solid waste generation. The current practices of dumping waste materials in urban areas have shaped serious environmental and public problems. Financial resources constraints, institutional policies weaknesses, and public indifference towards solid waste have made this situation worse. This research article evaluates the current practices prevalent to deal with this solid waste and problems associated with it. It also provides the measures to deal with this waste in a healthy and environmental manner so that it may prove a resource instead of waste. The results of this study will be of immense benefit for urban-related studies in small towns as well as for the urban planners in the district.
Sahadev Bhatt
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 297-306; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.110

Abstract:
We attempt to explain how market power impacts bank dividend payment behaviors in Nepal by taking the sample from the commercial banking sector employing a panel data regression model. Using the Lerner Index (LI), a non-structural measure of market power or lack of competition, we found that market power inversely but statistically insignificantly affect dividend payment. This finding leads us to conclude that market power-a proxy of more or less competition is not an important and influencing factor to the dividend decisions in commercial banking sectors signifying that competition does not seem helpful in mitigating agency conflicts. It is also concluded that banking dividend payouts are not the result of the punitive influence of product market antagonism. Further, among other firm-specific determinants, bank size and leverage significantly positively whereas asset growth significantly negatively affect the dividend decision. However, profitability is found insignificant determinant of dividend payment. The paper enriches and contributes to the literature on banking dividend payout and helps to identify the key factors that affect banking dividend decision-making. Keywords : Banks, Market competition, Market power, Lerner Index, Nepal
Koleayo Oluwafemi Omoyajowo, Adeyemi Adewale Akinola, Mary Adetutu Adewunmi, Grace Ojo-Emmanuel, Allen Ebosiem, Kolawole Ayodeji Omoyajowo, Aziba-Anyam Gift Raimi
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 276-286; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.104

Abstract:
Public awareness on environmentally sound practices viz-a-viz strategies that may also sustain a balanced work life culture cannot be overemphasized. Telecommuting represents one of those viable environmentally sound practices that offer flexibility to employees through working from their homes which to a great extent have improved employee’s productivity. This study assessed the level of awareness about telecommuting as well as the factors underpinning employee’s interest and preference for telecommuting in Lagos, Nigeria. A total of 220 responses from structured questionnaires was designed to capture the level of awareness, interest, readiness, and perception of employees towards telecommuting in Lagos Island, both descriptive and inferential analysis was used for the study. The study shows that 72% were aware of telecommuting and its associated benefits while about 90% opined that telecommuting will be suitable to their work. There was also a significant positive but weak relationship among employee’s preference for telecommuting and factors such as age, marital status, awareness about telecommuting, and the experience of traffic gridlock and its associated stress .This study concluded that with the high level of awareness of telecommuting, organisations should gainfully harness the wide array of prospects that accompanies the adoption of telecommuting which has the long term advantage of stimulating labor productivity.
Koleayo Omoyajowo, Susan Ebosiem, Adeyemi Akinola, Sunday Amiolemen, Kolawole Omoyajowo, Andrew Oriola, Olapeju Adenekan, Aziba-Anyam Gift Raimi
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 263-275; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.105

Abstract:
This study evaluates factors influencing the adoption of telecommuting among the selected organisations in Nigeria. A questionnaire research tool was used basically to capture the level of awareness, interest, readiness, and perception of Nigerian organisations towards telecommuting. A total of 180 questionnaires was administered to 180 Nigerian firms in Lagos, 120 questionnaires were counted valid for analysis. This study observed high level of awareness among Nigerian organisations but paradoxically, this high level of awareness does not engender the adoption of telecommuting by those organisations. Findings revealed that the fright of difficulty in assessing employees’ performance, inadequacy of ICT infrastructures and the fear of corporate data theft are the key factors inhibiting the adoption of telecommuting by organisations. This study concluded there is a need for organisations to be aware of the benefits of telecommuting and how telecommuting policy can be devised to strategically fit into the work culture for productivity. Keywords: Telecommuting; Public Research Institutes, Adoption, Factors, Lagos.
P.D. Karunarathne
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 253-262; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.102

Abstract:
The extant literature on ‘remote working’ have mostly focused on its advantages, disadvantages and consequences from the employer, employee & social perspectives as separate parameters with little research exploring the context of remote working from an overall strategic management perspective. The fear and threat evolved from the COVID -19 pandemic have urged tens of millions of global workforce to work from home which was a way of working that had struggled to gain traction before the pandemic. In this ‘new normal’ there is a significant tendency for the remote working to continue in the long run which requires organizations to strategically plan and implement the remote working culture. In consistent with the strategic planning, this review paper explores the existing literature and aims to identify a SWOT Analysis of remote working that would be useful for the current ‘new normal’ context. The thematic analysis approach has taken and through that, four themes have identified and defined from the literature review towards achieving objective of the paper. Literature from the conceptual & empirical studies conducted over the past two decades on remote working have been considered for the review.
Mabelle A. Atienza, Almighty C. Tabuena
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 287-296; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.109

Abstract:
This study aimed to identify the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on managerial accounting and its adjustments in financial markets to help business society deal with their businesses and companies during the pandemic. This study was conducted in one of the cities in the Metropolitan Manila in Quezon City, Philippines, employing the descriptive design under the qualitative research method through an interview protocol and online form methods with accountants, managers, and business owners using Fiedler’s Contingency Theory. This research initiative is a great help for those who are suffering in their business, especially managers, accountants, and business owners. Managerial accounting in the financial markets has had a lot of difficulties since this pandemic occurred. In this case, businesses were not prepared for the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Some business owners had to close their businesses for three months because of the outbreak. Business owners are taking steps to become affable and open to the consumers that might purchase their products. Despite the pandemic, company owners are determined to stay open. They knew how to cope with scammers, especially those who ran an online company during this pandemic crisis. Keywords: adjustment, contingency theory, COVID-19, financial market, impact, managerial accounting
Kurbanov Firuz Golibovich
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 307-312; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.114

Abstract:
The article discusses issues related to the communication system of museum services and perspective aspects of the development of communication in this area based on the widespread use of digital technologies. The development of museum services, as a special sphere of spiritual education and the application of labor, is of great importance in the life of society. The place of the museum in the socio-cultural space of society is determined by the natural desire of a person to study his spiritual and material world, as well as the desire to familiarize himself with universal human spiritual and cultural values. In this regard, the role of the museum is significant, as the custodian of the cultural and historical values ​​of society. Keywords: museum, museum services, economic stability, museum audience, communication, digital technologies
Muhammad Ali Al Ihsan, Rizki Syahputra, Alwi Muhammad Adam
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 332-339; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.122

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transformational leadership on organizational culture. The research was conducted on Small and Medium Enterprises in the Food and Minimum Industry Sector in Medan City. The sample in this study were employees in the Food and Minimum Industry Sector in Medan City. 350 questionnaires were distributed, 188 were returned. Thus the participants in this study amounted to 188 people. The data is carried out with Structural Equation Modeling. The results show that transformational leadership can improve the corporate culture of the food and beverage industry in Medan City. Suggestions in this study are for the owner as the owner to improve leadership and good organizational culture.
Chubakumzuk Jamir
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 313-323; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.119

Abstract:
Urbanisation is now becoming a global phenomenon, high rate of population growth; declining opportunities in rural areas and shift from stagnant and low paying agriculture sector to more paying urban occupations, largely contribute to urbanization process. This paper studies the level of physical and social infrastructural progress in Kohima and Mokokchung districts using seven indicators such as education institution, health, banking, postal service, water supply, surface road cover and electricity. Research survey was conducted in Kohima and Mokokchung in 2017-18. The sample wards were selected using random sampling methods. The data’s collected were than analyzed using Principal Components Analysis Model. The findings shows that 50% of urban areas are in developed and 37.5% in moderately developed and 12% in less developed with regard to surface road, medical facilities, education, postal service, banking and water supply. The study highlights that urbanisation has positive impact on infrastructure development in sample districts. The study also found the urban areas of Kohima are in leading position than Mokokchung with regard to social and physical infrastructure. The paper concludes by suggesting suitable policies for developing and less developed areas. Keywords: Urbanisation, Social and Physical Infrastructure
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