Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2723-2441 / 2723-2433
Total articles ≅ 95
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Julina, Niza Ayuningtias, Rudiansyah
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 461-469; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.292

Abstract:
This research is entitled 'SFE Learning Model for Mandarin Language Teachers at Senior High Schools in Tebing Tinggi City.' This activity aims to provide assistance in an effort to improve teacher skills in teaching Mandarin to high school students. This teaching training was carried out through a community service program with partner teachers in Tebing Tinggi City High School. This activity started from the anxiety of the principal, where the teacher had not been able to create an attractive and effective learning model. The research used training and mentoring method, starting with socialization activities and then opening in the form of offline motivational seminars. Furthermore, training activities were carried out online using the Zoom Meeting media for two months, involving teachers. The strategy in this activity used the Student Facilitator and Explaining (SFE) type of cooperative learning model. The results of this study are expected to be useful for all teachers in creating an interactive learning atmosphere, with various forms of games and facilitated by current technological advances.
Nanda Dwi Astri, Oktaviandi Bertua Pardede
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 401-407; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.305

Abstract:
This study uses a qualitative method. Qualitative method is a method that uses descriptive methods to describe data by describing related events both in writing and verbally. The research procedure consists of three stages, namely the stage of data collection, data analysis, and presentation of data analysis. The method used in data collection is the method of observing. The technique used in data collection is a free-to-conversation listening technique by observing and recording data in the form of imperative sentences in the Ngoko Javanese language in North Sumatra. The purpose of this study is to increase knowledge and increase understanding of language command sentences Java Ngoko in North Sumatra. The source of the data in this research is the people in Bandar Tengah village, Bandar Khalipa h, North Sumatra as speakers of the Javanese Ngoko language. Based on the results of the study, imperative sentences in Javanese. Ngoko contain the intent to command, prohibit, invite, order repeatedly, invite, request, be angry, and ask for help.
Oktaviandi Bertua Pardede, Nanda Dwi Astri
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 374-382; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.304

Abstract:
This study aims to explore student learning activities at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Prima Indonesia (Unpri) during the pandemic through Spada. This needs to be done because there are significant differences in the learning system. The transfer of face-to-face learning methods to virtual distance learning, namely Spada, triggers the emergence of a direct effect on student learning activities. This study applies a qualitative descriptive approach with survey methods and semi-experimental methods that apply hypothesis testing. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling with the research sample being Indonesian Language and Literature Education students who were at level 3. This sample was grouped into 4 parallel classes. Observations showed that student learning activities in Spada who consistently attended every meeting were 62.2%. The survey also shows that 52.7% are interested in face-to-face learning. Students are known to often access lecture materials that are not in accordance with the time of admission. And a report on Spada shows that the average material access period lasts less than 20 minutes. Students tend to ignore the resources and learning activities implemented in Spada. The results of the questionnaire confirmed the existence of obstacles in student learning activities through Spada by 47.5%. Researchers also attempted to conduct experiments on the assessment of learning outcomes through the one-way ANOVA test. The result is p>0.05 and shows the acceptance of H0 that there is no difference in student learning outcomes between classes. So it can be proven that the application of Spada has not been able to increase the learning activities of different students during the pandemic.
Otwate Paul, Nyakwara Begi, Margaret Mwangi
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 315-324; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.299

Abstract:
Language skills in young children provides a foundation to a better acquisition of cognitive, social, physical and emotional skills useful in the later years of life for children. It also enhances smooth transition, performance, and retention and completion rate in school for children. The paper presents findings from a study conducted to establish the influence of teacher’s subject competence and teaching experience on use of instructional strategies to enhance development of literacy skills in children in lower grade in Nambale Sub-county, Busia County Kenya. It is paramount to generate evidence based understanding of the primary role of teachers for language in enhancing children’s literacy skills to improve their chances of acquiring quality and inclusive education later in life. Researchers aimed to establish the influence of teacher’s subject competence and teaching experience during foundation level at which children should primarily acquire basic literacy skills to facilitate a smooth transition to later grades.
Bai Donna S. Aliman
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 426-436; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.307

Abstract:
Dynamic Education (DynEd) International Inc. is a leading provider of Interactive Language Program designed to enhance learners’ English communication skills. This study aimed to determine the effect of the DynEd’s Reading course on reading proficiency and reading motivation of the students in Mindanao State University-Maguindanao during 2nd Semester of A.Y. 2017-2018. The study was conducted with the college students taking Job Enabling English Proficiency (JEEP) Start 2 courses. Sixty students were randomly selected among the eligible students to take Reading for Success course of the DynEd courseware. In this study, single group experimental with pretest and posttest design was used. The reading section of a TOEFL and Motivation for Reading Questionnaire (MRQ) by Wang and Guthrie (2004) were used as research instruments. The results showed that before DynEd Reading course was introduced, the students’ reading proficiency level was described as low. However, after the 8-week long intervention using courseware, the students’ reading proficiency level increased to intermediate level. Moreover, the students’ intrinsic and extrinsic reading motivation level before and after the intervention were all found out to be in “motivated” level. It was also found out that comparison between the pretest and posttest in reading proficiency and intrinsic reading motivation were significant. It was then concluded that the DynEd Reading course is effective in improving the reading proficiency level and intrinsic reading motivation of the college students. The result implies that DynEd courseware is an effective tool to enhance the reading skills of the students.
Hieronimus Canggung Darong, Erna Mena Niman
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 437-454; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.308

Abstract:
This study wants to challenge the robust idea of previous findings revealing that employing a particular question type would necessarily functions as Assessment for Learning (AfL). Besides, this study extends previous research focusing on typology and examines the syntactical forms of questioning in its practice. To gather data, six Indonesian English teachers were observed and audio- recorded, thus, transcribed and analysed following the principle of Conversation Analysis (CA). Except referential type functioning as a teaching technique and a discourse marker choice to discursively extend the classroom talk, the result of analysis corroborates previous studies in that they provide diagnostic information from which a better further action was taken place as highlighted in the AfL. Yet, this might occur as questioning types are syntactically constructed following classroom discourse moves. Thus, the examination of questionings functioning as Assessment for Learning (AfL), aside from types, the syntactical form and classroom discourse moves are important to cope with.
Rahmawati, Dwi Widayati
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 455-460; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.309

Abstract:
Ecolinguistic is a branch linguistics who studies the role of linguistics in problem ecology and environment. Ecolinguistics is an interdisciplinary study that looks at the link between ecosystems and linguistics. This study involves sociology, anthropology, psychology and political science. The socio-ecological aspects greatly affect the balance, preservation and inheritance of the environment for current and future generations. Falewuo's lexicon, for example Niru, still remains in the memory of the older generation, but the entity has become extinct. The purpose of this research is to maintain local ecological wisdoms that need to be included in the discourse of a healthy and green environment (greenspeak), bearing in mind that the soul (ideological, philosophical, socio-ecological concepts) of the community is imbued with these local wisdoms. There are changes due to the emergence of practical tools made of plastic, aluminum and iron. Of course, some that have been used can damage the environment and lose the vocabulary of bamboo in the Nias language because it is rarely used. This study used qualitative methods. The qualitative method is a research method based on existing facts or phenomena that empirically live in the speakers (Sudaryanto, 2015). The theory used is Mbete's ecolinguistic theory. From the research results, it was found that the changes in the lifestyle of the Nias people had changed considerably and did not pay attention to nature as a provider and life. The conclusion of this study is that the pattern of social life has also begun to shift towards individual traits. Environment and language are closely related because every flora and fauna that exists must have the meaning of the wealth of the language-speaking community.
Roselynn Awili, Nyakwara Begi
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 476-488; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.280

Abstract:
Globally, learning institutions at primary school level experience a gap in instructional leadership that fosters curriculum implementation. Research has established that those instructional leaders (heads of schools) determine the impact that teaching and learning processes in school has on learners’ academic performance. This study was designed to establish the extent of implementation of Competency-Based Curriculum in early years education in public and private schools. The study was also to determine the relationship between instructional leadership and implementation of Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) in early years education in Kenya. The study was guided by Michael Fullan’s Theory of Change. The dependent variable was implementation of Competency-Based Curriculum in early years education while the independent variable was instructional leadership. E-questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data which was analyzed using qualitative and quantitative methods. The results showed there was no difference in the implementation of curriculum between private and public primary schools. The relationship between instructional leadership and implementation of competency-based curriculum was significant at 0.05. The results also indicated that most head teachers focused more on administrative roles than activities that support curriculum implementation. It was therefore recommended that for effective curriculum implementation in early years education, head teachers needed to be intentionally trained on how to support teachers and learners in the related processes
Otwate Paul, Nyakwara Begi, Margaret Mwangi
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 275-283; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.295

Abstract:
Children who possess adequate basic language skills develop cognitive and social skills required in life and workplace. It also enhances smooth transition, performance, and retention and completion rate. Teachers with adequate professional training skills exhibits a potential to influent development of language skills in children. The Kenyan policy states that basic education and early learning is compulsory to all children. Therefore, it is relevant that teachers are equipped with adequate training skills to become champions in the realization of the country’s overall goal in education sector. This paper presents results from a study conducted in lower primary schools in Nambale sub-county Busia County to establish whether teachers’ professional training had an influence in the way teachers use instructional strategies to enhance pupils’ literacy skills. This was essential towards improving overall academic outcomes and communications skills in children.
Mat Imie M. Soquita
Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, Volume 2, pp 284-295; https://doi.org/10.47175/rielsj.v2i3.296

Abstract:
This study examined the level of achievement in Spelling of the Grade 11 students of Esperanza National High School and acceptability of the Rule-based Spelling Worktext Module in helping the students improve their spelling competencies. It employed experimental design and utilized 50 students to the control group and 50 students to compose the experimental group. For the experimental group, the researcher used the Rule-based Spelling Worktext while Copy-Only Method was applied to the control group. After allotted weeks for spelling instruction, a post- test was conducted to see if there are significant differences on the performance of students in spelling in control and experimental groups. To solve, analyze and interpret the result of the study, percentages, mean, and z-test were used. Study showed that the acceptability level of the Rule-based Spelling Worktext based on its content, relevance and instructional aspect were all described as “Excellent.” The z-test results showed that the spelling performance of the students from the control and experimental groups was the same in pre-test but not significantly the same in post-test. This implied that the experimental group of students showed significant improvement in the post-test than in control group. This improvement in their performance in spelling could be credited to the Rule-based Spelling Worktext which was used with the experimental group in teaching spelling.
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