Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman

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ISSN / EISSN : 2088-3609 / 2723-2697
Published by: Faculty of Law Pattimura University (10.30598)
Total articles ≅ 42
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Marlita H. Makaruku, Anna Y. Wattimena
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.23-28

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Pupuk merupakan suatu bahan yang digunakan untuk mengubah sifat fisik, kimia atau biologi tanah sehingga menjadi lebih baik bagi pertumbuhan tanaman. Bahan organik mempunyai peran yang sangat esensial di dalam tanah serta menjadi faktor utama dalam berbagai proses biokimia dalam tanah. Bokashi merupakan salah satu jenis pupuk organik yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pupuk organik untuk memperbaiki sifat fisik, biologi dan kimia tanah, serta memperbaiki struktur dan tekstur tanah. Penelitian ini yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dua jenis pupuk kandang terhadap mutu bokashi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan perlakuan tunggal yaitu jenis pupuk kandang (K), yaitu : K1 = pupuk kandang kotoran sapi, K2 = pupuk kandang kotoran ayam. Masing-masing perlakuan diulang 5 kali. Variabel yang diamati pada penelitian ini meliputi suhu, warna, bau dan tekstur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan bokashi dari kotoran sapi dan kotoran ayam menunjukkan kualitas fisik bokashi yang baik yaitu suhu 30°C pada bokashi dari kotoran sapi, suhu 34°C pada bokashi dari kotoran ayam, berwarna coklat kehitaman, berbau tanah, dan memiliki tekstur kasar. ABSTRACT  Fertilizer is a material used to change the physical, chemical, or biological properties of soil so that it becomes better for plant growth. Organic matter has a very essential role in the soil and is a major factor in various biochemical processes in the soil. Bokashi is one type of organic fertilizer that can be used as organic fertilizer to improve the physical, biological, and chemical properties of the soil, as well as improve the structure and texture of the soil. This study aims to determine the effect of two types of manure on the quality of bokashi. The study was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD) with a single treatment, namely the type of manure (P), namely: K1 = cow manure, K2 = chicken manure. Each treatment was repeated 5 times. Variables observed in this study include temperature, color, smell, and texture. The results showed that the bokashi treatment from cow and chicken manure showed a good physical quality of bokashi, namely a temperature of 30°C on bokashi from cow manure, a temperature of 34°C on bokashi from chicken manure, blackish-brown in color, smells of earth and has a rough texture.
Anna Y. Wattimena, Marlita H. Makaruku
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 38-44; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.38-44

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Tanaman pala oleh masyarakat Maluku umumnya dikelola secara turun temurun, dikenal dengan pola tanam yang disebut dusung. Dusung memiliki beberapa manfaat yaitu sebagai sumber pendapatan petani, memiliki stabilitas ekologis yang relatif tinggi dan pengelolaannya untuk memelihara dan meningkatkan keunggulan tanaman didalamnya. Permasalahan yang dihadapi petani dalam menurunnya produktivitas tanaman pala di desa Liliboi, desa Hila dan Desa Morela disebabkan oleh faktor budidaya dan produksi tanaman.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendapatkan informasi tingkat budidaya tanaman pala yang dibudidayakan dengan pola dusung dan mendiskripsikan karakteristik dusung untuk budidaya dan produksi tanaman pala. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survei dengan purposive sampling, sampel diambil secara acak (random sampling) dari setiap petani. Hasil analisis menunjukan karakteristik dusung mencakup Topografi Desa Hila, Morela, Liliboi sangat sesuai untuk budidaya tanaman. Pengambilan keputusan dalam pemilihan tanaman pelindung untuk tanaman pala berdasarkan pengetahuan ekologis petani yang berkembang secara turun temurun yang didasarkan atas kesesuaian kondisi biofisik menunjang, mudah memelihara, keanekaragaman hasil, mudah pemasaran dan menambah ekonomi keluarga. ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the level of cultivation of nutmeg plants cultivated with the dusung pattern and describe the characteristics of the dusung for the cultivation and production of nutmeg crops. The method used is a survey method with purposive sampling samples were taken randomly (random sampling) from each farmer. The date taken is the primary date (hamlet topography, land ownership, area, number of trees, spacing, plant age, cropping pattern, and other plantation crops that serve as protection for nutmeg crops). Secondary data (general condition of the location), climate data (average climate for the last 5 years), data on area and nutmeg production, altitude (asl) The results of the analysis show that the characteristics of the hamlet include the topography of Hila, Morela, and Liliboi villages which are very suitable for plant cultivation. The conclusion of the research is that the characteristics of nutmeg farming in the dusung pattern in Hila village, Morela, and Liliboi are very diverse in terms of area, the number of trees, plant spacing, and plant age. The topography of Hila Village, Morela, Liliboi is very suitable for nutmeg cultivation and the state of farming carried out by farmers is a polycultural pattern known as dusun" in Maluku. Decision-making in the selection of protective plants for nutmeg plants is based on the ecological knowledge of farmers that has developed from generation to generation based on the suitability of supporting biophysical conditions, easy maintenance, diversity of results, easy marketing, and increasing the family economy.
Jomima M Tatipikalawan, Insun Sangadji, Pieter M. Ririmasse
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 29-37; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.29-37

Abstract:
ABSTRAK  Tujuan penelitian ini mengkaji potensi sosial ekonomi peternak sapi, kontribusi usaha peternak sapi terhadap pendapatan keluarga dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kontribusi pendapatan. Materi penelitian adalah 70 peternak peternak sapi poting pada 2 kecamatan di Kabupaten Buru yang diambil secara purposive sampling. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan diambil dengan metode survey melalui wawancara mendalam (in-depth interview) kepada peternakan menggunakan kuisioner. Analisis data secara deskriptif, perhitungan ekonomi, kontribusi pendapatan dan analisis regresi untuk melihat faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kontribusi pendapatan usaha sapi potong. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa potensi yang dimiliki peternak sapi potong di Kabupaten Buru berusia produktif, tingkat pendidikan masuk kategori baik dari menengah sampai atas, memiliki motif ekonomi dengan tujuan sebagai sumber pedapatan dan tabungan. Rataan jumlah kepemilikan 4-6 UT/peternak, dipelihara secara tradisional dengan lama pemeliharaan >4 tahun. Kontribusi pendapatan 49,89% (cabang usaha). Hasil analisis regresi linier berganda menunjukkan kontribusi usaha ternak sapi secara sangat signifikan (P≤0,01) dipengaruhi oleh kepemilikan sapi, pendapatan lainnya (P≤0,05) dan lama usaha (P≤0,1). Peternak dengan lama usaha yang semakin besar cenderung memiliki skala usaha yang lebih besar yang selanjutnya mempengaruhi jumlah sapi yang dipasarkan. Peternak memiliki motif ekonomi yang kuat sehingga usaha peternakan sapi dan pertanian dijalankan dengan optimal untuk mendatangkan pendapatan. ABSTRACT  The purpose of this study is to examine the socio-economic potential of cattle breeders, the contribution of cattle farmers' businesses to family income, and the factors that influence the contribution of income. The research material is 70 farmers of beef cattle breeders in 2 Districts in Buru Regency taken by purposive sampling. The data used are primary and taken by survey method through in-depth interviews with farmers using questionnaires. Descriptive data analysis, economic calculations, income contribution, and regression analysis to see the factors that affect the contribution of beef cattle business income. The results show that the potential of beef cattle breeders in Buru Regency is productive age, education level is in the middle to the upper category, has an economic motive, and the purpose of maintenance as a source of income and savings. The average number of ownership is 4-6 au/farmers, traditionally maintained with a maintenance period of >4 years. Revenue contribution 49.89% (business branch). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the contribution of cattle business was very significantly (P≤0.01) influenced by cattle ownership, other income (P≤0.05), and length of business (P≤0.1). Farmers with a longer length of business tend to have a larger scale of business which in turn affects the number of cattle marketed. Farmers have an economic motive so that farming is carried out optimally to bring in income.
Isye Jean Liur, Demianus F. Souhoka, Bercomien J. Papilaya
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 45-50; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.45-50

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Kebutuhan daging masyarakat Indonesia meningkat setiap tahun sesuai kenaikan jumlah penduduk, sehingga kebutuhan protein hewani juga ikut meningkat. Daging sapi diharapkan mempunyai kualitas yang layak untuk dikonsumsi. Daging yang memiliki kualitas bagus tentunya akan memberikan produk olahan yang bagus dan akan mempermudah selama proses pengolahan. Daging yang beredar dimasyarakat seringkali tidak terjamin kualitasnya. Oleh sebab itu diperlukan uji fisik sebelum daging dikonsumsi. Pengujian sifat fisik daging di pasar tradisional sangat diperlukan karena belum adanya penelitian sebelumnya mengenai kualitas fisik daging sapi di pasar tradisional Kota Ambon. Diharapkan dari Penelitian ini akan mendapatkan informasi yang dapat dibagikan kepada masyarakat tentang kualitas fisik daging sapi yang ada di pasar tradisional Kota Ambon. Sampel yang digunakan adalah daging sapi segar sebanyak 1 kg yang diambil dari 6 penjual daging sapi segar di pasar tradisional Kota Ambon. Pengujian kualitas daging sapi segar meliputi analisa Kadar Air, pH, Cooking loss dan Water Holding Capacity (WHC). Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah percobaan dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan Nilai Kadar Air, pH, Cooking Loss dan Water Holding Capacity (WHC) berada pada kisaran normal dengan Nilai Kadar air dan pH menunjukkan perbedaan yang tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05) sedangkan Cooking Loss dan Water Holding Capacity (WHC) menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat nyata (P0.05) while Cooking Loss and Water Holding Capacity (WHC) ) showed a very significant difference (P<0.01).
Tabita Naomi Ralahalu, Jusak Labetubun, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 17-22; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.17-22

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Pakan puyuh umumnya adalah pakan komersial yang tersedia dalam berbagai merek dagang dan mempunyai komposisi nutrisi yang sesuai dengan fungsi fisiologis dari puyuh. Di Ambon, pakan komersial khusus puyuh tidak tersedia di toko penjualan pakan sehingga sangat jarang ditemukan usaha peternakan puyuh. Pakan yang diberikan sebagai pengganti pakan komersial puyuh adalah pakan komersial ayam petelur Par L1. Penelitian yang dilakukan bertujuan untuk mengkaji konsumsi, jumlah telur, berat telur dan konversi pakan puyuh yang diberi pakan ayam petelur komersil. Penelitian berlangsung selama 35 hari, pada peternakan rakyat desa Rumahtiga, Ambon. Bahan yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah ransum komersial ayam petelur Par L1 yang diproduksi oleh PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk dan burung puyuh jenis Auntumn yang diperoleh dari peternakan puyuh di Surabaya. Alat yang . Penelitian yang dilakukan dianalisis secara deskriptif terhadap variabel yang diukur. Puyuh yang diamati berjumlah 40 ekor berumur 2,5 bulan yang dialokasikan pada 4 kotak, setiap kotak terdiri dari 10 ekor puyuh betina. Variabel yang diamati pada penelitian ini adalah konsumsi pakan, jumlah dan berat telur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan konsumsi pakan, dan berat telur meningkat dengan bertambahnya umur puyuh sedangkan jumlah telur bervariasi dan cenderung menurun pada minggu ke 5 serta rataan nilai konversi pakan sebesar 2,56. ABSTRACT Quail feed is generally a commercial feed that is available under various trademarks and has a nutritional composition that is in accordance with the physiological function of quail. In Ambon, commercial feed specifically for quail is not available in feed shops, so it is very rare to find quail farming. The feed is given as a substitute for commercial quail feed in commercial feed for laying hens Par L1. The aim of the research was to study the consumption, number, egg weight, and feed conversion of quail-fed commercial laying hens. The research was carried out for 35 days at the community farm of Rumahtiga Village, Ambon. The material used in this study was a commercial ration for laying hens Par L1 produced by PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk and Autumn quail were obtained from a quail farm in Surabaya. The tools used are cages, places to eat and drink, digital scales to weigh feed and eggs, and blenders to grind rations. The research conducted was analyzed descriptively on the measured parameters. The quail observed were 40 2.5 month-old quails which were allocated to 4 boxes, each box consisted of 10 female quails. The variables observed in this study were feed consumption, number, and weight of eggs. The results showed that feed consumption and egg weight increased with increasing age of quail, while the number of eggs varied and tended to decrease at week 5 and the average feed conversion value was 2.56.
Adolf Heatubun, Marcus Veerman, Michel J. Matatula
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.9-16

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Pengambilan keputusan dalam usaha peternakan merupakan tanggung jawab utama para peternak. Keberhasilan usaha peternak sapi potong mencapai laba tertinggi adalah tujuan pokok. Bagaimana mengambil keputusan tepat untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut dan mengetahui berbagai risiko dalam ketidakpastian, merupakan masukan yang penting. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada peternak sapi potong di Kecamatan Lolong Guba, Kabupaten Buru, Provinsi Maluku, dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui dampak berbagai perubahan variabel penentu laba peternak sapi dan risiko yang ditimbulkan oleh perubahan tersebut dalam rangka pengambilan keputusan manajer peternak. Data yang dikumpukan adalah data primer yang dicatat dalam nilai-nilai nominal. Analisis menggunakan model regresi linear berganda, dilanjutkan analisis simulasi, dan diakhiri analisis risiko. Hasil penelitian memenuhi hipotesis yang ditetapkan dan teruji signifikan secara statistik. Elastisitas nilai tambah ternak adalah terbesar. Dampak peningkatan laba terbesar dihasilkan melalui peningkatan nilai tambah ternak dan jumlah penjualan, meskipun keduanya bukan sebagai pilihan terbaik. Opsi manajer peternak menghadapi risiko dan ketidakpastian ke depan adalah meningkatkan biaya pemberian makanan, nilai tambah ternak, dan penjualan sapi. Diperlukan mitigasi untuk opsi ini yaitu manajer peternak meningkatkan waktu penggembalaan ternak, memberikan makanan suplemen, mengawasi kesehatan ternak, menghindari ternak dari gangguan lingkungan dan kecelakaan. Manajer peternak perlu dibekali pengetahuan teknis penaksiran bobot dan karkas ternak. ABSTRACT Decision-making in livestock business activities is the main responsibility of farmers. The success of the beef cattle farmer's business to achieve the highest profit is the main goal. How to take the right decision to achieve these goals and know the various risks in uncertainty, is an important input. This research was conducted on beef cattle breeders in Lolong Guba District, Buru Regency, Maluku Province which aims to determine the impact of various changes in the determinants of cattle breeders' profits and the risks posed by these changes in order to make decisions for farmer managers. The data collected is primary data recorded in nominal values. Data were analyzed by multiple linear regression model, followed by simulation analysis, and ended with risk analysis. The results of the study met the established hypothesis and were tested statistically significantly. The elasticity of value-added livestock is the largest compared to total sales. The biggest impact of increasing profit is through the increase in the value-added of livestock and the number of sales, although neither is the best choice. Farmer managers' options for dealing with risks and uncertainties in the future are to increase the cost of feeding, add value to livestock, and sell cattle. Mitigation is needed for options, namely farmer managers increasing livestock grazing time, providing supplementary food, monitoring livestock health, and avoiding livestock from environmental disturbances and accidents. Farmer managers need to be equipped with technical knowledge of body weight and carcass estimation of livestock.
Deni Kunuela, Shirley Fredriksz, Lily Joris
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.1-8

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian tepung daun mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) dengan jumlah yang berbeda terhadap kualitas fisik dedak padi selama penyimpanan. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Teknologi dan Rekayasa Pakan, Jurusan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Unpatti Ambon sejak bulan September 2021 - Oktober 2021. Bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dedak padi, daun mengkudu, dan aquabides. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL), dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan sehingga terdapat 16 unit percobaan. Variabel kualitatif seperti warna,aroma, keberadaan jamur dianalisis secara deskriptif. Variabel yang diamati adalah kualitas fisik dedak padi meliputi berat, warna, aroma (bau), keberadaan kutu, keberadaan jamur, dan pH. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa perlakuan penambahan tepung daun mengkudu 4 gram, 8 gram, 12 gram dalam 200 gram dedak padi menunjukan pengaruh terhadap berat dedak padi sebelum dan sesudah penyimpanan, warna dimana penambahan tepung daun mengkudu memberi efek warna kehijauan pada dedak padi sebelum dan sesudah penyimpanan, bau (aroma) dari penggunaan daun mengkudu menyebabkan tidak berbau apek atau tengik, juga berpengaruh menekan pertumbuhan jamur, meskipun demikian secara keseluruhan pemberian daun mengkudu pada jumlah yang digunakan dalam penelitian belum mampu mempertahankan kualitas fisik dedak padi. ABSTRACT This research aims to find out the effect of distributing different amounts of powdered noni leaves (Morinda Citrifolia) on the physical quality of rice bran. This research was conducted in the Food Technology and Engineering Laboratory of Pattimura University’s Faculty of Agriculture from September 2021 to October 2021. The ingredients that were used in the research are Rice Bran, Noni Leaves, and Aquabides. This research is an experiment using a completely randomized design (CRD), with 4 treatments and 4 repetitions, resulting in 16 experiment units. Qualitative variables such as color, odor, and the existence of fungus are analyzed descriptively. The variables that are observed are the physical quality of rice bran which includes weight, color, odor, the existence of lice, the existence of mold, and the pH level. The research shows that the treatments that add 4 grams, 8 grams, and 12 grams of Powdered Noni Leaves on 200 grams of rice bran show effects on its weight before and after storage. The color also changes, adding Powdered Noni Leaves gives rice bran a greenish color. It also causes the odor of the bran to be not musty and rancid. It also suppresses mold growth. However, in general, the addition of said amounts of Powdered Noni Leaves is still not able to preserve the physical quality of rice bran.
Albartina Lumatalale, Isak P. Siwa, Feronica Parera
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 75-83; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.75-83

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to known the natural increase of Bali cattle in sub-distirct of Kairatu, West Seram Regency. A survey method was applied and respondents were determined with purposive sampling. Respondent charateristics and specific variabels were observed as the study variabels. The first include farmer age, education level, main occupation, livestock purpose, business length, livestock resources, status and ownership. The next parameter consist of (1) population structure, (2) reproductive potential of cow, i.e. conception rate, calving rate, calving interval, weaning age, pre weaning mortality rate, and (3) natural increase. The result showed that the natural increase of Bali cattle was 17.69% or classified as moderate category.
Julius Porimau, Bercomien J. Papilaya, Muhammad J. Wattiheluw, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.101-108

Abstract:
This research aims was to know effect of the interaction between breed and cage floor type factors on the performance of native chickens. The materials used in this study were three breeds of native chickens on grower phase with total number of 72 tails of chicken, an average age was 8 weeks, and an average live body weight was 408.98 grams. The research method used was factorial completely randomized design 3 x 2 x 4. Breeds factor consisting of G1 = Arabian chicken; G2 = Kampung Super, and G3 = Kampong chicken. While the factor of the floor type of cage consists of both L1 = slat floor and L2 = litter floor. Thus there are 6 treatment combinations, each combination treatment were repeated 4 times and each replication consists of 3 chickens, so there are 72 chickens as the unit of observation. The variables observed included feed consumption, drinking water consumption, average daily gain, and feed conversion. The results showed that the interaction between grooves and floor types were not significantly different for all observed variables. Chicken breeds showed significant differences in feed consumption, but did not provide for water consumption, average daily gain and feed conversion. Different cage floors showed the significant difference to feed consumption and drinking water consumption, but there was not significantly different on avegrage daily gain and feed convertion of three breeds of native chicken.
Marna Eoh, Ferens Kayadoe
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 109-115; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.109-115

Abstract:
This research aims was to determined the types of crop by-product in Seram Utara Timur District and to determined the production of dry matter, crude protein and total digestible nutrients in North East Seti Seram District. Observation and direct measurement of food crop agricultural waste in the three sample villages selected using the purposive sampling method based on the largest number of livestock. The results showed that the types of food crop agricultural waste found in Seram Utara Timur seti sub-district were as follows: rice straw (Oryza sativa L) 96.88%, cassava straw (Manihot esculenta crantz) 1.55% and rice straw (Zea mys), 0.82%. The total agricultural waste of food crops based on dry matter was 11,036.42 tons/ha, crude protein 802.22 tons/ha and total digestible nutrients 6,741.07 tons/ha, and the highest production was in rice straw. The potential of food crop agricultural waste in North Seram District, Timut Seti is quite abundant, it is hoped that beef cattle breeders can utilize food crop agricultural waste as ruminant animal feed.
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