Društvene i humanističke studije (Online)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2490-3647 / 2490-3647
Published by: University of Tuzla (10.51558)
Total articles ≅ 134
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Nirha Efendić
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 101-116; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.101

Abstract:
During ethnographic research into newly established suburbs around Sarajevo, which are mainly inhabited by Srebrenica’s population who survived the persecution and genocide of 1995, I had the task of recording certain lifestyle changes of these refugees. This paper analyses the oral literary lyrical heritage of the Srebrenica region, ie. oral songs which were remembered mostly by women. Since I was myself one of those populations I relied on my personal experience that expanded my insight into more detailed knowledge, as well as the various circumstances that shaped the way of life of my respondents. On the other hand, the research aimed, among other things, to examine the role of Srebrenica women in the memory of the intangible cultural heritage of their region in recent times. First, I considered women’s self-organizing as a response to the genocide and the consequent absence of male family members and community leaders. Then I draw upon my research to consider the impact of these activities on collective attitudes toward the memory of the Srebrenicas' former spiritual life examining the presence of traditional and oral patterns in everyday life. The paper relies on interpretative and analytical methods of the science of literature.
Edina Murtić
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 117-136; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.117

Abstract:
The play in numerous philosophical, literary-theoretical, and artistic texts is recognized as a constituent part of life and as one of the vital determinations of a human being. This Paper perceives the play as a fundamental principle that permeates all levels of the texts in the selected examples in the literature for children and youth of Ljubica Ostojić. We will show how Ljubica Ostojić takes the play and artistic creation as a thematic-conceptual base of her texts, focusing on structural, semantic, and language aspects of its presence in the text. The analyzed texts of Ljubica Ostojić are a helpful example of the accomplished correlation of the reality between the child and the world with elements of a fantastic discourse. In the parallel existence of realistic and fantastic, deconstructing the traditional children's literature, the author writes various types of texts for children and youth, which share the seeming disharmony and complexity of the structure.
Nehrudin Rebihić
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 17-44; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.17

Abstract:
Correspondence as a source for the study of literary, cultural, and political circumstances and events in Bosnia has not received an appropriate place in the humanities and social sciences because the letters are treated exclusively in the field of privacy. However, letters are sometimes a first-class source for presenting an image of a particular period or event, especially if it is interesting to determine how a particular person or group understands events or processes in society and culture. Studying the letters would open a different perspective on some events since it is often about an "informal" form of communication. In the framework of Bosnian studies, the so-called "letters from the border/krajišnička pisma" (Muhamed Nezirović and Lejla Nakaš) have been the most comprehensively studied, with slightly fewer letters in oriental languages (Sabaheta Gačanin), while letters from the 20th century (Hamid Dizdar, Munir Šahinović, Alija Nametak, for example), unfortunately, did not receive proper valorization. In this paper, the correspondence of Alija Nametak between the two world wars will be presented. Considering the dispersed thematic content of the letters, they are grouped into several thematic units. Letters about Safvet-beg Bašagić, letters about political censorship of articles and literary and artistic works, and correspondence with Slavists throughout Europe especially stand out. The letters were linked to other texts (co-text) that were in the broadest sense related to the topics of the letters. We tried to present as much as possible the events to which the letters referred. We also pay attention to the need to renew the study of Bosnian archival and documentary material, especially in the study of the history of literature.
Nataša Milošević Adamović
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 615-634; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.615

Abstract:
The goal of this research was to explore the perceptions of cooperation between preschool institutions and parents within Early Childhood Environmental Education activities, primarily within the dimension of including parents in preschool activities. In the theoretical framework of the study, we discuss the major aspects of cooperation between families and preschool institutions and the significance of learning about the environment for the cooperation process. Many authors agree that cooperation between families and preschool institutions comprises the following dimensions: information sharing between preschool teachers and parents, including parents in preschool activities, parents’ involvement in supporting the child’s development at home, and parents’ participation in preschool institutions executive bodies. In this paper, we focus on the dimension of including parents in preschool activities through Early Childhood Environmental Education. The results show that the majority of questionnaire items exposed statistically significant differences between the perception of parents and the perception of preschool teachers when it comes to including parents in Early Childhood Environmental Education activities. We consider that a series of planned actions is necessary for including as many parents as possible in the Early Childhood Environmental Education activities. One of the main reasons for such an initiative is the veracity of such activities and the possibility for children to create and develop their creative abilities through research.
Marko Cekić
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 551-570; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.551

Abstract:
The paper deals with the theory of the application of video games in teaching discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using video games as a teaching tool, as well as to raises some additional issues that require further consideration of the use of video games in the classroom. The cathode ray tube amusement device (patent US2455992A) is at the start of its ninth generation of technology. All current knowledge, skills, and innovations of the current age of civilization are united in the creation of such a device and medium when it reproduces for entertainment. Certainly, each of these media, of any kind and how much content, of which there are already more than a million (as shown by digital video game stores Steam, GOG, Google store, PlayStation network), carries a certain amount of data, all kinds of knowledge of our civilization. As video games are popular with all ages, the idea of using them for education and in-classroom automatically arises. This paper is an overview of theoretical considerations of various aspects of the application of video games in the teaching of various authors who have researched this field.
Gordana M. Stepić, Daliborka R. Popović
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 593-614; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.593

Abstract:
Team teaching is a complex teaching system that depicts the school culture based on cooperation and mutual sharing. The research aims to consider the representation of team teaching in the first cycle of primary education, as well as the advantages and difficulties in its planning, implementation, and evaluation from the teachers’ perspective. The research sample consisted of a total of 120 teachers, 104 of whom were teachers with experience in team teaching. Data were collected using a survey questionnaire. The content analysis method was used to process the collected answers. The results show that teachers most often participate in team planning and preparation, occasionally in team implementation, and sporadically in team evaluation of teaching. Teachers presented a large number of positive characteristics regarding the implementation of team teaching, in contrast to a large number of problems regarding team planning and preparation. Teachers are rarely involved in the evaluation of team teaching. They see the advantages of team planning through the resource of ideas for teaching and preparation of teaching content, and the disadvantages through organizational and technical problems and difficulties in the functioning of the team. They see the advantages of team realization in the possibilities of professional development, better designing of the teaching process, and better student learning, while the shortcomings are expressed in the organizational and technical domain and direct work with students. Teachers generally consider the planning and preparation of team teaching concerning themselves, and the realization of team teaching is mostly about students. Creating conditions for efficient and effective planning and preparation of team teaching is a basic prerequisite for the implementation of this teaching system, according to teachers.
Kerim Topčić
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 473-490; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.473

Abstract:
Offshore companies often, especially in the last few years (the Panama Papers and Pandora Papers scandals), attract a lot of attention from the media and investigative journalists around the world, who invest several years of research in uncovering secret money flows of the world's most powerful people. Numerous small states and jurisdictions guarantee clients the maximum secrecy and security of their capital from tax liabilities. They also make it difficult to discover the origin of money, often acquired through illegal activities. This paper will focus on the establishment of these companies, what is their purpose and role in global financial flows, why they attract an increasing number of legal entities and individuals, the consequences of their actions on the world economy and state budgets, and international institutions that supervise the operations of offshore financial centers with the basic goal of their adjustment to global financial standards.
Sabira Gaddžo-Šašić, Safet Mušić, Anesa Agović
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 769-786; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.769

Abstract:
The paper theoretically elaborates on the issue of the families of missing persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is still relevant after more than two and a half decades since the last war. In this regard, the text highlights the lack of relevant information on finding missing persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war as the main problem facing families of missing persons. The media play an important role in the visibility and pointing out the need to solve the problem of missing persons in B&H, and often contribute to the overall picture of the public through their (non)work. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the importance and shortcomings of media reporting from the perspective of the families of missing persons in B&H. In this regard research was conducted that included 100 family members of missing persons, to examine their views on the manner and frequency of media reporting, the perception of the professional approach of journalists to whom they had the opportunity to give a statement, but also ways to improve media coverage the issue of missing persons. The conducted research revealed that the statements of family members of missing persons in the media are reported factually, mainly during the anniversary celebrations, and less investigative journalism, and that newsrooms do not have specialized journalists on this topic. According to the results of this research, we concluded that closer cooperation between the media and the Associations of Families of Missing Persons is needed to improve media reporting on the topic of missing persons in B&H. It would greatly contribute to solving this problem in society.
Ibnel Ramić
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 81-100; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.81

Abstract:
Although the nature of the ballad is not inherent to deal with the so-called historical events and historical figures, we can see from some examples that this oral literary genre is not unfamiliar with topics based on real people and true events, and even those of wider social significance. The Bosniak oral ballads discussed in this paper, show that the so-called historical ballads do not fundamentally betray history, although they reshape and poetically upgrade it in detail, following the poetic requirements of the genre to which they belong. Ballads about the Morić brothers and the death of Hifzi-beg Đumišić can provide a basis for claiming that the Bosniak historical ballad is, in fact, a medium of collective historical memory and that it sometimes chronically and surprisingly accurately remembered the circumstances of the actual events of wider socio-historical importance.
Minka Džanko, Alma Čović-Filipović
Društvene i humanističke studije (Online), Volume 7, pp 155-180; https://doi.org/10.51558/2490-3647.2022.7.2.155

Abstract:
This paper aims to describe lexicographic strategies for treating loanwords from Arabic, Persian, and Turkish in a productive bilingual Bosnian-German dictionary. In terms of number, stylistic and cultural features, those words significantly characterize the Bosnian language. In lexicography, they have the status of cultural-bound words with a high degree of anisomorphism. We will look into their description in existing monolingual and bilingual dictionaries as well as into their equivalents in literary translations to propose more suitable equivalents. In this paper, we focus in particular on lexicographic treatment strategies of partial and zero equivalence, taking into account the deep cultural embeddedness of Arabic, Turkish and Persian loanwords in the Bosnian language. It will be shown that specific concepts such as “tekija”, for which the German language has no word, and the existing bilingual dictionary provides an equivalent „Muslim monastery“ (Jakić & Hurm 1992: 1053), can be treated by combined strategies to obtain more suitable equivalents, such as the incorporation of the source item into the target language with an additional explanation as well as an explanatory equivalent.
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