Business and Management Horizons

Journal Information
EISSN : 2326-0297
Published by: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 101
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Dao Trong Hieu, Nguyen Hoai Phuong
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v9i2.18935

Abstract:
Understanding the important of employee motivation in enhancing human resource quality as well as organization effectiveness, Vietnamese State-Owned commercial banks (SOCB) have applied different employee motivational policies. However, these policies haven’t been highly effective and effeciency cause of lacking understanding about factors affecting employee motivation. This study aims to identify and measure factors influencing employee motivation in Vietnamese SOCB applied expectancy theory and suggest recommendations to enhance their employee motivation. Data were collected from sending questionnaires to 4 biggest Vietnamese SOCBs. Cronbach’s alpha, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), Linear regression were employed for analyzing and processing data. The results show that Expectation (E); Intrinsic rewards (INI); the employee anticipated satisfaction with intrinsic rewards (VI) have positive impact on employee motivation in SOCB. Based on the findings, some recommendations are proposed for SOCBs to improve employee motivations.
Fawzi Ata Al Sawalqa, Jebreel Al-Msiedeen
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v9i1.18200

Abstract:
The study examines the perceptions of accounting information users toward the importance of a web-based disclosure for 32 items and the potential advantages for both the users and companies. The study also investigates the perceptions of users regarding the websites presentation and the obstacles of web-based disclosure. In addition, the study examines empirically the relationship between the importance of web-based disclosure and the potential advantages for both users and companies. Based on 107 online users’ responses, results show that financial information is the most important information that should be disclosed on the websites of companies according to users. Results also show that the mean values of the advantages for both users and companies are, high, close and significant. Users’ perceptions indicate that competition, cost and audit issues are the main obstacles that may hinder companies to use websites for disclosure. In addition, findings show a positive and significant relationship between the “financial” factor and the users’ potential advantages. In respect to the companies’ potential advantages, results show that both “human resources and suppliers” factor and “the governance, quality and strategy” factor have positive and significant relationship with the companies’ potential advantages. Accordingly, decision-makers should effectively use the seven factors that extracted from principle component analysis as a web-based disclosure model to create advantages for both users and companies.
Malefetsane Elliot Nketekete, Mamoeletsi Limakatso Mojalefa
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v9i1.18787

Abstract:
Globally, higher education institutions (HEIs) adopt different strategies to curb plagiarism, which undermines the integrity of educational qualifications issued by these institutions. One of the key strategies adopted by HEIs is the development of anti-plagiarism policies. Emerging research from literature do indicate that effective strategies are educational and developmental intended to equip students with skills of acknowledging materials from other sources. Further, research indicates that anti-plagiarism policies reinforce negative attitudes towards plagiarism, hence adopting punitive strategies against the would-be perpetrators. The study reviewed the National University of Lesotho (NUL) anti-plagiarism policy, to determine the type of messages and discourses the policy communicates to its users. The study used document analysis, using the NUL anti-plagiarism policy as the unit of analysis. Content and discourse analysis were applied as research techniques. The study revealed that the policy communicated punitive and moral discourses. These discourses undermine the developmental aspects of academic writing. The study recommends the review of the policy to include educational and developmental discourses that would encourage that students’ academic writing is developed. Further, the University should review its policy not only to address students but members of staff.
Dayana Mastura Baharudin, Maran Marimuthu
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v9i1.18687

Abstract:
This study examines the impact of Intelligent Energy assessed by seven criteria to be followed by Malaysia’s listed companies (PLCs), regulated by Bursa Malaysia which are regulated by the Malaysian Corporate Governance Code 2017 (MCCG 2017)—30 percent Women Boards of Directors as well as by the existence of the Board Sustainability Committee which have not been endorsed by the MCCG 2017. In order to explore the reporting of the seven criteria of intelligent energy amongst Malaysian oil and gas public listed companies, in terms of gender-based and sustainability-based, it follows the methodology of descriptive statistics, regression analysis and content analysis derived from previous studies and the analysis of annual reports and integrated reports. This research provides a thorough analysis of present study breakthroughs in the worldwide oil and gas industry’s Integrated Operations. The 30 percent moderation factor Female Board members, as per the Malaysian Code of Corporate Governance 2017 (MCCG, 2017), would be assessed to see whether having an increased representation of women would encourage the implementation of the seven criteria of Intelligent Energy, as well as the moderation factor of the Board Sustainability Committee, which has not yet been made recommended practice by MCCG 2017, would be a driving force towards intelligent energy within the Malaysian oil and gas industry. Other than the Malaysian oil and gas sector, the Intelligent Energy scoring index might be used to other oil and gas PLCs in the ASEAN area, such as Vietnam and Myanmar, which have growing oil and gas resources.
Pham Van Hieu
Published: 16 November 2020
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v8i2.17944

Abstract:
Private enterprises play an important role in the economic development of many countries in the world, including Vietnam. In particular, the state management of private enterprises in Vietnam plays an important role in the development of private enterprises in three aspects: promoting private enterprise development; ensure a fair and healthy competitive environment; state manages private enterprises according to the market principle. The state management of private enterprises in Vietnam is of special interest to the Government, which is reflected in the policies, laws, institutions, and support for the development of private enterprises. Analysis of the state management of private enterprises in the market economy in Vietnam helps assess the effectiveness of management measures while pointing out the limitations that need to be overcome so that the state management in this field will be more effective.
Anusha Israr, Danish Ahmed Siddiqui
Published: 16 November 2020
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v8i2.18110

Abstract:
It is of great importance to gain a better understanding of the impact of external stakeholder groups on an organization’s supply chain management strategies and practices. The greater challenge is to know how the two constructs affects organization’s sustainability and performance. This study aims to investigate the relationship between stakeholder pressure (SP), sustainable supply chain management (SSCM), corporate sustainability performance (CSP) & financial performance (FP). For this we proposed a theoretical framework, modifying Wolf (2014) model, to incorporate the mediating role of sustainable SCM. Stakeholder pressure is captured by environment issues, and social supply chain issues. Sustainable SCM was measured by waste reduction (WR), green purchasing (GP) and social supply chain standards (SSCS). Empirical validity was established by conducting a survey using close ended questionnaire. Data was collected from 310 employees and analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis and structured equation modeling. Findings shows that environmental issues have significant effect on CSP, FP & SSCM, sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) except green purchasing (GP) has significant effect on CSP, FP hence green purchasing has insignificant results. Social supply chain issues have not a significant effect on CSP, FP and waste reduction (WR). There is a mediating effect of SSCM on environmental issues leads to CSP & FP, but not on supply chain issues. This study will add to the existing knowledge of sustainability in by different firms of a developing country like Pakistan. This will also help in understanding that how stakeholder’s pressure effects the reputation of organizations in result firms mount their strategies and tactics, and can better understand that what measures they should take for environmental and social standards by focusing on employee safety, suppliers’ engagement, and safety programs.
Tadele Tesfaye Labiso
Published: 16 November 2020
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v8i2.18109

Abstract:
Assosa town’s expansion program which had been experiencing a horizontal expansion starting from its historical expansion pattern currently implemented via expropriating peripheral land holders of earlier rural dwellers by solely decision of town administration and the investigation randomly targeted to per-urban areas from four peripheral kebeles surrounding of town. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess Urban Expansion and its Impact on Peripheral Farming Communities: The Case of Assosa town, BGR, Ethiopia Thus the study investigated the impact of urban expansion on the peripheral community livelihood in case of Assosa town. Questionnaire, survey, focus group discussion and key informants interviews were tools of data collection from 160 sampled households living in sampled kebeles via systematic random sampling technique and judgmental technique for FGD and interview. The results of the study indicated that there is infrastructural improvement, socio economic growth, rapid population growth and also socio-economic problems related to urban expansion in studied area. There is great spatial and temporal land use land cover modification more towards to build up land uses. The livelihood condition of per-urban community changed to non-agricultural form but there are policy and strategy gaps of expropriating, compensating for affected community in ground implementation. Landholder expropriated should be recompensed for equal socio-economic beneficially from urbanization and further skill-oriented training for new livelihood strategy and also accessing credit and rehabilitating strategy were recommended for affected community livelihood.
, Danish Ahmed Siddiqui
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v8i1.16478

Abstract:
Many companies and brands are using CSR to enhance the brand image, goodwill and to gain the confidence and trust of the people. The purpose of this study is to investigate how CSR initiatives got converted into consumer favorable responses. We proposed a theoretical framework, modifying Dedeke’s (2015) model that hypothesized that CSR activities affect responses of the consumers towards corporate brands both directly or indirectly through mediating roles of moral emotions, attitude and consumer-company identification (CCI). Positive emotions were further broken down into awe, gratitude, and elevation, whereas consumer responses were measured in terms of purchase intention (PI), recommend intention (RI), and loyalty. To establish the empirical validity, a quantitative study was conducted, a close-ended Likert scale type questionnaire was developed whilst data were gathered from 300 adult consumers from Karachi, Pakistan by using convenient sampling. Data were analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis and SEM. The results concluded that CSR has a significant positive impact directly on consumer responses (Purchase Intention, Recommend Intention but not on loyalty) whereas CSR has a significant positive effect on all three positive emotions, attitudes and CCI. However, Positive Emotions have an insignificant effect on consumer responses. Apart from gratitude affecting loyalty. Hence there is a positive mediatory effect of CCI for all dimensions of customer responses. Whereas gratitude and attitude also mediate loyalty and PI respectively.
Hüseyin Gençer, M. Hulusi Demir
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v8i1.16327

Abstract:
Empty container repositioning (ECR), which arises due to imbalances in world trade, causes extra costs for the container liner carrier companies. Therefore, one of the main objectives of all liner carriers is to reduce ECR costs. Since ECR decisions involve too many parameters, constraints and variables, the plans based on real-life experiences cannot be effective and are very costly. For this purpose, this study introduces two mathematical programming models in order to make ECR plans faster, more efficient and at the lowest cost. The first mathematical programming model developed in this study is a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model and the second mathematical programming model is a scenario-based stochastic programming (SP) model, which minimize the total ECR costs. Unlike the deterministic model, the SP model takes into account the uncertainty in container demand. Both models have been tested with real data taken from a liner carrier company. The numerical results showed that, in a reasonable computational time, both models provide better results than real-life applications of the liner carrier company.
Le Thi Thanh Huyen
Business and Management Horizons, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/bmh.v8i1.16671

Abstract:
Inheriting and developing the Functioning Tourism System (FTS) model of Gunn (Gunn, 1988; Clare, Gunn, & Turgut Var, 2002), this study assessed the potential of cultural heritage tourism (CHT) in Vietnam. The research results show that the current CHT activities in Vietnam are below the potential. In addition, the study shows that the heritage tourism potential is based on the elements that constitute the tourism system according to the FTS model as destination/attractions, transportation, information, promotion, system of services, travel needs of the community and especially safety and security not only in the area of the tourist destination but also in the whole country. These elements are closely linked with each other and without one of these elements, the tourism system cannot exist and develop. The study also clarifies that the more complete the heritage tourism system, the greater the potential for CHT.
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