International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB)

Journal Information
EISSN : 2775-4936
Published by: Garuda Prestasi Nusantara Consulting (10.52218)
Total articles ≅ 32
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Muhamad Dian Aryono, Riyadi Slamet, Priyawan Sunu
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 2, pp 14-26; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v2i1.167

Abstract:
PT Ganesha Praptama Karya is still traditional, looking at financial aspects only for performance assessment. This research aims to design a performance assessment of construction companies that will be assessed based on the Balanced Scorecard method with four perspectives. This research uses a qualitative approach descriptively. This study's sampling method uses the random sampling method. The sample size for each questionnaire was 32 samples for the customer questionnaire and 58 people for the internal employee questionnaire. Based on the company's performance, a financial perspective shows that it can cover short-term debt before maturity with its current assets and can cover the costs incurred with the income earned. From the customer's perspective, the company's performance shows value quite well in terms of providing adequate service to customers so that it has a positive impact on the company. The company's performance, from an internal business perspective, is said to be quite good. This proves the company can provide sufficient equipment, facilities, and infrastructure. From the company's performance, learning, and growth perspectives, it can be said to be quite good. This proves the company can increase employee capacity through training as well as further education opportunities and a conducive work environment.
Oscar Agyemang Opoku, Lord Ebo Sampson, Henry Okudzeto, Jesse Azebiik Anak
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 2, pp 94-107; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v2i1.181

Abstract:
The demand for power in Ghana is increasing at a pace of 10% each year. To shift away from traditional energy-intensive economic development and its negative environmental impact, the government has begun to heavily promote the development of solar photovoltaic technology. This study explored the challenges and potential of solar energy entrepreneurship as well as the capacity of solar energy enterprises in the production and supply of solar energy, and the methodologies for implementing solar energy businesses in Ghana's Accra Metropolis. The research took a qualitative approach and used an exploratory design. The data were analysed thematically with the aid of NVivo version 11.0. In comparison to predicted market demands, solar energy firms did not have the resources to produce and supply solar energy. In addition, to promote their operations in Ghana, solar energy companies have used techniques such as discounts, installment payments, and price reductions for goods and services. Furthermore, high-interest rates, inadequate incentives, insufficient access to finance, and a lack of technical know-how for the operation and maintenance of solar energy technology were all obstacles to investment in solar energy generation. Notwithstanding the difficulties associated with its operations, the prospects for solar energy production in Ghana remain bright. The study recommended that the Ministry of Energy, in collaboration with renewable energy technology companies, educate the public about the benefits of solar energy technologies; the Ministry of Energy, in partnership with the government, ensure that the promise made in the energy policy of a 50% tax reduction on all imports of electrical goods is achieved. Moreover, financial institutions should make it easier for energy-producing firms to obtain credit.
Vinola Christiani, Clara Annicha, Elvin Wiranata, Ari Agung Nugroho
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 447-460; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i6.147

Abstract:
Stock Price Determinant of PT Timah Tbk during the Covid-19 Pandemic, the Covid-19 Pandemic involves the world economy. Lockdown and Large-Scale Social Restrictions make the economy slow down due to the restricted activities. The prices of crude oil and metal commodities also corrected, including the price of tin commodity due to the decrease of demand. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the impact of the tin price variable, Interest Rate (BI Rate), Net Profit Margin (NPM), and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER) on the Stock Price of PT Timah Tbk during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study used a quantitative method. The object of the study was PT Timah Tbk. The samples used were secondary data, which were tin commodity price, and interest rate of SBI in 2020, and the quarterly financial statements of PT Timah Tbk. The analysis method used was Multiple Linear Regression. The data collection techniques used in this study consisted of two stages: conducting library research (studying literature in the form of research journals, scientific papers, articles, and books) and the documentation stage. The results of the study show that (1) Partially, tin price has a positive and significant impact on the stock price of PT Timah Tbk. (2) Partially, variables of interest rate, NPM, and DER have a negative and not significant impact on the stock price of PT Timah Tbk. (2) Simultaneously, tin price, interest rate, NPM, and DER have a significant impact on the stock price of PT Timah Tbk. Keywords : Tin Price, Interest Rate (BI Rate), Net Profit Margin (NPM), Debt to Equity Ratio (DER), and Stock Price
Titus Mosoti Ogero
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 339-347; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i5.129

Abstract:
The study seeks to understand the relationship between lending interest rate, inflation rate and capital formation in Kenya. Time series from World Bank for the 1988 to 2018 is employed. Development of literature is guided by expectation theory, classical theory of interest rate and the institutionalist theory of capital formation. The study finds capital formation, lending interest rate ad inflation rate time series data to be stationary at the 5% level of significance. This leads to the checking of the lag order used and estimating of VAR model. The results indicate that, current year’s; capital formation, inflation rate and lending interest rate are insignificant in determining next year’s level of capital formation. First lag of inflation rate is found positively significant in influencing lending interest rates as well as the first lag of lending interest rate is found significant on influencing itself. Capital formation first lag is found to be negatively significant in determining inflation rate. Lastly, inflation rate first lag is found to be positive
Chubakumzuk Jamir
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 348-362; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i5.131

Abstract:
Urbanisation is a growing issue in Longleng. So are the consequent solid waste generation and its management challenges. Population growth has a positive impact on urbanization process. This article is intended to explain the common problems facing public services today and the challenges faced by both the urban planners and the government. The paper reviews an overview of solid waste management generation in urban Longleng. Solid waste management which is already an immense task in urban Longleng is going to be more difficult with the expansion of urbanization, increase in consumerism and changing life style. The result shows that residential (59.5%), commercial (20%), institutional (16%), biomedical wastes (0.30%), construction and demolition (4.2%) contribute to solid waste generation. The current practices of dumping waste materials in urban areas have shaped serious environmental and public problems. Financial resources constraints, institutional policies weaknesses, and public indifference towards solid waste have made this situation worse. This research article evaluates the current practices prevalent to deal with this solid waste and problems associated with it. It also provides the measures to deal with this waste in a healthy and environmental manner so that it may prove a resource instead of waste. The results of this study will be of immense benefit for urban-related studies in small towns as well as for the urban planners in the district.
Sahadev Bhatt
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 297-306; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.110

Abstract:
We attempt to explain how market power impacts bank dividend payment behaviors in Nepal by taking the sample from the commercial banking sector employing a panel data regression model. Using the Lerner Index (LI), a non-structural measure of market power or lack of competition, we found that market power inversely but statistically insignificantly affect dividend payment. This finding leads us to conclude that market power-a proxy of more or less competition is not an important and influencing factor to the dividend decisions in commercial banking sectors signifying that competition does not seem helpful in mitigating agency conflicts. It is also concluded that banking dividend payouts are not the result of the punitive influence of product market antagonism. Further, among other firm-specific determinants, bank size and leverage significantly positively whereas asset growth significantly negatively affect the dividend decision. However, profitability is found insignificant determinant of dividend payment. The paper enriches and contributes to the literature on banking dividend payout and helps to identify the key factors that affect banking dividend decision-making. Keywords : Banks, Market competition, Market power, Lerner Index, Nepal
Koleayo Oluwafemi Omoyajowo, Adeyemi Adewale Akinola, Mary Adetutu Adewunmi, Grace Ojo-Emmanuel, Allen Ebosiem, Kolawole Ayodeji Omoyajowo, Aziba-Anyam Gift Raimi
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 276-286; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.104

Abstract:
Public awareness on environmentally sound practices viz-a-viz strategies that may also sustain a balanced work life culture cannot be overemphasized. Telecommuting represents one of those viable environmentally sound practices that offer flexibility to employees through working from their homes which to a great extent have improved employee’s productivity. This study assessed the level of awareness about telecommuting as well as the factors underpinning employee’s interest and preference for telecommuting in Lagos, Nigeria. A total of 220 responses from structured questionnaires was designed to capture the level of awareness, interest, readiness, and perception of employees towards telecommuting in Lagos Island, both descriptive and inferential analysis was used for the study. The study shows that 72% were aware of telecommuting and its associated benefits while about 90% opined that telecommuting will be suitable to their work. There was also a significant positive but weak relationship among employee’s preference for telecommuting and factors such as age, marital status, awareness about telecommuting, and the experience of traffic gridlock and its associated stress .This study concluded that with the high level of awareness of telecommuting, organisations should gainfully harness the wide array of prospects that accompanies the adoption of telecommuting which has the long term advantage of stimulating labor productivity.
Koleayo Omoyajowo, Susan Ebosiem, Adeyemi Akinola, Sunday Amiolemen, Kolawole Omoyajowo, Andrew Oriola, Olapeju Adenekan, Aziba-Anyam Gift Raimi
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 263-275; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.105

Abstract:
This study evaluates factors influencing the adoption of telecommuting among the selected organisations in Nigeria. A questionnaire research tool was used basically to capture the level of awareness, interest, readiness, and perception of Nigerian organisations towards telecommuting. A total of 180 questionnaires was administered to 180 Nigerian firms in Lagos, 120 questionnaires were counted valid for analysis. This study observed high level of awareness among Nigerian organisations but paradoxically, this high level of awareness does not engender the adoption of telecommuting by those organisations. Findings revealed that the fright of difficulty in assessing employees’ performance, inadequacy of ICT infrastructures and the fear of corporate data theft are the key factors inhibiting the adoption of telecommuting by organisations. This study concluded there is a need for organisations to be aware of the benefits of telecommuting and how telecommuting policy can be devised to strategically fit into the work culture for productivity. Keywords: Telecommuting; Public Research Institutes, Adoption, Factors, Lagos.
P.D. Karunarathne
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 253-262; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.102

Abstract:
The extant literature on ‘remote working’ have mostly focused on its advantages, disadvantages and consequences from the employer, employee & social perspectives as separate parameters with little research exploring the context of remote working from an overall strategic management perspective. The fear and threat evolved from the COVID -19 pandemic have urged tens of millions of global workforce to work from home which was a way of working that had struggled to gain traction before the pandemic. In this ‘new normal’ there is a significant tendency for the remote working to continue in the long run which requires organizations to strategically plan and implement the remote working culture. In consistent with the strategic planning, this review paper explores the existing literature and aims to identify a SWOT Analysis of remote working that would be useful for the current ‘new normal’ context. The thematic analysis approach has taken and through that, four themes have identified and defined from the literature review towards achieving objective of the paper. Literature from the conceptual & empirical studies conducted over the past two decades on remote working have been considered for the review.
Mabelle A. Atienza, Almighty C. Tabuena
International Journal of Business, Technology and Organizational Behavior (IJBTOB), Volume 1, pp 287-296; https://doi.org/10.52218/ijbtob.v1i4.109

Abstract:
This study aimed to identify the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on managerial accounting and its adjustments in financial markets to help business society deal with their businesses and companies during the pandemic. This study was conducted in one of the cities in the Metropolitan Manila in Quezon City, Philippines, employing the descriptive design under the qualitative research method through an interview protocol and online form methods with accountants, managers, and business owners using Fiedler’s Contingency Theory. This research initiative is a great help for those who are suffering in their business, especially managers, accountants, and business owners. Managerial accounting in the financial markets has had a lot of difficulties since this pandemic occurred. In this case, businesses were not prepared for the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Some business owners had to close their businesses for three months because of the outbreak. Business owners are taking steps to become affable and open to the consumers that might purchase their products. Despite the pandemic, company owners are determined to stay open. They knew how to cope with scammers, especially those who ran an online company during this pandemic crisis. Keywords: adjustment, contingency theory, COVID-19, financial market, impact, managerial accounting
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