International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology

Journal Information
EISSN : 2348-1358
Published by: Zain Publications (10.47856)
Total articles ≅ 204
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Sudeep Barman, Syed H. Mazhar
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 41-49; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i05.005

Abstract:
The study conducted was to understand the perception and attitude of the farmers towards sustainable farming in Prayagraj district of Uttar Pradesh. Seven random villages were selected in Jasra block at Bara tehsil, in total 110 respondents were selected randomly for this study, the data was collected with the help of a self-designed well-structured interview schedule by personally interviewing by the researcher. The data was then statically analysed. The results concluded that majority of the respondents 43.63% had a highly favourable perception towards sustainable farming followed by 31.82% favourable and only 24.55% had unfavourable perception about it. And the findings also revealed that most of the respondents i.e. 50% had favourable attitude regarding sustainable farming while the other 29.09% had unfavourable and 20.91% highly favourable attitude.
Abhishek Kumar, Nikhil Chhabra, Shilpa Kaushal
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 26-40; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i05.004

Abstract:
Microorganisms are omnipresent they are everywhere; The microorganisms are minute and invisible with naked eyes But helping mankind in many ways. Not all micro-organisms causing diseases or causing contaminations they are also helping us in many ways. The microbes helping in our fields and farms worldwide. How they are helping us in improving soil health and structure .The integrated approach towards using microbes along with organic growth enhancers can bring the revolution. Agricultural inputs from fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, and other fossil fuels have increased agricultural production. However, growing awareness and concern about adverse effects on soil and the environment cannot be ignored. So the world is shifting towards organic approach in farming for sustainable soil health and human health benefits. Microbes causing nitrogen fixing, Soil bioremediation, Mineral absorption, Hormonal absorption.
Poornima Singh, Ritu Dubey
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 6-13; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i05.002

Abstract:
The low calorie and high nutrition content of coconut milk products have increased their demand in the food and beverage industry. Coconut milk products such as coconut milk powder and coconut cream powder are used in various recipes because of their sweet and mild taste. Coconut milk products are often associated with various health benefits. Their consumption has been indicated to help lower blood pressure, cholesterol, improve kidney health, and prevent heart attacks and strokes. Coupled with this, consumer preferences for a vegetarian diet, has been increasing the adoption of coconut milk products. Coconut milk is a milky-white, opaque liquid made from the coconuts pulp. Coconut milk is a popular food ingredient used Southeast Asian, Oceania, South Asian, and East African cuisines. Coconut milk is used to produce a variety of popular Southeast Asian beverages. Condole is a common iced drink, made with chilled coconut milk. It also is used in preparation of various hot drinks in Indonesia. In southern China, coconut milk products are used to prepare beverages diluted with water. According to FMI's analysis, coconut milk products sales have grown at a 5.4% CAGR between 2016 and 2020. This trend also is picking up pace in India. Consumers in India are showing greater willingness to pay more for a product that has health benefits. This has been encouraging some of the leading players to produce organic, vegan, and gluten-free coconut milk.
Shelly Bhatia, Ayush Rohilla, Shilpa Kaushal
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 14-25; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i05.003

Abstract:
Homa farming is a Vedic discipline which denotes the method of annihilating harmful circumstances of environmental elements and refines the atmosphere by action of flame, outfitted with copper pyramid. Agnihotra is essential flame in Homa farming. It religiously associates living beings on this earth to control energy from space. It is practiced when all hope is gone and has proved to be beneficial in increasing yield of crop , reducing microbial pathogenicity , decontaminating soil and water, against pest and disease infestation. Homa farming is comprehensive method of healing of agriculture and can be used in conjunction with any good organic farming system as it is extremely inexpensive and can be performed by anybody but requires discipline and consistency. In course of time this knowledge has lost because the farming is becoming more modernized with invention of new technologies like GI , GPS , satellite imaging, moisture sensors. Farmers are approaching new methods and practices of farming and they completely relies on chemicals like pesticides, rodenticides, Fertilizers, herbicides to enhance his production. Then it becomes difficult for them to believe in traditional and Vedic type of agriculture as it purely organic in nature and only depends on healing effects of agnihotra. Nowadays this knowledge is being revived by many scientists to give individuals the guidance about how to address polluted conditions of planet. Many scientists have demonstrated the scientific validation of Homa farming methodologies and have conducted experiments to prove the beneficial effect of Homafarming. A famous Scientist named Abhang Pathade, has conducted many experiments to prove that this technique actually works and can be very effective in getting rid of major problems like environmental pollution , disease and pest attack on plants , less crop yield and soil infertility.
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i05.001

Abstract:
Healthy soils are important to grow healthy crops, raising healthy animals, and supporting a healthy human population through nutritionally balanced diets. As an indicator for soil health, SOC is important for its contributions to food production, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It supports multiple soil functions determining soil physical, chemical and biological quality parameters contributing to the productive capacity of soil. It improves soil structural stability by promoting aggregate formation which, together with porosity, ensures sufficient aeration and water infiltration to support plant growth. It is one of the factors that help in increasing water holding capacity, improves cation exchange capacity to hold huge quantities of positively charged nutrients such as calcium, magnesium and potassium until the plant needs them.
Navjot Gill, Shikha Tiwary, Vivek Kumar, Shivam Kumar
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 50-65; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i05.006

Abstract:
Heat stress is a major problem raised in agriculture sector due to increasing temperature in temperature. Due to Increase in temperature plant en counter physiological and biochemical changes which directly affect plant growth and production. There are multiples method of seed treatment for improving heat stress tolerance during seed germination for better growth and production. There are different biotic and abiotic stresses throughout plant ontogeny. To overcome these stresses different approaches have been made and practiced, there are few methods that are still in research in different research institute. The negative effects of heat stress can be reduced by developing plant extracts through the development of thermo tolerance using a variety of genetic methods. For this purpose, however, a complete understanding of plant life responses to high temperatures, heat tolerance methods and possible techniques for improving plant heat tolerance is essential. Some treatment can be particularly time consuming, while other treatment are denied by countries in the world.
Shelly Bhatia, Anshul Anshul, Pooja Katoch
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 66-84; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i05.007

Abstract:
This paper reviews multifunctional nature of mushrooms. Besides being an essential source of nutrition, they are being extensively exploited by man in various ways. Not only are they admired for their exceptional flavor and texture but this fungus can replace a number of resources that we are currently utilizing. Higher mushrooms contain bioactive components that show antibacterial, antitumor, immunostimulator, antiparasitic, antidiabetic, anticarcinogenic properties. Simultaneously they are useful for people and woodlands by recycling nutrients, managing plastic waste and agricultural residues as they can act as natural decomposers . Mushroom farming is the best method to meet sustainable development goals set up by UNO. Mushrooms play an important role in biofuel generation, textile, footwear, furniture, dying and tanning industries. It is hoped that this paper would add to existing information on versatile attributes of mushrooms to make it feasible for humans to utilize mushrooms to a more prominent extent other than just a food ingredient, which makes them not just edible but a multi-functional fungi.
Poornima Singh, Virginia Paul, Ritu Dubey
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i04.001

Abstract:
Antioxidant is any substance that delays, prevents or removes oxidative damage to a target molecule. It can be found in many foods, including fruits and vegetables. The role of antioxidants in foods is to retard or control oxidation. The process of autoxidation and development of rancidity in foods involves a free radical chain mechanism via initiation, propagation and termination steps. While radicals are produced in the ‘initiation’ step, they react with unsaturated fatty acids by abstracting a hydrogen atom from a site which requires the least energy that is the allylic or diallylic position in the ‘propagation’ steps. The reactions in the propagation step make up a chain reaction until a ‘termination’ reaction occurs. Due to high stability and low volatility, it helps to maintain the level of nutrients, the texture, colour, taste, freshness, functionality, aroma, and appeal to consumers such as the older person. Various antioxidants found in food viz. natural antioxidants, synthetic antioxidants, dietary antioxidant, endogenous antioxidant play an important role in preservation of food. Vitamin C, Vitamin E, α-carotene, Lycopene, Polyphenol etc. is main sources of antioxidants The benefits of antioxidants include whole foods and beverages (e.g., acai berry, gogi berry, green tea) as well as isolated substances sold primarily as dietary supplements (e.g., vitamin C, lycopene, selenium) or added to foods (e.g., vitamin E). It reduces the risk of developing certain diseases such as; cancer, heart disease, stroke, and arthritis etc.
Satyendra Nath Mandal, , ,
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 8-26; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i04.002

Abstract:
Hyperspectral Imaging has become an important method in monitoring vegetation and crops and producing information regarding onset of diseases. The availability of spectrometers in the market is not only costly but also requires standard-operating-procedures in using them. The use of Specim IQ, a handheld spectrometer with a wavelength-captivating-range of 400-1000 nm has been found to be optimistic in field-application with least complexity. In this paper, an early possible detection of downy mildew has been analysed through the difference in spectral distribution patterns through the reflectance-wavelength graph so that the well-advanced result may avert any significant damage over the visual eyes.
Kajal Goswami, Sandhya Choudhary, Dhavendra Singh
International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 9, pp 66-70; https://doi.org/10.47856/ijaast.2022.v09i04.005

Abstract:
The study area most of the farmers are growing Wheat at the farm level due to its genetically advance which caused low cost of cultivation due to low use of chemical and realizing high yield and less losses by insect pest damage. For production of Wheat the agricultural practices required needs special package of practices to boost-up the productivity with low cost of production. Results reported that training need in adoption of improved wheat production technology. Highly training need in case of Improved variety (mean score 2.56) followed by Marketing (mean score 2.35), Plant protection (mean score 2.30), Application of herbicides uses (mean score 2.25), Insect –pest management (mean score 2.14), Storage (mean score 2.13), Use of affected equipment and machinery (mean score 2.12), Application of manure and fertilizers (mean score 2.11), Time of harvesting (mean score 1.96), Method of seed sowing (mean score 1.96) and Field preparation (mean score 1.80).Data reported overall training need in adoption of improved wheat production technology. Table show that majority of the respondents (45.00 percent) were need often training followed by 32.50 percent respondents were need always training and 22.50 percent respondents were need rarely training.
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