Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences

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EISSN : 2581-9046
Total articles ≅ 10
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Shruti Jadhav, M. B Kurnthekar
Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences, Volume 7, pp 28-34; https://doi.org/10.46610/joraas.2022.v07i01.005

Abstract:
Thousands of years have passed since the construction of historic buildings or monuments, and they are often the most enduring and well-known symbols of former civilizations. It is vital that these national emblems of cultural and historical significance be preserved for future generations. Each heritage structure has its own distinctive characteristics and aesthetic finishes, as well as its own set of conservation concerns that necessitate innovative solutions. Pollution, age, fire, catastrophic occurrences such as earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, cyclones, soil-structure interaction (soil settlement, etc.), structural flaws, and a variety of other variables all contribute to the degradation of structures. Historic buildings are important monuments, thus this will be a severe setback for the country. It is critical to choose the right technique for restoration based on the parent structure's look. The new techniques must be compatible with the structure. This paper focuses on such challenges and corrective techniques to solve them while keeping the cultural integrity of the structure.
Annu Reetha Thomas
Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.46610/joraas.2021.v06i02.003

Abstract:
Discharging of wastes and toxic pollutants produced by the industrial activities into the natural environment which consist of air, water and land implies the term Industrial Pollution. It has serious consequences on human life and its health along with several ways of negative impacts on the environment and nature. As far as our nation is concerned most of the major cities are filled with these large-scale industries which place a crucial role financial development of a country. Strictly hindering the development of industries cannot be done as it is vital for the Socio-Economic progress of a country. Yet it is our duty to protect our natural environment by limiting the pollution due to industries. This Study consist of the issues occurred in Eloor- Kadungalloor region as result of the industrial pollution followed by policies for a development plan to enhance the natural and environmental conditions with a planning approach at micro study level. As far as the Kerala context is considered, the major spot which is mostly affected by the industrial pollution is the ‘Edayar Industrial belt’ which is the largest industrial belt in Kerala. This became one of most noted spot because of the continuous dumping of dangerous chemical pollutants from adjacent industries (pesticide and fertilizer manufacturing). It has also resulted in health issues for the inhabitants of the site. Though many complaints have been filed against the companies, there has no proper laws or schemes for taking measures for reduction of pollution have come up so far. Hence this paper deals with the application of technical solutions and strategies for an Environment Improvement plan development for an industrial as well as studying on the issues of sire and its inhabitants.
Nisreen Razaq Ibraheem
Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.46610/joraas.2021.v06i02.002

Abstract:
One of the functions of Al-Shanasheel was to cool the air, but they could not compete with the Evaporative coolers, As Al-Shanasheel were a sign of luxury and wealth in Arab societies and were only built in homes of wealthy families, they are more expensive than the evaporative coolers, depending on the level of the decoration and the sculpting used to create them aesthetically, where People replaced them with evaporative coolers for their low cost, and higher cooling efficiency. One of the reasons for the disappearance of Al-Shanasheel is the absence of the functional need for them, in exchange for the high cost of construction. The diminished role of Al-Shanasheel in the contemporary urban scene, although they are one of the most famous elements of the traditional architecture in Iraq in particular and their disappearance as architectural elements of the traditional urban scene, because of its inefficiency in air cooling. The reason for the failure of the environmental efficiency of Al-Shanasheel is because there are no attempts to raise their environmental efficiency and replace them with electrical evaporative coolers. That is the research problem. So the research aimed to revive Al-Shanasheel as environmental and aesthetic elements in the urban scene by creating "The Electric Shanshool" to revive them in the urban scene. The research assumed the possibility of raising the efficiency of Al-Shanasheel in cooling the air by developing the way they work, by exploiting contemporary technologies and thus the possibility of returning them to the urban scene as dual-function elements (aesthetically and environmentally). The research has made it possible to revitalize the environmental function of Al-Shanasheel, by presenting an innovative model of electric Shanshool that cools the air of the room with the same efficiency of evaporative air cooler, while preserving the beauty of Al-Shanshool as an aesthetic and heritage element in the facades of the traditional urban sc
Vidhi Agarwal
Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.46610/joraas.2020.v05i02.005

Abstract:
Design is the innate nature of human beings since the inception of mankind. The very act of designing a product gives one a sense of satisfaction and fulfillment. The journey of the design started from its very roots in the creative instincts of the people who actually used their creative approach to create safe habitats and products for their survival. Starting from The tools to secure them from any wildlife and then it extends from the matter of survival to the matter of comfort. People started designing or making comfortable beds, safe and secure homes. And later now longing for better experiences at home or anywhere they go. Thus, Designing Interior spaces comes from the very deep rooted instinct of people to make their surroundings more comfortable and secure. But, practicing interior design in the world which is constantly changing and evolving with springing new issues and challenges to tackle is a tough job.
Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.46610/joraas.2020.v05i02.003

Abstract:
This research investigates the impact of rooftop vegetation on the phenomenon of urban heat island (UHI) in hot-aired microclimates with an emphasis on housing projects in the context of Baghdad city. The methodology of this research relies on ENVI-met Headquarter 4.4.5 to create models that simulate and comparatively analyze the effect of rooftop vegetation on reduction UHI within housing projects. The analysis encompassed models of low-rise, mid-rise, and high-rise buildings. The simulated climatic parameters included the Predicted Mean Vote (PMV), air temperature, mean radiant temperature (MRT), reflected short-wave radiation, and humidity. The findings of this research indicated that rooftop vegetation can participate in the reduction of UHI phenomenon in housing projects, the most significant for almost all climatic parameters results were in low-rise and mid-rise buildings as compared to high-rise buildings.
Sazdik Ahmed, Shahla Safwat Ravhee, Shah Mohammad Adnan
Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences, Volume 5, pp 22-30; https://doi.org/10.46610/joraas.2020.v05i01.003

Ayeni Dorcas. A., Ola Omobolanle A.
Journal of Recent Activities in Architectural Sciences, Volume 5, pp 37-42; https://doi.org/10.46610/joraas.2020.v05i01.005

Abstract:
Undoubtedly, world energy consumption in buildings of about 50% is used for heating, cooling, lighting, industries and building construction where cooling and lighting typically accounts for the total building energy use in Nigeria. The strategies in achieving energy efficient buildings are yet to be properly addressed and explored in Nigeria due to inadequate building standards, codes and effective policies. The paper seeks to discuss and contribute to the existing knowledge on the renewable energy measures used in achieving energy efficient buildings and how to solve the issues of energy need and efficiency in Nigeria. The paper reviewed relevant literature and discussed the strategies in achieving energy efficiency in buildings through active and passive designs using renewable energy. It discussed that minimization of energy demand through passive design should be taken into account, also increasing efficiency of systems, planning energy efficient mechanical system and the use of renewable energy to optimize building energy performance can help reduce the cooling energy demand, increase savings in cooling energy cost, and reduces building’s carbon footprint. This paper recommends the use of renewable energy approaches throughout the stages of design planning from the idea formation to actual construction in order to achieve sustainable building designs for our environment.
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