Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2723-0686 / 2723-0694
Published by: EDUCARE: Journal of Primary Education (10.35719)
Total articles ≅ 27
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Wahyuni Wahyuni, Prima Aulia
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 3, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v3i1.71

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the existence of an online learning process in early childhood so that it impacts on children's learning outcomes. This study aims to determine the effect of online learning on early childhood learning outcomes at Raudhatul Athfal Islam Bakti 99 Nairatul Jannah Padang. This study uses quantitative and qualitative research techniques, namely the mixed method. The subjects in this study amounted to five people. Data collection techniques are in the form of interviews and questionnaires. This study uses quantitative data analysis techniques using level categorization, while qualitative data analysis uses coding approaches. And the outcomes of this study meant that there is an effect of online learning on early childhood learning outcomes. Quantitative and qualitative data supports these results. Quantitative data shows the impact of online education on learning outcomes in the moderate category. In contrast, while the results from qualitative data show that online learning partially affects children's learning outcomes so that learning outcomes tend to be less stable.
Lina Mardini, Prima Aulia
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 141-152; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i2.55

Abstract:
One of problems in early children development is that some children still have stiffness when using their fingers. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the application of eggshell collage in improving the fine motor skills of children in Harapan Ibu Kindergarten. This study uses a quantitative approach with the type of Quasy Experiment research. The sample of this study includes two classes, the experimental class and the control class, with 15 children. Data collection techniques in the form of tests, observations, and documentation. Based on the results of the post-test scores of the experimental class, there was an increase in the average score of children's abilities from 22.3 to 31.2. Furthermore, the calculation results of the Man-Whitney test show the Asymp value. Sig (2-tailed) 0.000 which is less than 0.05. from these results, it can be concluded that eggshell collage is effectively used to improve children's fine motor skills. Then from the calculation of the effect size test, the result is 1.696 (d > 0.8), then the effect is classified as a high effect.Abstrak Permasalahan pada penelitian ini terdapat beberapa anak yang masih kaku saat menggunakan jari-jemarinya. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas penerapan kolase kulit telur dalam meningkatkan kemampuan motorik halus anak di Taman Kanak-kanak Harapan Ibu. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan jenis penelitian Quasy Experiment. Sampel penelitian ini meliputi dua kelas, yaitu kelas eksperimen dan kelas kontrol yang masing-masing kelas berjumlah 15 anak. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik observasi, dokumentasi, dan tes. Berdasarkan hasil nilai post-test kelas eksperimen terjadi kenaikan terhadap jumlah skor rata-rata kemampuan anak dari 22,3 menjadi 31,2. Selanjutnya dari hasil perhitungan uji Man-Whitney, diketahui bahwa nilai Asymp.Sig (2-tailed) 0.000, yaitu lebih kecil dari 0,05. Berdasarkan pada hasil tersebut, dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwasanya kolase kulit telur efektif digunakan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan motorik halus anak. Kemudian dari hasil perhitungan uji effect size menunjukkan hasil 1,696 (d > 0,8), maka efeknya tergolong efek tinggi.
Cicilya Margareta Naibaho, Wiputra Cendana, Tia Kartika Araini
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 165-174; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i2.53

Abstract:
Forming the discipline of kindergarten children is essential based on their development. They have not been able to think about the consequences of what they do. At this stage of development, students need educators with integrity to facilitate students in forming their discipline character. The fact of the problem was found by students’ behavior which less discipline by not obeying rules and procedures in the classroom. The purpose of writing is to determine the impact by rules and procedures that are applied consistently in forming kindergarten discipline during online learning through the qualitative descriptive method on practicum results and other relevant journals. Rules and procedures that are applied consistently in the classroom aim to familiarize students so that they can build their discipline. As a result, rules, and procedures that are applied consistently have a positive impact on changing the students’ behavior. The advice that the author gives to the kindergarten teacher in building students discipline is to be able to find other disciplinary methods. Abstrak Pembentukan kedisiplinan siswa TK merupakan hal penting, di mana berdasarkan perkembangannya, mereka belum dapat memikirkan konsekuensi atas tindakan yang dilakukannya. Pada tahap perkembangan tersebut, siswa TK membutuhkan seorang pendidik dengan integritas yang benar untuk dapat memfasilitasi pembentukan karakter kedisiplinan mereka. Fakta permasalahan yang didapati, adanya perilaku siswa yang kurang disiplin selama pembelajaran dengan tidak menaati peraturan dan prosedur yang berlaku. Tujuan penelitian penulisan paper ini ialah mengetahui pengaruh penerapan peraturan dan prosedur terhadap pembentukan kedisiplinan siswa Taman Kanak-Kanak pada pembelajaran daring, melalui metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif terhadap hasil praktikum, dan jurnal-jurnal yang relevan. Peraturan dan prosedur yang diterapkan secara konsisten dalam kelas bertujuan untuk membiasakan siswa akan keteraturan sehingga hal tersebut dapat membentuk kedisiplinan siswa. Sesuai dengan hasil penelitian yang penulis lakukan pada salah satu kelas di sebuah Taman Kanak-Kanak, penulis mendapati bahwa penerapan peraturan dan prosedur secara konsisten, memberikan pengaruh terhadap perubahan perilaku kurang disiplin ke arah yang positif. Saran diberikan dalam membentuk kedisiplinan siswa untuk menggunakan metode pendisiplinan lain yang sesuai dengan karakter siswa TamanKanak-Kanak.
Ken Reyhan Mutiara
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 88-98; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i2.48

Abstract:
Careful program planning to provide services for children's learning and play activities is an important thing to note. Because it will greatly affect the social, cognitive, sensory, and motor growth of children. With the aim of increasing revenue and demand as well as maximum service satisfaction, planning programs event marketing can be carried out by companies. Using qualitative research methods and data collection by distributing questionnaires based on the dimensions of service quality, namely Tangible, Empathy, Reliability, Responsiveness, and Assurance (TERRA). The results of the questionnaire were obtained from the parents of children who participated in the Playdate With OBO event produce outputs in the form of Terms of Reference containing programs regarding children's activities and stages of implementation. The activities of pre-school children contained in the Terms of Reference based on the advice of child psychologists and program planners for pre-school age children. Keywords:event marketing, kids preschool activity, preschool program, service quality
Yuli Salis Hijriyani, Saprialman Saprialman
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 153-164; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i2.52

Abstract:
The world of education has always been a concern of the government during the Covid-19 pandemic. One of the proofs is by urging the public to carry out online learning to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 virus.This applies to institutions at all levels of education, including early childhood education.The implementation of online learning is considered not too effective in the learning process in early childhood, and blended learning began to be an alternative in early childhood learning during pandemics.Blended learning is a learning strategy that combines online and face-to-face learning.This article aims to reveal the learning model in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak with a blended learning model. Research methods using literature studies (Literature studies), data collection is done by looking for information through written documents, photographs, images, and electronic documents that support the study activities of several books, literature, and scientific papers related to research. Data analysis used is content analysis, then conducted assessment related to blended learning, so as to get data in the form of descriptive narratives about this research. The results showed that the blended learning model could be used as an alternative solution in implementing an effective early childhood learning model in the covid-19 pandemic. A blended learning model that carries the combination of two methods, namely offline/face to face methods and online methods. In evaluation activities, that can be done using two aspects of assessment, namely on aspects of skills (for evaluation in offline learning methods) and on aspects of knowledge (for evaluation on online learning methods). Both aspects of the assessment can be compiled and combined so as to get the final value in the early childhood learning assessment process.Abstrak Dunia pendidikan tak luput menjadi sorotan perhatian pemerintah selama masa pandemi covid-19, salah satunya yakni dengan mengimbau pembelajaran di sekolah dilaksanakan secara daring untuk sementara demi mencegah penyebaran virus covid-19. Ini berlaku bagi lembaga di semua jenjang pendidikan, termasuk pendidikan anak usia dini. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran daring dinilai belum terlalu efektif dalam proses pembelajaran pada anak usia dini dan blended learning mulai menjadi alternatif dalam pembelajaran anak usia dini saat pandemi. Blended learning merupakan strategi pembelajaran yang memadukan antara pembelajaran online dan tatap muka (offline). Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan model pembelajaran dalam menghadapi wabah pandemi covid-19 dengan model blended learning. Metode penelitian menggunakan studi literatur, pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan mencari informasi melalui dokumen-dokumen tertulis, foto-foto, gambar, maupun dokumen eletronik yang mendukung kegiatan telaah beberapa buku, literatur, dan karya tulis ilmiah yang berkaitan dengan penelitian. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis isi, selanjutnya dilakukan pengkajian yang berkaitan dengan blended learning, sehingga mendapatkan data berupa narasi deskriptif tentang penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model blended learning yang dapat dijadikan sebagai alternatif solusi dalam menerapkan model pembelajaran bagi anak usia dini yang efektif di masa pandemi covid-19. Model blended learning yang mengusung penggabungan dua metode yaitu metode luring/tatap muka dan metode daring. Pada kegiatan evaluasi yang dapat dilakukan menggunakan dua aspek penilaian yaitu pada aspek keterampilan (untuk evaluasi pada metode pembelajaran luring) dan pada aspek pengetahuan (untuk evaluasi pada metode pembelajaran daring). Dari kedua aspek penilaian tersebut dapat dikompilasi dan digabung, sehingga mendapatkan nilai akhir pada proses penilaian pembelajaran anak usia dini.
Ahmad Royani, Mohamad Ahyar Maarif
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 99-110; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i2.44

Abstract:
Humans are social beings who must interact to fulfill the needs of their personal lives and reach their goals. What we are discussing is about the relation between family or parents and school during the pandemic to achieve educational goals both nationally and institutionally. This is so crucial issue. We know both family social institutions and educational institutions have an important role in building and shaping the personality of each child. The purpose of this study is to explore how the collaboration carried out by schools and families or parents in accompanying and guding their children during the Covid-19 pandemic. The method used was a qualitative approach, where to see the phenomena occured in the online learning process and how the collaboration carried out by the teachers and parents made some effects. By taking a sample of one family, the datas collecting was carried out through observating, interviewing and documentating. The results of this study explainde that the collaboration between families and early childhood school during the pandemic can provide a better quality learning for students. The school provided the transforms of knowledge and noble values ??and also the development of children’s potentions. But the process of character building that is built by the school, of course, needed an active collaboration with others, especially the family. Early childhood school and family have the same strong responsibility to make sure that the learning objectives could be achieved together during the long distance learning in the pandemic period. Abstrak Manusia merupakan makhluk sosial yang membutuhkan interaksi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dalam kehidupannya serta meraih tujuan yang diinginkan bersama. Demikian halnya dalam konteks mewujudkan kualitas pendidikan dibutuhkan hubungan baik interaksi yang dijalin dengan baik pula antara sekolah dengan pihak-pihak yang terkait, termasuk di dalamnya keluarga. Terlebih di masa pendemi, di mana proses belajar anak lebih banyak dilakukan dari rumah dan keluarga dituntut untuk lebih berperan aktif mendampingi anak dalam belajar. Kedua pihak, baik keluarga maupun sekolah mempunyai peran yang sama penting dalam membangun serta membentuk kepribadian seorang anak. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendalami bagaimana pola kerja sama yang dilakukan oleh sekolah dan orang tua dalam mendidik anak di masa pandemi Covid-19. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif, yang bertujuan melihat fenomena yang terjadi pada proses pembelajaran daring khususnya pada pola kerja sama yang dibangun antara sekolah dan orang tua, dengan mengambil sampel sebuah keluarga yanag putra-putrinya menempuh jenjang pendidikan anak usia dini. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kerja sama antara keluarga dan lembaga pendidikan pada masa pandemi sangat mendukung dalam menunjang kualitas belajar anak di rumah. Sekolah memiliki tanggung jawab dala transformasi pengetahun dan nilai-nilai akhlak mulia sekaligus mengembangkan potensi anak usia dini. Namun proses pembentukan kepribadian dan karakter yang diupayakan oleh sekolah tentu sangat membutuhkan dukungan dan kerja sama yang baik dengan pihak-pihak yang lain, terutama keluarga. Oleh karenanya lembaga pendidikan anak usia dini dan keluarga memiliki peran yang sama kuatnya untuk memastikan bahwa tujuan pembelajaran anak usia dini dapat dicapai bersama selama pembelajaran jarak jauh pada masa pandemi.
Abdul Karim, Iklila Febrianti Fiorentisa
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 111-126; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i2.50

Abstract:
Interpersonal intelligence is the intelligence possessed by individuals to establish relationships with others and maintain social interactions. The objectives of this study are (1) to describe the teacher's role as an educator in improving interpersonal intelligence through pretend play activities for B1 grade students at TK Muslimat NU 65  Wuluhan Jember (2) to describe the teacher's role as a facilitator in improving interpersonal intelligence through pretend play activities for participants. B1 grade students at Muslimat NU 65  Wuluhan Jember Kindergarten (3) Describe the teacher's role as a model in improving interpersonal intelligence through pretend play activities for B1 grade students at Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember Kindergarten. This research uses a qualitative research approach with the type of case study research. The data collection techniques used by researchers are: interview techniques, observation and documentation. Data analysis in this research is data condensation, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. While the validity of the data using source triangulation and method triangulation.The results of this study indicate: (1) The role of the teacher as a model educator in improving interpersonal intelligence through pretend play activities at TK Muslimat NU 65  Wuluhan Jember, namely (a) directly demonstrating the role that will be played by each child (b) providing examples of speech and movements that must be done by children when playing their role (c) provide examples of how to use supporting equipment for pretend play activities. in improving interpersonal intelligence through pretend play activities at TK Muslimat NU 65  Wuluhan Jember, namely (a) providing material explanations about pretend play (b) providing strengthening pretend play material (c) improving pretend play material with practice. (2) The role of the teacher as a facilitator in improving interpersonal intelligence through pretend play activities at TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember, namely (a) the teacher prepares tools according to the pretend play theme (b) chooses the right tool for pretend play material (c) helps children understand their role (d) provide assistance during pretend play activities (3) The role of the teacher as a model in improving interpersonal intelligence through pretend play activities at TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember, namely (a) directly demonstrate the role that will be played by each child (b) provide examples of speech and movements that must be done by children when playing their roles (c) provide examples of how to use supporting equipment for pretend play activities.Abstrak Kecerdasan interpersonal adalah kecerdasan yang dimiliki individu untuk menjalin hubungan dengan orang lain serta mempertahankan interaksi sosialnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) Mendeskripsikan peran guru sebagai pendidik dalam meningkatkan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui kegiatan pretend play pada peserta didik kelas B1 di TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember (2) Mendeskripsikan peran guru sebagai fasilitator dalam meningkatkan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui kegiatan pretend play pada peserta didik kelas B1 di TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember (3) Mendeskripsikan peran guru sebagai model dalam meningkatkan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui kegiatan pretend play pada peserta didik kelas B1 di TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian studi kasus. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan oleh peneliti yaitu: teknik wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini yaitu kondensasi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Sedangkan keabsahan datanya menggunakan triangulasi sumber dan triangulasi metode. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan: (1) Peran guru sebagai pendidik model dalam meningkatkan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui kegiatan pretend play di TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember yaitu (a) mendemonstrasikan secara langsung peran yang akan dimainkan oleh setiap anak (b) memberikan contoh ucapan dan gerakan yang harus dilakukan oleh anak saat memainkan perannya (c) memberikan contoh cara menggunakan peralatan penunjang kegiatan pretend play. dalam meningkatkan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui kegiatan pretend play di TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember yaitu (a) memberikan penjelasan materi tentang pretend play (b) memberikan penguatan materi pretend play (c) menyempurnakan materi pretend play dengan praktik. (2) Peran guru sebagai fasilitator dalam meningkatkan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui kegiatan pretend play di TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember yaitu (a) guru menyiapkan alat yang sesuai dengan tema pretend play (b) memilih alat yang tepat untuk materi pretend play (c) membantu anak memahami peran mereka (d) melakukan pendampingan selama kegiatan pretend play berlangsung (3) Peran guru sebagai model dalam meningkatkan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui kegiatan pretend play di TK Muslimat NU 65 Wuluhan Jember yaitu (a) mendemonstrasikan secara langsung peran yang akan dimainkan oleh setiap anak (b) memberikan contoh ucapan dan gerakan yang harus dilakukan oleh anaksaat memainkan perannya (c) memberikan contoh cara menggunakan peralatan penunjang kegiatan pretend play.
Lina Sari, Prima Aulia
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 127-140; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i2.54

Abstract:
The issue discussed is that several children's communication skills are still low. So, this study aims to determine the effects of storytelling with pictures in improving early childhood communication skills. This study uses a quantitative approach with the type of Quasy Experiment research. The research sample consisted of two groups, namely the experimental and control groups with 17 children each. This research took place in TK Negeri 01 Tiumang, Dharmasraya Regency. Data collection techniques in the form of tests, observations, and documentation, with quantitative analysis. Based on the post-test scores of the experimental group, it was found that there was an increase in the average score of children's communication skills before and after being given treatment, from 12.05 to 17.23. Furthermore, the results of the calculation of the Man-Whitney test show that the Asymp value. Sig (2-tailed) 0.001 is smaller than 0.05 (0.001 < 0.05), so that the results of the study show that there is a significant effect of using the storytelling method with pictures in improving early childhood communication skills.then the results of the effect size test show that the effect is high with a total of 0.899 (d > 0.8).Abstrak Permasalahan pada penelitian adalah kemampuan komunikasi anak yang tergolong masih rendah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode bercerita dengan gambar dalam meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasi anak usia dini. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif yang berjenis Quasy Experiment. Sampel penelitian terdiri dari dua kelompok, yaitu kelompok eksperimen dan control, masing-masing kelompok sebanyak 17 orang anak. Penelitian ini bertempat di TK Negeri 01 Tiumang Kabupaten Dharmasraya. Teknik pengumpulan data berupa tes, observasi, dan dokumentasi, dengan menggunakan analisis kuantitatif. Berdasar pada nilai post-test, diperoleh adanya kenaikan skor, rata-rata kemampuan komunikasi anak sebelum dan sesudah diberikan perlakuan pada kelompok eksperimen, yakni dari 12,05 menjadi 17,23. Selanjutnya, dari hasil perhitungan uji Man-Whitney menunjukkan bahwa nilai Asymp. Sig (2-tailed) 0,001 lebih kecil dari 0,05 (0,001 < 0.05), sehingga diperoleh hasil penelitian bahwa ada pengaruh yang signifikan penggunaan metode bercerita dengan gambar dalam meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasi anak usia dini. Lalu dari hasil uji effect size menunjukkan efeknya tergolong tinggi dengan jumlah 0,899 (d > 0,8).
Fina Lutvica Umaroh, Khamim Zarkasih Putro
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i1.35

Abstract:
One aspect of development in early childhood that needs to be considered by teachers and parents is the creativity of children. The development of early childhood creativity is very important to note, because at this age, children are able to create something according to their wishes and imagination through objects around them. Children naturally have the potential for creativity, therefore children need activities that can encourage children's creativity. It can be seen from the importance of providing play tools and playing conditions that are right for children to encourage the development of creativity in children. This study aims to determine the tools and forms of play that stimulate the development of creativity in children. The research method used is the library method. This study explains that learning through play in early childhood is very important to encourage all aspects of child development. Children's learning facilities are through play activities, so the child's world is the world of play. Playing activities are very important to develop children's creativity, because through imaginative experiences, children are able to produce new and progressive perceptions, so that by doing play activities, children are able to grow their creativity. It is important for teachers and parents to know several types of playing tools and forms of play that can stimulate the development of creativity in children. Because by providing the right form of stimulation to children, the development of children's creativity can develop optimally.One aspect of development in early childhood that needs to be considered by teachers and parents is the creativity of children. The development of early childhood creativity is very important to note, because at this age, children are able to create something according to their wishes and imagination through objects around them. Children naturally have the potential for creativity, therefore children need activities that can encourage children's creativity. It can be seen from the importance of providing play tools and playing conditions that are right for children to encourage the development of creativity in children. This study aims to determine the tools and forms of play that stimulate the development of creativity in children. The research method used is the library method. This study explains that learning through play in early childhood is very important to encourage all aspects of child development. Children's learning facilities are through play activities, so the child's world is the world of play. Playing activities are very important to develop children's creativity, because through imaginative experiences, children are able to produce new and progressive perceptions, so that by doing play activities, children are able to grow their creativity. It is important for teachers and parents to know several types of playing tools and forms of play that can stimulate the development of creativity in children. Because by providing the right form of stimulation to children, the development of children's creativity can develop optimally.
Mega Fariziah Nur Humairoh, Febrina Rizki Agustina
GENIUS Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education, Volume 2, pp 31-39; https://doi.org/10.35719/gns.v2i1.40

Abstract:
This case study focuses on the process of acquiring the language of a four year old Indonesian child. This study also analyzes several other factors and mechanisms that influence the acquisition of a first language. For nearly five months, data gained in this study by observing and recording subjects in producing sounds, words, and sentences during in the middle to the end of the 2019 year. We also see how the child interacts with various kinds of input sentences to see how he processes the language. In the end, we also observed him when he was interacting with other people to determine the level of constructing various kinds of language communication competencies.The analysis of the data was anchored on the confirmation or rejection of language acquisition theories, principles, and previous researches.  Based on the findings in this study, the child who was the subject of this study obtained Indonesian as the first natural way. Evidence obtained from observations states that the child uses the Language Acquisition Device (LAD) well, which is the main thing that helps him acquire the first language. Also, the environment plays a vital role in activating innate capacity in language acquisition. Observations and interviews were carried out with her parents to ensure that she acquired the language by imitating and learning through corrections and reinforcement assistance, analogies, and grammar input from the parents. The child also proved that their environment greatly influenced difficulties in language and communication. Natural processes and environmental influences also play an essential role in acquiring the first language in children. Parents and teachers should consider this process by creating good language learning and development at all levels of learning. Abstrak Studi kasus ini terfokus pada proses pemerolehan Bahasa seorang anak Indonesia berusia empat tahun. Studi ini juga menganalisis beberapa faktor dan mekanisme lainnya yang mempengaruhi pemerolehan Bahasa pertamanya. Pengambilan data dilakukan selama hampir lima bulan sejak pertengahan sampai akhir tahun 2019 dengan cara mengamati dan merekam subjek dalam memproduksi suara, kata dan juga kalimat. Pengamatan juga dilakukan untuk melihat bagaimana anak tersebut berinteraksi dengan berbagai macam input kalimat yang ada untuk melihat bagaimana dia memproses bahasa tersebut, serta bagaimana ia berinteraksi dengan orang tua dan sekitarnya untuk dapat menentukan tingkat kemampuan mengkonstruk berbagai macam kompetensi komunikasi bahasanya. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara mengonfirmasi teori baik berupa mendukung ataupun menyanggah teori pemerolehan bahasa pertama, kemudian prinsip pemerolehan bahasa pertama serta penelitian terdahulu. Berdasarkan dari penemuan dalam studi ini, anak tersebut yang merupakan subjek dari penelitian ini memperoleh Bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa pertamanya dengan cara alamiah. Bukti yang didapat dari pengamatan menyatakan bahwa anak tersebut menggunakan Language Acquisitioning Device (LAD) dengan baik yang mana merupakan hal utama yang membantunya dalam memperoleh Bahasa pertama. Selain itu, dia dibantu oleh lingkungannya untuk mengaktifkan innate capacity dalam pemerolehan bahasa. Pengamatan dan wawancara dilakukan kepada orang tuanya untuk meyakinkan bahwa dia memperoleh bahasa tersebut juga melalui proses meniru dan belajar melalui bantuan koreksi dan penguatan, analogi dan juga masukan tata bahasa dari orang tuanya. Anak tersebut juga membuktikan bahwa kesulitan dalam berbahasa dan berkomunikasi sangan dipengaruhi oleh lingkungannya. Sudah sangat jelas bahwa proses alamiah dan pengaruh lingkungan berperan menting dalam pemerolehan bahasa pertama pada anak. Sehingga, proses tersebut harus benar-benar diperhatikan oleh orangtua an juga guru pada semua level pembelajaran untuk menciptakan pembelajaran dan pengembangan bahasa yang baik.
Back to Top Top