FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching

Journal Information
EISSN : 2723-4126
Current Publisher: Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palopo (10.24256)
Total articles ≅ 18
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Andi Tenrisanna Syam, Amalia Yahya, Riska
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 2, pp 1-12; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v2i1.28

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to find out whether the students who are taught by using mind mapping have better achievement than the students who were taught by using a non-mapping strategy. This research used a quasi-experimental method. The population of this research consisted of tenth-grade students of MAN Palopo. The writer used purposive sampling, where there were two classes as the sample. They were; class X MIA I and X MIA II. Each class consisted of 30 students. The writer gave pretest and posttest to the students—three aspects of speaking skill assessed, namely accuracy, fluency, and comprehensibility. The result of this research shows that the students who were taught by using mind mapping did not have better achievement than the students who were taught by using non-mind mapping. The data showed that t-obtained was higher than t-table (t-o > t-table). The findings of t-obtained were 0.216, whereas the level of significance of 0.05 (5%) was 2.002. It means that 2.002 ≥ 0.216. The orienting number of significance shows that 0.830 > 0.05. Therefore, the Null Hypothesis (H0) accepted, and the Alternative Hypothesis (H1) rejected. Some problems found by the writer namely, the students switch code to speak up because they did not know the English meaning of the words, the students still read the text to speak because they did not memorize the language pattern that had been given. So, they had difficulties in speaking without reading the text. They felt hungry, tired, and bored in the class, and some of the students had meetings’ organization after they were an exam.
Lia Aulia Suryani, Hilma Pami Putry, Hafizul Khair
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 2, pp 65-75; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v2i1.26

Abstract:
This research was directed to find out whether there any significant correlation between students' critical thinking and argumentative writing skill in IAIN Bukittinggi. The researcher found several problems in the field, the problems were students got difficulties in starting and developing their ideas into writing a paragraph, they have limited vocabulary in the English language, and some of the students don’t use transition signals. This research employed a correlation design. The population of this research was the students of the fifth semester in Iain Bukittinggi. The researcher used random sampling were the students of class 5A, class 5B, and 5C to get the sample of the research. In collecting the data, the researcher used a reading test to know of students of critical thinking, and the researcher used of writing test to know of argumentative writing essay. The data were processed and analyzed by SPSS 22.0 Statistic technique of product-moment t-test formula and consulted the result into t-table with the level of significant α = 0.05.The result of this study by the correlation coefficient (r-x-y) 0,787. It shows that there was a high correlation between students' critical thinking and argumentative writing, it included the scale of r interpretation score between 0,60- 0,79. Furthermore, with df =25. And the level of significance 0,05 (α= 5%) obtained 0,396. So , try = 0,787 > t table 0,396. So, Ha was accepted and Ho was rejected. It means that there was a correlation between students critical thinking and argumentative writing skill.
Nanda Fidrian
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 2, pp 39-45; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v2i1.25

Abstract:
The researcher aimed to conduct this research due particular in students reading comprehension at Mts N Ganting Padang Panjang. The researcher found the problems that first, students interest in reading a text was still lacking. Second, students still have difficulty in reading comprehension. Third, students had a lack of vocabularies in translating the meaning of the word. Therefore, this research is to know how the teacher applies the ESA technique on reading comprehension. The research aimed to analyze teacher apply ESA technique on reading comprehension. This research used a descriptive qualitative research design. The object of this research were two English teachers in Mts N Ganting Padang Panjang. The instruments of this research were questionnaire and interview. The result of the research showed that ESA technique is suitable and effective for reading comprehension that can be seen from teacher apply ESA technique on reading comprehension. Engage, in this elements the teacher motivate students and active their background knowledge. The study, in this elements teacher, focus on the topic in the text and guide students in understanding the content of the text. Activate, in this elements teacher gives exercises and assignment to students, then concludes the contents of the text that has been learned.
Rizky Hidayatullah, Faisal Rahman, Choirudin Choirudin, Andika Ari Saputra, Dian Risky Amalia
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 2, pp 25-38; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v2i1.18

Abstract:
The aims of the research develop TOEFL apps to change the offline to the online system because pandemic era, the online system is not only in TOEFL Test but also in the service of language laboratory of IAIMNU Metro that changes from offline system to online system. Changing the offline system to an online system is certainly not an easy thing for language laboratory officers, because from the registration system to the test system must be held in the online form. the use of technological advances needs to be carried out by language laboratory officers from registration, participant data collection, tutorial scheduling, tutorial systems and TOEFL test. In this study, the authors consider the affective domain phenomenon in language learning. The author uses a qualitative approach to investigate and analyze the results of student interviews which are the influence of two languages on student performance at the Islamic Institute of Islamic Studies Ma'arif NU Metro. In qualitative research, discussion about participation and research location. The research methodology used by the researcher is descriptive qualitative research because this research requires the development of English material. the development model can be developed on three models: procedural, conceptual, and theoretical. The result of this research is the convenience for test participants and also the TOEFL tutorial at IAIMNU Metro, marked with students can feel fast and also the design of the apps is quite easy to understand.
Annisa Aditya
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 2, pp 13-24; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v2i1.21

Abstract:
The purposes of this study were to describe students’ fluency level and to identify students’ disfluency factors at MA KMM Kauman Padang Panjang. It employed quantitative research method with the class of grade XI students as the research population. There were 25 students taken as the research sample selected through purpossive sampling technique. The data were collected through speaking test and a set of questionnaire. In the speaking test, students were allowed to choose one of five topics provided and were asked to deliver short talks for 2 minutes. These short talks were recorded. In addition to the speaking test, there were 20 questions with four options as the answers. These questions represented five main factors of disfluency such as task with task difficulty, meaning focused, time pressure, planning and preparation, and task repetition. The collected data were mainly in the form of transcription texts mined from the recordings of the short talks as well as the answers from the questionnaire. The results of the study show that students’ fluency level at grade XI of MA KMM Kauman Padang Panjang is good (level 3). However, the information on disfluency which prevented them to get a higher score were also identified. Most of the main disfluency factors were task with task difficulty, meaningfocused, time pressure, planning and preparation, and task repetition.
Masruddin Masruddin, Dewi Furwana, Abdul Jafar
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 2, pp 46-54; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v2i1.29

Abstract:
This research about the efficacy of think talk write strategy in improving writing skill for teenagers at Batu Walenrang Palopo. The purpose of this research is to find out whether or not the use of think talk write strategy is effective in improving writing skill for teenagers (16th-17th) at Batu Walenrang Palopo. This research applied the pre-experimental method, the research is carried out in one class, the population of this research is teenagers at Batu Walenrang Palopo. The sample of this research are nine teenagers (16th-17th) at Batu Walenrang Palopo. The sampling technique in this research is the total sampling technique. The instrument of this research is writing test. The researcher gives pretest and post-test to the teenagers. the data are analyzed using Spss 20. The result of this research shows that the use of think talk write strategy is effective in writing. It could be proved from the result of the calculation that students score in the post-test is higher than students score in the pre-test. The mean score in Post-test is higher than the mean score of the pre-test P=0.003>0.005. It means that is the use of think talk write strategy is effective in improving writing skill for teenagers (16th-17th) at Batu Walenrang Palopo. The implementation of this research as an alternative for educators in developing students' understanding in learning.
Dahlan Dahlan
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 2, pp 55-64; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v2i1.27

Abstract:
The study aimed to find out the Students’ difficulties in comprehending TOEFL reading Test. The description of the data through the question as explained in the previous section showed that the students have some problems or difficulties in TOEFL. There are five items of the difficulties faced by students of fourth-semester students of IAIN Palopo in the Academic year 2019/2020 about determining the main idea, supporting detail, vocabulary, reference, and inference. Those facts are also backed up by the result of a questionnaire which shows that those items must be considered to be resolved.
Anisah Fitriani, Rustan, Amalia Yahya
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 1, pp 98-113; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v1i2.12

Abstract:
This research focused on using Show and Tell techniques to develop students’ speaking skills at Eleventh class of SMA Negeri 2 Palopo. The researcher used pre-experimental method. The population of this research is 157 students of XI class. The research sample is chosen purposively and got the XI IPA1 consisting of 35 students. In collecting the data, the researcher used speaking observations, divided into pre-survey and post-survey. After giving pre-survey and post-survey, this research provides pre-survey and post-survey to students. Data were analyzed using SPSS program version 20. The results of the study indicated that the use of Show and Tell Technique is effective for improving students’ speaking skills. It can be seen calculation results that the scores of students in the control class. Based on the analysis of the data it can be concluded that the teaching skills of speaking using Show and Tell Techniques at Eleventh class of SMA Negeri 2 Palopo. The implementation of this research for those who are interested in conducting research on problem statements, it is recommended to apply it to students who have basic speaking language skills and researchers hope that the results of this study can be beneficial to readers.
Husnani Aliah
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 1, pp 122-138; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v1i2.14

Abstract:
The research aimed at finding out information about the preparation of constructing teacher-made tests in Enrekang, the quality of English teacher-made test according to item analysis, and the level cognitive domain of the teacher-made test. The test quality was determined after it was used in school examination test. This research employed survey research using descriptive method. The researcher analyzed the data and then described the research finding quantitatively. The population of this research was the teachers who teach in ninth grade at junior high schools in Enrekang. This research applied simple random sampling technique by taking four different schools as sampel. The results of analysis show preparation that junior high school teachers follow in constructing teacher-made tests in Enrekang is divided into five main parts. In preparing the test, the procedures were considering tests’ materials and proportion of each topic, choosing to check the item bank that match to syllabus and indicators, or preparing test specification. In writing test, teachers’ procedures were re-writing chosen test item from internet and textbook, re-writing items that was used before and allowing the other teachers to verify it, combining items from item bank and text book, or making new item. While in analyzing a test, the procedures used by the teachers were analyzing and revising test based on its item difficulty, predicting the item difficulty and revising the test, or doing nothing to analyze the test. About the timing in preparing the test, there are three out of five teachers who need only one week to construct multiple choice tests. Besides, there are two out of five teachers who need two weeks to construct multiple choice tests. While the teachers have different ways in providing test based on students’ ability. Moreover, the item analysis shows that no test is perfectly good. It was found that almost all tests need to be revised. It was also found that there were only three categories works in all tests based on the cognitive domain of the test namely knowledge, comprehension, and application categories. There was no item belong to analysis, synthesis, and evaluation categories.
Muhammad Ariel, Sahraini, Dewi Furwana
FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, Volume 1, pp 139-158; doi:10.24256/foster-jelt.v1i2.15

Abstract:
This research aims to create a supporting media product in English Grammar learning in semester 2 students majoring in English at IAIN Palopo. based on observations in June 2019, the author found a problem in the scale of student use in smartphone use that is increasingly growing. Therefore, the author is interested in creating an online comic that can be accessed on the phone by using an application called Webtoon. The study design used in this study was Research and Development (R&D) utilized ADDIE Model. It consists of Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate. The product is used as a supporting medium in English grammar learning which was once being studied by Semester 2 English Student IAIN Palopo. The product was tried out to the Students of Semester 2 of English Students at IAIN Palopo. The instruments were used in this study are Questionnaire for need analysis and observation sheet for 5 Experts and student’s perception. In this study, 5 experts were involved in order to validate the product. The elements of the validation are Display, Content/Materials, Language, and the Application. The result based from the expert’s validation as well as try-out product result, the product of this study was appropriate to be applied for the students of English Department semester 2, as a supporting media in Learning English Grammar
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