Journal of Control and Instrumentation Engineering

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EISSN : 2582-3000
Total articles ≅ 9
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Rajeshwar Singh, Kusum Tharani, Yash Sharma, Raghav Kumar, Pradeep Kumar
Journal of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Volume 8, pp 9-17; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcie.2022.v08i02.002

Abstract:
Electricity is the most adaptable and easily controlled form of energy and can be easily obtained from renewable sources (inexhaustible). The demand for electricity in the world, including India is rising at an alarming rate because it assumes a very essential role in the economic growth of a nation. There are a large number of remote or rural areas in India where the reach of conventional sources of energy is either not practical or very difficult. This paper proposes a PV-biogas-Battery system to meet the energy needs of rural areas of Uttar Pradesh (U.P), where the grid is not accessible. The comparison of the On-grid PV-Biogas system, Off-grid PV-Biogas-battery system and On-grid PV system is done. Techno-economic analysis of the above systems is also done. It is found that in the present scenario the Off-grid PV-Biogas-Battery system gives the best results. Considering the future possibility that the villages get to the grid, On-grid PV system is also designed which gives the best result in this scenario. The modelling and simulation are done with HOMER Pro Software. Besides providing electricity to the village from a hybrid PV-Biogas-battery system, it is also prescribed to use the gases (like methane) produced in the bio gas plant to provide as cooking gas to households Biogas can also be upgraded into biomethane, which is known as renewable natural gas or RNG, and infuse into natural gas pipelines or used as a fuel in vehicle and to utilize the output waste produce in bio gas plant for manuring purpose. This manure can replace fertilizers eventually increasing yield without compromising the nutrient and composition of soil.
Kirti Sharma, Shashi Gandhar, Nakul Verma, Divyam Goel, Yuvraj Shubham
Journal of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Volume 8, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcie.2022.v08i02.001

Abstract:
Wireless Power Transmission is gaining traction as a versatile, safe, convenient and self-contained charging option for electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. The separation between the transmitter coil and the vehicle mounted receiver coil contributes to WPT's safety. Wireless charging may also be used in extreme weather without being impacted by snow or rain, and without the use of bulky cables or heavy-duty plugs. Wireless power transmission is flexible and convenient not just because wires or connectors are not required, but also because charging becomes completely self-contained. As advances in this domain continues, it's not impossible to imagine a vehicle capable of sensing magnetic field or a parking assist capable of positioning itself over a primary pad for optimal alignment and autonomous charging. By incorporating WPT into EVs, the challenges of charging time, range, and cost may be easily overcome. In the broad market adoption of electric vehicles, battery technology is no longer significant. It is believed that the cutting-edge results would inspire academics to continue developing WPT and expanding EV.
Mohammad Tawhidul Alam, Joniur Rahaman, Foysal Dhali Dhali
Journal of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Volume 8, pp 10-19; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcie.2022.v08i01.002

Abstract:
This research aims to provide comprehensive information on current state-of-the-art technology in the field of high voltage transmission lines. Also, this study compares the performance of present high voltage AC/DC power systems and classifies potential future opportunities. It presents a contextually updated cost analysis for researchers’ working on modern HVAC and HVDC transmission systems. Besides this paper explained the most important aspects of the modern features of transmission systems. It also describes the modern technology, conductors, and accessories equipment for the transmission system, which greatly reduces the loss of power transmission. This paper further describes the cost breakdown of HVAC and HVDC overhead and underground transmission lines, cost estimation, explanation of comparative HVAC and HVDC transmission costs, and price variation. As the variation between the HVAC and HVDC transmission lines increases, a certain amount of voltage drops and losses occurs which is explained in detail.
Essam H. Abdou, Mohamed M. Mohamed M. Aly
Journal of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.46610/jocie.2021.v07i02.003

Abstract:
This paper proposes a new adaptive perturb and observe (AD-PO) algorithm for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) of DFIG based Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECSs).The proposed algorithm is able to solve the limitations of conventional fixed step-size perturb and observe (PO) algorithm. It is able to achieve the optimum power with small time and oscillations compared with the conventional P&O techniques. This algorithm is mainly based on dividing the power-speed curve into four sectors by comparing the power-speed curve and a special synthesize curve. Hence, the selection of appropriate dynamic perturbation step-size (DPSS) of rotor speed is changed related to the operating sector. For the two sectors far from the maximum power point (MPP), a large DPSS is applied. Otherwise, the controller utilizes a small DPSS. Theproposed algorithm is validated using a large-scale 1.5 MW double-fed induction generator (DFIG); where the stator terminals of DFIG are connected directly to the grid and the rotor terminals of DFIG are connected to the electric gridvia a back-to-back converter (BTBC). The proposed algorithm has been implemented using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The results prove the efficient operation of the proposed algorithm in term of the fast system response compared with traditional P&O techniques.
Prity Kumari Dolly Thankachan
Journal of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Volume 6, pp 18-26; https://doi.org/10.46610/jocie.2020.v06i02.004

Abstract:
The hourly flitting desire for electricity loads at suburban level or true to form of an espresso voltage transformer station probably won't be depicted as a troublesome brain diminished proportion of information. As a matter of fact, the proportion of data available for this model is colossal enough to utilize any other gauging procedure yet looking to the pile graph for example hourly weight regard twists, we adequately recognize that past estimations of the utilization aren't incredibly obliging when conjecture is expected of. That remains regardless, for data from the sooner day and for data from that day inside the prior week. As a portrayal of the case in this work we give three weight diagrams visiting with eventually usage of 1 load on a) Friday January 31, 2009, b) Thursday January 30, 2009, and c) Friday January 24, 2009. The numerical values are showed up in this work. The power is normalized by a component of 200 being the turn extent of the correct current transformer inside the transformer station. One may even observe the similarity of the general shape and in this manner the qualification in principle nuances confirming the crucial noteworthiness of the most up to date data for desire. As requirements are, we propose the trouble of evaluating of the pile a motivating force inside the next hour to be continued as a deterministic desire snared in to short – eventually – time game plan. To help the desire, regardless, in an appropriate way, we present past characteristics for example stacks for that day yet in prior weeks. That is in accordance with existing experience attesting that reliably inside the week has its own general usage profile.
Mukesh Nargesh, Dolly Thankachan
Journal of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Volume 6, pp 6-9; https://doi.org/10.46610/jocie.2020.v06i02.002

Abstract:
Electric power systems structure the most significant complex system. It contains matured, transmission and assignment systems. The rule goal of power structure is to fulfill the load need satisfying the significant system objectives. With growing force demand, power systems are functioned as immense interconnected power structure. The upside of interconnected power structures is that any insufficiencies in age in one district are frequently given by age at various zones. All the interconnected locales are related through tie-lines. The productive action of interconnected power systems requires the organizing of supreme ages with hard and fast weight demand and related structure incidents. With time, the working reason for the system changes and in this manner the structure may experience deviation in apparent repeat and arranged power exchanges to various areas, which can inside the end yield troublesome effects. This paper discusses different power age control models and their presentations.
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