The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP)

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EISSN : 2716-7089
Total articles ≅ 52
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Habibur Rahman, Siti Noor Shafiqha Binti Ramle
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 104-109; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.120

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the Shari’ah issues related to short selling and a discussion on its alternatives. Short selling refers to selling the stocks that the seller does not own, expecting a price decline, and then the seller will be able to repurchase it and profit from the price difference. The study critically discusses three Shari’ah issues related to short selling: the issue of selling something without having possessed, the issue of getting any benefit out of a loan, followed by the issue of gambling and speculation in short selling. This is a library research study, which critically analyses the issues with the help of secondary data comprising the related academic materials in both English and Arabic languages. The study finds that with the presence of few Shari’ah issues, the practice of short selling does not comply with Shari’ah injunctions. Furthermore, in the context of Malaysia, though the inclusion of Securities Borrowing and Lending (SBL) principles in Regulated Short Selling (RSS) reduce uncertainty (gharar), it does not make the practice of short selling fully complied with Shari’ah principles. Finally, the study discusses the incorporation of wa’d (promise) and salam (forward delivery sale) in the practice of short selling.
Hooi Kun Lee, Abdul Rafiez Abdul Raziff
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 96-103; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.132

Abstract:
The value of play has mainly stayed consistent throughout time. Playing is, without a doubt, one of the essential things we can do. Playing in addition to supporting motor, neurological, and social development improves adaptation by encouraging people to explore diverse perspectives on the world and assisting them in developing methods for dealing with problems in a safe setting. The way we play and what we play with have been heavily affected by the quickly evolving technology shaping our daily lives. Artificial intelligence (A.I.) is now found in many products, including vehicles, phones, and vacuum cleaners. This extends to children's items, with the creation of an "Internet of Toys." Many learning, remote control, and app-integrated toys include innovative playthings that employ speech recognition and machine learning to communicate with users. This study examines the impact of technology adoption on the success and failure of two toys industry – Hasbro, Inc and Toys R Us, Inc. The research methodology of this study is based on case studies where the comparison of the two industries was made from a few areas. The finding of the study determines that corporations that evolved consistently with the change of technology will continue to grow in the market. In contrast, the corporation that failed to adopt digital transformation will be a force out of the market.
Huikok Tan, Vincent Wee Eng Kim
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 88-95; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.115

Abstract:
In World War II, female volunteers participated in the work of delivering food to soldiers. The idea of food service delivery spread from the UK to the United States, and food delivery has become a new business model worldwide. In 1987, Pizza Hut began to order by phone and provide food delivery services to capture market share. With the development of the internet and the popularity of smartphone, online ordering and online food delivery (OFD) have become a trend, lifestyle and multibillion-dollar business. In 2017, Malaysia's online food delivery boomed. There are numerous food ordering service platforms on the market, including FoodPanda, Uber Eats (now changed to GrabFood), Honestbee, Dahmakan, DeliverEat, Running Man Delivery, etc. Hence, this research aims to identify factors that continue to influence Malaysian consumer satisfaction with online food delivery after the COVID-19 pandemic and in the future. The results show that perceived price, promotion & discount, convenience motivation, service approach quality, and food quality positively impact the trend factors of OFD services. These findings can provide essential insights for OFD service providers, the restaurant industry and academics, critical for OFD services to improve consumer satisfaction.
Shanta Banik, Sakhi Rani Dhar
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 81-87; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.113

Abstract:
Although advertisement is considered as an attention-grabbing tool, however, existing literature largely ignored whether such advertisement has any effect on children to recall the advertised products. This study thus aims to examine the effects of television advertisement on children’ purchase intention through the mediating role of advertisement recall in the Asian context. Since the target population is unknown, a non-probability sampling based convenient sampling approach was used to collect data. Data were collected from 245 parents of their 448 children in the context of confectionary products in Bangladesh. Partial least square based structural equation modeling was used to analyze the collected data. The results show that information, entertainment and product packaging displayed in advertisement significantly affect children’ advertisement recall. Advertisement recall is also found to have influence on children’ purchase intentions. Further, advertisement recall fully mediates in the relationships between information and purchase intentions; entertainment and purchase intentions; and packaging and purchase intentions. This study also offers significant theoretical and managerial implications.
Sahri Prayitno, Setyo Riyanto, Luthfita Ayu Diarta
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 74-80; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.112

Abstract:
One of the focuses of marketing in a company is how to achieve customer loyalty. That is reflected in how companies maintain brands, consumers, and product-consumer relationships. In some cases, companies focus solely on profit, resulting in the company losing its reputation. There is an opinion that consumers demand ethics and responsibility from companies to stakeholders, in this case, consumers. Consumers in this position can provide feedback regarding the company's marketing ethics. During the COVID-19 Pandemic, consumers are also more vigilant and careful in choosing products. So, with the COVID-19 Pandemic conditions like this, it is necessary to study whether consumer ethics in determining product choices and behavior towards products will be affected and whether a company's marketing ethics also influence product determination and consumer behavior towards products. This article aims to examine whether marketing ethics and consumer ethics influence consumer behavior and decisions to buy a product or interact further with the product, especially in the current era of the COVID 19 Pandemic. And the method used for this article is a systematic literature review. From this research, it is concluded that marketing and consumer ethics have a role in influencing consumers to choose to buy products and the responses given after making a purchase or through transaction experience with a company. And consumer behavior and decisions are very dependent on how ethical the company is in marketing its products both before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Sharmin Akter, Najma Kabir, Tahmina Reza
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 51-63; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.111

Abstract:
Over the last decade, Internet banking is making its own acceptance worldwide including both economically stable as well as in developing countries. Though an ample amount of research on Internet banking (IB) adoption is accessible in developed countries and in some developing countries, it is scant in Bangladesh. Therefore, the aim this study is to analyze the predictors that influences customers in IB adoption in Bangladesh. Incorporating two external variables, namely perceived technology security (PTS) and trust with the UTAUT2, a survey questionnaire was developed and distributed among Bangladeshi customers using online platforms. Using convenience sampling method as a nonprobability sampling technique, a total 280 responses were gathered in an online survey and analyzed following PLS-SEM strategy. This study revealed that PTS, performance expectancy, trust, effort expectancy (EE), social influence (SI), facilitating conditions (FC), price value (PV), and hedonic motivation (HM) have significant influences on IB adoption in the Bangladesh context while habit (HT) has found insignificant. Further, while we investigated the gender differences between the relationships of exogenous and endogenous constructs using PLS-MGA (multi-group-analysis), we found that trust, HT, PV, EE, and FC are significant for female whereas PTS, SI, and PE are significant for male respondents. Gender also moderates the relationships between HT and IB adoption, and, trust and IB adoption. This study contributes in the literature of IB adoption as well as offers some valuable implications for Banks in developing country to increase the IB adoption.
Patricia Etejere, Omotayo Awodiji, Saheed Raji
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 64-70; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.74

Abstract:
Colleges of education can achieve their stated goals with careful and well-defined organisational culture, climate and employees’ evaluation system. The study examined the correlation between organisational factors and job performance of non-teaching staff of colleges of education. Relationship between each of the organisational factors (climate, culture and performance appraisal) and performance of non-teaching staff were examined. Non-experimental design of correlation type was adopted. Stratified and convenience sampling techniques were employed to select 234 non-teaching staff of colleges of education. Adapted Organisational Factors Questionnaire (OFQ) and Job Performance Questionnaire (JPQ) with 0.891 and 0.801 were used for data collection. The result showed that organisational factors are positively and significantly correlate to job performance (r- value = 0.873, p=0.000). The implication of this is that organisational culture, climate and performance evaluation have a positive correlation with non-teaching staff’s job performance. The study therefore recommended that colleges’ administrators should consider improving organisational factors in order to increase staff’s performance for global competiveness. Moreover, administrators are to create a sustainable working climate that will promote productivity of non-teaching staff via effective communication and participatory approach.
Dedi Iskamto, Puspa Liza Ghazali
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 71-73; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.118

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of MSES performance in modulating the link between the entrepreneurial environment and entrepreneurial happiness. The biggest issue confronting Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Indonesia today is poor entrepreneurial satisfaction, which is connected to SMEs' performance as well as the entrepreneurial environment. Many businesses fail because founders are unable to operate them. Entrepreneurs that fail likely to abandon their venture. The data for this study will be processed quantitatively using AMOS SEM. The consequences of this research will be to widen the scope to include not just the well-being of entrepreneurs, but also the numerous consequences on other things.
Habibur Rahman, Shahirah Binti Mat Shaari
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 44-50; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.108

Abstract:
Zakah is one of the systems to promote wealth-sharing among the Muslims in assuring a minimum standard of living for them. The problems associated with the distribution of zakah and poverty are damaging the performance and achievement of the zakah institution itself. The statistics on the distribution of zakah shows that the poor and extreme poor in Terengganu has been increased over the last few years. In addition, there are people who pay zakah directly to the asnaf while such payments of zakah are not being recorded. Thus, an efficient management for zakah in terms of collection and distribution can contribute to the achievement of the utmost objective of zakah. This qualitative mode of study investigates the activities of zakah collection and distribution that are being practiced by MAIDAM. This study uses the semi-structured interviews to collect the primary data. The study interviews the staff from the Majlis Agama Islam Dan Adat Melayu (Islamic Religious Council and Malay Customs), known as MAIDAM, whereby several issues have been asked and discussed to achieve the objectives. MAIDAM is the only organization that collects and distributes zakah in Terengganu. The study finds that MAIDAM has been using several channels for the zakah payers to make direct payments to MAIDAM. Besides, MAIDAM has collaborations with other organizations to distribute the funds effectively. The study posits that zakah is to be distributed in sustainable modes such as in a form of small financing for needy SMEs to achieve the objective of eradicating poverty line and minimizing income inequality.
Aze Fauziah Suib, Puspa Liza Ghazali, Bahyah Binti Abdul Halim, Nik Hazimi Mohammed Foziah
The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP) pp 39-43; https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2021.2.2.105

Abstract:
Researchers are paying attention to leadership management in the field of education after the Ministry of Education placed high leadership in schools as a shift to improve the standard of Malaysia's education system in the Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025. Leadership is mentioned as a necessity for reforming educational institutions. It has the potential to influence teachers’ performance and academic success of students. Transactional, transformational, and instructional leadership models were found out to be the most prominent types of leadership in Malaysian educational institutions. However, only few studies on leadership models and teachers’ performance have been conducted, especially in the field of special education. Therefore, this study was developed with the aim of proposing a conceptual framework involving the instructional leadership model and teacher success in order to fill a void in the current literature, based on previous scholars' recommendations. The paper started by giving an overview of the three types of models that are widely used before forming the conceptual structure and seeking past studies concerning leadership models and teacher-related factors. Finally, the constructs of teachers' self-efficacy and job satisfaction were applied to the proposed framework, which is intended to introduce new perspectives into the field of special education leadership.
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