JSE Journal of Science and Engineering

Journal Information
EISSN : 2723-3944
Total articles ≅ 5
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Articles in this journal

W. S. Ong, Muhd Hafeez Zainulabidin
JSE Journal of Science and Engineering, Volume 1, pp 7-16; doi:10.30650/jse.v1i1.519

Abstract:
In this study, the vibration characteristics of fixed ends beam are analysed after attached with dynamic vibration absorbers at vibrational node and antinode by simulation using ANSYS APDL. This study aim to obtain the best location and optimum number of DVAs placed on the fixed ends beam in order to reduce vibration of beam. The dynamic vibration absorber were attached to the fixed ends beam vibrational node and antinode for a total of three modes of vibration. The 0.84 m long beam is modelled by ANSYS and divided into 21 elements where each element is 0.04 m. A harmonic force, Fo of 28.84 N is exerted at node 3 of beam element. Modal analysis and harmonic analysis are carried out in this study to obtain the natural frequency and frequency response of the beam respectively. The vibration characteristics of fixed ends beam without DVA and beam attached with DVAs were compared. The simulation results show reduction of vibration amplitude of the beam especially when the DVA were attached at the vibrational antinode. The DVA amplitude increase when amplitude of beam decreases. From this study, it is proved that DVAs absorb vibration of the beam structure. The best position to attach DVAs is the vibrational antinode based on the modes of vibration. The increment of DVAs number will not affect the percentage reduction of vibration amplitude as long as the DVAs are placed at optimum location.
Muhamad Anas Munawwar Ghazali, Mohd Azhar Harimon, Mohammad Sukri Mustapa
JSE Journal of Science and Engineering, Volume 1, pp 25-29; doi:10.30650/jse.v1i1.522

Abstract:
Mo-TZM alloy is one of the most famous economic molybdenum-based alloys. The percentage of chemical composition in mass of Mo-TZM alloy are Mo-0.5Ti-0.08Zr-0.03C. By adding some Titanium and Zirconium so that the mechanical properties and recrystallization temperature of molybdenum has been corresponding improvement. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of different annealing temperature on mechanical properties of Mo-TZM alloy. The samples will be heated at two different temperature which are 1000 oC and 1300 oC in 1 hour and 40 minutes to change their microstructure behavior. The mechanical properties of the sample like hardness will be analyzed by using Vickers Micro hardness test. The force applied is 4.903 N and Vickers micro hardness number is 0.5 HVN for 10 second. Then to observe the microstructure changes, optical microscope and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) is be used. At annealing temperature 1000 oC, it show values of hardness is 249.54 VHN and the grain boundary size is 0.0898mm. While at annealing temperature 1300 oC, it show the lowest values of hardness which is 243.55 VHN and the highest grain boundary size which is 0.1068 mm. By doing annealing heat treatment it will decreases hardness values and increases the size of grain boundary
Lee Shee Yao, Hanani Abdul Wahab
JSE Journal of Science and Engineering, Volume 1, pp 30-37; doi:10.30650/jse.v1i1.523

Abstract:
For the concerns of environmental issue such as global warming, sustainable and green way to produce energy is highly in demand. Dish Stirling system is one of the most efficient system among others concentrated solar power technologies. However, the system is in disadvantage in terms of cost and reliability when compare to others CSP technologies. In this study, a fundamental prototype of solar powered dish Stirling engine is designed, manufactured, and tested. One component of the prototype which is the power piston is malfunctioning. It was found that the accuracy requirement of the manufacturing of the prototype was high and it requires high skill and experience in machining process.
Wan Aiman Hakim Wan Maliki, Muhd Hafeez Zainulabidin
JSE Journal of Science and Engineering, Volume 1, pp 17-24; doi:10.30650/jse.v1i1.521

Abstract:
In order to reduce noise nowadays, many researcher find different way to solve this problem. One of the ways to reduce noise is by using a sound insulation. This research has been conducted in order to produce high density sound insulation panel made from ceramic. The fabrication of ceramic panel undergo several processes which are milling, mixing, forming, drying and sintering process. The ceramic panel of different types of forming were developed as square plate 110mm x 110 mm with a constant thickness of 5 mm. Type of forming were used for this particular study are slip casting and uniaxial press. The composition used were 100 % clay and 90% + 10 % clay cement. The transmission loss were determined by using acoustic insulation test. The apparatus consists of sound level meter, portable speaker and computer. The Sound Pressure Levels (SPL) were taken at 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz and 4000 Hz which based on 1 octave frequency bands. The analysis shown that the sample 90 % + 10 % clay cement casting has the higher transmission loss in the lower frequency region, the sample 90 % + 10 % clay cement uniaxial press has the higher transmission loss in the middle frequency region and lastly the sample 100 % clay uniaxial press has the higher transmission loss in higher frequency region. The sample also were tested using Charpy impact test in order to gain their impact energy and impact strength. The tests were according to ASTM-D256. Charpy impact test can determines the amount of energy absorbed by a material during fracture. The analysis shown that the impact energy of the ceramic panel have a small percentage different. It can be concluded that uniaxial press is better than the slip casting in forming ceramic insulation panel.
Eko Julianto, Waluyo Adi Siswanto, Pebli Hardi
JSE Journal of Science and Engineering, Volume 1, pp 1-6; doi:10.30650/jse.v1i1.150

Abstract:
To conduct an experiment of thermal radiation. The researchers conducted a simulation to study the behavior of the damage float glass using Mecway 10 FEA software. The ambient time and temperature on the first float glass sheet sustaining thermal transient and thermal stress are the most important parameters to find out the part of float glass. Analyzing the results of all simulations of radiant heat and convection in transient thermal simulations on the surface of float glass to be crack and knowing the estimated time until cracked float glass with thermal stress analysis. Giving heat radiation to the exposed glass surface, to be assumed by heat exposure from 0 to 20 minutes which is 32º to 600ºC with 19 mm glass thickness using Mecway 10 FEA software. Then did a comparison of the radiation heat value convection flow rate and so that the glass experiences a thermal crack. In this process, the results of the comparison will also be reviewed and discussed at the limit of the amount of heat radiation so that the cracked glass or thermal crack. The difference in temperature and stress will increase with adding radiation heat on the glass. Critical time and temperature differences are given as reference values ​​to predict Thermal stress in computerized applications.
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