Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2542-2448 / 2542-2456
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 53
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Валерий Кимеев, V. M. Kimeev
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 32-37; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-32-37

Abstract:
The paper features environmental problems of the protected natural landscape zones of the two ecomuseums – The Tazgol in Mountain Shoriya and the Tyulbersky Gorodok. Both the museums are located in the Kuzbass Tom’ River Valley (Pritomye) and function as independent municipal budgetary institutions. The research project included a number of actions aimed at creating engineering infrastructure, preservation and restoration of both the territory of the ecomuseums and the surrounding natural landscape. The paper reveals some issues that may interfere with these plans and the role of the local authorities, other organizations and local population in their implementation. It offers some solutions for these complex problems by joint efforts of museum staff, local municipal authorities, departments of culture, forest complex, ecology and natural resources of the Administration of the Kemerovo region and various local enterprises, such as the Kemerovo State University practice bases, the Shor National Park, travel companies, etc.).
Ольга Мезенцева, Olga P. Mezentseva, Юрий Удодов, Yurii V. Udodov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 38-42; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-38-42

Abstract:
The article analyzes the facial dissimilarity of bryozoans of the Emsian Stage near the town of Gyr’evsk. The bryozoans associations have been found in all types of facies, except the sand-mudstone one. In the littoral facies (bioclastic limestones with subordinate sand-mud-siltstones rock) the bryozoans are represented by the orders of Trepostomida, Fenestellida, Cryptostomida, Cystoporida, but treposomides predominate (63 % of the total number of species). After the littoral facies turn into the facies of the open lagoon (mudstones with subordinate limestones), only trepostomides are represented in the Emsian section, near the boundary, forming the Briozoan interbeds. Briozoan interbeds consist of the fragments of Neotrematopora salairiensis colonies. The restoration of species and genus diversity in new facies occurs relatively quickly. In comparison with trepostomides, representatives of other orders appear with a large time-lag. Under the conditions of an open lagoon, bryozoans are characterized mainly by branched bifoliate colonies. In the slope facies (bedded limestones), characterized by greater depths and low hydrodynamics, fennestellids dominate (58 % of the total number of species). Trepostomides and cystoporides in these facies are represented by species with thick-branched and massive branched colonies. When the facies of bedded limestones change to sandy-mudstones (the beginning of the regression), the fenestellids also form Briozoan interbeds near the boundary. In the lateral rows of the facies of a single stratigraphic unit, several facial associations of bryozoans are often found. The species of bryozoans characteristic of this stratigraphic level are present in all associations. The unity of the Emsian complex of bryozoans is expressed in the gradual change of their associations upwards the section (three Briozoanbiostratigraphic Zones have been identified).
Aleksandr I. Fedorov, Alexandr Fedorov, Pavel Iu. Zarchenko, Pavel Zarchenko, Виктория Пономарева, Viktoriia S. Ponomareva, Нина Немолочная, Nina V. Nemolochnaia
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 15-21; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-15-21

Abstract:
The article features a study of the peculiarities of heart rate regulation in 46 students in 2 stages of training: the beginning and the end of the academic year. The indices of variation pulsometry were analyzed at rest and in orthostasis, taking into account the type of daily activity. The data analysis has revealed signs of the extinction of the structural trace of longterm adaptation to the learning process in the group during the summer period. It is shown that in the end of academic year, compared with the autumn period, students demonstrate a decrease in sympathetic activity of the nervous system at rest, and the stress response to the study load is more pronounced. It was found out that those students who were examined in the autumn period formed a stable mechanism of vegetative regulation to educational activity and took place at the expense of the lower links of nervous and humoral regulation, with a higher level of functional reserves involved in the formation of successful adaptation to the academic process. It has been revealed that students with different types of daily activity demonstrate adaptation processes with their own specifi at the beginning and the end of the academic year: in individuals with an evening type in the summer period, sympathetic infl were predominantly determined by the central mechanisms of the regulation of the sympathetic adrenal system.
Olga B. Stolbova, Olga Stolbova, Валерий Рябов, Valerii A. Riabov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 48-51; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-48-51

Abstract:
The article presents the characteristics of modern agriculture, which is the basic link of the agroindustrial complex of the Kemerovoregion. It examines the factors that determine its specialization and the main industry of rural economy of Kuzbass. Agriculture plays an important role in ensuring food security in the region. The leading industry is beef farming, beef and dairy cattle, arable farming and grain growing. The Kemerovoregion achieves self-suffi in many agricultural products, some products are exported outside of the region. Prospects of development of agricultural production in Kuzbass are associated with the development of private fodder industry based on the cultivation of forage crops and legumes for intensive and industrial pig, poultry, and beef and dairy cattle breeding and production of succulent feeds for dairy and beef cattle. The development of agriculture will lead to the creation of new processing industries, the formation of a developed agro-industrial complex in the region, which will increase the level of socio-economic development of the region.
Алексей Веденин, Aleksei M. Vedenin, Konstantin I. Osipov, Konstantin Osipov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-22-25

Abstract:
Preserving the indigenous peoples’ traditional cultures is a problem of current special interest from research and practice perspectives. Indigenous peoples of the world were always largely affected by dominating societies and forced to transform their original cultures, way of life and identity. In this regard, surviving indigenous culture practices require a special support based on the scientifi understanding of their meanings from the point of view of sustainable preservation of ethno-cultural environments. Cult and sacred places, be they natural sites or human-made facilities, remain crucial but quite vulnerable cultural elements of indigenous ethnic groups. They are important spatial objects which preserve indigenous peoples’ culture memory and different ethnic traditions connected with religion, spiritual culture and mythology. This paper summarizes main results of an interdisciplinary research of cult and sacred places used by the Shor people in the Kemerovoregion and the Tozhu-Tuvans in TuvaRepublic(Russian Federation). During their 2015 – 2017 fi the authors identifi a lot of sacred places, revered by indigenous communities, and described them in terms of their signifi as elements of living indigenous cultures. The data obtained in the process of fi allowed the authors to map the sacred places, as well as the main risks and threats associated with them. The latter include: mining activities, infrastructural and tourism facilities, etc. The identifi threats lead both to the destruction of the sacred places as well to extinction of indigenous knowledge.
Гюльнар Гаджиева, Gyulnar N. Gadzhieva, Зулейха Эюбова, Zuleikha I. Eyubova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 26-31; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-26-31

Abstract:
Natural geosystems of the south-eastern slope of the Greater Caucasus are genetically related to the large morphostructural units that constitute the territory, as well as to the aerodynamic condition of the lower layer of the troposphere. The study revealed that there are contradictions in the geosystems formation of various local morphostructures. Thus, the differentiation of geosystems may either be intensifi or weakened, depending on the height of mountain areas and ridges. The slope and direction of visibility of the area are the basic elements that play a decisive role in the shaping of structural and genetic features of the area in question. The article features the structural changes that are observed in natural geosystems based on the slope and direction of visibility maps and charts of the contemporary geosystems in the south-eastern slope of the Greater Caucasus. The research also features the infl of morphometric parameters of the relief on the agriculture development in the mountain geosystems of the south-eastern slope of the Greater Caucasus in GIS.
Nadezhda T. Egorova, Nadezhda Egorova, Анастасия Зинковская, Anastasia A. Zinkovskaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 64-68; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-64-68

Abstract:
The article gives the urban environment quality assessment for the administrative entities of the Prokopyevsky urban district. The assessment is based on the methodology developed by V. N. Fedorov and M. Yu. Aksenova. The main indicators for assessing the urban environment quality were: environmental comfort, assessed through the perception of the environmental tension level by Prokopyevskresidents; population provision with social infrastructure facilities that are active components of social relations and act as carriers, forms and ways of meeting common individual demands. Two options for calculating the transport city center accessibility indicated the level of transport infrastructure development: that for vehicle owners and that for public transportusers.Asabasisforassessingtheurbanenvironmentaestheticqualities, the V. A. Nikolaeva method was used. For greater results comparability, scoring scales are used. At the same time, respondents were asked to determine the attractiveness degree and emotional impact of the each district urban environment. The total contribution of the urban environment quality objective factors was estimated with the help of the urban environment integral quality factor.
Елизавета Чайкина, Elizaveta V. Chaikina, Konstantin I. Osipov, Konstantin Osipov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 56-59; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-56-59

Abstract:
Religious objects play an important role in the vital activity of the indigenous peoples of the North, as they accumulate information about the history, traditional culture and the use of local communities. Currently, many of them are gradually fading away or in an unsatisfactory state. Sacred places are getting more and more popular with tourists, which turns them into touristic destinations. That is why the article raises the pressing challenge of including the sacred places of the Northern indigenous peoples into tourist routes.The article examines the experience of the regions ofSouthern Siberiain organizing tourism near religious sites.As a result of the research, the author comes to the conclusion that the development of tourism in places of power of the indigenous peoples of the North has both positive and negative aspects. The paper gives a number of practical recommendations that would prevent negative consequences of the use of religious objects in tourism. In the conclusion of the article it is said that, with proper organization, tourism can be one of the most effective tools for maintaining and developing the sacred sites in the Altai-Sayan region.
Анна Сарсацкая, Anna S. Sarsatskaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 9-14; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-9-14

Abstract:
The study features the content of photosynthetic pigments in the leaves of Larix sibirica Ledeb, Tilia cordata Mill, Populus alba Ledeb x Populus sowietica piramidalis Jabl, Acer negundo Ledeb and Acer tataricum Ledeb in various types of urban green zones. It has been established that the pigment content is a species trait and correlatively depends on the growing conditions (remoteness from pollution sources and transport highways). In ecologically safe areas, high values of photosynthetic pigments in all species have been established, especially the indicators of the pigment amount and the ratio of chlorophyll p>The study involves the structure and content of the green pigment of chlorophyll in healthy and damaged leaves. In gas-resistant plant species in an urban environment, the content of a-chlorophyll and the sum of the green pigments are several times higher than in the leaves of medium-resistant species. The authors point out a change in the content of photosynthetic pigments from the concentration of acid gases in the environment and the rate of their absorption.
София Горбунова, Sofia V. Gorbunova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Biological, Engineering and Earth Sciences, Volume 2017, pp 60-63; doi:10.21603/2542-2448-2017-4-60-63

Abstract:
The article discusses the principles of education for sustainable development and examples of their implementation in the context of the ecological culture formation. The subject of the study is environmental education for sustainable development. The aim of this research is to formulate the principles of education for sustainable development and to show the ways of their practical implementation. The research uses the comparative approach with elements of hypothetical-deductive analysis. As a result of the study, a set of interrelated principles determining education for sustainable development was defined: continuity, inclusiveness, interdisciplinarity, integration, unity of theory and practice. The results of this study can be used in educational practice in the creation and implementation of curricula and courses, as methodological recommendations for the work of volunteer organizations and educational environmental activities. The results can be used in the sustainable development programs designed by the administrative authorities. Environmental education is an important tool for implementing the concept of sustainable development. Thus, the outlined educational principles should become the basis of educational practices and technologies aimed at the formation of ecological culture and the ecologization of consciousness.
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