Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH)

Journal Information
EISSN : 2504-8562
Published by: Secholian Publication (10.47405)
Total articles ≅ 666
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Ngu Keh Hee, Siti Mistima Maat
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 184-191; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1225

Abstract:
Ramai murid bermasalah dalam penyelesaian matematik melibatkan pecahan. Pelbagai kaedah boleh digunakan untuk membantu murid mengatasi masalah ini. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meninjau keberkesanan pendekatan kaedah Melukis Petak dalam topik Pertambahan Pecahan Mudah di kalangan murid sekolah rendah. Terdapat 13 peserta kajian dalam kajian ini. Peserta kajian ini merupakan murid tahun empat kebangsaan cina kategori luar bandar di sebuah pekan kecil negeri Sarawak. Metodologi kajian ini menggunakan kajian tindakan yang mengaplikasikan model Kemmis. Pendekatan ujian pra dan ujian pasca digunakan untuk perbandingan peserta kajian sebelum dan selepas Intervensi dijalankan. Satu soal selidik digunakan untuk mengumpul pandangan responden terhadap kaedah melukis petak. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan kaedah melukis petak ini berupaya meningkatkan minat dan pencapaian murid dalam pertambahan pecahan mudah subjek matematik. Hasil analisis data mendapati sepuluh orang peserta kajian ini menguasai pertambahan nombor pecahan mudah daripada perbandingan dalam ujian pra dan ujian pasca yang dijalankan.
Mohamad Fairuz Mat Ali, Mohammad Agus Yusoff
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 299-312; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1258

Abstract:
Prior to the 14th general election (GE-14), electoral practices in Malaysia have been often criticised as being obscure and biased since it was plagued with issues such as dubious voter registers and ballot paper fraud. Therefore, in its manifesto during GE-14, Pakatan Harapan (PH) promised to reform this electoral practice to make it more independent, transparent, and fair. PH then won the GE-14 on the strength of this vow, forcing it to keep its manifesto pledge. However, implementing the said promise is not easy as most of the proposals involve amendments to the Federal Constitution that require the support of at least a two-thirds majority. The fact that PH lacks such a majority has raised the issue of whether or not the objective to reform the electoral system can be materialised. Thus, this article examines the aspects of electoral reform implemented by PH during its 22 months in power and assesses the challenges faced in implementing such electoral system reform. The concept of electoral reform was used as an analytical tool in this article. This article mainly obtained its data from secondary sources including books, journals, theses, official government documents and websites, while primary data were collected from unstructured interviews with authoritative informants. Findings revealed that among the important reforms of the country's electoral system that have been accomplished by PH are improving the standard operating procedures of elections, enhancing election rules that do not require amendments, amending laws that require simple majority support in the parliament, and implementing ‘high-impact’ electoral reforms that require amendments to the Federal Constitution. Moreover, it was also discovered that the main challenge to reforming the electoral system was the constraint of electoral rule amendments that require the approval of a two-thirds majority of parliamentarians. Other obstacles included politicians' unwillingness to accept a new electoral system culture, barriers to accessing data and information owned by other agencies, discrepancies between federal and state legislation, and financial constraints on improving existing hardware and systems necessary for electoral reform success.
Fatin Hani Mohd Sheriff, Pan Kok Chang
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 313-324; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1241

Abstract:
Introducing music in the early childhood can help influence students to have a positive attitude in pursuing music in a higher level of education. Examining the developmental aspects of the decision to continue music studies among undergraduate music students is necessary in order to determine which factors had the most influences. This study investigates factors influencing choice of music studies among undergraduate music students in Malaysian public universities namely institutional factors, academic factors, financial factors, and personal/social factors. A survey method was adopted, and 489 respondents were chosen using proportionate stratified random sampling to answer the questionnaire. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The finding showed that academic factors was ranked as the most influential factor on choice of music studies among music students. The results on inferential statistical analysis using independent-samples t-test and the One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test showed that there were significant differences on factors influencing choice of music studies between ethnicities, universities attended, and instruments played. It is hoped that the findings will be beneficial to students, educators, and the university music programmes. Educators will also have access to the most up-to-date information in order to come up with strategies in encouraging students to study music.
Nor Azlili Hassan, Hasmiza Abdul Majeed, Jaslina Mohd Tajuddin, Nor Hafizah Abdullah, Rahilah Ahmad
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 251-260; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1224

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown have led to an increasing number of mental health issues in Malaysia. The demands of living during the pandemic have caused a rising number of university students to be diagnosed with depression, anxiety, stress and other mental health problems. A survey done by National Health and Morbidity 2015 found that the prevalence of mental health problems among adults in Malaysia has increased from 10.7% in 1996, to 11.2% in 2006, to 29.2% in 2015. Moreover, one in 10 individuals in 2011 to one in five in 2016 cases reported are among Malaysian students. Thus, the study explores the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among university students in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study adopted the DASS-21 inventory to measure the mental health of the students during the pandemic COVID-19 that assesses the depression, anxiety and stress symptoms. Data obtained from the 355 Malaysian university students showed that most of the respondents were sometimes feeling depressed by having negative feelings (44.2%)”, and unable to become enthusiastic (44.5%)”, feeling anxious where they were close to panic (33.8%)” and dryness of their mouth (31.5%)”, and feeling stressed where they found themselves getting agitated (40.3%)” and difficult to relax (40.8%)”. The findings may suggest that further research is proposed for the inclusion of successful coping strategies used by the students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research should also develop interventions and preventive strategies to address the mental health of university students.
Rusyda Ramly, Sarmila Md.Sum, Maisarah Che Ahmed
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 40-49; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1233

Abstract:
Meneliti kepada ekosistem perusahaan sosial, modal sosial rantaian dianggap sebagai keperluan utama bagi memastikan kestabilan sesebuah perusahaan sosial. Justeru itu, modal sosial melalui tindakan kolektif komuniti penting dalam perusahaan sosial yang mana menjadi faktor pemangkin kejayaan sebuah perusahaan. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk meneliti sejauh mana peranan pemegang taruh memperkasakan komuniti pengasas perusahaan sosial berasaskan modal sosial rantaian. Seramai lima (5) orang pengasas telah di temu bual oleh pengkaji dan data naratif temu bual di analisa menggunakan kaedah analisis tematik. Tiga (3) peranan pemegang taruh telah dikenal pasti sebagai hasil kajian ini, iaitu 1) sokongan modal insan, 2) sokongan ekonomi dan 3) sokongan fizikal yang menggambarkan pembentukan modal sosial rantaian dalam ekosistem perusahaan sosial. Menerusi dapatan kajian ini jelaslah bahawa pemegang taruh memainkan peranan penting bagi pembangunan sesebuah perusahaan sosial bagi pemerkasaan komuniti perusahaan sosial menerusi modal sosial rantaian dari aspek sokongan modal insan, sokongan ekonomi serta sokongan fizikal. Secara tidak langsung menerusi sokongan-sokongan yang ada melalui modal sosial rantaian ini menjadikan sesebuah perusahaan sosial dapat mencapai kelestarian dalam pelaksanaannya di samping membantu sesebuah perusahaan sosial mencapai objektif sosial mereka.
Dharshini Gunasegar, Siti Mistima Maat
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 352-366; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1220

Abstract:
Problem solving is a very important skill in mathematics that students need to master. These skills require logical thinking, deep understanding, mastery of concepts and making connections with existing knowledge. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of graphic management -based mathematics teaching in problem-solving topics. This study uses a qualitative research approach with a case study design involving one study participant. Participants of the study were randomly selected among year 3 students with a moderate level of Mathematics proficiency. To collect data, graphic management of “Four Corners and A Diamond” and semi -structured interview sessions were conducted. Data collection from graphics management was analyzed descriptively and these interviews were analyzed inductively to obtain specific themes based on the transcripts. Findings of the study show that with this graphic management, students can organize information from questions in the form of appropriate graphics and facilitate their understanding. The implication of this study is that students can solve mathematical problems through the arrangement of information correctly based on the graphic management of "Four Corners and A Diamond". This study can also encourage teachers to use graphic management in helping students to solve non-routine mathematics problems more conceptually.
Nur Zaitul Akmar Mohamad, Nurahimah Mohd Yusoff, Norliza Kushairi
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 161-174; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1229

Abstract:
Kajian mengenai amalan pengajaran guru terhadap aplikasi Pembelajaran Abad Ke-21(PAK-21) telah dijalankan secara meluas. Namun, kajian yang sedemikian terhadap guru tingkatan enam masih terbatas. Malah kajian terhadap pelaksanaan kerja amali, khususnya mata pelajaran Kimia amat terhad. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan meneliti cara guru Kimia tingkatan enam mengendalikan kerja amali terhadap pelajar dan memahami isu dan cabaran PAK-21 yang dihadapi oleh guru Kimia tingkatan enam dalam proses pelaksanaan kerja amali. Reka bentuk kajian melibatkan kaedah kualitatif ke atas guru mata pelajaran Kimia tingkatan enam di sekolah menengah kebangsaan dan kolej tingkatan enam di negeri Kedah yang dipilih secara persampelan bertujuan. Data kualitatif dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan protokol temu bual semi struktur ke atas enam guru. Seterusnya data kualitatif ini dianalisis secara analisis tematik dan menggunakan perisian Atlas.ti versi 9. Dapatan kajian ini memberi input tentang pengendalian kerja amali melalui tema perancangan dan pelaksanaan. Guru menghadapi cabaran dari segi infrastruktur, masa, kewangan dan kesediaan guru dalam menerapkan PAK-21 dalam kerja amali. Implikasi kajian ini akan menjadi rujukan dan panduan kepada guru dalam merancang PdPc yang berkesan.
Gloria Ajit, Terry Lucas, Ringah Kanyan
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 335-351; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1219

Abstract:
Design and Technology (D&T) is a relatively new curriculum in Malaysian secondary schools. The basic idea of a design-based curriculum is to facilitate deeper learning for learners to design and develop knowledge and application. However, knowing how design-based education is employed in schools is crucially essential. Therefore, this study aimed to obtain insights into the D&T curriculum implementation from students and teachers’ viewpoints. The study involved semi-structured interviews with four teachers and five secondary school students. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, while conclusions were drawn based on theme analysis. The findings indicated that students and teachers recognised the purpose and direction of the D&T curriculum. Nevertheless, challenges exist in various aspects, as the subject is still in the early implementation stages. Challenges such as teachers’ knowledge and skills, students’ lack of understanding in abstract topics and insufficient facilities, equipment, and resources offer opportunities for researchers to explore relevant approaches to assist teachers and students in teaching and learning. Previous studies demonstrated the effectiveness of technology-assisted interventions to ease and overcome problems involving cost and time constraints. Thus, suitable technology-assisted strategies should be developed and utilised to facilitate the students’ abstract details visualisation in technological application topics.
Asma Mat, Wan Marzuki Wan Jaafar
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 50-58; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1215

Abstract:
Kepercayaan tidak rasional merupakan kepercayaan yang bersifat rigid dan terlalu ekstrem, tidak logik, tidak konsisten dengan dunia realiti, tidak boleh dibuktikan secara empirikal serta boleh menghalang seseorang individu ke arah pencapaian matlamat. Estim kendiri pula ialah proses perkembangan yang dialami oleh seseorang individu yang akan membawa kepada perubahan daripada orientasi luaran kepada penilaian dalaman. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti keberkesanan modul terapi Rasional Emotif Tingkah Laku (REBT) terhadap sistem kepercayaan dan estim kendiri dalam kalangan remaja. Sampel dalam kajian ini merupakan pelatih-pelatih dari Sekolah Tunas Bakti Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur. Seramai 100 orang pelatih-pelatih yang terdiri daripada mereka yang berumur 15 hingga 20 tahun. Kesemua responden dipilih menggunakan persampelan rawak mudah dan dibahagikan kepada dua kumpulan iaitu kumpulan rawatan (n=50) yang menerima terapi menggunakan modul REBT dan kumpulan kawalan (n=50) yang menerima terapi tanpa modul REBT. Analisis MANCOVA dijalankan digunakan bagi mengenal pasti perbezaan yang signifikan terhadap skor min kepercayaan tidak rasional dan estem kendiri antara dua kumpulan berkenaan. Berdasarkan hasil kajian yang diperoleh dapat dirumuskan bahawa terapi REBT berkesan diaplikasikan terhadap pelatih-pelatih di Sekolah Tunas Bakti.
Wong Yi Sze, Shahlan Surat, Salleh Amat
Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 7, pp 230-239; https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1244

Abstract:
Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti tekanan dan cabaran guru terhadap pendidikan norma baharu semasa pandemik covid-19. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif dalam menentukan tahap tekanan guru dengan cabaran yang dihadapi oleh guru terhadap pendidikan norma baharu semasa pandemik covid-19. Responden kajian ini adalah daripada guru-guru sekolah rendah di daerah Limbang, Sarawak. Sebanyak 148 sampel telah mengisi soal selidik dan menjadi responden. Setiap data yang dikumpulkan telah diuji dengan menggunakan perisian Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Versi 26.0. Dapatan kajian mendapati bahawa purata nilai skor min bagi tahap tekanan guru adalah 2.36 iaitu pada tahap yang sederhana. Hasil kajian juga mendapati bahawa nilai skor min yang paling tinggi bagi cabaran guru ialah terhadap murid, iaitu 3.62 dan nilai skor min yang paling rendah ialah 2.58, iaitu cabaran dengan keluarga.
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